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INFORSE South Asia Workshop, India May 2007

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INFORSE South Asia Workshop, India May 2007

    PROCEEDINGS PROCEEDINGS INFORSE SOUTH ASIA NATIONAL WORKSHOP

    and

    Capacity Building of Grassroots NGOs in

    RETs FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN INDIA

    &

    One Day National Seminar on

    DECENTRALISED POWER/ ELECTRICITY GENERATION

    held at

    Om Shanti Retreat Centre, Manesar, Gurgaon, Haryana. India thth24 26 May, 2007

    Organised & Conducted Jointly by

    AIWC INSEDA- SDA

    In partnership with

    INFORSE-SOUTH ASIA & OVE-DIB, DENMARK

    Funded by

    THE NGO COUNSELLING SERVICES DENMARK

More information: www.inforse.org/asia or www.inseda.org

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    CONTENTS

> Acknowledgement

> ORC Campus Visit

> Invocation- lighting the lamp and motivational Speech

> Welcome to the participants and Inaugural Speech

> Introduction of the objectives of the workshop

> Chief Guest’s welcome – introduction keynote address I

> Vote of Thanks to the Chief Guest

    > Technical Session- I Choosing Right RET Solutions

    > Technical Session II Solutions: Sustainable Energy Technology

     Group Deliberations

> Technical Session-III- Organisations: Local organisations

     Managing sustainable energy

    > Keynote address -II Renewable Energy Technologies for poverty

     reduction towards sustainable development

     and distance education.

> Technical Session-IV- Financial Manual: Micro-Finance based

     sustainable energy solutions for poverty

     reduction in India.

> Presentation of workable action plan by the participants

> National Seminar on Decentralised Power/Electricity Generation

    > Closing Session Feedback from participants /suggestions

> Statement by the Participants of the Workshop and Seminar

> Vote of thanks

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PREAMBLE AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF THE INFORSE

    NATIONAL WORKSHOP AND THE NATIONAL SEMINAR

    All the invited participants were sent the information and relevant details in advance so that they could come prepared to effectively participate in the proposed participatory two days INFORSE

    national workshop of NGOs trainers on “Capacity Building of NGOs in RETs for Sustainable

    Energy Solutions to Reduce Poverty in India”, and to be followed by one-day national INFORSE

    Seminar of NGOs on the “Decentralized Electricity/Power Generation”. Both these two events

    were planned to be held at the Om Shanti Retreat Centre, run by Brahma Kumaris, Manesar,

    Gurgaon from 24-26 May, 2007. The venue is 1? hour by road from Delhi on Delhi-Jaipur high way. These two events (total three days) were organized jointly by AIWC, INSEDA and SDA in

    partnership with INFORSE South Asia regional support unit (RSU). Since the invited NGOs were members of either one or more of the four of these four partner organisations, the following background and brief information of each of these organizing partners were also sent to the invitees: AIWC is one of the oldest & pioneering organizations working for the development & empowerment of women. With more than quarter million members and five hundred branches all over the country, AIWC has been working in the propagation of Renewable Energy Technologies especially for women for more than three decades. Identified as the Nodal Agency by the MNES (Now MNRE) AIWC has implemented various programs like Improved Chulha, Biogas, Solar Thermal and Solar P.V.

    Programs Solar Lantern-Home light system etc). INSEDA (Integrated Sustainable Energy and Ecological Development Association) is the national India organization formed by the grassroots NGOs who had been involved in the promotion of

    renewable energy programmes with special focus on the implementation of biogas development and renewable energy technologies in rural areas of the country, since 1980. INSEDA is a membership organization, at present having about 50 Indian NGOs as its members. The member organizations had been operating as an informal network for more than 15 years before establishing INSEDA as a formal body. INSEDA was registered as a society on December 11, 1995.

    SDA (Sustainable Development Agency) is the association of over 30 grassroots NGOs from 5 states of South India, and their members have been implementing biogas plants under the Aegis of MNES (Now MNRE), Government of India for over decades. SDA is also one of the members of INSEDA

    as well as INFORSE.

