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Assessing the national statistical systems

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Assessing the national statistical systems

    METADATA FOR NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS

    IN THAILAND

Project: STRENGTHENING THE NATIONAL STATISTICAL SYSTEMS IN SELECTED

    COUNTRIES IN THE ASIA AND PACIFIC REGION

    supported by the

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

    Center for Agricultural Information

    Office of Agricultural Economics

    Ministry of Agriculture and cooperative

    Abbreviations and Acronyms

CAI Center for Agricultural Information

    OAE Office of Agricultural Economics

    MOAC Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperatives

    NSO National Statistical Office

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    MOPH Ministry of Public Health

    DOF Department of Fisheries

    DLD Department of Livestock Development

    DOAE Department of Agricultural Extension

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

     PAGE

    CHAPTER 1: National System of Agricultural Statistics

    1.1 Legal Framework and Statistical Advisory Bodies ..................................

    1.2 Structure and Organization of the major Agricultural Statistical Agencies

    1.2.1 The National Statistical Office (NSO) ........................................

    1.2.2 The Office of Agricultural Economics (OAE) .............................

    1.2.3 Others Agencies .......................................................................... 1.3 Outputs and Dissemination of Agricultural Statistics ..............................

    1.3.1 Contact information of the focal point of dissemination .............

     (including telephone, fax number and e-mail) of the ..................

     responsible agencies .................................................................. 1.4 Dialogue with Data Users and Cooperation with International Organization

    1.5 Strategic Framework ................................................................................

CHAPTER 2: Major Domains and Selected Indicators of Agricultural Statistics

    2.1 List of Major Domains and Selected Indicators.......................................

    2.2 Metadata for each of the Major Domains ...............................................

    2.2.1 PRODUCTION

     2.2.1.1 Concepts, Definitions and Classifications ..............................

     2.2.1.2 Coverage and Availability .......................................................

     2.2.1.3 Data Processing, Estimation and Revision Methodology ......

     2.2.1.4 Other Reference Information ..................................................

    2.2.2 TRADE

     2.2.2.1 Concepts, Definitions and Classifications ..............................

     2.2.2.2 Coverage and Availability .......................................................

     2.2.3 PRICES

     2.2.3.1 Concepts, Definitions and Classifications ..............................

     2.2.3.2 Coverage and Availability .......................................................

     2.2.3.3 Data Processing, Estimation and Revision Methodology ......

    2.2.4 INPUT STATISTICS

     2.2.4.1 Labor and Employment...........................................................

     2.2.4.2 Coverage and Availability .......................................................

    2.2.5 OTHERS

     2.2.5.1 Concepts, Definitions and Classifications ..............................

     2.2.5.2 Other Reference Information ..................................................

CHAPTER 3: Major Data Sources for Agricultural Statistics

    3.1 List of Major Agricultural Censuses, Surveys and Registers..................

    3.2 Metadata for Agricultural Census ............................................................

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CENSUSES

    3.2.1 Overview ....................................................................................

     3.2.2 Design ........................................................................................

     3.2.3 Conduct Operations and Data Quality Control .........................

     3.2.4 Statistical Report (link to domain) .............................................

    3.3 Metadata for Each of the Major Surveys .................................................

    3.3.1 Overview ....................................................................................

     3.3.2 Design ........................................................................................

     3.3.3 Conduct Operations and Data Quality Control .........................

     3.3.4 Statistical Report (link to domain) .............................................

    3.4 Metadata for Each of the Major Administrative Register ........................

    3.4.1 Source / Responsible Agencies ................................................

     3.4.2 Description of Contained Information ........................................

     3.4.3 Data Source / Units Providing Information for the Records .....

    3.5 Others Information ...................................................................................

     3.5.1 Price Reports .............................................................................

     3.5.2 Crop Forecasting........................................................................

    3.6 Data quality control ..................................................................................

     3.6.1 Data source and collection methodology ..................................

     3.6.2 Data processing, estimation, and revision methodology ..........

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    METADATA FOR NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS

    IN THAILAND

Chapter 1: National System of Agricultural Statistics

1.1 Legal Framework and Statistical Advisory Bodies

    In Thailand the National Statistical system was established in1915.

    Then there are The Statistics Prediction Act of B.E. 2479 (1936) ,The Statistics Act of B.E. 2495 (1952) and the latest the Statistical Act of 1965.

    Under section 5 of the Statistical Act of 1965 the National Statistical Office is the core body responsible for Thailand's statistical activities including the collection and

    compilation, dissemination of basic statistical data, providing recommendations on

    statistical-related matters, organizing training courses in statistical methods and

    computer data processing as well as serving as the statistical data bank of the country.

