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straw, corn, oil plants, willow and common reed or their mixture, The processing requirements include a minimum temperature of 70oC for 60 minutes when the and micro-nutrients may be stated in accordance with Annex IIA.

    No. 12/07

     1. ------IND- 2007 0230 FIN EN- ------ 20070523 --- --- PROJET

    Date Register No. MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND DECREE FORESTRY Time of entry into force and period of validity

    Repeals/Amends

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decision on fertilisers (45/1994) Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decision on certain fertiliser

    products (46/1994)

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decision on supervision of

    fertiliser products (47/1994)

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decree on processing of by-

    products of animal origin in biogas and composting establishments

    and on processing of manure in technical establishments

    (195/2004) Provisions for authorisation

    Section 5(4), Section 7(2) and (4) and Section 8(1) and (2) of the Fertiliser Product Act (539/2006)

    Corresponding EC Statutes

    Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on fertilisers

    Regulation (EC) No 1774/2002 of the European Parliament and of

    the Council laying down health rules concerning animal by-products

    not intended for human consumption

    Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decree

    on fertiliser products

In accordance with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decision, the following shall be

    enacted under Section 5(4), Section 7(2) and (4) and Section 8(1) and (2) of the Fertiliser

    Product Act (539/2006) adopted on the 29 June 2006:

    Section 1

    Scope

    This Decree shall lay down provisions for the type designation list of fertiliser products and

    for the requirements specific to type designation and for the requirements concerning qual-

    ity, marking, packaging, transport, storage and use of fertiliser products as well as for raw

    materials in fertiliser products.

    This Decree shall not apply to fertiliser products used for landscaping of landfill sites or

    other closed areas.

This publication is available from the Data Service Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Visitors’ address Postal address Telephone Fax Mariankatu 23 PL 310 020 772005 (09) 1605 4202 00170 HELSINKI 00023 VALTIONEUVOSTO

    2

    Section 2

    National type designation list of fertiliser products

    The national type designation list of fertiliser products is included in Annex I of this Decree.

    Specific to type designation, fertiliser products should meet:

    1) the requirements in Annex I for appropriate type designation and

    2) the requirements in Annex II for the minimum content of secondary nutri-

    ents and micro-nutrients and also for chelates and other organic substances

    permitted to be added to fertilisers.

    Only organic substances, referred to in paragraph C of Annex II of this Decree, may be

    added to inorganic fertilisers (IA). The total amount of organic substances added to inor-

    ganic fertilisers must not exceed one per cent calculated as a carbon content (C %) of the

    dry matter content in a fertiliser.

    When manufacturing a mixture of two or more fertiliser products with their own type desig-

    nation, each fertiliser product used must meet the requirements laid down in this Decree.

    Section 3

    Application for a type designation of a fertiliser product

    An application for adding a type designation of a fertiliser product in the national type des-

    ignation list of fertiliser products must be made in writing to the Food Safety Agency using

    an official form approved by the Agency and it must include the descriptions required in

    Section 7(1) of the Fertiliser Product Act (539/2006).

    Section 4

    Other quality requirements for fertiliser products

    Permissible deviations in information required for inclusion in the product description of

    fertiliser products from the value stated in the product description are given in Annex III.

    The maximum permitted content of heavy metals and other harmful substances in a fertil-

    iser product, the maximum permitted amounts of human, animal and plant pathogens and

    the restrictions concerning harmful organisms are listed in Annex IV.

    3

    Section 5

    Cadmium The maximum quantity of cadmium in a fertiliser product may be 1.5 milligrams (mg) of

    cadmium per kilogram (kg) of dry matter. By way of deviation from the above, a by-product

    used as such as a fertiliser product in forestry may contain no more than 15 milligrams (mg)

    of cadmium in a kilogram (kg) of dry matter and in wood, peat and agrobiomass ash no

    more than 17.5 milligrams (mg) of cadmium in a kilogram of dry matter. O) may contain no 25

    more than 30 milligrams of cadmium per kilogram of phosphorus (13 mg of cadmium/kg A fertiliser with the minimum phosphorus content of 2.2 per cent (5% PPO). A fertiliser used in forestry with the minimum phosphorus content of 2.2 per cent 25

    (5% PO)may contain no more than 50 milligrams of cadmium per kilogram of phospho-25

    rus (22 mg of cadmium/kg PO). 25The average maximum load of cadmium due to the use of fertiliser products must not ex-

    ceed 1.5 grams of cadmium per hectare per year. The maximum load of cadmium due to

    the use of fertiliser products as used batches and as cycles of use may be:

    1) in agriculture and horticulture, no more than six grams per hectare at an in-

    terval of four years;

    2) in landscaping and construction of green areas, 15 grams per hectare at an

    interval of 10 years; and

    3) in forestry, no more than 60 grams per hectare at an interval of 40 years.

