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    Proceedings of the Maastricht Session of the st1 International Maastricht-Łódź Duo Colloquium

    on “Translation and Meaning”,

    Held in Maastricht, The Netherlands, 4-6 January 1990

    Editors: Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk

    Maastricht: Euroterm Maastricht

    ISBN 90-72614-03-8 (366 pp.)

    ? 1990

    Introductory Words (Chairman of the Board of Directors), Acknowledgements (Marcel Thelen), Preface (Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Table of Contents (Marcel Thelen), List of Contributors (Marcel Thelen), Introduction (Marcel Thelen), Opening Lecture (Marcel Thelen).

    PART I: "Translation: meaning and the computer": "A pronominal basis for computer-assisted translation. The proton project" (Carmen Eggermont and Karel van der Eynde), "Zur Erstellung und Verwendung von Kontextglossaren beim Übersetzen mit dem Computer" (Roland Freihoff), "Some re-

    flections on ambiguity and its consequences for MT" (Kurt Haverkort), "The term bank of the RHOTV-Maastricht" (Geer Hoppenbrouwers), "Subject knowledge in computerised dictionaries" (Agnes

    Kukulska-Hulme), "The INTELLIGENT DICTIONARY project" (Jean-Marie Maes), "A corpus-based

    measure of semantic proximity" (Victor Sadler), "Bedeutung und Bedeutungsverwendung im Lichte der maschinellen Übersetzung" (Annemarie Schmid), "Computer-assisted translator training" (Paul St-

    Pierre), "TRANSIT: TRANslation System Into Turkish" (Albert Stoop), "Terminography and synonymy" (Rita Temmerman).

    PART II: "Translation: meaning and the dictionary": "Die relative Äquivalenz juristischer Begriffe und deren Folge für mehsprachige juristische Wörterbücher" (Gerard-René de Groot), "Lexical

    collocations and translation" (Mohamed H. Heliel), "Dictionaries inside out" (Marcel Lemmens), "The

    role of dictionaries and context in the translation process. The Canadian connection" (Alan Manning).

    PART III: "Translation: meaning and the actual practice of translating": "Linguistics and the training of translators and interpreters" (Mona Baker), "Zero realisation in meaning-based translation" (Kathleen Callow), "Incidence de la pensée arabe sur la signification du texte arabe" (Mohammed

    Didaoui), "Esperanto vs cultural translatability" (Stanislaw Duczmal), "Der Übersetzer als texter oder: Was leistet die Skopostheorie für das Übersetzen populärwissenschaftlicher Texte (DN/ND)?" (Elke

    Emrich), "Some translation problems associated with the English gerund" (John Patrick Kirby), "The

    translation of biological texts - some typical problems" (Jan Klerkx), "Translating into the mother tongue vs translating into a non-primary language" (Eva Koberski and Sally Petrequin-Jessen), "Shifts

    of meaning in translation: do's or don't's?" (Kitty van Leuven-Zwart), "Overt and hidden negations in translation" (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), "Signifier et resignifier" (Hanne Martinet), "Some

    remarks on the practice of literary translation" (Peter van Nunen), "Translating from ethnic English into Canadian English" (Jaromira Rakusan), "Translation and meaning in subject classes and in lower vocational education of bilingual students" (Irène Steinert), "From interpretation to re-expression of meaning in the translation process" (Marcel Thelen), "Elemente und Grundzüge einer textsorienorien-tierten Theorie/Didaktik des Übersetzens juristischer Texte am Beispiel eines Mietvertrages" (Gerd

    Richard Weyers), "Les systèmes experts: un moyen d'enrichissement pour la discipline terminolo-

    gique" (Paul Wijnands), "Translating into European English: evolution and acceptability" (Robert Wil-


Plenary Session (Marcel Thelen), Index (Marcel Thelen).



    Proceedings of the Łódź Session of the st1 International Maastricht-Łódź Duo Colloquium

    on “Translation and Meaning”,

    Held in Łódź, Poland, 20-22 September 1990

    Editors: Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen

    Maastricht: Rijkshogeschool Maastricht, Faculty of Translation and Interpreting

    ISBN 90-801039-1-8 (472 pp.)

    ? 1992

Introductory Words (Director of the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting), Acknowledgements

    (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Preface (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomasczcyk and Marcel Thelen), Table of Contents (Marcel Thelen), List of Contributors (Marcel Thelen), Introduction

    (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomasczcyk and Marcel Thelen).

