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EmpiricalStudyaboutAppliedRelationbetweenHumanResourceDevelopmentandAMT

By Emma Cruz,2014-05-16 04:07
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EmpiricalStudyaboutAppliedRelationbetweenHumanResourceDevelopmentandAMT

    Empirical Study about Applied Relation between

    Human Resource Development and Advanced

    Manufacturing Technology

AbstractIn this paper, provides three assumptions about the reason for AMT failure is mainly because of the neglect of [5]relation between human resource development and advanced critical human resource factors. Gerwin and Kolodny manufacturing technology based on a detailed analysis of their consider that the AMT has changed human resource relationships, and then build human resource development and development and practice a lot, and further recommended that advanced manufacturing technology index system in accordance human resource development should integrate the new with international manufacturing strategy survey (IMSS) technology of manufacturing enterprises. Samson and other database. We further apply analysis of variance and multiple scholars point out: in order for successful implementation of linear regression analysis and other methods to conduct AMT, we should carefully consider human resource empirical analysis. The empirical results show that the level of problems---the duty, the acceptance of innovation, job and human resources development have a significant effect on the [6]skills of human resource issues. All of these studies focused application of advanced manufacturing technology, so the two of on the theory about the relationship between the human them should keep balanced development. This study can be as resource development and rechnplogy, but empirical research quantitative basis for exploring advanced manufacturing in this field is inadequate. technology and better for the implementation of advanced

    manufacturing technology in Chinese enterprises. The main points of this study will be reflected through the

    following assumptions. Advanced manufacturing technology in Keywords-Human Resource Development;Advanced the enterprise application process is often rejected by Manufacturing Technology;Regression Analysis;Empirical Study employees, the reason of this phenomenon is due to inadequate

    communication and participation among employees. Through

    participation, employees can identify problems and provide a I. INTRODUCTION good solution. Application of automation technology in the

    Japanese companies, operators were encouraged to complete With the integration of computer technology and the their own suggestions and ideas. Employees usually provide traditional manufacturing technology, the emergence of more suggestion: the level of AMT application be increased in advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) has brought lots of the enterprise. prospects, especially to manufacturing companies, and more

    enterprises adopt advanced manufacturing technology. AMT During AMT's application process, you need to operate can bring many benefits for the enterprise, including: reduce with relatively high skill level person who are a number of employees number, improve product quality, increase scarce resources in most countries, so managers of companies production flexibility, increase productive rate and reduce time often are taking long-term employment approach with these [1] for market. CAChung investigated 42 different industrial employees. For example, the Harbin Fenghua Technology Co., enterprises in the United States, found that these companies Ltd., most employees are casual workers in its low level of have at least one AMT implemented in the last five years. AMT application assembly plant (contract period is usually However, advanced manufacturing technology in the different less than six months), while almost all operations workers are enterprises has different effects, which objectively longer-term contracts in machining centers, CNC lathes, CNC demonstrates that the application of advanced manufacturing milling machine NC-based workshop (the contract period is technology does not entirely depends on itself, but also usually three years or more). An enterprise must have a certain influenced by other factors. This study focus on empirical degree of labor flexibility to adapt to the development of AMT analysis about whether the human resources development and development. advanced manufacturing technology keep balanced

    Team work appeared early in the 20th century, 80 years and development.

    gradually has been recognized by the business community. In II. THEORETICAL FOUNDATION AND EMPIRICAL the traditional manufacturing techniques and methods, people's ASSUMPTIONS work is generally independent due to the strict and meticulous

    manner and professional division of labor. In the AMT The academic study about the relationship between human environment, the research, workmanship, manufacturing, resource development and AMT application can be traced back [2,3]maintenance, marketing and other departments have been to the 20th century, 60 years. Lee and Leonard found that collected through the computer network, in order to improve automatic navigation car changed the nature of the employee in the response speed of business, a lot of tasks and projects are low-volume manufacturing environment. After Saraph and [4] completed by a team work. Enterprises should take the Sebastian did a great deal of study, they summed up the initiative and optimistic measures to improve the team.