    However, the hectare-specific restriction concerning the maximum load of cadmium in

    construction of green areas and in landscaping does not apply to soil conditioners in para-

    graph ID or to substrates in paragraph IF of Annex I of this Decree.

    Section 6

    Selenium Selenium may be added as selenate at 15 milligrams per kilogram of dry matter to a fertil-

    iser to which the addition of selenium is permitted according to type designation. Fertilisers

    may contain selenium at a maximum of 20 milligrams per kilogram of dry matter. Selenium

    must not be added to the surface of fertiliser grains. Any addition of selenium must be

    stated in the product description.

    As an exception to paragraph 1, selenium as selenate may be added to fertilisers sold to

    livestock farms and to farms accepting manure in accordance with conditions in paragraph

    1 at 25 milligrams per kilogram of dry matter. Fertilisers may contain selenium at a maxi-

    mum of 30 milligrams per kilogram of dry matter.

    4

    The permitted end use of the fertiliser referred to in paragraph 2 above is supplementary

    fertilising of grass or corn for a stated need when the main fertiliser used for arable land is

    manure. The fertiliser manufacturer and vendor are obliged to check in advance that a

    farm accepting fertiliser is a livestock farm or a farm accepting manure. In addition, farms

    using fertiliser must indicate the arable land plots where the fertiliser is spread by plot ac-

    counting records of their arable land.

    Section 7

    Submitting the results of a non-explosiveness test

    The results of a test carried out in a testing establishment accredited for the appropriate

    area of application by the Centre for Metrology and Accreditation or by another accredita-

    tion body in the European Economic Area or its competence verified by some other reli-

    able means, must be submitted to the Food Safety Agency by the operators who manufac-

    ture or import fertilisers with ammonium nitrate base at least five working days before the

    fertiliser is placed on the market or, when imported, at least five working days before the

    fertiliser arrives in the area of a Member State of the European Union. The certificate re-

    garding a non-explosiveness test may be no more than six months old.

    Section 8

    Requirements for marking Annex I shall provide in more detail for the content of information in product descriptions of

    fertiliser products, and Annex III shall provide in more detail for the permissible deviations

    in the properties. In addition, Annexes I, II and IV shall provide for type designation and for

    information in Finnish and Swedish, specific to type designation groups, in product de-

    scriptions.

    Section 9

    Requirements for packaging Packaging used to store, protect, process and distribute fertiliser products with the maxi-

    mum capacity of 1,000 kilograms must be sealed tightly. In addition, packaging must be

    sealed in such a way or using such an implement that when opening the packaging, the

    fastening, fastening sealer or the packaging itself is damaged beyond repair. The use of

    valve sacks is permitted.

    Ammonium nitrate fertiliser containing more than 28 per cent by weight of nitrogen must be

    delivered to the end user in packaged form.

    5

    Section 10

    Requirements for transportation and storage

    Fertiliser products must be stored appropriately in an area allocated for them for this pur-pose or packed in such a way that there is no release of nutrients to the environment. Fer-tiliser products should be stored so that the product composition during storage will not change and that the composition corresponds to the information given in the product de-scription. Fertiliser products and their raw materials sold in bulk must be covered during transportation if, due to the structure of the products, transportation may cause a danger or harm to traffic or environment.

    Organic fertiliser products must be transported and stored in such a way that their quality will not weaken due to harmful wetting or microbiological contamination. In addition, they must be kept separate from animal feeds. Raw materials for organic fertiliser products must be stored separately from other fertiliser products and their raw materials. Inorganic fertilisers must not be stored in the same storage premises with inflammable and explosive substances.

    Section 11

    Certain requirements for fertiliser products concerning use

    Restrictions specific to type designation concerning the use of fertiliser products are given in Annex I of this Decree.

    When using fertiliser products for agriculture and horticulture, the requirements set for the use of fertiliser products in the Government Decree (931/2000) on the restriction of dis-charge of nitrates from agriculture into waters must be complied with. The quantity of ana-lysed soluble phosphorus may be a maximum of 400 kilograms per hectare in agriculture and 600 kilograms per hectare in horticulture as a maximum cycle of use of five years. When using fertiliser products in landscaping and in construction of green areas, the maximum quantity of nitrogen may be 1,250 kilograms of water-soluble nitrogen per hec-tare as a cycle of use of five years and the maximum quantity of analysed soluble phos-phorus of 750 kilograms per hectare as a cycle of use of five years. In landscaping and in construction of green areas, the hectare-specific restrictions on nutrient quantities apply to the use in areas where runoff water is discharged into surface and ground waters. Additions in fertiliser products of soluble nitrogen and phosphorus referred to in para-graphs 2 and 3 are permitted provided that the operators are able to indicate, in writing, when requested, the used quantities to supervising authorities and that there is no harm or danger to the environment from the additions.