    PART 1: "Theories of meaning and the theory of translation": "Levels of translation: a linguistic perspective" (David Cruse), "Phraseological thesauruses in the process of translation" (Dmitrij

    Dobrovol'skij), "Translation and the underspecification of lexical meaning" (George Dunbar), "Meaning

    and performatives" (Robert Harnish), "Effability, expressibility and translation" (Barbara Lewandowska-

    Tomaszczyk), "The relationship between text function and meaning in translation"(Christiane Nord),

    "Word against text. Lexical semantics and translation theory" (Mary Snell Hornby), "Some implications

    of speech act theory for the theory of translation" (Danilo Marcondes de Souza Filho), "Stasis and dy-

    namics of meaning: the lexicon in a two-cycle model of grammar" (Marcel Thelen), "Translation and

    the invariance hypothesis" (Kamila Turewicz), "Meaning, information, translation" (Aurelija Usoniené).

PART 2: "Translation: meaning and culture": "Culture-specific elements in translation" (William

    Chaffey), "Translation, semantics, and culture" (Victor Khairullin), "Discursive persons and the limits of translation" (Anthony Pym), "From Egypt to Egypt: the transmigration of myth, meaning and transla-tion" (Rosanna Rosini).

    PART 3: "Translation: meaning in literary texts": "Translation of sung poetry and the rendering of its musical arrangement" (Anna Bednarczyk), "Psychological evolution of the main hero in Yevgeni Zamiatin's Dystopia: We and the way it is reflected in the language of the novel and its translation into Polish" (Ursula Dzika), "A few remarks on translating contemporary poetry" (Jerzy Jarniewicz), "Jurij

    Lotman's system, cognitive grammar and translatability of poetry: a case study of W.B. Yeat's 'Great

    House' poems" (Krzysztof Kosecki), "Issues in reception aesthetics and literary translation" (John

    Kwan-Terry), "Rhythmic patterns in fiction and their representation in translation" (Natalya

    Olshanskaya), "Names in literary translations" (Adam Sumera).

    PART 4: "Translation: meaning and grammar": "Some aspects of translation regarding adjectives" (Arkadiusz Brycht), "A pronominal approach to valency in translation" (Willy van Langendonck),

    "Translating secondary functions of grammatical structure" (Mildred Larson).

    PART 5: "Translation: meaning and sounds": "The way meanings and sounds exist in the original and in its translation" (Zygmunt Grosbart), "Phonetic feature frequencies as a measure for linguistic distance" (Geer Hoppenbrouwers), "Phonosemantics and translation" (Stanislaw Voronin), "Some re-

    marks on sociolinguistic implications of phonetic interference in speech translation" (Ewa Waniek-


    PART 6: "Translation: meaning, dictionary, and the computer": "Dictionaries and the acquisition of polysemy" (Henry Béjoint), "Translating with a semantic net: matching words and concepts" (Christiane Fellbaum), "Semantics, sublanguage, and the translation of specialized lexicon" (William

    Frawley), "Project of a prototype Russian-Polish computer dictionary: possibilities & limitations"

    (Herman Grosbart), "Knowledge-based machine translation, with a difference" (John Laffling).

    PART 7: "Translation: from practice to theory": "Geographical names: problems of equivalence and translatability" (Irina Bagajewa), "The translator's strategies for non-standard speech: some theo-retical implications" (Olga Brodovich), "Non-realized information: a theory for the accurate and natural

translation of meaningful zero" (Kathleen Callow), "On forms of address in Polish and English" (Pawel

    Cichawa), "Measurements of comprehension of the source text: theory and practice" (Jeanne

    Dancette), "On the use of strategies in translation" (John Patrick Kirby), "Principles and problems in translating proper names" (Adrienne Lehrer), "Form- and sense-oriented approaches to translation" (Wolfgang Lörscher), "Semantics of style in translation" (Irina Markelova), "Translation problems of non-neutral lexical units in scientific texts" (Irina Serebryakova), "Place names in Celtic poetry: prob-lems with translation and interpretation" (Piotr Stalmaszczyk), "The interaction of world knowledge and linguistic knowledge in the processes of translation. A think-aloud protocol study" (Sonja Tirkkonen-


Concluding Remarks (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen), Index of authors

    (Marcel Thelen), Index of Languages and Subjects (Marcel Thelen).



    Proceedings of the Maastricht Session of the nd2 International Maastricht-Łódź Duo Colloquium

    on “Translation and Meaning”,

    Held in Maastricht, The Netherlands, 19-22 April 1995

    Editors: Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk

    Maastricht: Hogeschool Maastricht, School of Translation and Interpreting

    ISBN 90-801039-2-6 (610 pp.)

    ? 1996

    Maastricht, a truly European centre of learning (Communications and PR Officer of the City of Maastricht), Introductory Words (Academic Director of the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting), Acknowledgements (Marcel Thelen), Preface (Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Table of Contents (Marcel Thelen), Introduction (Marcel Thelen and Barbara

    Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Opening address (Marcel Thelen).

    SECTION I: "Cognitive sciences": "L'Extraction du sens en traduction. Le phénomène des incom-préhensions ? (Jeanne Dancette), ? Idioms of fear : a cognitive approach ? (Dimitrij Dobrovolskij).

