DOC

ALTERNATIVE REPORT

By Marcus Carpenter,2014-08-12 10:33
9 views 0
ALTERNATIVE REPORT ...

    CENTER FOR MULTICULTURALISM

    (CMK)

VOIVODINA CENTER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

    (VHRC)

    SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO VOIVODINA

    Report submitted pursuant to Article 25 Paragraph 1 of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities

    March 2003

    This Alternative Report on implementation of the Framework Convention on the protection of national minorities was prepared by Center for Multiculturality and Voivodina Center for Human Rights, both in Novi Sad, between March 2002 and October 2003. The Report covers Croatian, Hungarian, Rumanian, Ruthenian, Romanian and Slovakian minorities in Voivodina.

    Prominent legal experts and professors at the Law School of Novi Sad University as well as a professor of Geography working on demographic studies were included in the analysis of respective legal regulations: Marijana Pajvančić (PhD), Stanko Pihler (PhD), Alpar Lošonc (PhD), Saša Kicošev (PhD). Stanisla Pribiš, Provincial Secretariat of Educatio and Culture legal advisor, was working on legal aspects of

    education.

    Research survey on minority and majority media institutions was conducted by Novi Sad School of Journalism (with active participation of minority representatives), while the research survey on official use of languages was conducted by SCAN Agency, Novi Sad. Methodology applied: sample analysis.

    Representatives of the following organisations were included in data collecting process on ethnic minorities' status:

    ; Association of Slovak Pedagogues

    ; Forum of Slovaks

    ; Association of Slovak languists in Voivodina

    ; Foundation for ethnography and folklore of Romanians in Voivodina

    ; Academic Society of Ruthenians and Ukrainians of Yugoslavia

    ; Union of Ruthenians and Ukrainians of Yugoslavia

    ; Croat Cultural/Educational Society “Stjepan Radic”, Novi Slankamen

    ; Croat Cultural/Educational Society ?Tomislav?, Golubinci

    ; Croat Cultural/Educational Society "Matija Gubec", Tavankut

    ; Croat Academic Society, Subotica

    ; Cultural Society of theRoma ?Matica romska? of Yugoslavia

    ; Roma Association "Rromano Suno", Deronje

    ; Roma Cultural Centre, Subotica

    ; Democratic Roma Union of Voivodina

    ; Television Novi Sad Slovak Editorial Board

    ; Television Novi Sad Romanian Editorial Board

    ; Television Novi Sad Ruthenian Editorial Board

    ; Radio Television Novi Sad Hungarian Editorial Board

    ; Radio Television Novi Sad Roma Editorial Board

    ; Multiradio 021 Novi Sad

    ; Radio Subotica, Croat Editorial Board

    ; Novi Sad School of Journalism

    ; Ruthenian National Council

    ; Public Institute for Issuing School Textbooks, Novi Sad

    ; Members of the Team of Experts for making education programs and

    curricula for the instruction in Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian and Ruthenian

    languages

    Representatives of the aforementioned organisations as minority actors actively involved in the protection of minority identities in Voivodina selected data collected in the course of the field research and as a result, the Alternative Report is an achievement based on the joint efforts of a coalition of a wide range of NGOs from different minority minorities.

    In the process of compiling the section in the Report on the Roma minority, the input of members of the Roma minority living in the following settlements was used: Mali Bedem, Kikinda Bangladeš (near Novi Sad) Veliki Rit (near Novi Sad) Slana Bara

    (near Novi Sad) Šangaj (near Novi Sad), Subotica, Kovacica (45 50 respondents).

    Methodology applied: interviews.

    In the process of reporting on education in Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Ruthenian, Croat and Roma languages, the input of school principals, administrators and teachers in the following schools (around 40 respondents) was used:

ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS (FOR INSTRUCTION IN

    HUNGARIAN):

    ; ?Sonja Marinković?, Subotica

    ; ?Miroslav Antić?, Palić

    ; ?18. oktobar?, Novo Orahovo

    ; ?Servo Mihalj?, Muţlja

    ; ?Sonja Marinković?, Zrenjanin

    ; ?Sonja Marinković?, Mihajlovo

    ; ?Sonja Marinković?, Lukino Selo

    ; ?Čeh Karolj?, Ada

    ; ?Stevan Sremac?, Senta

    ; ?Sonja Marinković?, Novi Sad

    ; ?Joţef Atila?, Novi Sad

    ; ?Feješ Klara?, Kikinda

    ; ?Sveti Sava?, Kikinda

    ; ?Bratstvo i jedinstvo?, Banatska Topola

    ; ?Gligorije Popov?, Rusko Selo

    SECONDARY SCHOOLS (FOR INSTRUCTION IN HUNGARIAN):