    Fertiliser products in use other than in agriculture and horticulture must comply, as appli-cable, with the provisions of Section 5 of the Council of State Decree on the restriction of discharge of nitrates from agriculture into waters, concerning spreading times, earthing

    6

    and use of nitrogen fertilisers near waterways, and with any other valid provisions of the

    environmental and water protection legislation.

    Section 12

    Transition provisions Fertiliser products conforming to the provisions valid before this Decree has entered into

    force, may be marked until the end of 2008. Fertiliser products placed on the market after

    this Decree has entered into force must meet the requirements in this Decree.

    In fertiliser products which meet the requirements for the type designation of agroash

    (IA61) in Annex I of this Decree, the maximum quantity of cadmium may be 2.5 milligrams

    of cadmium per kilogram of dry matter until the 31 December 2009.

    The maximum content of chromium in milligrams per kilogram of dry matter in Table 1 of

    Annex IV of this Decree, under the type designation of steel slag (IC23), may be 2000 mil-

    ligrams of chromium per kilogram of dry matter until the 1 March 2008.

    Section 13

    Entry into force

    This Decree shall enter into force on [date] 2007.

    This Decree shall repeal the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decisions on fertilisers

    (45/1994), on certain fertiliser products (46/1994) and on supervision of fertiliser products

    (47/1994) adopted on the 21 March 2004 and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry De-

    cree on processing of by-products of animal origin in biogas and composting establish-

    ments and on processing of manure in technical establishments (195/2004) adopted on

    the 18 March 2004.

    ANNEX I NATIONAL TYPE DESIGNATION LIST OF FERTILISER PRODUCTS IA INORGANIC FERTILISERS Inorganic fertilisers must not contain organic nutrients of animal or plant origin. Permitted organic additions to inorganic fertilisers in accordance with paragraph C of Annex II must be stated. The content of nutrients and of other components are given as a percentage by weight of the overall content. In addition, the content in liquid fertilisers may be given as a volumetric unit of mg/l or g/l. The nutrient content must be given as an element, in addition to which it may be given as an oxide. The content of primary nutrients must be given as a total figure after type designation. If a quantity exceeding the minimum content in paragraph A of Annex II of secondary nutrients or micro-nutrients is added to the product or it naturally contains it, “contains sec-ondary nutrients and/or micro-nutrients” is added to type designation. A marking ”contains” may also be used, and the secondary nutrients contained in the product listed in the following order: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), sulphur (S), and the micro-nutrients in the following order: bor-ium (B), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn). The product description of fertiliser products containing micro-nutrients must include the following text: ”Only used for the stated need. Permitted application rates may not be exceeded.” The nutrient content of primary and secondary nutrients is given to one decimal, and micro-nutrients in accordance with paragraph A of Annex II. The chlorine content of a product may be given. When the maximum Cl content is 2 %, a marking low chlorine contentmay be used.

    The abbreviation AOAC in tables refers to “Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, The Association of Official Agriculture Chemists, Journal of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists”.

IA1 Inorganic primary nutrient fertilisers with single nutrient

    No. Type designation Manufacturing method and as-Minimum content of Information provided in Method of analysis by IA1 sociated requirements and re-nutrients product description official supervision

    strictions on use

    -

This publication is available from the Data Service Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Visitors’ address Postal address Telephone Fax Mariankatu 23 PL 310 020 772005 (09) 1605 4202 00170 HELSINKI 00023 VALTIONEUVOSTO

    2

    IA2 Inorganic multi-nutrient primary nutrient fertilisers

    No. Type designation Manufacturing method and as-Minimum content of Information provided in Method of analysis by

    IA2 sociated requirements and re-nutrients product description official supervision

    strictions on use

    1 NPK fertiliser Product manufactured chemically Total: (1) Total nitrogen AOAC 1975, Evira 8106 (NPK, NP, NK or or by mixing. Addition of selenium 15% N+P+K; (2) Nitrate nitrogen other PK, itemised) as selenate or of permitted organic 10% N+P; N+K; P+K (3) Ammonium nitrogen AOAC 1975, Evira 8106

    substances. Must not contain Each nutrient, re-(4) Urea nitrogen other

    Thomas slag, calcinated phos-ferred to in type des-(5) Cyanamid nitrogen AOAC 1975, Evira 8106

    phate, aluminium calcium phos-ignation (NPK), 1% Nitrogen forms (2-5), if other

    phate, partly dissolved rock phos- the minimum content is EC Regulation 2003/2003

    phate or soft ground rock phos- 1%. EC Regulation 2003/2003

    phate. The maximum nitrogen con-(6) Water-soluble phospho-

    tent in ammonium nitrate fertilisers rus

    calculated from ammonium nitrate (7) Phosphorus soluble in AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

    is 27 per cent by weight. neutral ammonium citrate other

     (8) Phosphorus soluble in AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

    neutral ammonium citrate other

    and in water

    When the water-soluble

    phosphorus content is un-AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

    der 1%, solubility (7) is other

    given. When the water-

    soluble phosphorus con-

    tent is over 1%, solubilities

    (6) and (8) are given.