    SECTION II : ? Terminology / Terminography ? : ? The Polish system of unified terminology ? Polterm ? ? (Danuta Kierzkowska), ? Informatisation de la terminographie. Exploitation des index douvrages pour le depistage automatique des termes ? (Caroline de Schaetzen).

SECTION III : ? Text Linguistics, Pragmatics, Intercultural Translation, and Interpreting ? a) Text

    Linguistics : ? Le ? Traite de Maastricht ? (version française/version espagnole) : analyse textuelle et

    traduction ? (Ana Blas), b) Pragmatics : ? A contrastive study of two modal verbs, can and must, in

    Romance languages (French & Portuguese) and Germanic languages (Dutch & English) ? (Celeste

    Augusto Lopes and Francine Melka), ? Semantic extensions in affixes : the results of laymans

    translation ? (Reyes I. Fidalgo Díaz), ? Analyse du discours et proverbes détournés : un problème de traduction ? (Fernando Navarro Dominguez), ? The interaction of connotational meaning and cultural transorientation in translation ? (Ieva Zauberga), c) Intercultural Translation : ? Les néologismes du

    discours identitaire et leurs traduction ? (Paul Wijnands), d) Interpreting : ? Managing meaning. Dis-

    course types in court interpreting (Helge Niska).

SECTION IV: Translation Theory: “”Natural translation abilities of the native speaker (Ruth Brend),

    Norwegian-English translation and the role of certain connectors (Sandra Halverson), Concretization

    and generalization of meaning in translation (Kinga Klaudy), Comparable corpora: towards a corpus linguistic methodology for the empirical study of translation (Sara Laviosa-Braithwaite), The role of

    translation theory in the teaching of general and non-literary translation (Belinda Maia), Translation,

    cultural influence and semantics: notes towards a theoretical convergence (Nicholas Round).

SECTION V: Lexicology / Lexicography: Building a bilingual database of support verbs (Thierry

    Fontenelle, Claire Gérardy, Luc Alexandre, Luc Thomas, Tom Vanallemeersch, and Jacques Jansen),

    Bilingual legal dictionaries: criteria for assessment (Gerard-René de Groot and Louise Rayar),

    Language copora and the translator (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), The 4arrier4nce4ce

    between meanings and translation equivalents: the automatical reversal of a bilingual dictionary

    (Vinzence lo Cascio, P. Boraschi and Allessandra Corda), The discrepancy between dictionaries and language reality. Scattered notes by a dictionary editor cum translator (Mats-Peter Sundström).

    SECTION VI: Machine Translation, Machine Aided Translation: Man-machine interaction in linguistic automation (Larisa Beliaeva), Example-based machine translation. The answer to the meaning representation problem? (John Laffling).

    SECTION VII: Computer Assisted Translation Training: The effectiveness of computer pro-grammes in teaching vocabulary to students of translation (Agnieszka Le?ko-Szymanska), English

    vocabulary training for francophone students of translation and interpretation (Jean-Louis Sauvage).

    SECTION VIII: The Training of Translators: The student and the translation trainer: fitting togeth-er the pieces of the jigsaw (Beverly J. Adab), Culture and institutions in translator training. Teaching culture-specific concepts to prospective translators; a case study (Gabriele Becher), Negotiating

    meaning in translator training (Allison Beeby), A study of dictionary use based on the Protocol Tech-nique (Asha Doshi-Raveendran), Cross-cultural transfer in inverse translation a case study (Olivia

    Fox), “‟Was stellst du dir vor, wenn du liest .... Die Anwendung des scenes-and frames Modells in der Translationsdidaktik (Heidrun Witte).

SECTION IX: Translation and Language for Special Purposes: a) The translator: On transla-

    ting neologisms (Lukasz Bogucki), b) The language of Law/Politics: Transparency or equivalence? Opacity versus recognition? On the transposition and translation of legal terminology (Åge Lind),

    Übersetzungsprobleme bei juristischen Texten (Ingrid Simonnæs), c) The language of Medicine/ Biology: Meaning relationships and how to detect them: a case study (Rita Temmerman), d) The

    language of Science/Technology: Types des 4arri scientifiques et quelques 4arrier4 de leur

    traduction (Annemarie Kabán), e) The language of Economics/ Business: Translating meaning in Egyptian commercial advertising (Muhammad Y Gamal).

    SECTION X: The Translation of Literature: Analysis of a poem as a basis for its translation. The case of a contemporary English poem translated into Spanish (Henny Gevers), The Clapham Omni-

    bus: translating the comic text (Alita Kelley), Russian poetry with an English accent (Anatoly

    Liberman), Translating from Greek into Greek in ancient Greek culture (Franco Montanari), Les tra-

    ductions parallèles et la 4arrier4n créatrice de la poésie (Huba Mózes), A garment too tight and too loose? Some reflections on the translation of poetry (Maria T. Sánchez & R. Sala), Translating the

    Sacred: constraints on translation im-posed by religious traditions (Ronald J. Sim).