Application in the AMT environment, employees not only Improve staff authorized standard and knowledge level O11a need the operation of machinery and other traditional skills, but System implementing actively continuous improvement O11c also should grasp the establishment and adjustment of Increase labor flexibility According to the competition strategy O11d computer programs and other new skills, therefore, That

    employees should have high-skill and multi-skill becomes B. Advanced Manufacturing Technology Index main characteristic in enterprise AMT. the majority of Looking at the relative literature about operation employees who are from the Department of applied distributed management in enterprises, empirical research on AMT system numerical control (CNC) and the FMS in Denmark's are highly with four categories of indicators. They are Burgess and Gules skilled workers. Operation of CNC equipment in the United [7][8] The hardware -software index system, Boyer and Pagell States has essentially high-tech workers. For the high-tech the design -manufacturing management indicators system, workers, we need a lot of training in long time. It is possible to [9] Swamidassfrom the perspective of information processing work in turn due to the high-skilled and multi-skilled capacity of four-dimensional AMT system. As Boyer and employees. For example, the seven employees can rotate the Pagell three-dimensional AMT index system involves job done in the above-mentioned flexible manufacturing plants comprehensive, objective, and this study would like to --the Denmark. Job rotation allows the application of AMT to understand the different levels of human resources get more understanding, so as to implement more smoothly. development in different technologies on the AMT impact Then we propose hypothesis H1, H2, and H3: factors, combined with two-dimensional scale AMT is too H1: The higher level of human resource development, the simple, four-dimensional volume of AMT the table is far too higher level of design technology. complex, Therefore, this study selected three-dimensional

    AMT indicator system of the AMT as the index system of the H2: The higher level of human resource development, the present study. In the IMSS questionnaire, containing a total of higher level of technology manufacturing. 11 advanced manufacturing technology indicators, detailed H3: The higher level of human resource development, the indicators in Table 2. higher level of technology management.

    TABLE II. AMT INDEX SYSTEM III. INTERNATIONAL MANUFACTURING STRATEGY SURVEY

    PROJECT AMT index system Index content

    Conducting empirical analysis of this study adopt mainly Numerical control machine international manufacturing strategy survey (International Manufacturing center Manufacturing Strategy Survey, IMSS) database. IMSS project

    Automatic parts loading and unloading has been sponsored by the London Business School and

    Sweden Chalmers University of Technology in 1992, which Manufacturing Automatically guided vehicle carried out the world's first research in 1993 and held every Technology AS/RS four years, Now it becomes international research network

    where have more than 20 countries specialists. Research data FMS/FAS/FMC comes from the IMSS data in 2005 , involving a total of 709 Computer auxiliary detection/testing enterprises in 23 countries the data, involving China and the

    Product/Parts tracking system United States for the 74 valid questionnaires. The collection of

    data unified plan, from the IMSS international organizations, Devising Technology CAD-CAE-CAM-CAPP Separately in different countries. PDM Administrant IV. INDEX SYSTEM Technology ERP

    A. Human Resources Development Index V. DATA ANALYSIS Based on this study and the assumptions discussed above,

    there are six human resources development index selected from A. Analysis Method the IMSS database. Specific index in Table 1. The analysis of this study was to observe whether the

    appropriate adjustments were made in the situation of human TABLE I. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT INDEX resources development during the AMT application process,

    therefore, we should analyze the relative relations between the Variable human resource development index various indicators of human resources development index and name the AMT index groups during empirical process, that is, the The degree of providing production and workmanship innovation relation of a set of variables and variables should be studied; O5 [10]we adopt multiple linear regression method in this paper. by workers The statistical software we used is the SPSS14. The degree of production workers rotate in different types of O9 B. Reliability and validity testing work or task [11]Reliability is in terms of the stability and consistency . In The degree of worker self-governing for completing mission O10 this study, Cronbach (Cronbach) coefficients to test the

reliability of data. Usually Cronbach α coefficient of 0.7 or Mode Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig. above, it is entirely acceptable, more than 0.8, you can view the [12]questionnaire has high internal consistency. This study 1 19.959 6 3.327 2.233 .050(a) involved human resources development index α coefficient of

    2 8.561 6 1.427 1.951 .049(a) 0.8102, AMT target group of the α coefficient of 0.8709,

    therefore, this study used in the analysis of the IMSS database, 3 17.730 6 2.955 5.720 .000(a) a Predictors: (Constant), Increase labor flexibility According to the competition strategy, The degree of the internal consistency of the questionnaire is a good production workers rotate in different types of work or task, The degree of providing production and investigative tool, Reliability analysis of the requirements to workmanship innovation by workers, The degree of worker self-governing for completing mission, Improve staff authorized standard and knowledge level, System implementing actively continuous achieve this. improvement. b Dependent Variable: Integrated Design -workmanship Systems Validity is the degree of accuracy, validity higher the c Dependent Variable: Manufacturing Technology d Dependent Variable: Management Technology measurement results indValidity is the degree of correctness, This table is the analysis result the design technology, that is, measurement tools can really measure their degree of [13]manufacturing technology and management techniques of character. multiple linear regression. The results analysis shows that The higher degree of efficiency. the true characteristics of human resources have great influence on the design technology, [4]the object to be measured in higher correctness . Appying the manufacturing technology and management techniques. The questionnaire survey data, people has published a large number three indicators of human resources have a linear regression of papers and recognized in the current international society, relationship among design technology, manufacturing they are with good face validity and content validity. Using technology and management techniques(P <0.001). Three factor analysis to examine the construct validity of the assumptions is confirmed and the model has been confirmed questionnaire, the public and the cumulative factor variance too. contribution rate of 67.16%, the load value about each problem