    INFORSE (International Network for Sustainable Energy) was founded by NGOs involved in the

    promotion of Sustainable Energy in 1992 at the Global Forum of NGOs of the United Nation‟s Earth Submit held in June 1992 at Rio De Janerio, Brazil. The vision of INFORSE is based on renewable technologies including solar, wind, biomass, biogas and micro-hydro. At present it has more than 150 members of which over 20 are in South Asia. INFORSE South Asia is a regional network of

    independent non-governmental organizations that encourage the growth of sustainable energy

    solutions in order to reduce poverty and protect environment.

    The INSEDA is hosting the INFORSE South Asia since December 1995, and the Secretary General-

    Chief Executive of INSEDA is the INFORSE Regional Coordinator for South Asia.

    All India Women‟s Conference (AIWC) which is the National Focal Point for India (Gender) is

    actively involved with the activities of INFORSE right from the beginning. AIWC is one of the key project partners of INFORSE SA capacity building for NGOs in SETs.

    SDA is the National Focal Point for India (General) since 2004 and one of the members of INSEDA and INFORSE.

    INSEDA, AIWC and SDA are the project partners of INFORSE SA capacity building for NGOs for

    Sustainable Energy Solutions (SES) for poverty reduction in South Asia.

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The invited organisations were also informed that these two events will be two distinct events, but

    since the NGO invitees were common to both, to save in time of travel and logistic and costs as well

    as for the sake convenience were organized one after another. The invitee organisations were also

    informed that the participatory national workshop to be held on the first two days will be devoted

    exclusively for discussing the two manuals {namely, the Sustainable Energy Technical (SET) and the

    Finance Manual}, prepared by the INFORSE Capacity Building project partners from South Asia

    along with the two partners from Denmark. The third and last day will be devoted (with two main

    sessions) exclusively for the Decentralized Generation of Power/Electricity.

    The dates of these two separate events would be as follows- (1) INFORSE Capacity Building Project

    National Workshop of NGOs in RETs on May 24 and 25, 2007; and (2) Decentralized Generation of

    Power/Electricity on May 26, 2007

INFORSE CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP OF NGOS IN RETS ON MAY 24 & 25, 2007

    AIM AND METHODOLOGY OF THE WORKSHOP ON CAPACITY BUILDING

    The aim of the workshop was to discuss threadbare, the following two NGO trainers‟ manuals:

    1) Manual on Renewable Energy Technologies for Sustainable Energy solutions to reduce Poverty

    in South Asia.

    2) Financial Manual on Sustainable Energy solutions for Poverty Reduction in South Asia.

    Methodology of the National Workshop:

    The national workshop was planned to be conducted in a participatory mode to ensure maximum

    participation of the representatives of all the NGOs. This was proposed to be achieved by the

    formation of three break-up or working groups soon after the inaugural and plenary sessions. The

    Group Discussions- in three break-up groups would come up with the important points

    related to the two manuals and how to use them effectively as the manuals to train the NGO

    trainers as well as the grassroots developmental NGOs involved in the promotion and

    implementation of renewable energy technologies (RETs). The three break-up groups would

    also use these two manuals as resource materials for the discussions. In addition to discuss

    the practical problems and issues related to the energy access, and how the sustainable

    energy solutions the different local organisational solutions incorporated under chapter-4 of

    the SET manual would be relevant to their local situation, and how they as a group would

    utilize these solutions for poverty reduction. Each break-up group would present their

    respective suggestions and recommendations to the in the plenary sessions for discussions,

    clarification and finalisation of consensus recommendations as well as an NGO statement.

    Follow-up Programme and National Action Plan:

    These three break-up groups of participants would also prepare a tentative „Follow-up programme‟ of

    the national workshop to be taken up during the next 6-months as the part of the INFORSE Capacity

    Building project, as the last activity before its is formally completed. The small break-up groups will

    also prepare a tentative „Action Plan‟ in the first two days, which would be compiled and presented at

    the end of the third and last day in the plenary session of the national seminar on the Decentralized

    Electricity/Power Generation, and a final draft „Action Plan for India‟ will be prepared and endorsed

    in principle by the participants, to be implemented as a long term programme by NGO, beyond the

    present project period which will be formally completed in December 31, 2007.

    The follow-up programme has to be taken up by the two national focal points for India, namely

    AIWC and SDA in partnership with INSEDA and the INFORSE Regional Support Unit, which is

    proposed to be completed by October 2007, after which the INFORSE Capacity building project

    completion has to be prepared by AIWC and SDA, in which active support and guidance will be

    provided by INSEDA and the INFORSE Regional Support Unit (RSU) secretariat.