    SECTION XI: The Translation of Metaphors: The cognitive view of metaphor and its implication for translation theory (Nili Mandelblit), Similes and metaphors with animals.Translational equivalents

    (Jaromira Rakusan),Translating figurativelanguage. A discussionof fourth-year translations and corre-

    sponding comments (Marcel Thelen).

SECTION XII: Translation Quality Assessment: Translation proficiency assessment (Deborah

    Cao), Assessing student performance in translation studies (John P. Kirby), A classroom-bound

    approach to the meaning of translation quality assessment (Alan Manning).

List of Contributors(Marcel Thelen), Index of Authors (Marcel Thelen), Index of Languages and

    Subjects (Marcel Thelen).



    Proceedings of the Łódź Session of the nd2 International Maastricht-Łódź Duo Colloquium

    on “Translation and Meaning”,

    Held in Łódź, Poland, 22-24 September 1995

    Editors: Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen

    Maastricht: Hogeschool Maastricht, School of Translation and Interpreting

    ISBN 90-801039-3-4 (591 pp.)

    ? 1997

Acknowledgements (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Preface (Barbara Lewandowska-

    Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen), Table of Contents (Marcel Thelen), Introduction (Barbara

    Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen), Translation and Meaning: A Rationale (Barbara


    SECTION I: Issues in Translation Theory: Equivalence of translation and the associative unit of translation (Anna Bednarczyk), Europeanizations reconsidered: the deconstructionist turn in Chinese translation theory (Leo Tak-Hung Chan), Is it possible to speak of rules of translation? (Anna-Maria

    Durand-Deska), Semantic correlation in causativity (Faiza A. Al-Ani), The problem of reliability of translation (Zygmunt Grosbart), Cross-modal translations: the visual into the verbal (Alina

    Kwiatkowska), The relation of discourse genre to meaning in translation (Mildred Larson), Mediation,

    meaning and the mind (Maeve Olohan), Functionalism and the integrational motion: describing Lawrence Durrel in Spanish (Jesus M. Sánchez García), Towards a prototypical definition of transla-tion (Sonja Tirkkonen-Condit).

    SECTION II: Specific Issues in Translation: The perplexing conclusion: the essential difference between natural and artificial intelligence is human beings ability to deceive (Alexander Barzel), On

    rendering register (Lukasz Bogucki), Parallellism in Russian and Polish translations of the biblical psalms of trust (Urszula Dzika), Lexical sets: relevance and probability (Patrick Hanks), Problems in

    the translation of creative neologisms (Adrienne Lehrer), An approach to lexical cohesion in the translation of English/Spanish texts (Pilar Mañas Lahoz), Interpreting Arabic quantifiers: a probablis-tic approach (Chafía Mankai and Ali Mili), Discourse pragmatics in translation: rendering Spanish word order into English (Alicia Pinedo), Breaking the roles: borrowing words from other languages

    textual pragmatics vs traditional grammar dictates (Miroslawa Salska-Kaca), Semantic structure of

    eat and its Japanese equivalent taberu: a word-grammatic account (Kensei Sugayama), Political

    games: evaluation through metaphor (Urszula Wieczorek), False friends revisited (Janusz Wróblew-


SECTION III: Translation of Literature: The relation of adversativity: translation of Gombrowiczs

    Ferdydurke into French & English (Eugeniusz Hejno), Problems with gender in English-Polish literary translation (Jerzy Jarniewicz), Transparency and visibility of the translator in literary texts (Magdale-

    na Kozanecka), Translating the form: does the meaning get lost? The translations of Augusto and Haraldo de Campos (John Milton), Alices adventures in German and Polish (Adam Sumera), The

    linguist and the poet: nouns and verbs in a Polish translation of Emily Dickinsons poetry (Elbżieta

    Tabakowska), A cross-cultural look at problems of translating Emily Dickonson into the Hungarian

    language (Zsuzsana Ujszászi).;

SECTION IV: Translation Pedagogy: Transfer in translation and L2 communication (Anatolij

    Dorodnych), Teaching legal translation in Granada (Natividad Gallardo San Salvador and Catherine Way), Models of translation and interpretation studies: a Polish perspective (James F. Hartzell), To-

    wards a more re-fined translation pedagogy: from form to context (John Patrick Kirby), The bilingual

    lexicon and vocabulary teaching for translation and interpreting students (Agnieszka Lenko-

    Szymanska), Translating figurative language: towards a framework for the interpretation of the image

    behind figurative language (Marcel Thelen).