    (9) Water-soluble potassium

    (10) Selenium

    AOAC 1970, Evira 8109

    other

    Evira 8110

    3

    No. Type designation Manufacturing method and as-Minimum content of Information provided in Method of analysis by

    IA2 sociated requirements and re-nutrients product description official supervision

    strictions on use

    2 NPK fertiliser con-Product manufactured chemically Total: (1) Total nitrogen AOAC 1975, Evira 8106 taining soft, ground or by mixing. Addition of selenium 15% N+P+K; (2) Nitrate nitrogen other rock phosphate or as selenate or of permitted organic 10% N+P; N+K; P+K (3) Ammonium nitrogen AOAC 1975, Evira 8106 NPK fertiliser con-substances. Must not contain Each nutrient, re-(4) Urea nitrogen other taining partly dis-Thomas slag, calcinated phosphate ferred to in type des-(5) Cyanamid nitrogen AOAC 1975, Evira 8106 solved rock phos-or aluminium calcium phosphate. ignation (NPK), 1% Nitrogen forms (2-5), if other phate (NPK, NP, The maximum nitrogen content in the minimum content is EC Regulation 2003/2003 NK or PK, item-ammonium nitrate fertilisers calcu-1% EC Regulation 2003/2003 ised) lated from ammonium nitrate is 27 (6) Water-soluble phospho-

    per cent by weight. rus

     (7) Phosphorus soluble in AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

     neutral ammonium citrate other

    and in water AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

    (8) Phosphorus only soluble other

    in mineral acids

    (9) Water-soluble potassium

    (10) Selenium AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

    other

    AOAC 1970, Evira 8109

    other

    Evira 8110

    4

    No. Type designation Manufacturing method and as-Minimum content of Information provided in Method of analysis by

    IA2 sociated requirements and re-nutrients product description official supervision

    strictions on use

    (1) Total nitrogen 3 NPK fertiliser, con-Product manufactured chemically Total:

    (2) Nitrate nitrogen tains crotonylidene or by mixing. Addition of selenium 15% N+P+K; (3) Ammonium nitrogen diurea, isobu-as selenate or of permitted organic 10% N+P; N+K; P+K AOAC 1975, Evira 8118 (4) Urea nitrogen tylidene diurea or substances. Must not contain Each nutrient, re-EC Regulation 2003/2003 (5) Nitrogen of crotonylidene urea formaldehyde Thomas slag, calcinated phos-ferred to in type des-diurea EC Regulation 2003/2003 (NPK, NP, NK or phate, aluminium calcium phos-ignation (NPK), 1% (6) Nitrogen of isobutyl dene EC Regulation 2003/2003 PK, itemised; phate, partly dissolved rock phos- diurea EC Regulation 2003/2003 crotonylidene phate or rock phosphate. The (7) Nitrogen of urea formaldehyde EC Regulation 2003/2003 (8) Nitrogen of urea formaldehyde diurea, isobu-maximum nitrogen content in am-EC Regulation 2003/2003 only soluble in hot water tylidene diurea or monium nitrate fertilisers calcu-EC Regulation 2003/2003 (9) Nitrogen of urea formaldehyde urea formaldehyde, lated from ammonium nitrate is 27 soluble in cold water itemised) per cent by weight. Nitrogen forms (2-4), if the minimum content is 1% and ni-EC Regulation 2003/2003 trogen forms (57) case-

    specifically. Nitrogen form (7) is given as nitrogen forms (8) and (9). A marking of delayed release may be used. (10) Water-soluble phosphorus (11) Phosphorus soluble in neutral

     ammonium citrate

    (12) Phosphorus soluble in neutral

    ammonium citrate and in water AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

    other When the water-soluble

    AOAC 1975, Evira 8108 phosphorus content is under

    1%, solubility (11) is given. other

    When the water-soluble

    phosphorus content is over

    1%, solubilities (10) and (12) AOAC 1975, Evira 8108

    are given other

    (13) Water-soluble potassium

    (14) Selenium

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