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Grade 5 Science CST - Standardized Testing and Reporting (CA Dept

By Sandra Peterson,2014-05-07 13:45
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Grade 5 Science CST - Standardized Testing and Reporting (CA Dept

    CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST

    GRADE 5 SCIENCE

    (Blueprint adopted by the State Board of Education 10/02)

    # of CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS: Grade 5 % Items

    Physical Sciences 18 30% Physical Sciences Grade 5 11 1. Elements and their combinations account for all the varied types of

    matter in the world. As a basis for understanding this concept: a. Students know that during chemical reactions the atoms in the reactants 1 rearrange to form products with different properties.

    b. Students know all matter is made of atoms, which may combine to form 1 molecules.

    c. Students know metals have properties in common, such as high electrical

    and thermal conductivity. Some metals, such as aluminum (Al), iron (Fe),

    nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au), are pure elements; 1 or 2**

    others, such as steel and brass, are composed of a combination of

    elemental metals.

    d. Students know that each element is made of one kind of atom and that the 1 elements are organized in the periodic table by their chemical properties. e. Students know scientists have developed instruments that can create

    discrete images of atoms and molecules that show that the atoms and 1

    molecules often occur in well-ordered arrays.

    f. Students know differences in chemical and physical properties of 2 substances are used to separate mixtures and identify compounds. g. Students know properties of solid, liquid, and gaseous substances, such as sugar (C

    HO), water (HO), helium (He), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), 2 6126222

    and carbon dioxide (CO). 2

    h. Students know living organisms and most materials are composed of just 1 a few elements.

    i. Students know the common properties of salts, such as sodium chloride 0 or 1** (NaCl).

    Physical Sciences Grade 4 7 1. Electricity and magnetism are related effects that have many useful

    applications in everyday life. As a basis for understanding this concept:

    a. Students know how to design and build simple series and parallel circuits 1 by using components such as wires, batteries, and bulbs.

    b. Students know how to build a simple compass and use it to detect 1 magnetic effects, including Earth's magnetic field.

    c. Students know electric currents produce magnetic fields and know how to 1 build a simple electromagnet.

    d. Students know the role of electromagnets in the construction of electric

    motors, electric generators, and simple devices, such as doorbells and 1 earphones.

    e. Students know electrically charged objects attract or repel each other. 1

    * Not assessable on a statewide examination. 1

    ** Alternate years

    ? California Department of Education

    (Blueprint adopted by the State Board of Education 10/02) CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST

    GRADE 5 SCIENCE

    # of CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS: Grade 5 % Items f. Students know that magnets have two poles (north and south) and that 1 like poles repel each other while unlike poles attract each other. g. Students know electrical energy can be converted to heat, light, and 1 motion.

    Life Sciences 18 30% Life Sciences Grade 5 9 2. Plants and animals have structures for respiration, digestion, waste

    disposal, and transport of materials. As a basis for understanding

    this concept:

    a. Students know many multicellular organisms have specialized structures ) and oxygen (O) are exchanged 2 1 22to support the transport of materials. in the lungs and tissues. b. Students know how blood circulates through the heart chambers, lungs, c. Students know the sequential steps of digestion and the roles of teeth and and body and how carbon dioxide (COthe mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and colon 2

    in the function of the digestive system.

    d. Students know the role of the kidney in removing cellular waste from blood 1 and converting it into urine, which is stored in the bladder.

    e. Students know how sugar, water, and minerals are transported in a 1 vascular plant.

    f. Students know plants use carbon dioxide (CO) and energy from sunlight 21 to build molecules of sugar and release oxygen.

    g. Students know plant and animal cells break down sugar to obtain energy, 1 a process resulting in carbon dioxide (CO) and water (respiration). 2

    Life Sciences Grade 4 9 2. All organisms need energy and matter to live and grow. As a basis for understanding this concept:

    a. Students know plants are the primary source of matter and energy 1 entering most food chains.

    b. Students know producers and consumers (herbivores, carnivores,

    omnivores, and decomposers) are related in food chains and food webs 2 and may compete with each other for resources in an ecosystem. c. Students know decomposers, including many fungi, insects, and 1 microorganisms, recycle matter from dead plants and animals.

    3. Living organisms depend on one another and on their environment for survival. As a basis for understanding this concept:

    a. Students know ecosystems can be characterized by their living and 1 nonliving components.

    * Not assessable on a statewide examination. 2

    ** Alternate years

    ? California Department of Education

    (Blueprint adopted by the State Board of Education 10/02) CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST

    GRADE 5 SCIENCE

    # of CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS: Grade 5 % Items b. Students know that in any particular environment, some kinds of plants

    and animals survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot 2 survive at all.

    c. Students know many plants depend on animals for pollination and seed 1 dispersal, and animals depend on plants for food and shelter.

    d. Students know that most microorganisms do not cause disease and that 1 many are beneficial.