SECTION V: Translation of Language for Specific Purposes: a) translation and the law:

    Facing interpretation in the context of tax law (Sofía Arana Landín), Language preferences of

    undergraduate law students and the effect on translation (Jan Cumps), Guidelines for choosing neo-

logisms (Gerard-René de Groot), Special difficulties faced by lawyer-linguists in a plurilingual legal

    order (Mel Kenny), Translating statutory texts: in search of meaning and relevance (Barbara Zofia

    Kielar), Legal language and translation. Six main sorts of problem (Tecla Mazzarese), Selected is-

    sues concerning the legal performative and the language of legislation (Iwona Maria Witczak). B)

    Technical and Medical Translation: Conceptual and terminological problems in translation (Frieda

    Steurs), Some aspects of the translation of medical texts (Anna Taczalska).

    SECTION VI: Corpora, Lexicography, Terminology and Translation: Multidimensional classify-cation as an old aid to increased subject field understanding and improved quality technical transla-

    tion (Lynne Bowker), Bilingual dictionaries in pedagogical lexicography (Igor Burkhanov), Towards

    a dictionary of English-Arabic phrasal verns for the Arab translator (Mohamed H. Heliel), Creating

    and using a multilingual parallel 6arrier6nce” (Philip King and David Wools), Semantics in a bilingual dictionary/thesaurus (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Parallel texts and the study of sentence formation (Belinda Maia), CRATER resource creation for corpus-based machine translation

    (Anthony McEnery, Michael Oakes and Roger Garside), Parallel corpora for cognitive contrastive an-alysis (Hans Paulussen), A new model of a translation-oriented dictionary (Dorota Urbanek).

    SECTION VII: Translation Quality Assessment: Translation/transfer: parameters for quality and quantity control (Mohammed Didaoui), Relevance: a key to quality assessment in translation (Ernst-

    August Gutt), The bottom of the dictionary entry the problems of evaluating the performance of a translator (Tamás Vraukó).

Closing Remarks (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen), List of Contributors

    (Marcel Thelen), Index of Authors (Marcel Thelen), Index of languages/Dialects (Marcel Thelen),

    Index of Subjects (Marcel Thelen).



    Proceedings of the Maastricht Session of the rd International Maastricht-Łódź Duo Colloquium 3

    on “Translation and Meaning”,

    Held in Maastricht, The Netherlands, 26-29 April 2000

    Editors: Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk

    Maastricht: Hogeschool Zuyd, Maastricht School of Translation and Interpreting

    ISBN 90-801039-4-2 (496 pp.)

    ? 2001

Introductory Words (Director of the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting), Acknowledgements

    (Marcel Thelen), Preface (Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Table of Con-

    tents (Marcel Thelen), Introduction (Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Open-

    ing address (Marcel Thelen).

SECTION I: Terminology/Terminography: “Standardization and collocations” (Vincenzo Lo Casio);

    “More on Graecia Capta: Greek rhetors and Roman officials” (Elena G. Rabinovitch); “Metaphors the

    life sciences live by” (Rita Temmerman).

    SECTION II: Linguistics/Text Linguistics: “Translation in a textual context: a new appraisal” (Albrecht Neubert); “Grounding and the reconstruction of meaning: a Text Linguistics perspective on

    translation” (Esam Khalil); “Cross-linguistic variation of space conceptualisation” (Inesa Ńeńkauskienė);

    “Zum Interface von lexikalischer Semantik und Kognition” (Gerd Wotjak).

    SECTION III: Translation Studies: “The fluid interpretation of metaphors: are there mapping rules?” (Mohammed Sami Anwar); “Analytic clarity as the key in reverse translation” (Maria Liudvika Draz-

    dauskiene); “On the translation of proper names and some implications for Translation Theory” (Jean

    Peeters); “Translation and Sociolinguistics: sexist language as a translator‟s problem” (Marina Riabo-

va); “Subject-Field-Specific language Studies (SSL Studies): towards a new discipline” (Marcel


    SECTION IV: Corpora/Lexicology/Lexicography: “Language contact between Afrikaans and English leads to conceptual change in Afrikaans” (Ilse Feinauer); “Das gegenwärtige Bild Russlands in einem

    russisch-deutschen Wörterbuch der Neologismen” (Elizaveta Kanowa); “Dictionaries, language cor-

    pora and naturalness in translation” (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk); “Euphemisms in bilingual dictionaries” (Andrejs Veisbergs).

SECTION V: Technologies to help the translator: “Quality testing of machine-readable dictionaries”

    (Yasuhito Tanaka).

    SECTION VI: The training of translators: “Academic restructuring and modularity in the Humanities. The role and meaning of translation training in the South African context”(Ileana Dimitriu); “Encyclope-

    dic knowledge and specialist translation. Towards a pedagogical model” (Aart Pouw).

SECTION VII: Translation and Language for Special Purposes: “Translating in the media: conven-

    tions and norms” (Lukasz Bogucki); “The SALCA project: marketing terminology in Spanish / English” (Chus Fernández-Priéto & Nava Maroto); “Problems of terminological and conceptual equivalence in legal documentation relevant to lawsuits in the EU” (Anna Giordano); “The teaching of legal English in

    academic courses and the nature of meaning” (Girolamo Tessuto).