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Later on, using this „Action Plan for India‟ also with inputs received from other project partners from

    the three countries ((i.e. draft national „Action Plan of NGOs for Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka‟), the INSEDA, INFORSE–South Asia and the INFORSE International will prepare a draft “Regional

    Action Plan (RAP) for South Asia”, for the next three years period. This (RAP-2008-10) will be

    shared with all the national focal points from the four countries (Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri

    Lanka) to get their feed-back and inputs before it is finalized and used for the preparation of future

    project for INFORSE South Asian Region.

SEMINAR ON DECENTRALIZED GENERATION OF POWER/ELECTRICITY ON MAY 26, 2007

    The next day (third and last day) after the conclusion of the two-day workshop, AIWC and INSEDA

    in partnership with the INFORSE-South Asia and SDA, was planned for organizing a one day

    national NGO seminar on „Decentralized Electricity/Power Generation’. Thus the third day was

    devoted exclusively for the Decentralized Electricity/Power Generation, through two main sessions thin the forenoon of 26 May where eminent experts from the field with experience in one or more

    aspects related to planning, designing, implementing and operating of such systems; as well as

    representatives of project funding and monitoring in India, were invited to present their experience as

    well as participate in the interactive session with the participants.

     thththIn the concluding session, (afternoon of 26 May) the draft action plans prepared on the 24 & 25

    was discussed and final draft was inputs from all the participants during the plenary session. Later on

    this will be sent as a part of the reports/proceedings of the national workshop and seminar to all the

    invited participants and others to get their feed back and further inputs, if any, before finalizing it as

    an „INFORSE Action Plan of NGOs for India” for the next three years- i.e. 2008-2010. It is expected that the Partner NGOs {with the assistance and guidance from INSEDA, AIWC, SDA and the

    INFORSE Regional Support Unit (RSU) Secretariat (based in Delhi)} will undertake implementation

    of Sustainable Energy (SE) based activities (or integrate it with their on-going and new projects) for

    the reduction of poverty, as per the „INFORSE Action Plan of NGOs for India‟ in their respective

    area of operation (with appropriate modifications to meet their particular requirements) beyond the

    present INFORSE South Asian capacity building project period, ending on December 31, 2007.

OSRC Campus visit to see the Solar Energy based systems

    A site visit for the participants to the OSRC campus was organized prior to main session on ththe 24 May, 2007.

    The venue of this participatory training programme is a standing example where various

    renewable energy sources are being fully utilized. Different Solar Energy Solutions have

    been put to practice within the premises viz., Solar Steam Cooking System, 200 kW stand

    alone solar power plant and RO

    system for treatment of

    drinking water.

    ORC stands as one such

    institutional example where

    RETs practical solutions are on

    demonstration and under daily

    large scale use. OSRC

    passionately promotes the

    RETs.

    1. Roti making section:

    Atta/ flour kneading

    machine was explained.

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    20 kg kneaded in 10 minutes.

    2. LPG powered frying pans: steel plates of area 1x1.5 sqm with chimney having ideal

    combustion of fuel capable of making 2000 chapattis per day.

    3. Kerosene powered stoves to cater to cooking for 150 - 200 people were explained. 4. 5 drums having steam at 8 kg/sqm connection for cooking was explained. These were

    of around 150 kg per litre capacity.

    5. Kerosene bhatti for deep frying work were explained.

    6. Vegetable cutting, potato peeling section was explained(5 kg in 3 minutes) 7. All the vegetable and other waste arising out of the kitchen operation is taken for onsite

    composting to convert into compost/ manure & used as fertilizer. 8. Solar thermal by parabolic reflector: Each parabolic reflector is of 9.5 sqm generating

    up to 5000 watts. These raise water to steam at 8 kg/sqm pressure and 300 degrees

    Celsius temperature. This steam is used in cooking drums. Each reflector has a receiver/

    concentrator. Water is lead inside the reflector and this water gains heat to be converted

    to steam at 350 degrees Celsius. There is an automatic tracking system for solar rays-

    directional integration is being done automatically. This system caters to cooking for

    5000 people which is widely used by the centre, during large scale training programmes

    conducted by them.

    9. A diesel fired backup boiler is in use

    parallel to the steam powered boiling

    system.

