Week end 4-3-09

By Kevin Chavez,2014-05-07 12:42
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Week end 4-3-09

USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

    Weekly Report, January 26, 2010

    **Science Division

    Upcoming Events and Highlights

    ? U.S. Forest Service Fire and Aviation Management and Department of the

    Interior Office of Wildland Fire Coordination Cohesive Fire/Fuel Strategic

    planning meeting will be held March 1-3, 2010, Salt Lake City, Utah.

    ? LANDFIRE business leadership group meeting and a LandCarbon writing

    working session will be held the week of March 1, Salt Lake City, Utah. ? LANDFIRE business leadership group meeting in Atlanta, March 4-5.

    ? The USGS Climate Change Conference will be held March 9-11, 2010,

    Denver, Colorado.

    ? Land Cover Applications will participate in the ―Savanna Remote Sensing

    Workshop‖ March 2-4, Ft. Collins, Colorado. The workshop will outline

    science priorities for integrated field, aircraft, and satellite-based studies

    designed to optimize the future of remote sensing in the savannas and

    related tree-grass systems for the NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program and

    a potential ―campaign.‖

    ? FCCS / LandCarbon meeting in Seattle, March 17-18.

    ? R. McKinley will be traveling to Salt Lake City, Utah, to coordinate with the

    USFS Remote Sensing Applications Center (RSAC) staff in regard to the

    online distribution of DOI Burn Area Reflectance Classification

    (BARC)/Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) team burn severity

    data. A trip is tentatively planned for March 2010.

    ? K. Nelson is enrolled in intermediate fire behavior (S290, March).

    ? B. Tolk will present ―Advanced Wide Field Sensor (AWiFS) Imagery: A

    Viable Data Substitute for LANDFIRE Update Mapping‖ at the American

    Association of Geographers meeting, April 14-18, Washington D.C. ? R. Singh submitted an abstract titled "Satellite-based Evapotranspiration

    and Gross Primary Productivity for the Mid-Continent Intensive Campaign"

    for presentation at the 3rd USGS modeling conference to be held in

    Denver, Colorado, June 7-11, 2010.

    ? Topographic Science staff have been invited to speak at the 2010

    GeoWeb conference ( July 26-30,

    Vancouver, British Columbia.

    Land Characterization Project (GAM-affiliated)

    North American Land Change Monitoring System

    ? Project staff supported a telecon with the NALCMS group that finalized

    protocol for the digital release of the 2005 landcover data and made final

    preparations for the 2005 accuracy assessment.

    Wyoming Sagebrush task

    ? Results of the time series analysis of Landsat imagery from 1988 to 2006 1 suggested an additional time frame was necessary. An image from 1996 was added and analysis was completed. A new publication has been

    developed to describe the results: Xian, G.; Homer, C.G.; and Aldridge,

    C.L., 2010. Assessing Long-Term Variations in Sagebrush Habitat

    ?C. Homer presented a paper titled ―Multi-Scale Remote Sensing Sagebrush Characterization of Spatial Extents and Distribution Patterns Using Multi-

    Habitat Quantification and Monitoring Across Wyoming What Can Be temporal Satellite Remote Sensing Data, Journal of Geophysical

    Successfully Measured Over Time?‖ at the Society of Range Management Research - Biogeosciences. (In Internal Review). meetings in Denver, Colorado.

National Land Cover Database (NLCD) Project (GAM-affiliated)

    ? NLCD 2006 total production for CONUS now stands at 60 percent


    ?The USGS EROS hosted a USGS NLCD 2006 WebEx meeting to review

    progress and discuss NLCD 2006 issues among USGS mapping teams.

    ?A book chapter describing the NLCD story has been completed and submitted

    entitled ―Development of the USGS National Land Cover Database over Two

    Decades‖ with co-authors G. Xian, C. Homer, and L. Yang. The book Advances

    in Environmental Remote Sensing: Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications will be

    published by CRC press in 2010.

Wildlife Landscape Research Project (STBR-, WTER-, GCR-, and GAM-


    No input this reporting period.

Land Cover Status and Trends Project (GC- and GAM-affiliated)

    No input this reporting period.

Early Warning and Environmental Monitoring Project (LRS- and GAM-


    No input this reporting period.

Land Cover Applications Project (GAM-, LRS-, ESD-, and NGP-affiliated)

    ? B. Wylie, L. Chavez (Michigan Tech. University) and D. Nossovo

    (University of Arkansas) presented ―Landsat mapping of soil moisture and

    biomass at Yukon Flats: preliminary results‖ to M. Waldrop’s team at

    USGS, Menlo Park.