    SECTION VIII: The translation of literature: “Temporal and aspectual defects in selected translations from Arabic poetry into English” (Mohammad Al-Khawalda); “Übersetzung und literarische Ideologien” (Luc van Doorslaer); “Fairy tale or fatal song? The translator as director of meaning in Lorca‟s trans-

    lated poetry” (Stella Linn); “When expurgation constitutes ineffective censorship. The case of three Vizetelly translations of Zola” (Denise Merkle); “Lexique des écrivains et leur importance dans les tra-

    ductions littéraires” (Huba Mózes & Annamária Kabán); “Problems of translating canonized texts in children‟s literature: the case of Alice” (Isabel Pascua); “On the translation of Tennyson‟s The Lady of

    Shalott into Portuguese” (Glória Sampaio); “Ideology and meaning” (Ieva Zauberga).

SECTION IX: Intercultural translation: “Translation and culture” (Peter Newmark); “Official bilingual-

    ism and the policy of translation in Cameroon” (George Echu); “Problems of intercultural translation” (Asalet Erten); “Cultural models and meaning in a translated work” (Sergei Pshenitsyn); “Contrastive

    phraseology in a cross-cultural and cognitive perspective” (Nadezhda Riabtseva); “Eigennamen als

    Übersetzungsproblem” (Roman Sadzinski); “La 7arrier interculturelle illustrée: l‟exemple de „édition originale‟ en bibliophilie” (Paul Wijnands).

SECTION X: The translation of holy scriptures: “Future trends in Bible translating” (Eugene Nida);

    “The state of research in Qur‟an translation: a gap between theory and practice” (Nadia Rahab).

SECTION XI: Translation strategies: “Explication vs implication in English-Arabic translation” (Jarnal

    al-Qinai); “Sign-/form- and sense-oriented translation in the texts of law acts and labels for natural

    stereotypes” (Krzysztof Kosecki); “A new look at modulation” (Raphael Salkie); “Explicitation comme

    l‟une des sources de l‟amplification du texte au cours de l‟opération de traduction” (Magdalena


List of Contributors(Marcel Thelen), Index (of Authors, Languages and Subjects) (Marcel Thelen).



    Proceedings of the Łódź Session of the rd3 International Maastricht-Łódź Duo Colloquium

    on “Translation and Meaning”,

    Held in Łódź, Poland, 22-24 September 2000

    Editors: Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen

    Maastricht: Hogeschool Zuyd, Maastricht School of Translation and Interpreting

    ISBN 90-801039-5-0 (561 pp.)

    ? 2002

Acknowledgements (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk), Preface (Barbara Lewandowska-

    Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen), Table of Contents (Marcel Thelen), Introduction (Barbara

    Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Marcel Thelen).

    Section I: Setting the Scene: “Translation Studies in the year 2000: the state of the art. Terminology in theory and practice”(Marcel Thelen); “Translation Studies in the year 2000: the state of the art. Co-

    ver text, cognition and corpora” (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk).

Section II: Process & Theory: “What‟s the problem with “translation problem”?” (Gideon Toury);

    “Translation and translation criticism” (Anna Bednarczyk); “Relations sémantiques et traduction de la e finalité” (Gaston Gross); “La traduction dans la France du XVI siècle ? du littéralisme à l‟adaptation” (Teresa Jaroszewska); “La traduction fantôme de La Grande Beuverie de René Daumal” (Krzysztof

    Jarosz); “Tell me how you read and I will tell you how you translate...” (Magdalena Kozanecka); “Ex-

    plaining the implicit : the Qur'an translator's dilemma” (Nadia Rahab); “Translation as a process of meaning negotiation: some implications for the semantics of natural languages” (Kanavillil

    Rajagopalan); “Mistakes in the original - a contribution to the periphery of Translation Studies” (Janusz


Section III: Cross-linguistic & cross-cultural issues: “Textstrukturelle Differenzen zwischen Deutsch

    und Norwegisch aus translatorischer und typologischer Sicht” (John Ole Askedal); “Construction du

    sens et mode d‟énonciation” (Jacqueline Guillemin-Flescher); “Dialogic mais/but/ale (lecz/a). A French,

    English and Polish Contrastive Study” (Eugeniusz Hejno); Comment éviter l'interférence sémantique dans l'apprentissage d'une langue étrangère et dans la traduction” (Jacek Florczak); Organisation du

    lexique et identité culturelle” (Marie Luce Honeste); "‟Poles, not Polacks‟: sign-/form- and sense-orien-ted translating labels for national stereotypes” (Krzysztof Kosecki); “Naissance de différents modèles textuels à travers l‟opération de traduction” (Teresa Tomaszkiewicz).

