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Spatial Fire Analysis, Interpretation, and Application

By Jesse Black,2014-01-20 03:50
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Spatial Fire Analysis, Interpretation, and Application

Status Replacement of S-492 and S-493 courses

Date: April 20, 2008

Our steering committee met April 14 April 16. We made significant progress with the

    proposed training that will succeed S-492 and S-493. Following is a summary of the

    current status and course objectives. Unit objectives may change slightly as we work

    through course development. We had some discussion on smoke modeling and whether

    it should be included as a unit. Because there is no established method for predicting

    smoke, we are seeking guidance from the Fire Behavior Committee and the Fire

    Environment Working Team. We will be having regular conference calls and meetings

    as needed to ensure the course will be presented during the 2009 training season.

    Course Name: Geospatial Fire Analysis, Interpretation, and Application

Course Number: S-495 (proposed)

    Steering Committee: Wayne Cook, Wendel Hann, Don Helmbrecht, Matt Jolly, Laurie Kurth (chair), Chuck McHugh, Kathy Schon, Joe Scott, Pat Stephen, Robert Ziel. A

    practicing FBAN will be added.

Course Contact: Laurie Kurth lkurth@fs.fed.us, 406-329-4947

    Target audience: This course will provide the requisite knowledge, previously found in S-492 and S-493, for persons desiring to be a long-term analyst (LTAN) or a technical

    specialist. Portions of the course provide knowledge that will assist a fire behavior

    analyst (FBAN) in completing task book items relating to geospatial fire analysis. The

    course or portions of the course are not required training for FBANs.

    Other audiences: Materials in this course will benefit qualified LTANs, FBANs, and technical specialists seeking training on recent advancements; people using fire behavior

    models to assist in fuels planning, fire planning or ecosystem restoration; line officers

    faced with fire management decisions; incident commanders; and people preparing data

    for analysis.

    Course prerequisites: S-490 Advanced Wildland Fire Behavior Calculations

    Presentation: The course will consist of blended learning including on-line lectures, exercises, video conferences, webinars, etc. and will culminate with a one-week

    residential session. It is expected that the blended learning will have open enrollment

    throughout the year. Students may select units and lessons appropriate for their learning

    objectives. Students for whom this course is required training must complete all lessons,

    including the residential session.

    Location: The residential session will be at the Wildland Fire Training & Conference Center (WFTC) in McClellan, California. Other blended learning course materials will

    be available through University of Idaho.

Dates (2009 training season): Blended learning materials will be available as early as

    December 2008. The residential session will be held the week of March 22, 2009.

    Nominations: Early nomination, October 1, 2008, has been requested through Pam Shallbetter, WFTC Manager.

Course Objectives:

    ? Prepare future LTANs with advanced geospatial fire analysis, interpretation, and

    application skills, preparatory for S-590.

    ? Introduce future FBANs to geospatial fire analysis, interpretation, and application

    skills preparatory for completing task book items related to geospatial analysis.

    ? Equip technical specialists with geospatial fire analysis, interpretation, and

    application skills.

    Unit Objectives:

    Unit i Introduction

    Unit Leader Laurie Kurth

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Describe how this course fits into the fire management curriculum.

    ? Explain the evolution from RERAP to FSPRO.

    ? Describe the history of geospatial fire analysis and advancements requiring the

    evolution from S-492 and S-493 to present.

    ? Acquire and install the necessary software programs.

    Unit 1 Accessing and Using Historical Climatological Data

    Unit Leaders - Tobin Kelley and Matt Jolly

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Analyze and interpret historical climatology and fire occurrence data in support of

    long-term assessment development.

    Unit 2 Climatology and Weather

    Unit Leader Chuck Maxwell and Robert Ziel

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Analyze and interpret historical climatology in support of long-term assessment

    development.

    ? Compare current season to worst case and average seasons using fire danger

    indices, greenness imagery or other information as available.

    ? Assess drought prognosis, severity, weather conditions.

    .

    Unit 3 Statistics and Probability

    Unit Leaders - Joe Scott and Laurie Kurth

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Describe the basics of statistics and probability theory as they apply to fire

    management.

Unit 4 Concepts for Working with Geospatial Data in Fire Modeling

    Unit Leader - Don Helmbrecht and Joe Noble

    Unit objective:

    ? Effectively communicate geospatial data and analysis concepts as they pertain to

    geospatial fire applications.

Unit 5 Geospatial Fire Analysis

    Unit Leader - Chuck McHugh

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Describe models and functions.

    ? Identify sources of error.

    ? Define best available science/what is means. ? Explain the process for working through geospatial modeling. ? Cite the limitations/assumptions of various models. ? Identify the fire behavior models that use fuel moisture in S-493, Lesson 6. ? Discuss fuel moisture conditioning S-493. Lesson 6.

Unit 6 Short-term Geospatial Fire Analysis

    Unit Leaders - Pat Stephen and Berni Bahro

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Select and use appropriate tool (FlamMap) to:

    - map potential fire behavior characteristics for one weather condition,

     - identify minimum travel time paths for one weather condition through time,

     - develop fire growth projection.

    ? Calibrate the model.

    ? Validate the assessment

Unit 7 Mid-Term Geospatial Analysis

    Unit Leaders - TBD

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Select and use appropriate tool (FARSITE) to:

    - develop fire growth projection under forecasted conditions,

     - display predicted fire behavior characteristics under forecasted conditions. ? Calibrate the model.

    ? Identify minimum travel time paths for one weather condition through time. ? Validate the assessment

Unit 8 Long-term Geospatial Fire Analysis

    Unit Leader - Chuck McHugh

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Select and use appropriate tool (FSPRO) to:

    - determine probability of fire burning points on the landscape under simulated

    weather,

    - display probability of fire behavior characteristics under simulated weather. ? Calibrate the model.

    ? Validate the assessment.

Unit 9 Pulling it All Together

    Unit Leaders - Dan O’Brien and Chip Collins

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Demonstrate proficiency in geospatial fire behavior analyses. ? Interpret results of analyses for fire management decision support. ? Integrate results of analyses to develop a fire behavior forecast, extended fire

    behavior forecast, and long-term assessment/plan.

    ? Brief a variety of audiences on fire behavior analyses and impacts to safety and

    strategy/tactics.

Unit ? Smoke

    Unit Objectives:

    ? Identify what constitutes a smoke event.

    ? Define criteria of concern that contribute to smoke production. ? Identify tools to evaluate smoke criteria elements.

    ? Describe post frontal combustion.

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