    ? The CAF has prepared a major press release (March 8) for the

    infrastructure development and advances they are supporting in South

    America. The Regional Map Service funded by CAF to support the

    GeoSUR program has been upgraded to include newly converted MODIS

    imagery, new search features and the TPS models.

    ? The Climate Effects Network is continuing its support with additional funds

    for the implementation of gradient research in the Greater Platte River

    Basin by B. Wylie. Initial work will develop capabilities for: (1) Ecosystem

    Monitoring and Adaptive Management, and (2) integrating Ecosystem


    Performance with NEON Domains and Sites and potential USGS Legacy

    Ecosystem Monitoring Sites.

    ? R. Wu, S. Huang, and S. Liu participated in a workshop in Fargo, North

    Dakota, February 1718, 2010, to discuss collaboration on modeling

    ecosystem services with University of Minnesota, USGS Northern Prairie

    Wildlife Research Center, International Water Resources Institute, and


    ? S. Liu attended a Mid-Continent Intensive (MCI) campaign of the North

    American Carbon Program held at Colorado State University on February

    2324, 2010, and made a presentation titled "Carbon dynamics and

    uncertainty in the MCI region: GEMS simulations."

    ? Preliminary tree and shrub biomass maps were completed for the

    intensive site of the Yukon Flats. Mapping the biomass was based on

    Landsat spectral data and DEM-derived topographic variables. ? Surface water extents for Twelve Mile Lake, Yukon Flats, Alaska, were

    extracted from a Landsat time series by J. Rover. The lake's surface area

    has decreased 62% between 1979 and 2009, exposing sediments that are

    rich in organic carbon and releasing increased amounts of carbon dioxide

    (K. Wickland, WRD). Future collaborations will quantify the impacts of

    drying lakes in the Yukon Flats.

    Topographic Sciences (NGP, GAM, and LRS affiliated)

    ? D. Gesch served on the Geography Mendenhall review panel that met in

    Reston on February. 23-24, 2010. The panel consisted of 4 research

    scientists from across the Geography discipline, and it reviewed 20

    proposals for 7 post-doc research opportunities for FY 2011-2012

    advertised under the USGS Mendenhall fellowship program. The review

    panel recommendations will now go to a second level panel of Geography

    discipline headquarters managers and program coordinators for final

    funding decisions.

    ? Work continues on the compilation of a NED source database, with over

    200,000 entries to date. Duplicate files are identified on the basis of

    actual content, rather than by file name, allowing for the safe deletion of

    copies while retaining all synonymous names. Multiple files with the same

    name but differing content can also be identified and distinguished from

    each other, preventing accidental deletion of needed files. ? Approximately 21 gigabytes (gb) of new NED 1/9th arc-second data have

    been loaded to GASR-16 database for the April FY10 NED 1/9th data

    release. Text metadata files were created for these data files. Some

    additional data are temporarily on hold until data quality issues are


    ? Staff is working on data inspection of OH_North data for redelivery and

    production of PA_SW for 1/9th NED layers migrating to 1/3 NED purpose. ? TSSC provided support to the USDA (United States Department of

    Agriculture) ARS (Agricultural Research Station) by reviewing and

    discussing lidar data anomalies and voids for central Iowa tile. The data


    has artifacts in the bare earth derived lidar DEM that diminish the use the

    data for USDA applications.

    ? TSSC supported the upcoming Elevation Business Process Re-

    engineering meeting by participating in discussions. Additional slides for

    discussing elevation data voids in the California delta region were also


    ? The rebuilding of the NED 1 and 1/3 arc-second shaded relief layers

    utilizing new clipping polygons with the set of reprocessed tiles was

    completed. The date is being prepared for loading to the seamless server.

    A streamlined process to perform shaded relief updates in line with the

    NED releases has been developed. Shaded relief of a few NED 1/9 layers

    over the San Diego, California, area was ingested in order to begin testing

    how image server perform.

    ? TSSC supported GTOPO30 for NGA by working with the customer to

    organize the data for the final global mosaic of all SRTM (Shuttle Radar

    Topography Mission) products. The customer reprocessed the North

    America and Africa datasets due to errors discovered. Those data were

    copied locally for the final mosaic generation. Two of the 3 global mosaic

    products are complete. Preparations for the upcoming ILM conference are


    ? The Windows Systems Administration group spent limited time on monthly

    operations and maintenance tasks. Requirements are being discussed for

    server service account usage. The software developer and made

    appropriate code changes to viewers to update the list of available layers

    for the elevation profile tool. Database administrators continued to work

    on GASR database cleanup.

