Romeo and Juliet
By William Shakespeare
Verona, Italy—1590's, July
ROMEO .......................... Son of MONTAGUE
BENVOLIO..................... Montague cousin of ROMEO BALTHASAR ................. Montague servant to ROMEO ABRAM .......................... Montague servant
LORD MONTAGUE ....... Father of ROMEO
LADY MONTAGUE ....... Mother of ROMEO
JULIET............................ Daughter of CAPULET, age 13 TYBALT ......................... Capulet cousin of JULIET SAMPSON ...................... Capulet servant
GREGORY...................... Capulet servant
LORD CAPULET............ Father of JULIET, in his 50's LADY CAPULET ........... Mother of JULIET, about 27 NURSE............................ Capulet servant to JULIET PETER ............................ Capulet servant to NURSE MERCUTIO .................... Friend of ROMEO, related to PRINCE COUNTY PARIS ............ Count to wed JULIET, related to PRINCE PRINCE ESCALUS......... Prince of Verona
FRIAR LAWRENCE ....... Franciscan who marries ROMEO & JULIET FRIAR JOHN .................. Carries message for FRIAR LAWRENCE APOTHECARY .............. Sells poison to ROMEO
CITIZENS, SERVANTS, MUSICIANS, GUARDS, etc.
Shakespeare’s complete original script based on the Second Quarto of 1599, with corrections 12and alternate text from other editions indicated as: First Quarto of 1597; Second Quarto of 345+1599; Third Quarto of 1609, Fourth Quarto of 1622, First Folio of 1623, and for later
editions. First performed around 1595. Line-numbering matches the Folger Library edition
of 1992. Spelling and punctuation are modernized (American) with some indications of
pronunciation. Stage directions are clarified. Side notes are given for vocabulary, figurative
language, and allusions. This script be downloaded from www.hundsness.com and used
freely for education and performance. David Hundsness, editor, 2004.
Two households, both alike in dignity, families, rank In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, rivalry, outbreaks, fighting Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. civilian From forth the fatal loins of these two foes fateful, children 1.0.5 A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life, doomed Whose misadventured piteous overthrows unfortunate, pitiful, downfall 2+ with their death bury their parents' strife. do, end, fighting Doth
The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love, doomed And the continuance of their parents' rage, 1.0.10 Which, but their children's end, naught could remove, except for, nothing Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage. performance The which if you with patient ears attend, listen What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend. play
ACT 1, SCENE 1
[Verona, a street, morning. SAMPSON & GREGORY, armed]
Gregory, on my word, we'll not carry coals. take insults GREGORY 1.1.2
No, for then we should be colliers. coal miners SAMPSON 1.1.3 52I mean, if we be in choler, we'll draw. and, angered, draw our weapons GREGORY 1.1.4 1Ay, while you live, draw your neck out of [the] collar. take, noose SAMPSON 1.1.6
I strike quickly, being moved. attack, angered GREGORY 1.1.7
But thou art not quickly moved to strike. SAMPSON 1.1.8
A dog of the house of Montague moves me.
To move is to stir, and to be valiant is to stand. brave Therefore if thou art moved, thou runn'st away! SAMPSON 1.1.12
A dog of that house shall move me to stand. I will take the wall of any man or maid of Montague's. make them step aside GREGORY 1.1.14 21That shows thee a weak slave, for the weakest weakling: coward goes to the wall. backs up against the wall SAMPSON 1.1.16
'Tis true, and therefore women, being the weaker vessels, gender are ever thrust to the wall. Therefore I will push Montague's always men from the wall, and thrust his maids to the wall. women GREGORY 1.1.20
The quarrel is between our masters and us their men. menservants SAMPSON 1.1.22
'Tis all one. I will show myself a tyrant. When I all the same, prove have fought with the men, I will be civil with the humane 52maids, and cut off their heads! I will GREGORY 1.1.25
The heads of the maids?