Section IV: Cognitive linguistics & translation: “Problems in metaphor translation in non-lite-

    rary texts” (Monika Bogucka); “The art of preserving metaphors” (Olga Burukina); Metaphorical under-

    standing in Relevance Theory: from loan concept metaphor to TIME IS SPACE metaphor” (Isao Higa-

    shimori); “Comment traduire le subjonctif on polonais? L‟esquisse cognitive du subjonctif français et

    de ses équivalents polonais” (Katarzyna Kwapisz); “Imagery in translations of Polish poetry (into Slo-venian)” (Bożena Pikala-Tokarz and Agnieszka Będkowska-Kopczyk); “Une approche cognitive des collocations” (Dorota Śliwa); “Pragmatic aspects of translating constructions with a defocused insti-

    gator” (Anna Sło?).

    Part V: Lexicology & lexicography: Contrastive Lexicology, semantic typology of languages, and Translation Theory” (Igor Burkhanov); “Niveau lexical: lexicographie et traduction” (Józef Sypnicki and

    Jolanta Dyoniziak); “Soviet Russian lexis in translation after the October Revolution” (Małgorzata


    Section VI: LSP translation & stylistic issues: Quelques problèmes de traduction en langue mé-dicale: éponymie et métaphore” (Alicja Kacprzak); “Transferring cultures and translating languages as exemplified by legal markers” (Vladimir Khairoulline); Ce sens qui ne va pas de soi à travers le récit médiatique” (Joanna Jereczek); “Jargon in translation of official texts (based on analysis of stylistic

    dysfunction in translation of “The Polish Standard”)” (Agnieszka Łukaszewicz); “Texte von geringer Be-

    deutung” (Kazimierz Michalewski); “Translation as intercultural communication: advertisement transla-tion” (Monika Okulska); “Research utilization in Finnish technical communication” (Tytti Suojanen);

“Apprendre à comprendre pour apprendre à traduire: cas du langage économique” (Mirosław Trybisz);

    “Ausgewählte Probleme bei der Interpretation und Übersetzung deutscher und polnischer Fachtexte” (Zenon Weigt); “The language of English certificates” (Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka).

    Section VII: Interpreting: “Eine korrekte Aussprache im Konsekutiv- und Simultandolmetschen Pol-nisch-Deutsch - Schwächen und Mängel der fortgeschrittenen Lerner im Lichte von aussersprach-

    lichen Faktoren” (Aleksandra Czechowska-Błachiewicz); “Les tests d‟aptitude et leur rôle dans la formation des interprètes de conference” (Małgorzata Tryuk).

Section VIII: Translating literature: Approaching the unfamiliar William Gibson‟s Idoru and Neu-

    romancer in Polish translations” (Anna Krawczyk-Łaskarzewska); “Übersetzungsstrategien essayis-

    tischer Texte - am Beispiel der Essays von Robert Musil” (Anna Kucharska); “Mário Vargas Llosa - a chicano writer: an argument against foreignization in translation” (John Milton); “Intertextuality in litera-

    ry translation” (Adam Sumera); “The translators‟ Adventures in Alice‟s Wonderland (some remarks

    about translation series)” (Dorota Urbanek).

Section IX: Translation & corpora: Bi- and trilingual alignment and concordancing as machine aids

    to human translation” (Michael P. Oakes and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk); “Corpora and the innocent translator: how can they help him” (Stella E. O. Tagnin); “Example data for machine trans-

    lation systems” (Yasuhito Tanaka); “Using parallel corpora to determine interpreting strategies for languages of limited diffusion in South Africa” (Kim Wallmach).

    Section X: Translator training & quality assessment: “Zur Bedeutung von Formulierungsübungen in der Didaktik des Simultandolmetschens” (Jadwiga Izabela Gawłowska); “Teaching translation and interpreting to language students in Łódź” (Magdalena Szefli?ska, Łukasz Bogucki and Mariusz Milczarek); “Translemic analysis: a model of translation assessment” (Jolanta Kozak).

    List of Contributors(Marcel Thelen), Index (of Authors, Languages and Subjects) (Marcel Thelen).



    Proceedings of the Maastricht Session of the th4 International Maastricht-Łódź Duo Colloquium

    on “Translation and Meaning”,

    Held in Maastricht, The Netherlands, 18-21 May 2005

    Editors: Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk

    Maastricht: Zuyd, University, Maastricht School of International Communication,

    Department of Translation and Interpreting

    ISBN 978-90-801039-6-2 (518 pp.)

    ? 2007

    Acknowledgements (Marcel Thelen), Preface (Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomas-zczyk), Table of Contents (Marcel Thelen), Introduction (Marcel Thelen and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk).

Section I: Terminology / Terminography: “The term-word distinction and the mental lexicon”(Pius

    ten Hacken); “Die Bedeutung der Terminologiearbeit für die Softwarelokalisierung” (Klaus-Dirk

    Schmitz); “Intelligent terminological resources for translators? Content, structure and functionality”

    (Rita Temmerman).