    10. Solar PV system was seen of 200 KW,

    spread on an area of 2000 sqm, which

    cater to almost all the requirements on

    campus both for lighting and cooling. 11. Waste water produced in the campus is

    processed & used for horticulture

    (irrigating flower gardens).

    All the participants keenly went through all

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the energy efficient and energy saving devices and raised a lot of queries which were

    answered by the voluntary workers from all over India and abroad who are all highly

    qualified and professionals who are devoted to their work.

    One of the main reasons for the success of these solar energy based working systems are due

    to the devoted and regular service put in by 150 (Brahma Kumaris and Kumars) who are all

    highly educated and committed since they are all practicing the principles of this great

    institution whose members have got correct mixture of spirituality and science.

    thDAY ONE- 24 MAY- 2007 WELCOME

    Mrs. Suguna Swaminathan, Manager HR, BHEL & Jt. Secretary, Women in Public Sector

    extended a very warm welcome to the participants and particularly to Dr. Ms. B. K. Asha,

    Director, ORC. She briefly stated the significance of this workshop on capacity building of

    grass root NGOs in Renewable Energy Technologies for poverty reduction in India in

    today‟s energy environment. Energy is the important element in our daily schedule–

    consumption-production–delivery. It can‟t be substituted but the source can be. Therefore, it is all the more crucial to have such capacity building workshops only to vigorously promote

    the affordable RETs in making the maximum use of natural resources of alternative energy.

    ADDRESS BY DR. MS. B.K. ASHA, DIRECTOR, OSRC, MANESAR

    She chose the right topic of “stress‟‟ to address the participants right at the start of the

    meetings representing number of NGOs and social workers from various states. In her

    unique way she made it plain that in human existence stress is the portion and emphasized to

    deal with stress with positive attitude. Dr. Asha shared with the participants some key factors

    to deal with this critical issue. ? Stress doesn‟t lie outside; it is our attitude towards it. Positive thinking and attitude is the key.

    ? People change, situation change, but do we also change along with them? Keep challenging your

    assumptions.

    ? Don‟t allow yourself to get conditioned. Sometimes we associated certain things to memory.

    Observe traffic control of thoughts. There is a continuous flow of positive, negative, necessary

    and waste thoughts. Research says maximum number of thoughts that arises in our mind is waste

    and aimlessly uses our precious energy.

    ? Say no to negativity, waste, adopt filtering of the thoughts

    ? Music is a nice way to rejuvenate, a flow of thoughts.

    ? Earn the blessing of people around you.

    ? Maintain an attitude of detached involvement.

    ? Give attention to necessity, if encounter a problem, withdraw, empower yourself and then come

    back

    ? Transfer your stress to open skies, oceans. Enjoy broadness and vastness of these.

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? Meditate to heal, heal the wounds of the soul. Treat mind like a baby. Don‟t curse it

    ? Find time for yourself. Be yourself

    The participants found this to be of immense help in their daily chores.

INAUGURAL SESSION

    The workshop was formally opened by

    lighting the lamp by the Chief Guest

    Mr. V. Subramaniam, Secretary,

    MNRE-GOI, Dr. Ms. B.K. Asha,

    Director, ORC, Dr. Mrs. Manorama

    Bawa, President, AIWC, Mr.

    Raymond Myles, Secretary-General-

    cum-Chief Executive Officer,

    INSEDA & Coordinator INFORSE

    Asia.

    Dr. Bawa in her inaugural speech

    welcomed the Chief Guest Mr.

    Subramaniam, Dr. Asha, Mr. Raymond Myles, the office bearers of AIWC and the participants to this special workshop being conducted under these serene surroundings, so generously provided by Dr. Asha at ORC for which AIWC was grateful.

    In her brief speech she enumerated the wide range of socio-economic sustainable endeavours that AIWC has initiated primarily focusing on marginalized communities and more so women being the primary partners in development initiatives. AIWC continues to strive to reach out to the un-reached strata of the societies through its countrywide network of 500 branches.

    She stated that AIWC over the

    years of deeper involvement in

    the lives of people to whom the

    support matters, has been

    constantly searching for new

    ways in engaging women for

    their betterment. One of the

    significant areas is Alternative

    Sources for Rural Energy i.e.

    bio-gas, solar energy-use, solar

    energy based production,

    trainings etc. It has earned

    AIWC a name for itself and we

    continue to treat this element in

    our programmes on a higher

    priority and thereby create avenues of sustained family income. MNRE and other GOI ministries and officials have always extended a generous support to AIWC. AIWC attaches importance to such people based and technology-oriented workshops to both share our experience and equip us with new and affordable technologies. She once again welcomed all the honorable guests and the participants representing Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand,

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    Tamil Nadu, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Delhi, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh to this workshop and wished it all success.

