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Table 4

By Dustin Bennett,2014-05-07 12:37
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Table 4

    Additional File 4. Studies of wheeze prevalence in Asia

    Country Reference Survey Year Area N (Response Age (years) / Prevalence 95% CI

     rate) ascertainment %

    (P=Parental-report

    S=Self-report)

    IS* [1] ‟94-„95 Beijing, Chongqing, 18,704 13-14 S 4.2 3.9, 4.5China

    Guangzhou, Shanghai, (98.4%)

    Wulumuqi

    IS [2] ‟95-„96 Beijing: 7,668 (98.9%) 6-7 P 6.0 5.1, 6.9

    ISUrumqi: 2.9 2.3, 3.5

    IQ [3] ‟97-„98 Hong Kong: 10,902 (94%) 9-11 P 5.8 5.0, 6.7

    IQ Guangzhou: 3.4 2.8, 4.1

    IQ Beijing: 3.8 3.3, 4.4

    IQ * [4] ‟99 Tou-Cheng City 8,754 (97.2%) 13-15 S 8.2 7.6, 8.8

    IQ * 3.6, 4.8[5] „01 Wuhun 4,185 14-15 S 4.2

    D 2.6, 4.8 [6] ‟92 Hong Kong 1,062 (89.2%) 11-20 P 3.7 Hong Kong

    IS*[1] ‟95: Hong Kong 3,509 (97%): 6-7: P 9.1 8.1, 10.1

    IS*‟94-„95: 4,526 (97%): 13-14: S 12.4 11.4, 13.4

    H * 9.5, 12.1[7] „95 Hong Kong 2,292 (87%) 8-12 P 10.8

    IQ * 5.7, 7.5[8] ‟97-„98 Hong Kong 3,110 (97%) 10 P 6.6

    IQ * 8.5, 10.3[9] „01 Hong Kong 4,448 (95%) 6-7 P 9.5

    IS 7.8 9.7 [10] „02 Hong Kong 3,321 (99%) 13-14 S 8.7

    IS*[1] ‟94-„95 11 cities 31,697(>80%): 6-7: P 5.6 5.3, 5.9India

    IS* 35,461(95.4%): 13-14: S 6.0 5.8, 6.2IS* (>80%): 6-7: P 4.1 [1] ‟94-„95 Bandung 1,3903.1, 5.1Indonesia

    IS* 2,152 (95.7%): 13-14: S 2.1 1.5, 2.7IS* (>80%): 6-7: P 17.3 [1] ‟94-„95 Fukuoka 2,90015.9, 18.7Japan

    IS* 2,667 (94.2%): 13-14: S 13.4 12.1, 14.7

     IQ* 6.0, 7.4 [11] ‟01 Suita City 5,614 (76%) 12-15 P 6.7

    IQ [12] ‟95 Seoul and Provincial cities 5,494 (92.5%): 6-7: P 13.6 12.7, 14.6 Korea

    IQ 10,015(97.3%): 13-14: S 7.9 7.4, 8.5

    IQ *[13] ‟98 Rural areas 2,087: 7-9: P 11.5 10.1, 12.9

    IQ *2,137: 10-12: P 11.2 9.9, 12.5

    IQ * 3,030: 13-15: P 9.4 8.4, 10.4

    (91.2% overall)

    IQ 8.9, 9.8 [14] „00 Seoul & Provincial cities 15,894 12-15 S 9.3

    (96.4%)

    IQ [15] Published „01 Urban and rural areas 2,055 7-16 P 8.2 7.0, 9.4

    IQ [16] Published „01 Industrial factories area & 6,886 (91.7%) 7-12 P 10.3 9.6, 11.0

    less polluted area

    IQ *[17] Published „02 Urban and rural areas 16,624 7-18 P<10/S 9.3 8.9, 9.7

    (86.6%)

    IQ *[18] Published„02 Rural areas 1,727 (86.1%) 16-18 S 13.0 11.4, 14.6

    IS*[1] ‟94-„95 Alor Setar, Ipoh, Klang 15,285(>80%): 6-7: P 6.1 5.7, 6.5Malaysia

    IS* Valley, Kota Bharu, Muar 17,313(92.9%): 13-14: S 9.6 9.2, 10.0

    IQ * 3.6, 5.0[19] ‟01: Kota Bharu 3,157: 6-7: P 4.3

    IQ * 3,004: 13-14: S 5.7 4.9, 6.5

    IS* 7.2, 9.8[1] ‟94-„95 Karachi 1,829 (100%) 13-14 S 8.5 Pakistan

    IS* (>80%): 6-7: P 11.3 [1] ‟94-„95 Metro Manilla 3,55810.3, 12.3Philippines

    IS* 3,063 (95.5%): 13-14: S 12.3 11.2, 13.4

    IS* [1] ‟94 Nationwide 2,118 (90%): 6-7: P 15.7 14.2, 17.2Singapore

    IS* 3,785 (90%): 13-14: S 9.7 8.8, 10.6

    IQ * 9.4, 11.0[20] „01 Nationwide 5,305: 6-7: P 10.2

    IQ * 4,058: 12-15: S 11.9 10.9, 12.9

    IS* (>80%): 6-7: P 9.6 [1] ‟94-„95 Taipei 4,8068.8, 10.4Taiwan

    IS* 10,636(93.3%): 13-14: S 5.2 4.8, 5.6

    IQ 6.6, 8.5 [21] „02 Taoyuan 3,079: 6-8: P 7.5

    IQ 3,111: 13-15: S 4.2 3.5, 5.3

    IS* [1] ‟95 Bankok 3,629 (>80%): 6-7: P 11.0 10.0, 12.0Thailand

    IS* 2,777 (74.8%): 13-14: S 13.5 12.2, 14.8

    IS* [1] ‟95 Chiang Mai 3,522 (92%): 6-7: P 5.5 4.7, 6.3

    IS* 3,731 (95%): 13-14: S 12.6 11.5, 13.7Key:

    „Prevalence‟

    IS: ISAAC study, with question “Have you had wheezing and whistling in the chest in the last 12 months?” (Yes/No) IQ: ISAAC question, but not an ISAAC study

    A: In the past 12 months has your child had a wheezing or asthma attack? (Yes/No)

    B: Current wheezing without a diagnosis of asthma & Physician diagnosed asthma

    C: In the last 12 months, has a wheeze (that is, a whistling noise, high or low pitched) ever been heard from your child‟s chest? D: Has your child (ever) wheezed in the past 12 months?

E: Wheeze in the previous year (interview questionnaire)

    F: Have you had wheezing attacks in the past year?

    G: Has your child had wheezing in the chest (but not from the throat or nose)

    H: Wheezy or whistling sound in the chest when having a cold or occasionally apart from colds or for most days or nights, in the past 12 months

    * CI not given in the publication and calculated by author

    † N is the number of questionnaires given out & response rate obtained from ISAAC study [1,22]

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