Ay, the heads of the maids, or their maidenheads! virginity Take it in what sense thou wilt. whatever meaning GREGORY 1.1.28 1 sense that feel it! feel what I do to them (bawdy) They must take it in
Me they shall feel while I am able to stand, and 21'tis known I am a pretty piece of flesh. tall (bawdy) GREGORY 1.1.31
'Tis well thou art not fish; if thou hadst, if you were thou hadst been poor-john. a poor catch [ABRAM & another Montague Servant enter, armed] 125 Draw thy tool! Here comes [two] of the house of Montagues! sword, the MontaguesSAMPSON 1.1.34
My naked weapon is out. Quarrel, I will back thee. unsheathed, fight GREGORY 1.1.36
How, turn thy back and run? how do you mean SAMPSON 1.1.37
Fear me not. trust me GREGORY 1.1.38
No, marry. I fear thee! indeed SAMPSON 1.1.39 1122Let us take the law on our side; let them begin. of, sides GREGORY 1.1.41
I will frown as I pass by, and let them take it as they list. please SAMPSON 1.1.43
Nay, as they dare. I will bite my thumb at them, give the finger which is a disgrace to them if they bear it. take it without a fight
[bites his thumb]
Do you bite your thumb at us, sir? SAMPSON 1.1.46
I do bite my thumb, sir.
Do you bite your thumb at us, sir? SAMPSON [aside to Gregory] 1.1.48 12Is the law on our side if I say "ay"? of, yes GREGORY [aside to Sampson] 1.1.50
No, sir, I do not bite my thumb at you, sir, but I bite my
Do you quarrel, sir? challenge us ABRAM 1.1.54
Quarrel sir? No, sir!
But if you do, sir, I am for you! I serve will fight you as good a man as you. master ABRAM 1.1.57
GREGORY [sees Tybalt coming; to Sampson] 1.1.59
Say "better"! Here comes one of my master's kinsmen. relatives SAMPSON 1.1.61 2[not in 5] Yes, better, [sir].
Draw, if you be men!
Gregory, remember thy washing blow. slashing stroke [They fight]
BENVOLIO [enters, sword drawn] 1.1.65
Part, fools! separate Put up your swords! You know not what you do! put away TYBALT [enters, to Benvolio] 1.1.67
What, art thou drawn among these heartless hinds? deer/servants Turn thee, Benvolio. Look upon thy death! face your death [draws his sword]
I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword, just, put away Or manage it to part these men with me. use TYBALT 1.1.71
What, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word, your sword drawn As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee! Have at thee, coward!
CITIZENS [enter, armed] 1.1.74
Clubs, bills, and partisans! Strike! Beat them down! weapons Down with the Capulets! Down with the Montagues! [LORD & LADY CAPULET and LORD & LADY MONTAGUE enter] CAPULET 1.1.76
What noise is this? Give me my long sword, ho! outdated weapon LADY CAPULET [mocking his old age] 1.1.77
A crutch, a crutch! Why call you for a sword? CAPULET 1.1.79
My sword, I say! Old Montague is come And flourishes his blade in spite of me! waves, to spite MONTAGUE 1.1.81
Thou villain Capulet! [she stops him] Hold me not, let me go! LADY MONTAGUE 1.1.82 25 foot to seek a foe! a Thou shalt not stir one
PRINCE [enters with Attendants] 1.1.83
Rebellious subjects, enemies to peace, Profaners of this neighbor-stainèd steel offenders, bloody —Will they not hear?—What, ho! You men, you beasts, That quench the fire of your pernicious rage deadly With purple fountains issuing from your veins! pouring On pain of torture, from those bloody hands Throw your mistempered weapons to the ground, hostile And hear the sentence of your movèd Prince! angered 1.1.90 Three civil brawls, bred of an airy word public, started by few words By thee, old Capulet, and Montague, Have thrice disturbed the quiet of our streets, three times And made Verona's ancient citizens oldest Cast by their grave-beseeming ornaments, put aside their dignity 1.1.95 To wield old partisans, in hands as old, weapons Cankered with peace, to part your cankered hate. infected, infectious If ever you disturb our streets again, Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace! you'll be executed for For this time, all the rest depart away. for now, the rest of you 1.1.100 You Capulet, shall go along with me, And Montague, come you this afternoon, +25To know our further pleasure in this case, my, farther/father's, decisions To old Freetown, our common judgment-place. public court Once more, on pain of death, all men depart! [All exit but Lord & Lady Montague and Benvolio]
21 [to Benvolio] LADY MONTAGUE 1.1.106 MONTAGUE
Who set this ancient quarrel new abroach? in action again Speak, nephew, were you by when it began? nearby BENVOLIO 1.1.108
Here were the servants of your adversary, And yours, close fighting ere I did approach. before I drew to part them. In the instant came The fiery Tybalt, with his sword prepared, fiery-tempered, drawn Which, as he breathed defiance to my ears, He swung about his head and cut the winds Who, nothing hurt withal, hissed him in scorn. not hurting anyone While we were interchanging thrusts and blows, Came more and more and fought on part and part, people, on each side Till the Prince came, who parted either part. both sides LADY MONTAGUE 1.1.118