    VI. CONCLUSION in the largest common factor is greater than 0.4, the results

    showed that the questionnaire has good construct validity. This paper studies the relationship between human

    resources development standard and the AMT level of C. Hypothesis Testing application, empirical results show the two of them are relative, Application of multiple regression analysis method, using and they will have an influence on the AMT application. all the variables into the regression equation model analysis, Empirical findings bring a lot of inspiration for China's the handling of missing values can use Replace with mean enterprise management activities, such as enterprise should option, that shows the absence of the value of all variables have make decision for making decision based on the characteristics been replaced by the corresponding mean of the variable. of AMT investment, after AMT investment, the response to Analysis of Sino-US companies targeted. The regression labor flexibility, job rotation and employee self-government analysis of human resource development indicators and AMT and other aspects of human resource development should be in application group has been shown in Table 3 and Table 4. correct adjustments. From that, we can conclude the success of

    the implementation of advanced manufacturing technology is

    not just a technical issue, but also human resource development issues.

    TABLE III. COMMON STATISTIC REFERENCES

    [1] Chung A. Human Issues Influencing the Successful Implementation of Adjusted R Std. Error of the Advanced Manufacturing Technology. Journal of Engineering and Model R R Square Square Estimate Technology Management. 1996, (13): 283~299

    [2] Woodward. Industrial Organization: Theory and Practice. Oxford 1 0.408(a) 0.167 0.092 1.22059 University Press, London, 1998: 18~19 2 0.386(a) 0.149 0.073 0.85509 [3] Jones. Automation & Behavior: A Psychological Study. Wiley Interscience. London, 1969: 20~31 3 0.582(a) 0.339 0.280 0.71874 a) Predictors: (Constant), Increase labor flexibility According to the competition strategy, The degree of [4] Saraph, Sebastian R. Human Resources Strategies for Effective production workers rotate in different types of work or task, The degree of providing production and Introduction of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies. Production and workmanship innovation by workers, The degree of worker self-governing for completing mission, Improve staff authorized standard and knowledge level, System implementing actively continuous Inventory Management Journal. 1992, (33): 764~770 improvement. [5] Gerwin D, Kolodny H. Management of Advanced Manufacturing As can be seen from Table 3, the level of human resources Technology: Strategy, Organization and Innovation. Wiley & Sons, New development is related to the design technology and York, 1992: 30~34 management technology; the level of human resources [6] Yasair, Ardekani. Effects of Environment Scarcity and Munificence on development is related to the manufacture of light-related the Relationship of Context to Organizational Structure. Acad. Manage. J. 1988, (32): 131~156. technologies. So we can concluded there are some pertinence [7] F.Burgess and H.K. Gules. Buyer-supplier relationships in firms about the level of human resources development and advanced Adopting advanced manufacturing technology: an empirical analysis of manufacturing technologies. The implementation of hard and soft technologies [J].J. Eng.Technol.Manage,1998, 15:127~150. TABLE IV. REGRESSION EQUATION TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE (B. C. D) [8] Boyer, K. and Pagell, M. (2000), "Measurement Issues In Empirical Research: Improving Measures of Operations Strategy and Advanced

    Manufacturing Technology." Journal of Operations Management. Vol. 18, No. 3, 361-374.

    [9] Swamidass P M, Kotha S.Explaining Manufacturing Technology Use, Firm Size and Performance Using A Multidimensional View of Technology[J]. Journal of Operations Management 1998 (17): 23-37. [10] Kehuixin. Shenhao. Statistics method in research analysis. Chinese media university press.2005,365-366.

    [11] Chenchangzhong. Questionnaire repeatability reliability research methods. Statistics and management. 1995, 13(1): 43~47. [12] Nunnally. Psychometric Theory. McGraw Hill, New York, 1978: 234~254.

    [13] Yulaibin, Zhangyihui, Zhenyouzheng. The analysis to the reliability and validity of questionnaire, current education scientific.2003,8(22):53~54.

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