    ; Civil engineering ?18. novembar?, Subotica ; Economic school ?Bosa Milićević?, Subotica

    ; Chemical/technological school ?Lazar Nešić?, Subotica

    ; Grammar school, Zrenjanin

    ; Medical school, Zrenjanin

    ; Chemical school ?Uroš Predić?, Zrenjanin

    ; Technical school, Ada

    ; ?Grammar school?, Senta (including medical and economic vocational

    schools in the same building) ; Technical school, Kanjiţa

    ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS (FOR INSTRUCTION IN SLOVAK):

    ; ?Ljudevit Štur?, Kisač

    ; ?Veljko Petrović?, Begeč

    ; ?Desanka Maksimović?, Futog

    ; ?Miroslav Antić?, Futog

    ; ?Mihajlo Pupin?, Veternik

    ; ?Jovan Jovanović Zmaj?, Sremska Kamenica

    ; ?15 oktobar?, Pivnice

    ; ?Bratstvo i jedinstvo?, Belo Blato

    ; ?Bratstvo?, Aradac

    ; ?Mlada pokoljenja?, Kovačica

    ; ?Maršal Tito?, Padina

    ; ?Joţef Marčok Dragutin?, Gloţan

    ; ?Jan Čajak?, Bački Petrovac

    ; ?Tomaš Garig Masarik?, Janošik

    ; ?Jovan Popović?, Lug

    ; ?Jovan Popović?, Susek

    ; ?Sava Šumanović?, Erdevik

    ; ?Sava Šumanović?, Bingula (separate department of elementary school

    ?Sava Šumanović?, Erdevik)

    ; ?Sava Šumanović?, Ljuba (separate department of elementary school ?Sava

    Šumanović?, Erdevik)

    ; ?Zdravko Čelar?, Čelarevo

    ; ?Veselin Masleša?, Bačka Palanka

    SECONDARY SCHOOLS (FOR INSTRUCTION IN SLOVAK):

    ; Grammar school ?Mihajlo Pupin?, Kovačica

    ; Grammar school ?Jan Kolar?, Bački Petrovac

    ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS (FOR INSTRUCTION IN ROMANIAN):

    ; ?Bratstvo i jedinstvo?, Alibunar

    ; ?Bratstvo i jedinstvo?, Seleuš (separate department of elementary school

    ?Bratstvo i jedinstvo?, Alibunar)

    ; ?3 oktobar?, Lokve

    ; ? 2. Oktobar?, Nikolinci

    ; ?Dositej Obradović?, Margita

    ; ?Olga Petrović Radišić?, Straţa

    ; ?Ţarko Zrenjanin?, Orešec (separate department of el. school in Izbište

    ; ?Olga Petrov Radišić?, Vršac

    SECONDARY SCHOOLS (FOR INSTRUCTION IN ROMANIAN):

    ; Grammar school ?Borislav Petrov Braca?, Vršac

    ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS (FOR INSTRUCTION IN RUTHENIAN):

    ; ?Svetozar Miletić?, Vrbas

    ; ?Petefi Brigada?, Kula

    ; ?Petro Kuzmjak?, Ruski Krstur

    ; ?Bratstvo i jedinstvo?, Kucura

    SECONDARY SCHOOL (FOR INSTRUCTION IN RUTHENIAN)

    ; Grammar school ?Petro Kuzmjak?, Ruski Krstur

NOTE: interviews in the above listed schools were made in the period March 2002

    October 2003.

    Work was carried out between March 2002 and October 2003, and was therefore based on the then existent legal regulations, above all the constitutions of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia. Considering that soon after this period significant changes took place and the process of adoption of new legal regulations and constitutional acts was intensified, the Annex to this Report contains a concise analysis of the chapters of the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro that refer to human and minority rights. It is necessary to note that respective legal and constitutional changes have not significantly influenced the content of this Report. On the contrary, analyses of the federal and republic constitutions respectively may serve as a grounds for comparative analysis of the constitutional acts.