O, where is Romeo? Saw you him today? Right glad I am he was not at this fray. fight BENVOLIO 1.1.120
Madam, an hour before the worshipped sun Peered forth the golden window of the east, from +3A troubled mind drove me to walk abroad, drave, around Where, underneath the grove of sycamore That westward rooteth from the city's side, grows west of the city So early walking did I see your son. 1.1.125 Towards him I made, but he was 'ware of me walked, aware And stole into the covert of the wood. hid in the woods 21I, measuring his affections by my own, guessing, mood, mine Which then most sought where most might not be found, wanted to be Being one too many by my weary self, not wanting company 21,5Pursued my humor not pursuing his, followed, honor: mood, questioning And gladly shunned who gladly fled from me. avoided him MONTAGUE 1.1.134
Many a morning hath he there been seen, With tears augmenting the fresh morning dew, adding to Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs. But all so soon as the all-cheering sun as soon as Should in the furthest east begin to draw The shady curtains from Aurora's bed, god of dawn Away from the light steals home my heavy son, comes home, sad 1.1.140 And private in his chamber pens himself, bedroom, locks Shuts up his windows, locks fair daylight out, And makes himself an artificial night. Black and portentous must this humor prove, foreboding, mood Unless good counsel may the cause remove. advice, remove the cause BENVOLIO 1.1.146
My noble uncle, do you know the cause? MONTAGUE 1.1.147
I neither know it nor can learn of him. learn it from him BENVOLIO 1.1.148
Have you importuned him by any means? questioned MONTAGUE 1.1.149
Both by myself and many other friends. 3But he, his own affections' counselor, mood's Is to himself—I will not say how true— keeps to himself, true to himself But to himself so secret and so close, only, closed So far from sounding and discovery, reasoning, understanding As is the bud bit with an envious worm vicious Ere he can spread his sweet leaves to the air, before it, its
+2. same Or dedicate his beauty to the sun
Could we but learn from whence his sorrows grow, if we could only, where We would as willingly give cure as know. [ROMEO enters]
See where he comes. So please you, step aside. look, he's coming I'll know his grievance or be much denied. the cause of his distress MONTAGUE 1.1.161
I would thou wert so happy by thy stay wish, successful To hear true shrift.—Come, madam, let's away. confessions [They exit]
Good morrow, cousin. good morning ROMEO Is the day so young? 1.1.164
But new struck nine. just now ROMEO Ay me, sad hours seem long. 1.1.166
Was that my father that went hence so fast? away BENVOLIO 1.1.168
It was. What sadness lengthens Romeo's hours? ROMEO 1.1.169
Not having that, which having, makes them short. BENVOLIO 1.1.170
Out of her favor where I am in love. BENVOLIO 1.1.174
Alas, that Love, so gentle in his view, too bad Cupid who looks gentle Should be so tyrannous and rough in proof! is actually rough ROMEO 1.1.176
Alas, that Love, whose view is muffled still, blindfolded, always Should, without eyes, see pathways to his will! purposes Where shall we dine?
[sees signs of the fight] O me! What fray was here? Yet tell me not, for I have heard it all. Here's much to do with hate, but more with love. it's all about 1.1.180 Why, then, O brawling love, O loving hate, 12O anything of nothing first create! created: created of nothing O heavy lightness, serious vanity, foolishness 4Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms, attractive Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, 1.1.185
Still-waking sleep that is not what it is! always This love feel I, that feel no love in this. I love one who does not love me Dost thou not laugh?
BENVOLIO No coz, I rather weep. cousin 1.1.189 ROMEO 1.1.190
Good heart, at what? friend BENVOLIO At thy good heart's oppression. 1.1.191
Why, such is love's transgression. love's ways Griefs of mine own lie heavy in my breast, heart Which thou wilt propagate to have it pressed will increase, added With more of thine. This love that thou hast shown 1.1.195
Doth add more grief to too much of mine own.
21 with the fume of sighs; raised Love is a smoke made
Being purged, a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes; love being exchanged 2211Being vexed, a sea nourished with loving tears; love being denied, raging, lovers' What is it else? A madness most discreet, 1.1.200 A choking gall and a preserving sweet. bitter potion, healing sweetness Farewell, my coz.
BENVOLIO Soft, I will go along. wait 1.1.203 And if you leave me so, you do me wrong!