NTRODUCTION OF THE CHIEF GUEST MR. V. SUBRAMANIAM, SECRETARY-MNRE-GOI I

    Mrs. Lalita Balakrishnan, Director Workshop said that we were delighted to have with us Mr. Subramaniam, presently, Secretary, MNRE-GOI, he has been associated with many Rural Development programmes introduced by the GOI and is well versed with conditions

    problems and the needs of people in rural areas. He had been more than kind for sparing his valuable time to come all the way from Delhi to inaugurate this National Workshop and address us. This indicates his genuine interest in such endeavours. One of the areas that he was passionate about is RETs, for which he extends all the support that GOI offers.

INAUGURAL ADDRESS

    Mr. V. Subramaniam in his inaugural

    address dealt at length the significance-

    practicality and abundant availability of

    the natural resources. He talked about the

    new source of bio-fuel and mentioned the

    ways of utilizing the same sources of

    energy more efficiently. Sun-viable

    options for the future would have an actual

    capacity utilization of power only 40%

    and it was necessary to store energy

    produced during the day in batteries and

    utilize it during night. In his rich

    experience he felt it was important to

    make people understand the usefulness and importance of Renewable Energy Sources and work towards it for achievement not in quantity, but in quality. There are good number of

    examples where non-conventional energy sources have been put to effective and successful use, such as Smokeless villages near Tirupati where Solar cookers- Solar water heater- Solar panels etc. have been used successfully.

He also explained the schemes that were under

    his Ministry to solely promote the RET‟s for

    the benefit of all and more so for the poor

    using the network of NGO‟s. He also shared

    the reasons with the participants for changing

    his ministry‟s name from MNES to MNRE

    (Ministry of New & Renewable Energy

    which is more positive). He promised to have

    training programmes for the youth especially

    from rural areas.

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RESENTATION BY MR. RAYMOND MYLES, REGIONAL COORDINATOR, INFORSE SOUTH P

    ASIAN REGION AND SECRETARY GENERAL, INSEDA

    Mr. Myles briefly up-dated the participants on the

    history and role of INFORSE & INSEDA

    ? INSEDA members were operating as

    grassroots NGOs, an informal Network

    involved in promotion and implementation

    of RET‟s since the year 1980 and

    primarily in Biogas Development

    Programme. They established INSEDA as

    a formal national body in

    October/November 1995, which was

    subsequently registered as an association

    on December 11, 2007 under the Indian

    Societies registration Act-XXI. INSEDA

    members is country wide, therefore

    ensures wider participation and

    representing variety of cultures-traditions.

    ? INFORSE came into being in June,1992 at the time of Global Forum of NGOs held in

    Rio de Janeiro.

    ? INFORSE launched a Capacity Building Project of NGO for Poverty Reduction using

    Sustainable Energy Solutions, in four South Asia Region countries, consisting

    Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. This programme has been launched in the

    following seven phases involving number of NGO‟s

    1. Phase One - Collection of literature, documents/manuals

    2. Phase Two - Preparation of Energy Status Report

    3. Phase Three - Detailed House Survey

    4. Phase Four - Preparation of SET & Financial Manual on RETs of PR

    5. Phase Five - Organisation of National workshops and seminars

    6. Phase Six - Preparation of NGO action plan for undertaking projects beyond the

    present project period

    7. Phase Seven - Follow-up:

    a). With the NGOs who participated in the national Workshop and

    Seminar, to see that they are implemented the learning from these

    two as well as the SET and Financial manual in their own situation;

    b). Provide guidance and linkages for developing proposals and

    approaching appropriate funding/financing agencies for getting

    possible support for their SET and energy conservation based

    activities/project;

    c). With government, policy & decision makers to share the two

    manuals so that they can incorporate capacity building and projects

    related to Sets in their appropriate policy documents;

    d). With universities and educational institutions to incorporate SETs as

    a part of their training activities as well as associate NGOs as

    resource persons in conducting such programmes; and

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