     From 1966 to 1975, the NSO conducted annual countrywide crop surveys for rice,

    kenaf and maize. However, after the establishment of the Centre for Agricultural

    Statistics under the Office of Agricultural Economics in 1979, agricultural statistics were

    transferred to that centre, now known as the Centre for Agricultural Information.

    According to the Statistical Act of 1965, the national statistics committee consist of committee nominated by the cabinet and representative from every ministry.

    Secretary General of National Statistics Office is the secretary of the committee. The

    responsibility of the committee are 1) advice and comment about statistic and

    information policy and plan of National Statistics Office 2) advice and comment about

    statistic and information coordination between National Statistics Office and the other

    agencies.

1.2 Structure and organization of major agricultural statistical agencies

    1.2.1 The National Statistical Office (NSO)

    The National Statistical Office, under section 5 of the Statistical Act of 1965 is authorized to perform the following statistical activities:

    1. To compile statistics from all statistical agencies,

    2. To plan and to conduct all censuses,

    3. To promote and develop government as well as private statistical activities,

    4. To plan, co-ordinate and direct technical aspects of all statistical projects

    and activities of the government,

    5. To collaborate with and participate in the coordination of the work of

    statistical agencies in the assembling, compilation and analysis of

    statistics,

    6. To make recommendations or advise other statistical agencies on plans,

    methodology, forms, questionnaires, as well as other documents such as

    handbooks and instructions to be used for statistical purposes,

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    7. To conduct or direct sample surveys, or to collect, abstract, compile, and

    analyze statistics relating to the basic conditions of the country obtained

    from censuses and surveys,

    8. To supervise statistical agencies in the technical aspects of planning

    sample surveys, or in collecting analyzing statistics,

    9. To conduct or direct research on statistical techniques,

    10. To issue periodicals and to publish statistical data,

    11. To maintain a library of books and documents relating to statistics, and to

    exchange the said books and documents,

    12. To direct and promote the study of and training in statistics,

    13. To cooperate with, and participate in the coordination of the work of

    foreign states or international organizations.

    The coordination of statistical activities is an important role which involves the following :1) coordination with the statistical producers to prevent duplication of work,

    thus helping save budget as well as ensuring statistical standard. 2) coordination with

    statistical users so that the office will be aware of their needs and thus provide statistical

    data to suit their requirements. In planning of surveys and censuses, the representation

    of other government agencies concerned were invited to be the members of the

    Steering Committee as well as the Working Group. 3) coordination with the information

    providers (households or establishments) 4) coordination with foreign statistical offices

    and organizations in the exchange of statistical techniques, statistical data and technical

    assistance. 5) organization of special surveys for other agencies as requested.

    The NSO also provides technical advice and consultant to other government agencies and private sectors on statistical methodologies, sampling design,

    questionnaire design, estimation of statistical measures, data analysis and report

    preparation to ensure that the preparation of each agency's statistical data is of high

    quality in compliance with recognized statistical standards. This helps promote and

    develop the national statistical system of Thailand as a whole.

    In NSO there are 469 professional staff 729 support staff in head office and 396 professional staff 1,777 support staff in regional office.

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    National Statistical Office

    National Statistical Committee

    Administrative Development Group

     Internal Audit Group

     Central Administration Local Administration

     75 Provincial Statistical Office

     Information and Communication Technology Center Economic and Social Statistics Bureau

Policy and Statistical Techniques Bureau Statistical Forecasting Bureau

     Field Administration Division Public Opinion Division

     Office of the Secretary

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1.2.2 The Office of Agricultural Economics (OAE)

OAE is the prime office responsible for collection and dissemination of

    agricultural statistics. It is also the organization in charge of the economic and social

    research and other studies including monitoring and evaluation for the purposes of

    agricultural policy recommendations, and agricultural development planning.

In 1979 Thailand legislated "Agricultural Economics Act of B.E. 2522" From this

    act The office of Agricultural Economics was established to perform the following duties;

    1) Analyze the agriculture policy and agriculture and cooperative development

    plans for submission to the Committee

    2) Study and analyze agricultural production planning and sources of cultivation

    and livestock production according to climatic conditions, types of farming,

    major income of farmers and internal market demands and report to the

    Committee for consideration to designate the agricultural economics areas 3) Study and analyze the formulation of marketing and transport system and

    development of farm products markets in an efficient manner as well as

    analyze the prices of and demand for farm products

    4) Study and analyze sources of agricultural resources, analyze utilization of

    resources as well as study and analyze production economics and formulate

    crop cultivation and livestock production systems in an efficient manner 5) Compile statistical information of all kinds crop and livestock production,