Tut, I have lost myself; I am not here. nonsense This is not Romeo; he's some other where. BENVOLIO 1.1.207
Tell me in sadness, who is that you love? seriously ROMEO 1.1.208
What, shall I groan and tell thee?
BENVOLIO Groan? Why no, 1.1.209
But sadly tell me who.
ROMEO 1.1.210 112[Bid] a sick man in "sadness" make his will? ask, makes A word ill-urged to one that is so ill! poorly chosen word In sadness, cousin, I do love a woman. BENVOLIO 1.1.213
I aimed so near when I supposed you loved. ROMEO 1.1.214
A right good markman! And she's fair I love. marksman, beautiful BENVOLIO 1.1.215
A right fair mark, fair coz, is soonest hit. target in plain sight ROMEO 1.1.216
Well in that hit you miss! She'll not be hit With Cupid's arrow. She hath Dian's wit, wisdom of Diana: god of virginity And in strong proof of chastity well armed, armor, virginity 21From Love's weak childish bow she lives uncharmed. Cupid's, unaffected/unharmed She will not stay the siege of loving terms, won't be won by sweet talk Nor bide th'encounter of assailing eyes, loving looks 1.1.221 Nor ope her lap to saint-seducing gold. open (bawdy), riches O, she is rich in beauty, only poor That, when she dies, with beauty dies her store. because it dies with her BENVOLIO 1.1.225
Then she hath sworn that she will still live chaste? always stay a virgin ROMEO 1.1.226 4She hath, and in that sparing makes huge waste, withholding For beauty, starved with her severity, sever choice Cuts beauty off from all posterity. future generations She is too fair, too wise, wisely too fair beautiful, just To merit bliss by making me despair. win a place in heaven She hath forsworn to love, and in that vow sworn not to love Do I live dead, that live to tell it now. BENVOLIO 1.1.233
Be ruled by me; forget to think of her. listen to me ROMEO 1.1.234
O, teach me how I should forget to think! BENVOLIO 1.1.235
By giving liberty unto thine eyes.
Examine other beauties!
ROMEO 'Tis the way 1.1.237
To call hers, exquisite, in question more. make me dwell on her beauty These happy masks that kiss fair ladies' brows, lucky veils, faces Being black, puts us in mind they hide the fair. makes us think He that is strucken blind cannot forget
The precious treasure of his eyesight lost. 1.1.242 Show me a mistress that is passing fair; very beautiful What doth her beauty serve but as a note reminder Where I may read who passed that passing fair? Rosaline who surpassed Farewell. Thou canst not teach me to forget. BENVOLIO 1.1.247
I'll pay that doctrine, or else die in debt. teach you that lesson, failure
ACT 1, SCENE 2
[A street. CAPULET, PARIS, SERVANT]
But Montague is bound as well as I required by law In penalty alike, and 'tis not hard, I think, For men so old as we to keep the peace. PARIS 1.2.4
Of honorable reckoning are you both, reputation And pity 'tis you lived at odds so long. But now, my lord, what say you to my suit? courtship of your daughter CAPULET 1.2.7
But saying o'er what I have said before: just saying over again My child is yet a stranger in the world, She hath not seen the change of fourteen years, Let two more summers wither in their pride, pass by Ere we may think her ripe to be a bride. before, ready PARIS 1.2.12
Younger than she are happy mothers made. CAPULET 1.2.13
And too soon marred are those so early made. harmed + earth hath swallowed all my hopes but she; grave, other children [The]+2She is the hopeful lady of my earth. she's, of my earthly body (my offspring) But woo her, gentle Paris, get her heart. My will to her consent is but a part. my wishes are less important than hers And, she agreed, within her scope of choice if she agrees Lies my consent and fair according voice. agreeing This night I hold an old accustomed feast, customary 1.2.20 Whereto I have invited many a guest Such as I love; and you among the store, whom, group One more, most welcome, makes my number more. At my poor house look to behold this night humble, see Earth-treading stars that make dark heaven light. beautiful women 1.2.25 Such comfort as do lusty young men feel When well-appareled April on the heel Spring dressed in flowers Of limping winter treads, even such delight 12Among fresh female buds shall you this night fennel: an herb inspiring passion Inherit at my house. Hear all, all see, see, see all the women 1.2.30 And like her most whose merit most shall be; then like the best one Which, on more view of many, mine, being one, May stand in number, though in reck'ning none. be just one of the crowd Come, go with me.