    ? Peer review edits have been completed on a USGS Scientific

    Investigations Report entitled, ―Using Selective Drainage Methods to

    Derive Overland Surface Flow from One-Meter Lidar Digital Elevation

    Data.‖ The manuscript was submitted to the Rolla Publishing Service

    Center, and they provided an Information Product Plan/Agreement (IPPA).

    Authors are S. Poppenga, B. Worstell, J. Stoker, and S. Greenlee.

    Fire Science Project (GAM- and LRS-affiliated)


    ? An abstract by G. Meier was submitted for the Ecological Society of

    America meeting August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, titled: ―A

    comparison of seasonal post-fire vegetation growth trends in sagebrush

    systems using MODIS data‖.

    Wildland Fuel Mapping (Including LANDFIRE)

    ? A paper by J. Vogelmann and others on the Fire Science Team was

    accepted by the Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations

    and Remote Sensing titled ―Monitoring Landscape Change for LANDFIRE

    using Multi-Temporal Satellite Imagery.‖


? The Southeastern geo-zone products for LANDFIRE refresh were

    completed. The next geo-zone is the Pacific Northwest, due at end of


    Burn Severity

    ? R. McKinley will be traveling to Salt Lake City, Utah, to coordinate with

    USFS Remote Sensing Applications Center (RSAC) staff in regard to the

    online distribution of DOI Burn Area Reflectance Classification

    (BARC)/Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) team burn severity

    data. A trip is tentatively planned for March 2010. ? USGS EROS received a request from the Desert Research Institute (DRI)

    in Las Vegas, Nevada, for a copy of imagery and burn severity data

    generated during the BLM Ely (NV) Gleason prescribed fire in 2009.

    EROS and DRI may have an opportunity in the future for some level of

    collaboration related to this prescribed fire.

    ? USGS EROS will provide mapping support for the Pleasant Valley

    prescribed fire planned for March 2010. In addition to typical post-fire burn

    severity map products, EROS will generate maps showing historical fires

    that may have impacted the planned burn area and maps that provide

    information on pre-burn fuel conditions.

    ? There were 2 large fires in Florida this period. Both fires were contained. ? Regions of Australia continue to experience high to very high fire danger.

    Thirteen U.S. firefighters continue deployment to Australia (Victoria) to

    supplement Victoria’s Incident Management Team capacity and assist

    local offices in aviation management, community risk assessment, fuels

    management, and community bushfire protection planning. ? R. McKinley and S. Howard continue to process and analyze burn severity

    data for several fires using AWIFS and Landsat satellite imagery.

    Assessments related to the calibration of AWIFS and Landsat imagery

    and the consistency of resulting burn severity products using both data

    sets will be made in collaboration with G. Chander.

    **Data Management Branch

    Earth Observing System (EOS)

    No input this reporting period.

    Emergency Operations (EO)

    ? In support of the Haiti Earthquake staff posted an additional 14,747 aerial

    images to the Hazards Data Distribution System (HDDS). A total of 3.82 TB

    has been posted to date. Nearly 53TB, (600,587 files) have been

    downloaded from HDDS by emergency response users.

    ? Data covering 5 cities of the Digital Globe CitySphere data set were ingested

    to HDDS as Baseline imagery. There are 116 of an estimated 200 cities are



    Emergency Operations (EO) Liaison

    ? Continue to support the activation of the International Charter on behalf of the

    USGS Geology program in response to the earthquake in Haiti. We have

    received new imagery collections from U.S. Air Force and National

    Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). Still working on getting access to

    some of the Lidar collections.

    ? Will attend the Defense Support for Civil Authorities conference in Henderson,

    Nevada from February 28 March 5, 2010. rd International Charter meeting to be ? Began making preparations for the 23held in Rome, Italy, the week of April 19.

    ? Invited to participate in planning calls with Federal Emergency Management

    Agency (FEMA) and the states of Minnesota and North Dakota for possible

    Red River flooding.

    ? Participated in an Interagency Remote Sensing Coordination Cell (IRSCC)

    after action telecon in regards to Haiti support.

    ? Released the final version of the International Charter 2008 Annual Report to

    the Charter website.

    ? Scheduled a telecon to plan a demonstration project for determining

    GeoNetCast capabilities for delivering International Charter imagery to Africa.

    Information Access and Data Distribution (IADD) Upcoming Activities and Highlights

    ? Completed testing of Digital Line Graphs (DLG) with Image Server.