    agricultural production situations, farm income and expenses, farmers

    indebtedness conditions, market situations of farm products and other

    agricultural economics information necessary of analysis of agriculture policy

    and agriculture and cooperative plans and publication of statistics papers

    concerning agricultural economics for distribution and publicity of agricultural

    statistics information

    6) Analyze and evaluate outcome of investment made in agricultural projects

    including follow-up and evaluation of success and progress of the projects

    and operating plans of work units under the direction of the Ministry of

    Agriculture and Cooperatives as well as propose to the Committee

    recommendations on guidelines for boiling down the problems and obstacles

    which require urgent action

    7) Analyze other sector of economic development including international

    agricultural economics conditions required for formulation of agriculture and

    cooperative development plans

    8) Develop register in regard to agricultural enterprises, by categories, types of

    groups of each sector

    9) Coordinate work with the various, related government agencies and state

    enterprises in establishing agriculture policy and agriculture and cooperative

    development plans, as well as maintain contact with the Office of the

    National Economic and Social Development Committee

    10) Perform any other action specified by law as function of the committee or of

    the Office of Agricultural Economics.

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    The organizational structure of OAE comprises of 5 bureaus/centers and 9 agro-economic zones as follows:

    1. Office of the Secretary

    2. Center for Agricultural Information (CAI)

    3. Bureau of Agricultural Economics Research

    4. Bureau of Policy and Agricultural Development Plan

    5. Center of Economic Project and Program Evaluation

    6. Agro Economic Zones 1-9

     Currently, there are about 1,000 officials and permanent employees in the OAE

    of which about 300 positions work at Regional agro-economic offices. The official

    response about agricultural statistics and information are 48 professional staff 93

    support staff in headquarter and 30 professional staff 59 support staff in regional offices.

     Regarding the compilation and dissemination of agricultural statistics, the main

    responsible unit under OAE is the Centre for Agricultural Information (CAI). It major

    duties can be summarized as follows:

    1. Generate information on production and marketing of crops, livestock and

    fisheries

    2. Make forecasts on production and prices, including assessment of the impacts

    of natural calamities

    3. Develop geographical information system in its application to agriculture

    4. Develop information network system

    Organizational structure of CAI comprises 10 divisions and one administration unit as follows:

    1. Field Crop Production Information Division

    2. Horticultural Crop Production Information Division

    3. Livestock and Fisheries Production Information Division

    4. Agricultural Economics Information Division

    5. Agricultural Information Technology and Database Division

    6. Agricultural Forecasting Division

    7. Geographic Information System Division

    8. Agricultural Input and Price Information Division

    9. Agricultural Information Management Division

    10. General Administration

    1.2.3 Others Agencies

    In addition to the above two agencies, following agencies of the MOAC are also compiling and publishing agricultural statistics.

    1) Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) : compiles the statistics on area and production of various crops from the reports of its local officers. These agencies

    have their own agricultural extension officers in every Tambon.

    2) Department of Livestock Development (DLD) : undertakes collection and publication of figures on number of animals raised and slaughtered, dying from

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epidemic diseases, vaccinated and number of beasts of burden (elephants, horses,

    mules and asses). These figures are compiled from the reports of its local officers

    stationed in every district.

    3) Department of Fisheries (DOF) : collects and publishes all fisheries statistics.

    The Amphoe (District) Fisheries Office is the lowest administrative level of the DOF.

    4) The Cooperative Promotion Department is responsible for promoting all cooperatives in the country, as well as implementing activities according to the

    Cooperative Act BE 2511 (1968) and the Land Allocation for Livelihood Act BE 2511

    (1968) on matters relevant to land settlement cooperative promotion and related laws. Agricultural cooperatives are established to enable farmer members to engage in

    business together, thus helping one another in times of crisis as well as gaining for

    themselves a better livelihood and quality of life.

    5) The Department of Internal Trade, one of the departments in the Ministry of

    Commerce, issues monthly and annual reports on retail and wholesale prices and price

    indices of various commodities, including food and agriculture products.

1.3 Outputs and Dissemination of Agricultural Statistics

    1.3.1 Contact information of the focal point of dissemination (including telephone,

    fax number and e-mail) of the responsible agencies

    Contact person :

    1. Family name: Treetipbut

     First name Ms.Thananoot

     Institution: National Statistical Office

     Title Secretary General

     Address Larn Luang Road, Bangkok 10100 Thailand

     E-mail

     Telephone 66 2 2810333

     Tel Fax 66 2 2813815

    2. Family name: Netsaengtip

     First name: Rajana

     Institution: National Statistical Office

     Title: Chief, Household Economic Statistics Group

     Address Larn Luang Road, Bangkok 10100 Thailand

     E-mail: raja@nso.go.th

     Telephone: 66-2281-0333 Ext. 1206

    3. Family name: Jongsakul,

     First name Apichart

     Institution: Office of Agricultural Economics

     Title Secretary General

     Address Kasetsart University Complex, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900 Thailand

     E-mail

     Telephone 66-2940-5550 - 1

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