    For a better understanding of the Alternative Report it is necessary to emphasize a substantial heterogeneity in terms of legal status and social position of different minority groups living in Voivodina. It is necessary to distinguish the so-called traditional (old) minorities (Hungarians, Romanians, Slovaks, Ruthenians) from ethnic communities that have received recognition as national minorities only recently (Roma minority and Croats). Consequently, there are significant differences in respective minority communities‟ public presence and articulation of their interests.

    Given the range of issues covered by this Report, it is has focused on those that have proven most significant during the nineties, and most frequently emphasized by the representatives of minority communities as crucial to the protection and enhancement of minority identity: education, media and official use of mother tongue. In addition, attention was paid to cases of discrimination and, considering the variation in minority experiences in Voivodina, particular emphasis was placed on the frequent incidents of discrimination against those minorities most likely to be the victims of discrimination. It is evident that the discrimination was manifested in different forms towards Hungarians, Slovaks, Romanians and Ruthenians on the one hand, and to the Croat and Roma minorities on the other.

    All cases mentioned in this Report reffer to the period after ratification of the Framework Convention (September, 2001).

    Structure of the Alternative Report is based on Recommendations by the Council of Europe for writing public reports and provides an opportunity for making comparisons between different reports:

    1. The overall content reflects the structure of the Report, which allows for easy

    understanding of results and analyses included.

    2. Introduction sets out relevant legal instruments for the protection of national

    minorities in FRY (international and national standards) and also contains a

    demographic survey with a historical perspective.

    3. Analysis of articles (1-19) of the Framework Convention for the Protection of

    National Minorities including the normative framework, the section on

    implementation and recommendations.

    4. Appendix on Municipalities‟ Statutes

    5. Annex

    Note: The above mentioned structure of the Alternative Report relating to analysis of specific articles of the Framework Convention was only ignored when points had no

relevance to the results of this Report, and when additional analysis would have

    required additional financial resources.

Project was financied by the European Union, Charles Steward Mott Foundation and

    UK Department for International Development Know How Fund within the

    programme: Southeastern Europe - Diversity and Democracy implemented by

    Minority Rights Group International, London.

Contact persons:

    Aleksandra Vujić, director – Voivodina Center for Human Rights

    Bulevar Vojvode Stepe 7, 21 000 Novi Sad, Serbian and Montenegro Tel/fax. +381 21 396 116; Emal. aleksandra.vujic@vojvodina-hrc.org

Alpar Lošonc, director - Center for multiculturalism

    Ţeljeznička 35, 21 000 Novi Sad, Serbian and Montenegro

    Tel.+381 21 25757; Fax. + 381 21 28 241; Email. cmk@neobee.net

    .

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    List of tables: ................................................................................................ 13

    Abbreviations used in this document: ........................................................... 13 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................... 14

    Information on the status of international law in the domestic legal order ......... 14

    Information on the unitary or federal character of the state ............................... 14 A summary overview of the relevant historical development of the coutry and

    relevant information on the demographic situation in the country ..................... 16

    The religious structure of the population of Voivodina ..................................... 20 Brief overview of ethnic groups in Voivodina .................................................. 20

    Croats ................................................................................................... 20

    Hungarians ........................................................................................... 21

    Roma .................................................................................................... 21

    Romanians ............................................................................................ 21

    Ruthenians ............................................................................................ 22

    Slovaks ................................................................................................. 22 Information on the existence of so-called minority-in minority situations in

    certain area ....................................................................................................... 22 PART I ................................................................................................. 23

    Article 1 .............................................................................................................. 23

    ? ................................................................................................................... 23 Article 2 .............................................................................................................. 23

    Implementation ............................................................................................ 23 Article 3 .............................................................................................................. 23

    Article 3, paragraph 1 ....................................................................................... 23

    Implementation ............................................................................................ 23

    Roma .................................................................................................... 23 Article 3, paragraph 2 ....................................................................................... 24

    Recommendations ........................................................................................ 25 PART II................................................................................................ 26

    Article 4 .............................................................................................................. 26

    Article 4, paragraph 1 ....................................................................................... 26

    Normative framework .................................................................................. 26

    Guarantees for equality and equity before the law ..................................... 26

    Prohibition of discrimination .................................................................... 26

    Criminal legislation .................................................................................. 27

