Like a country emerging form a war situation

By Jill Baker,2014-05-14 01:28
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Like a country emerging form a war situation


    The Government of Kenya has heavily invested in education, given its role in spurring national development. The money spent on education has

    continued to go up over the years to match the increased school enrolment at all levels.

     In an effort to realise the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and

    Education for All (EFA) objectives by 2015, the government adopted the Kenya Education Sector Support

    Programme (KESSP) in 2005.

    Increased access and participation in education at all levels

1.0. Pre-primary and primary


? The number of pupils enrolled in

    pre-primary institutions increased

    by 12.9% from 1.46 million in 2002 to 1.64 million in 2005. The

    government has increased the

    number of teachers by 44.7% to 72,182 over the same period. The

    pupil to teacher ratio stands at

    23:1 from 28:1 in 2001

? The Free Primary School Education

    (FPE) scheme has led to increased

    pupil enrolment from 5.9 million in 2002 to over 7.6 million in 2006. Gender parity has been

    realised, with girls constituting

    49% of the total primary school

    children in the country.

? Since the inception of the FPE in

    2003, the Government has paid

    out Ksh. 31 billion has been to

    public primary schools for

    purchase of learning materials.

? More children are joining

    secondary schools, with the

    transition rate from primary to

    secondary schools rising from

    43.3% in 2000 to 57% in 2005.


    ? Extra financial support to

    boarding primary schools for

    learners with special needs and

    those in hardship areas is being


    ? The Government has intensified

    provision of learning materials to

    integrated primary schools to

    increase enrolment of learners

    with special needs.

    ? The Government, in collaboration

    with development partners such

    as the Organisation of Petroleum

    Producing Countries (OPEC), the

    African Development Bank (ADB)

    and the United States Agency for

    International Development

    (USAID), has put in place

    infrastructure investment

    programme to coordinate the

    construction and rehabilitation in

    physical facilities in learning


? In 2005/06 financial year, a total

    of Ksh.199 million was paid out


    to needy primary schools for the

    construction of physical facilities

    through infrastructure

    development programme (IDP).

    ? 99.1 per cent of primary school teachers are now trained. The

    number of untrained teachers has

    declined from 2,245 in 2002 to

    1,469 in 2005.

2.0. Secondary school

? To expand the capacity of

    secondary schools to cope with

    increasing pupil population in

    primary schools, the following

    steps have been taken:

    o Ksh 800 million was

    given to public secondary

    schools to support bright

    and needy students

    o Ksh. 70 million was

    given to secondary schools

    in ASAL for the purpose of

    sustaining students in


? The policy governing school

    bursaries was changed in


2003/04 financial year. The

    funds, which used to be

    channeled to secondary schools

    from ministry headquarters, are

    now paid out at the constituency

    level. This is based on the total

    student enrolment for each

    constituency, the national

    enrolment and constituency

    poverty index. The amount

    allocated increased from Ksh. Ksh.770 million to 800 million in 2005/06 and is set to increase

    in the next five years. The

    ministry has set minimum

    allocations to beneficiaries in

    national, provincial and day

    schools at Ksh 15,000, Ksh. 10,000 and Ksh. 5,000 respectively.

    ? Under a targeted programme,

    the government is rehabilitating

    some schools to improve

    teaching and learning facilities

    including laboratories/science

    equipment. Each identified school

    (10 per district) will receive Ksh. 227, 456 out Ksh. 170 million


during the 2006/2007 financial


    ? Ten public secondary schools in

    each District identified by the

    District Education Boards (DEBs)

    benefit from annual grants to

    enhance the teaching and

    learning of sciences

    ? Grants to ASAL secondary

    schools: all public secondary

    schools in the 28 ASAL districts in the country have been

    considered for an enhanced ASAL

    grant of Ksh. 70 million to

    supplement their current

    expenditure based on students‟

    enrolment. Ten schools have

    been selected in every district to

    each receive Kshs.227, 000 for

    laboratory equipment.

    ? Pockets of poverty funds: these

    are funds given to assist schools

    in high potential areas affected

    by extreme poverty. Three

    secondary schools in each of the

    43 non-ASAL districts benefit

    annually from these funds. The


schools are identified by the

    District Education Boards (DEBs)

? The Government plans to

    increase access to secondary

    education by introducing a day

    wing in boarding schools,

    opening of day schools in slums

    and ASAL areas, implementing a

    double shift in populated urban

    schools and introducing distance

    learning through e-learning.

    Such measures will increase the

    transition rate from primary to

    secondary from 57 per cent to

    70 per cent by the year 2008.

    ? Infrastructure development: two

    secondary schools in all districts

    each received Ksh 700,000 for

    infrastructure development. A total

    of Ksh 99 million was spent in the 2005/06 financial year.

    ? Fire equipment fund: all provincial

    public boarding secondary schools

    now receive funds to purchase

    fire-fighting equipment. A total of

    Ksh 90 million was spent on this in the 2005/06 financial year.


? ICT Fund: two secondary schools

    in every district received Ksh. 1.5 million each for computerisation.

    A total of Ksh 213 million was spent in the 2005/ 06 financial


? Drought fund: all public secondary

    schools in districts that had been

    affected by drought/ famine

    benefited from this fund.

? Technical Industrial, Vocational

    and Entrepreneurial Training

    Institutions: enrolment has

    increased by 51.7 per cent,

    from 45,076 in 2001 to 68,379

    in 2005. This is because courses

    have been diversified and

    curriculum reviewed to make

    them more relevant to the job


    ? Teacher education: there are 31

    primary teacher training colleges

    in the country, 21 public and 10

    private. The enrolment has

    increased from 22,280 in 2000

    to 41,316 in 2005.


    3.0. University Education

    ? Commitment towards expansion and development of university education has been

    demonstrated by forming

    partnerships with private

    providers. A number of private universities received charters. One example is the Kenya

    Methodist University. GRETSA and Lake Region Universities have been given letters of interim Authority by the

    Commission for Higher Education. Western University College of Science and Technology is now a full-fledged university known as the Masinde Muliro University

    of Science and Technology.

    ? University Vice Chancellors, Deputy Vice Chancellors and other senior management staff are now competitively appointed. Gone are the days when such important positions were doled out as rewards for the politically


    correct. Today, it is merit or


    ? In 2005, Public Universities

    Inspection Board was appointed

    to review the establishment of

    the various public universities.

    ? A taskforce on development of a

    national strategy for university

    education which is expected to

    give direction on university

    education was also established.

    In addition to the above, progress has

    been made in the following areas:

    ? The non-formal education

    curriculum has been developed

    and approved. The ministry of

    Education (MOE) has finalized

    the directory for non-formal

    institutions in Nairobi. Plans are

    also under way to complete

    directories in Mombasa, Kitale

    and Thika.


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