Section II: Linguistics / Text Linguistics / Cognitive Sciences / Semantics / Pragmatics: “On

    translating Italian word-reduplication into English” (Silvia Cacchiani); “Translatability of linguicomedy. Similarities and contrasts in English, German and Romanian” (Gina Măciucă); “Ré-inscrire: des mou-vements de sens traduisant le monde(Dina Maria Martins Ferreira); “A cognitive perspective in trans-

    lation analysis” (Norsimah Mat Awal).

    Section III: Translation Studies: “On the feasibility of the functional approach to translation: a great challenge in the limelight” (Behrooz Azabdaftari); “Translational semiotics and Luther‟s Sendbrief

    (Lothar Cerný); “Die Übersetzungskompetenz und ihre didaktische Umsetzung im Sprachenpaar Tschechisch-Deutsch” (Annette Muschner); “Naturalisation: defies et limites dans Five Quarters of the

    Orange (Joanne Harris)” (Paule Salerno-O’Shea); “Is there such a thing as terminology competence?” (Marcel Thelen).

    Section IV: Corpora / Lexicology / Lexicography: “Me lexicographer, you translators, or context-free (vs. context-sensitive) translation and what it involves” (Sue Atkins); “Traduire les metaphors du vin français en anglais et vice versa. Une etude empirique sur un corpus bilingue” (Christine

    Demaecker); “The dubious quality of legal dictionaries” Gerard-René de Groot & Conrad J.P. van Laer); “A corpus-based investigation on bi-directional business translation” Li Lan & Grahame Bolbow);

    “A learner-generated corpus to direct learner-centered courses” (Clara Inés López Rodriguez, Bryan Robinson & Maria Isabel Tercedor Sánchez).

    Section V: The training of translators / interpreters: “Curriculum design in translation studies” (Mohamed Sami Anwar); “Teaching linguistic analysis to prospective translators” (Janet DeCesaris);

    “La traduction et interpretation en Algérie” (Mohammed Benlarbi El’kebich); “The grand design – Die

    Ökonomie als grundlage des europäischen Hochschul- und Forschungsraumes und ihre Auswir-kungen auf die Translationsstudiengänge” (Martin Forstner); “Food for thought in translation training” (Hannelore Lee-Jahnke); “Monocultural trilinguals and training translators” ( Leila Razmjou); “Inter-

    preting training for the purpose of increasing English proficiency: an attempt at the Japanese Voca-

    tional School” (Tomoyuki Shibahara); “Text typology and text analysis in the training of the translation of mercantile papers” (Karina Socorro Trujillo); “Language technology and terminology training in the new Bachelor-Master programme for translators and interpreters” (Frieda Steurs); “Practical concerns

    for the teaching of translation in the world language classroom” (Karen C. Williams).

    Section VI: Translation and language for special purposes: “The language of tourism / leisure: the translation in English and Spanish of documents related to leisure activities” (Encarnación Postigo

    Pinazo); “Plain language for law and legal translation” (Matthew Wing-kwong Leung).

    Section VII: The translation of literature: “Translating irony: Catalan versions of Jane Austen” (Victória Alsína); “Oral translator‟s “traces” in the Chinese co-translation of David Copperfield(Rachel

    Lung), “The challenges of translating humour in children and young adults‟ literature as a cross-cultu-

    ral communication activity” (Elena Xeni).

    Section VIII: Intercultural translation: “Stylistique différentielle et enseignement de la localisation” (MarieChristine Aubin); “Culture and translation” (Ritva Leppihalme); “Kinship terms and translation equivalence in Venda” (Mundhedzi James Mafela); “Translating identities: how Brazilians translate themselves when faced with other cultures” (Cláudia Maria Ceneviva Nigro).

    Section IX: Translation strategies: Construction du sens, mécanismes discursifs et langues de traduction: quand les interferences sémantiques prennent des dimensions textuelles” (Marco A. Fiola).

Section X: Localisation: “Towards a new world order in translation” (Donald Barabé); “Translating

    colours” (Christophe Declercq).

Section XI: Interpreting: “The role of approximation in simultaneous interpreting” (Magdalena

    Bartłomiejczyk); “Explicitation in conference interpreting” (Ewa Gumul); “From what meaning to no

    meaning. A speech act approach to consecutive interpreting” (Kevin Lin); “Educational interpreting and the role of the interpreter. Visible agents of cultural sensitivity” (Marné Pienaar); “Dolmetschen in einer

    speziellen Situation” (Veronika Pólay).

    Section XII: Audiovisual translation: “Subtitled, dubbed or voice-over? Choices in audiovisual translation” (Łukasz Bogucki); “Issues in Arabic subtitling” (Muhammad Y Gamal).

List of Contributors(Marcel Thelen), Index (of Authors, Languages and Subjects) (Marcel Thelen).


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