    Implementation ............................................................................................ 28

    Croats ................................................................................................... 28

    Roma .................................................................................................... 28

    Recommendations ........................................................................................ 28 Article 4, paragraph 2 ....................................................................................... 29

    Normative framework .................................................................................. 29

    Implementation ............................................................................................ 29

    Roma .................................................................................................... 29 8

    Article 4, paragraph 3 ....................................................................................... 30 ? ................................................................................................................... 30 Article 5 .............................................................................................................. 31

    Article 5, paragraph 1 ....................................................................................... 31 Normative framework .................................................................................. 31 Implementation ............................................................................................ 31

    Croats ................................................................................................... 31

    Roma .................................................................................................... 31 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 32 Article 5, paragraph 2 ....................................................................................... 33 Normative framework .................................................................................. 33 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 33 Article 6 .............................................................................................................. 33

    Article 6, paragraph 1 ....................................................................................... 33 Normative framework .................................................................................. 33

    Education ................................................................................................. 33

    Media ....................................................................................................... 34

    Croats ................................................................................................... 34

    Hungarians ........................................................................................... 34

    Roma .................................................................................................... 35

    Romanians ............................................................................................ 35

    Ruthenians ............................................................................................ 35

    Slovaks ................................................................................................. 35 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 35 Article 6, paragraph 2 ....................................................................................... 36 Implementation ............................................................................................ 36

    Croats ................................................................................................... 36

    Hungarians ........................................................................................... 37

    Roma .................................................................................................... 37

    Settlements ............................................................................................... 38

    Employment ............................................................................................. 38

    Discrimination .......................................................................................... 39 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 39 Article 7 .............................................................................................................. 40

    Normative framework .................................................................................. 40 Implementation ............................................................................................ 40

    Croats ................................................................................................... 40

    Roma .................................................................................................... 40 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 41 Article 8 .............................................................................................................. 41

    Normative framework .................................................................................. 41 Implementation ............................................................................................ 42

    Croats ................................................................................................... 42

    Roma .................................................................................................... 42 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 42 Article 9 .............................................................................................................. 43

    Article 9, paragraph 1 ....................................................................................... 43 Normative Framework.................................................................................. 43 Implementation ............................................................................................ 44

     9

    General overview of multi-linguistic printed and electronic media in

    Voivodina ................................................................................................. 44 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 45 Article 9, paragraph 2 ....................................................................................... 45 Implementation ............................................................................................ 45 Article 9, paragraph 3 ....................................................................................... 46 Implementation ............................................................................................ 46

    Printed media ........................................................................................... 46

    Croats ................................................................................................... 46

    Hungarians ........................................................................................... 46

    Roma .................................................................................................... 46

    Romanians ............................................................................................ 46

    Ruthenians ............................................................................................ 47

    Slovaks ................................................................................................. 47

    Serbians ................................................................................................ 47

    Electronic media ....................................................................................... 48

    Croats ................................................................................................... 48

    Hungarians ........................................................................................... 48

    Roma .................................................................................................... 48

    Romanians ............................................................................................ 48

    Ruthenians ............................................................................................ 49

    Slovaks ................................................................................................. 49

    Electronic media in Serbian ...................................................................... 49 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 50 Article 9, paragraph 4 ....................................................................................... 50 Normative Framework .................................................................................. 50 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 50 Article 10 ............................................................................................................ 51

    Article 10, paragraph 1 ..................................................................................... 51 Normative Framework .................................................................................. 51 Implementation ............................................................................................ 52

    Croats ................................................................................................... 52

    Roma .................................................................................................... 53 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 53 Article 10, paragraph 2 ..................................................................................... 53 Normative Framework .................................................................................. 53 Implementation ............................................................................................ 53

    Implementation of legal and statutory provisions regulating official use of

    minority languages (example of public inscriptions) ................................. 53 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 55 Article 10, paragraph 3 ..................................................................................... 55 ? ................................................................................................................... 55 Article 11 ............................................................................................................ 57

    Article 11, paragraph 1 ..................................................................................... 57 Implementation ............................................................................................ 57 Article 11, paragraph 2 ..................................................................................... 57 ? ................................................................................................................... 57 Article 11, paragraph 3 ..................................................................................... 57 Implementation ............................................................................................ 57

    Topographical names ................................................................................ 58

    10

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com