[to Servant, giving a paper] Go, sirrah, trudge about walk 1.2.35 Through fair Verona, find those persons out Whose names are written there, and to them say, 12My house and welcome at their pleasure stay. on, I welcome their company [Capulet & Paris exit]
Find them out whose names are written here! It is written that the shoemaker should meddle with his work yard and the tailor with his last, the fisher with yardstick, shoemaker tools his pencil and the painter with his nets. But I am paintbrush sent to find those persons whose names are here writ, and can never find what names the writing written person hath here writ. I must to the learned. go to one who can read [BENVOLIO & ROMEO enter]
In good time! good timing BENVOLIO [to Romeo] 1.2.47
Tut, man, one fire burns out another's burning. nonsense One pain is lessened by another's anguish. another pain's +2 by backward turning. dizzy, holp Turn giddy, and be helped
One desperate grief cures with another's languish. another grief's Take thou some new infection to thy eye, And the rank poison of the old will die. toxic ROMEO 1.2.53
Your plantain leaf is excellent for that. a banana leaf (used to heal cuts)
For what, I pray thee? I ask you ROMEO For your broken shin! a cut 1.2.55 BENVOLIO 1.2.56
Why, Romeo, art thou mad? going mad ROMEO 1.2.57
Not mad, but bound more than a madman is, confined Shut up in prison, kept without my food, Whipped and tormented, and—
[to Servant] Good e'en, good fellow. good afternoon SERVANT 1.2.61
God gi' good e'en. I pray, sir, can you read? God give you good afternoon ROMEO 1.2.63
Ay, mine own fortune in my misery. I can read my fortune SERVANT 1.2.64
Perhaps you have learned it without book. to read that by memorization But, I pray, can you read anything you see? ROMEO 1.2.66
Ay, if I know the letters and the language. SERVANT 1.2.67
Ye say honestly. Rest you merry. that's honest, goodbye ROMEO 1.2.68
Stay, fellow. I can read. [reads the list]
"Signor Martino and his wife and daughters
County Anselm and his beauteous sisters Count
The lady widow of Vitruvio
Signor Placentio and his lovely nieces
Mercutio and his brother Valentine
Mine uncle Capulet, his wife and daughters 1 My fair niece Rosaline [and] Livia
Signor Valentino and his cousin Tybalt
Lucio and the lively Helena"
A fair assembly. Whither should they come? pleasant group, where SERVANT 1.2.79
Whither? To supper? where SERVANT 1.2.81
To our house.
Indeed, I should have asked you that before. SERVANT 1.2.85
Now I'll tell you without asking. My master is the great rich
Capulet, and if you be not of the house of Montagues, I pray,
come and crush a cup of wine. Rest you merry. [exits] drink BENVOLIO 1.2.89
At this same ancient feast of Capulet's traditional Sups the fair Rosaline, whom thou so loves, dines 1.2.90 With all the admired beauties of Verona. Go thither, and with unattainted eye there, unbiased Compare her face with some that I shall show, And I will make thee think thy swan a crow. ROMEO 1.2.95
When the devout religion of mine eye Maintains such falsehood, then turn tears to fires; accepts such a lie And these who, often drowned, could never die, my eyes will be Transparent heretics, be burnt for liars! burnt like heretics One fairer than my love! The all-seeing sun Ne'er saw her match since first the world begun. anyone as beautiful BENVOLIO 1.2.101
Tut, you saw her fair, none else being by, no one else nearby Herself poised with herself in either eye. compared But in that crystal scales let there be weighed Your lady's love against some other maid That I will show you shining at this feast, 25 best. barely look good, shows And she shall scant show well that now seems
I'll go along, no such sight to be shown, not to see whom you show But to rejoice in splendor of mine own. the beauty of Rosaline [They exit]
ACT 1, SCENE 3
[Capulet house. LADY CAPULET & NURSE]
LADY CAPULET 1.3.1
Nurse, where's my daughter? Call her forth to me. NURSE 1.3.2
Now, by my maidenhead at twelve year old, virginity I bade her come.—What, lamb! What, ladybird!— told God forbid! Where's this girl?—What, Juliet!
JULIET [enters] 1.3.5
How now, who calls?
Madam, I am here. What is your will? what do you want LADY CAPULET 1.3.8
This is the matter.—Nurse, give leave awhile, leave us We must talk in secret.—Nurse, come back again!
I have remembered me, thou's hear our counsel. you shall, conversation Thou know'st my daughter's of a pretty age. NURSE 1.3.12
Faith, I can tell her age unto an hour. indeed