    Earth Sciences 18 30% Earth Science Grade 5 11 3. Water on Earth moves between the oceans and land through the

    processes of evaporation and condensation. As a basis for understanding this concept:

    a. Students know most of Earth's water is present as salt water in the 0 or 1** oceans, which cover most of Earth's surface.

    b. Students know when liquid water evaporates, it turns into water vapor in

    the air and can reappear as a liquid when cooled or as a solid if cooled 1 below the freezing point of water.

    c. Students know water vapor in the air moves from one place to another and

    can form fog or clouds, which are tiny droplets of water or ice, and can fall 1 to Earth as rain, hail, sleet, or snow.

    d. Students know that the amount of fresh water located in rivers, lakes,

    underground sources, and glaciers is limited and that its availability can 1 be extended by recycling and decreasing the use of water. e. Students know the origin of the water used by their local communities. N/A* 4. Energy from the Sun heats Earth unevenly, causing air movements

    that result in changing weather patterns. As a basis for understanding this concept:

    a. Students know uneven heating of Earth causes air movements 1 (convection currents).

    b. Students know the influence that the ocean has on the weather and the 1 role that the water cycle plays in weather patterns.

    c. Students know the causes and effects of different types of severe 1 weather.

    d. Students know how to use weather maps and data to predict local 1 weather and know that weather forecasts depend on many variables. e. Students know that the Earth's atmosphere exerts a pressure that

    decreases with distance above Earth's surface and that at any point it 1 exerts this pressure equally in all directions.

    * Not assessable on a statewide examination. 3

    ** Alternate years

    ? California Department of Education

    (Blueprint adopted by the State Board of Education 10/02)

    CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST

    GRADE 5 SCIENCE

    # of CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS: Grade 5 % Items 5. The solar system consists of planets and other bodies that orbit the Sun in predictable paths. As a basis for understanding this concept: a. Students know the Sun, an average star, is the central and largest body in 0 or 1** the solar system and is composed primarily of hydrogen and helium. b. Students know the solar system includes the planet Earth, the Moon, the

    Sun, eight other planets and their satellites, and smaller objects, such as 1 asteroids and comets.

    c. Students know the path of a planet around the Sun is due to the 1 gravitational attraction between the Sun and the planet.

    Earth Science Grade 4 7 4. The properties of rocks and minerals reflect the processes that formed them. As a basis for understanding this concept:

    a. Students know how to differentiate among igneous, sedimentary, and

    metamorphic rocks by referring to their properties and methods of 1 formation (the rock cycle).

    b. Students know how to identify common rock-forming minerals (including

    quartz, calcite, feldspar, mica, and hornblende) and ore minerals by using 1 a table of diagnostic properties.

    5. Waves, wind, water, and ice shape and reshape Earth's land surface. As a basis for understanding this concept:

    a. Students know some changes in the earth are due to slow processes,

    such as erosion, and some changes are due to rapid processes, such as 2 landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.

    b. Students know natural processes, including freezing and thawing and the 1 growth of roots, cause rocks to break down into smaller pieces.

    c. Students know moving water erodes landforms, reshaping the land by

    taking it away from some places and depositing it as pebbles, sand, silt, 2 and mud in other places (weathering, transport, and deposition).

    Investigation and Experimentation 6 10% Investigation and Experimentation Grade 5 4 6. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and

    conducting careful investigations. As a basis for understanding this

    concept and addressing the content in the other three strands, students should develop their own questions and perform

    investigations. Students will: a. Classify objects (e.g., rocks, plants, leaves) in accordance with appropriate criteria.

    b. Develop a testable question. c. Plan and conduct a simple investigation based on a student-developed

    question and write instructions others can follow to carry out the procedure.

    * Not assessable on a statewide examination. 4

    ** Alternate years

    ? California Department of Education

    (Blueprint adopted by the State Board of Education 10/02)

    CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST

    GRADE 5 SCIENCE

    # of CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS: Grade 5 % Items d. Identify the dependent and controlled variables in an investigation. e. Identify a single independent variable in a scientific investigation and

    explain how this variable can be used to collect information to answer a question about the results of the experiment.

    f. Select appropriate tools (e.g., thermometers, meter sticks, balances, and graduated cylinders) and make quantitative observations.

    g. Record data by using appropriate graphic representations (including

    charts, graphs, and labeled diagrams) and make inferences based on those data.

    h. Draw conclusions from scientific evidence and indicate whether further information is needed to support a specific conclusion.

    i. Write a report of an investigation that includes conducting tests, collecting data or examining evidence, and drawing conclusions.

    Investigation and Experimentation Grade 4 2 6. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and

    conducting careful investigations. As a basis for understanding this

    concept and addressing the content in the other three strands, students should develop their own questions and perform

    investigations. Students will:

    a. Differentiate observation from inference (interpretation) and know

    scientists' explanations come partly from what they observe and partly from how they interpret their observations.

    b. Measure and estimate the weight, length, or volume of objects. c. Formulate and justify predictions based on cause-and-effect relationships. d. Conduct multiple trials to test a prediction and draw conclusions about the relationships between predictions and results.

    e. Construct and interpret graphs from measurements. f. Follow a set of written instructions for a scientific investigation. TOTAL 60 100%

    * Not assessable on a statewide examination. 5

    ** Alternate years

    ? California Department of Education

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