Lesson # 10: Stress Management Unit 8 Mental Health
Materials: NH Benchmark:
#1 Incorporate cultural traditions, language, history, and ? „A„ali„i seed or plant
values in meaningful, holistic processes to nourish the ? Soil
emotional, physical, mental/intellectual, social and ? pots
spiritual well being of the learning community that
promote healthy mauli and mana.
PS: 3,4, BM: 3a, 3b,3c,4a, 4b
PI: 3aa, 3ab, 3ad, 3ae, 3af, 4aa, 4ab, 4ac, 4ad, 4ae „Ōlelo No„eau: #507 GLO‟s: Ability to. He „a„ali‟i ku makani mai au, „a„ohe makani nana e kula„i.
I am a wind resisting ‘a‘ali‘i; no gale can push me over. ? be responsible for one’s own learning A boast meaning “I can hold my own even in the face of ? be involved in complex thinking and problem solving
difficulties.” The „a„ali„i bush can stand the worst of gales, twisting ? recognize quality performance and produce quality and bending but seldom breaking off or falling over. products
? communicate effectively
? work well with others
Health Risk Area:
#6 Mental and Emotional Health
#7 Personal and Consumer Health
ACTIVITY #1 TEACHER NOTES
1. Verbally share and write the ‘Ōlelo No‘eau for the day on the board.
Provide time for the students to think about the proverb without sharing.
Repeat if necessary.
2. Ask students to visualize the picture in their minds, give options of what
they might draw or sketch.
3.Distribute reading on the „A„ali„i plant.
4. Ask student to bring out their journals.
5. Provide time for the students to describe a symbol that gives
them strength, like the „a„ali„i plant and provide an explanation.
6. Tell studentsto draw a picture of their symbol.
ACTIVITY #2 TEACHER NOTES
1. Elicit class discussion about the „Ōlelo No„eau 2. Pose the questions-How does this „ōlelo no„eau relate to stress?How
can it give you strength to handle life‟s challenges?Why do you think
this plant has the strength to withstand the elements and be able to start
over? Can you?
5. Tell students to write a speech comparing themselves or a person
they know to the „ōlelo no„eau for a class presentation.
ACTIVITY #3 TEACHER NOTES
1. Provide students with pots, soil and seeds from the a‟ali‟i plant
and have students plant them. Or you may use a plant that is already
grown as a class symbol. Discuss its image and compare it to a
2. Invite a guest speaker from a nursery or a Hawaiian botanist to
talk about the „a„ali„i. Plan a field trip to a local Hawaiian garden i.e.
Lili„uokalani gardens, Nani Mau Gardens.
3. Ask students to use their plants to beautify their campus or
another area in the community.
Teacher/Student to choose journaling style (refer to journaling section of curriculum):
Ask students to write and or draw a short response to the following questions:
1. How might you make personal changes to care for your health better?
2. How might you educate your family on how to care for their health
better? Do you think it’s possible to make the family change for the
betterment of future generations?
3. Refer to the ‘Ōlelo No‘eau and reflect how it relates to the lesson.
4. How does this lesson relate to your lōkahi circle?
5. Apply a variety of personal coping and stress management
strategies and practices to challenging personal and social
6. Indentify inappropriate responses to risky situations and work
toward appropriate strategies.
7. Practice appropriate problem-solving responses to interpersonal
conflicts and peer pressure situations.
8. Recognize and develop personal support systems. 9. Identify, develop, and evaluate resiliency skills to overcome
setbacks and disappointments.
10. Compare and contrast the effect of relevant influences o personal
health choices and on public perceptions surrounding health. 11. Analyze how influences impact personal, family, and community
health practices and behaviors.
12. Analyze potential negative influences on self and others and plan
strategies to overcome them.
13. Evaluate internal and external influences that affect healthy
(Optional: go around the room, pass an object around from person-to-person, pass a book of positive daily affirmations, throw a ball with positive affirmations
on it and do what it asks, etc)
Invite statements of appreciation:
1. I liked it when…….
2. I am excited about…..
3. I’m glad we …..
The „a„ali„i plant reminds us of what it‟s like to be really tough. It is often the only plant
growing on some wind-blown, rocky mountainsides in Hawai„i.
The Hawaiians would look for the straight tall hardwood trunks for posts to frame their
hale. The younger straight trunks were sought out for spears. They used a stone-boiling process
to create a dye from the red-brown seed capsules. This beautiful dye decorated their kapa cloth.
How strong is „a„ali„i? It will hold strong to the steep, rocky cliff sides where it is found.
If there is a wildfire, the leaves and stem may be destroyed, but this come-back kid will soon
sprout news plants from its tough underground roots or the seeds. In fact, the „a„ali„i plants
comes back even stronger after a fire—sometimes twice as many plants spring up from the roots to take their place. The seeds that are blown by winds from the high mountain peaks can start a
Hawaiian Plant Name: „a„ali„i
Status: Indigenous Hawaiian Plant (Note: Native here and other locations, not just Hawai`i)
Scientific Name: Dodonaea viscosa
Scientific Plant Family: Sapindaceae
Other Plants in This Family: Lychee, Longan/Dragon‟s Eye, Soapberry (Manele, A„e)
Uses: Fence posts (trunk), spears (trunk), bait sticks, house posts (trunk), dye (colorful fruit/seed
capsules), head lei (lei po„o) (leaves, fruit/seed clusters)
The „a„ali„i is a shrub or small tree with dark heavy wood. If the trunks of the „a„ali„i are
long and straight, they were used as posts for building the hale frame, fence posts, spears. They
placed the red-brown seed capsules in wooden or gourd containers, added water—and then, hot
stones to create a rich dye. This stone-boiling process was used to decorate kapa cloth.
You will see an „a„ali„i between 1,000 feet to 8,000 feet on mountain trails. The „a„ali„i
around Kilauea Volcano are low shrubs that hug the ground.
The „a„ali„i wood is a hard yellow-brown with dark heartwood.
The „a„ali„i can cling to a steep slope or rocky hillside and hold strong. It will hold fast
through drought, high winds, and even wildfires. If fire destroys the plant above ground, the
„a„ali„i will sprout again from both the roots and seeds. Following a wildfire, it comes back
strong—sometimes doubling its numbers.
A boast of people of Ka„ū on the island of Hawai„i:
“I am an „a„ali„i shrub; no wind can push me over.”
Stress management CS: 3,4,
1. What is the „a„ali„i? BM: 3a, 3b,3c
a. A wind 4a, 4b,
b. A plant PI: 3aa, 3ab, 3ad, 3ae, 3af
c. A wood 4aa, 4ab, 4ac, 4ad, 4ae
d. A cloth
2. “I am an „a„ali„i shrub; no wind can push me over.” The people of what district used this
as a boast.