    ? Began work on updating mapservice metadata information (JIRA task #42)

    ? NGA Visit (Bethesda Maryland & Arnold Missouri Staff) for business model

    and technical discussions with Information Solutions IADD Project March


    ? NGA Visit for discussions with Information Solutions IADD Project and

    GDTS (GeoInt Data Transformation Service) Feb or March 2010 waiting

    on confirmation

    ? Federal Aeronautical Administration (FAA) Visit for business requirement and

    technical discussions with Information Solutions IADD Project February or

    March 2010, specific dates to be determined.

    ? NGP Elevation Business Process Review March 9-11, 2010 at USGS


    ? Headquarters Geography Visit on March 17-18, 2010.

    ? Staff are attending Carbon Meetings in Salt Lake City March 2-4, 2010. ? Staff are attending Environmental Systems Research Institute’s (ESRI)

    Software Developers Summit March 23-26, 2010.


    ? Received 7 areas of High Resolution Orthoimagery (HRO) to be processed

    for NGA Homeland Defense Division (PMH). The total size of the datasets is

    1,184 gigabytes.


? Received 4 States of National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). This data

    is the most recent acquisition for the specific States. They will replace the

    current NAIP that is available on The National Map.

    ? Staff member traveled to Washington, D.C., to attend ESRI Federal User

    Conference supporting the USGS booth February 17-19, 2010. Also,

    presented a Lightening Talk about NAIP in Image Server Storage Area

    Network and combined services for The National Map. ? Staff continues to test new process flow for Orthoimagery loading and

    transition to Image Server Storage Area Network (SAN).

    ? Loaded test data in ESRI’s Spatial Data Engine 9.4 Beta 2 on SNS20

    Orthoimagery - National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)

    No input this reporting period.

General Information Technology (IT)

    The National Map Seamless Server Weekly Statistics

    o Users generated 170 custom printable maps as Portable Document

    Format (PDF) files on The National Map Seamless Server.

    o The National Map Seamless Server delivered 19,154 files of data

    through direct downloads.

    o Through the Tiled Data Delivery System (TDDS) and The National

    Map Seamless Server delivered 311 files of data by direct downloads. ? Completed design document for a stoplight monitoring portal page.

    ? Began work on automating the creation of thumbnail images for the National

    Elevation Dataset (NED).

    ? Began work on updating the inventory search tool.

    Services Delivery Viewer

    ? Started test loading of Digital Raster Graphics (DRG) to the Image Server

    Storage Area Network.

    ? Staff continue working prioritized tasks of pending The National Map beta

    viewer bug fixes with work elements being assigned to technical staff for


    Emergency Operations (EO)

    No input this reporting period.

    Information Technology (IT) Security General ? Began implementing Hypertext processor (PHP) upgrade on development


    ? Staff completed the Terminal Client & Server Security Re-Configuration of 27

    IADD servers to meet FIPS 140-1 Compliance. Elevation

    No input this reporting period.

Landcover (NLCD)

    No input this reporting period.


Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

    No input this reporting period.

Geography Websites (Includes Geography, Land Remote Sensing (LRS),

    and Geographic Analysis and Monitoring (GAM) websites)

    No input this reporting period.

Land Remote Sensing (LRS)

    No input this reporting period.

Wildland Fire Decision Support System (WFDSS)

    No input this reporting period.


    No input this reporting period.

Other Science Reimbursable Work

    ? Completed template download widget for the Landfire site.

    ? Began work on a static map generation for the Integrated Vegetation Mapping

    (IVM) application.

Long Term Archive (LTA)

    ? Migration of the raw EO1 data from Digital Linear Tape (DLT) to the Mass

    Storage System is mostly complete. A few tapes with errors are being tried


    ? Preparing a cost estimate for the BLM Oregon office for the long term archive

    and distribution of digital scans from their film collection. Work scope

    includes placing a copy of their data in the Mass Storage System and

    providing web enabled downloads though EarthExplorer (EE).. ? Scanned 234 Large Format Camera frames and transferred to the archive

    and web enabled.

    ? Archive Scanning: The Phoenix V scanning systems imaged 4,634 frames

    this week resulting in a cumulative total of 121,401 frames (605 rolls) ingested

    into the archive and web enabled. Scanning system # 5 is in early stages of

    testing and fabrication has begun on scanning system # 6. ? On demand scanning sales: A total of 67 scans were shipped this week.

    Scanning backlog is 197 frames on 34 orders. A total of 1,715 frames have

    been shipped year-to-date.

    ? Processed to L1G, 24,396 scenes in the SPOT historical archive resulting for

    a total of 626,526 SPOT scenes (89% complete) web enabled on EE. ? Ingested 655 PALSAR scenes, resulting in a totaling of 62,444 scenes web


    ? During the week of February 22, there was a quarterly patch done to the

    production systems supporting Oracle. This was done on Wednesday with an

    outage of about 3 hours.


