By Earl Martinez,2014-05-13 20:16
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Semi-presidential regime


3. How should members of parliament be elected ?

They should be elected independently, but even those for special interest groups

    can campaign and be elected.

They should not do any other work that may impact negatively on their legislative


    ? To appoint or dismiss the Prime minister;

    ? To appoint ministers and state ministers after agreeing with the prime

    minister and other high ranking government officials;

    ? The President is responsible for formulating a national policy;

    ? To represent the government of Rwanda in the community of nations;

    he/she represents Rwanda;

? He is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces;

    ? To develop a good relationship between the country and foreign countries

    starting with those that share boarders with Rwanda;

    ? To start or stop war when necessary after the approval of parliament;

? To ensure security for Rwandans;

    ? To present to Rwandans an annual report on the state of their unity. This is

    done in front of parliament;

? To be the co-ordinator of executive levels;

? To monitor closely government activities;

? He/she presents laws in the determined time;

    ? He/she operationalises laws, takes decisions basing on laws enacted by


? He/she signs Presidential orders and other decrees;

    ? He/she can dissolves parliament but only once in his/her term of office;

? He/she gives prize medals;

? He/she gives prerogative of mercy;

? He/she has capacity to declare state of emergency;

? He/she introduces a new currency;

? He/she puts there a referendum;

? He/she has special powers on issues relating to government and laws;

? He/she heads the local governments;

    ? Consults political parties forum on national issues;

? Appoints ambassadors and receives them.

? Breaches the constitution

? Unable to perform his duties

? Refusal to perform his duties

? When he/she contradicts conditions upon which his/her candidature was


? Upon resignation;

? If not re-elected for another term;

? State conspiracy;

? Crimes against humanity;

? Bad regular conduct.

    ? Is appointed by the president basing on the constitution.

    ? President will be a head of state while the prime minister will be head of


    ? President formulates national policy while the prime minister executes it.

? Members of Parliament

    ? They have powers to put these decrees based on the laws

? To enact laws

? Speaker of the national assembly

? Signing international treaties;

? Starting war;

? Giving general amnesty;

? Declaring a state of emergency.

    ? The constitution should provide him/her with : security, social benefits and


? The Executive has technical and political posts.

? Specialised chambers on children, commercial and politics.

? Its nature can change based on ideas of experts on Judiciary.

    ? Judges of Supreme court and Prosecutor General’s office are appointed by

    Parliament from names nominated by the President and Judicial Service

    Commission. Others are appointed by the Judicial Service Commission.

    ? By not being instructed on how to discharge Justice, independence on

    resources, and not getting involved in political activities.

    Our cultural Gacaca courts were adopted to based on that culture and intended to finish cases of genocide. Once this problem of genocide is finished, we should maintain this cultural form of justice to deal with cases at local levels.

? Can be done by citizens through a referendum;

    ? There must be conditions that call for a referendum to have the constitution


? It is done by a court responsible for it.

? It is done by Parliament

? Can be asked by any contestant.

? Should be reasonable

    ? The President has powers to dissolve the parliament once he deems it

    necessary, he does it after consulting the government.

? Inspectorate of government

? Can proceed as it is.

? Should exist but with a limited number;

? Parties can have a law to govern them;

? Parties should operate at provincial level;

? All parties will have a share in government (broad based);

    ? There should be a law regulating behaviours of politicians and political


? President

? Members of Parliament

? Head of provinces

? Local level leaders

? Elections are conducted :

    ? By secret ballot

    ? Open at the local level

    ? Members of parliament can be elected through open ballot by

    parliament and other authorities.

    ? Mandatory term for the president can be 5 years, can be elected for 2 terms.

    He can again contest after another term in holiday.

     Accepted national symbols are the flag, national anthem motto and the emblem.

     Oaths of government are based on God and the Constitution.

     Official languages : Kinyarwanda, French and English.

? Is made up of husband, wife and children;

? Accepted marriages are religious and civil;

    ? Bride price can continue to be determined by the family, but cannot be a

    condition for validity of marriage.

    Traditionally our culture is a culture of humanity. Where a human being was at the centre of every activity. Neighbourhoodness and assisting was a culture every Rwandan envied. Child, elderly, disabled were assisted by every Rwandan. Every Rwandan could not betray others, rush, did the needful, truthful, impartial, patient, calm, merciful and of high integrity.

    Have a separate body to determine how Rwandan culture can be catered for in education system. Such a body would teach Rwandans culture of loving their country.

     The constitution should protect in a special way children’s rights.

     Minorities should be protected by the Constitution and other laws just like any citizen.

    ? They are protected by law and other activities to develop them;

? The disabled are : orphans, elderly. Lame and widows.

    ? Basic needs in life like schools, hospital, clean water, roads, education and

    human rights;

    ? Formulating a policy to fight poverty, citizens should be encouraged to

    come together through co-operatives to develop themselves;

? Developing technology and spread education.

     National economy based on public resources, private resources and government owned resources.

    ? Land in a private property, but government formulates land use policy.

? To everyone who applies and is granted it

? Marriage with a Rwandan

? The constitution should grant dual citizenship.

    ? Foreign policy should be a responsibility of the president, executive and


    ? International treaties are honoured by independent laws.

    ? Traditional Commissions (Commission for Unity and Reconciliation, Elections,

    Human Rights);

    ? On these organs, the Constitution adds Office of the Auditor general.

    ? There should be democratic organs which allow everyone to express his/her

    ideas on the problem of Unity of Rwandans;

    ? Every individual, political or cultural organisation should always aspire for

    unity in their activities and education;

    ? There should be enacted to criminalize any activity that aims at dividing


? Human rights can be denied during state of emergency;

    ? For the media not to cause divisions, and violence in the country, the

    constitution should explain exceptions for such rights;

    ? The constitution should give those rights but provide for a law to punish

    those who disregard that responsibility;

    ? There should be an independent body to monitor operations of the media.

? The constitution should protect environment;

? Can be achieved if people are equal before the law;

    ? There should be special activities in law, decision making bodies, education

    and economy.

    ? President and government officials declare their wealth as they start or leave


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