    ? Currently have rebuilt the ingest code in support of the Eagle Vision Radarsat

    2 data collection due to Eagle Visions change in requirements. It is to be

    released this week.

    ? A total of 545 Intermountain rolls have been assessed for roll source data

    entry out of the 679 rolls that need to be processed for entry into the inventory

    data base (over 80% complete).

    Orthoimagery Archive

    ? Ingested from the HRO Backlog 5 data sets (2,007 images - 0.5 TB) for a

    total of 115.4 TB in a managed state. Received 1 TB of new data this week.

    The total backlog is now at 40.7 TB.

    ? Total images available for download through EE are 1,381,990. Upcoming Events

    ? The fifth Phoenix V scanner should begin production operations in early


    ? The next release of the New EE has been built and is ready for testing. It is

    scheduled to be released around the first week of April including 33 datasets.

    These datasets have been modified to add the Oracle locator corner

    coordinate field.

    ? Tracking Routing and Metrics (TRAM) is being modified to handle a table

    consisting of download requests along with successful downloads. There has

    been some confusion in reporting; requested downloads have previously

    been reported as successful downloads. We plan on reporting both numbers

    in the future.

    ? A couple of near-term changes are being implemented in support of the

    SPOT 4 and 5 data. The first is that a customer will only be required to

    accept the license agreement one time instead of once per scene. The

    second enhancement is a bulk download capability to allow authorized users

    the capability, similar to Landsat, to provide a file of entity id’s to be


Remote Sensing Technologies (RST)

Remote Sensing Consultation and Coordination (RSCC)

    No input this reporting period.

Data and Information Management

    ? Considerable effort was applied towards getting the last 2 Consolidated

    Reports completed, proofed and sent out. The focus now will be geared

    towards making the process smoother for all.

    ? EROS History Project work involved reviewing several hundred slides, 5

    photo albums, website establishment, and the scanning of 17 Center

    Scene/EROS Data newsletters dating to the 1980s.

    ? Started the peer review cycle for a paper requested by the National Institute

    of Standards and Technology.

    ? Submitted a request to attend the Western Archives Institute 2-week training

    session. The training is one of the best offered for archival education.


? Reviewed the European Digital Library Survey which will be sent out to

    leading Libraries in the world to gauge the amount of policy development

    related to interoperability.

    ? Discussed with DOD staff the U.S. Navy aerial collection held at EROS. DOD

    will search for documents back in the 1970s that hopefully details the transfer

    of the collection to USGS.

Enterprise and Information Technology (E&IT) Project Management

    Enterprise and Information Technology Project Management

    No input this reporting period.

Enterprise IT

    ? Reviewed alternatives to upgrade the current Windows server backup

    configuration. The system is being overwhelmed with the expansion of

    windows servers at the Center. Numerous alternatives for hardware media

    and associated software have been documented. Discussions are continuing

    to determine the solution that is financially feasible yet provides viable backup

    services into the near future.

    IT Security

    ? Participated in the weekly IT Security Steering Committee (ITSSC) working

    group meeting. The meeting focused primarily on adherence to IT security

    guidelines and what levels of risk could be tolerated or granted if the guideline

    could not be met, issues surrounding a strategy for the transition from FY

    2009 Plans Of Action & Milestones (POA&Ms) to FT 2010 POA&Ms, and

    finally the ever-looming POA&M remediation project. Discussion remained at

    a very high level as we wait for working guidelines to be documented. ? One focus of the Bureau Windows Technical Support Team (BWTST) is

    testing for the roll-out of Windows 7 to all desktops. As a result, testing

    activities at EROS have expanded to include 10 users in addition to a few

    technical staff to test the Operating System (OS) with a variety of Commercial

    Off-The-Shelf (COTS) and other user software.

    ? For the first time, the monthly ITSSC port scan of EROS systems revealed no

    issues to have resolved. The projects have done a great job focusing on

    resolving these port scan vulnerabilities.

    ? Implementation of the Security Technical Information Guidelines (STIGs) on

    Macintosh systems was initially scheduled to be completed by February 26..

    However, after the recent Bureau UNIX Technical Support Team (BUTST)

    face-to-face meeting the week of February 16, the numerous complications

    and challenges implementing those STIGs has resulted in an implementation

    extension to June 30, 2010.

    Network Services O&M

    ? Proposed to the Desktop Support Services (DSS) manager that the Windows

    systems in training room be moved off the internal trusted network to the

    Visitor’s network. This change would enhance network security by ensuring

    isolation of these systems from the trusted network. The move, however,

    would make DSS’s practice of reconfiguring the systems for each group’s


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