Chapter 4 Federal Response Plan (FRP)

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Chapter 4 Federal Response Plan (FRP)

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    Department of the Interior

    Departmental Manual

Effective Date: 1/4/06

    Series: Emergency Management

    Part 900: Emergency Management Program

    Chapter 5: National Response Plan (NRP) Coordination

Originating Office: Office of Law Enforcement and Security

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5.1 Purpose. This chapter sets forth the policy and guidance to execute the Departments

    responsibilities under the National Response Plan (NRP). The NRP establishes a single

    comprehensive framework for the coordination of Federal support to State, local, and tribal

    governments and for exercising direct Federal authorities and responsibilities during domestic


5.2 Scope. These policies and guidelines apply to bureaus and offices assigned responsibilities

    in this chapter for planning and executing response activities under the NRP, and to

    organizational units supporting such activities.

5.3 Definitions.

     A. Emergency Support Function (ESF). A grouping of government and certain private-sector capabilities into an organizational structure to provide the support, resources, program

    implementation, and services that are most likely to be needed to save lives, protect property and

    the environment, restore essential services and critical infrastructure, and help victims and

    communities return to normal, when feasible, following domestic incidents. The ESFs serve as

    the primary operational-level mechanism to provide assistance to State, local, and tribal

    governments or to Federal departments and agencies conducting missions of primary Federal


     B. Homeland Security Operations Center (HSOC). The HSOC is the primary national

    hub for domestic incident management, operational coordination, and situational awareness.

    Staffed around-the-clock, the HSOC is an interagency organization fusing law enforcement,

    national intelligence, emergency response, and private sector reporting that is manned at all

    times. The HSOC facilitates homeland security information-sharing and operational

    coordination with other Federal, State, local, tribal, and nongovernmental Emergency Operations


     C. Incident Annexes. These address contingency or hazard situations requiring specialized application of the NRP. The Incident Annexes describe the missions, policies,

    responsibilities, and coordination processes that govern the interaction of public and private

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    entities engaged in incident management and emergency response operations across a spectrum

    of potential hazards. These annexes are typically augmented by a variety of supporting plans and

    operational supplements.

     D. Incident of National Significance. Based on criteria established in HSPD-5 (paragraph 4), an actual or potential high-impact event that requires a coordinated and effective

    response by an appropriate combination of Federal, State, local, tribal, nongovernmental, and/or

    private-sector entities in order to save lives and minimize damage, and provide the basis for

    long-term community recovery and mitigation activities.

     E. Interagency Incident Management Group (IIMG). The IIMG is a Federal headquarters-level multi-agency coordination entity that facilitates strategic Federal domestic

    incident management for Incidents of National Significance. The Secretary of Homeland

    Security activates the IIMG based on the nature, severity, magnitude, and complexity of the

    threat or incident. The Secretary, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) may activate the

    IIMG for high-profile, large-scale events that present high-probability targets, such as National

    Special Security Events, and in heightened threat situations. The IIMG is comprised of senior

    representatives from DHS components, other Federal departments and agencies, and Non-

    Governmental Organizations (NGO), as required.

     F. Mission Assignment. The vehicle used by the Federal Emergency Management

    Agency (FEMA) to support Federal operations in a Stafford Act major disaster or emergency

    declaration. It orders immediate, short-term emergency response assistance when an applicable

    State or local government is overwhelmed by the event and lacks the capability to perform, or

    contract for, the necessary work.

     G. National Incident Management System (NIMS). A system mandated by HSPD-5 that provides a consistent, nationwide approach for Federal, State, local, and tribal governments;

    the private sector; and NGOs to work effectively and efficiently together to prepare for, respond

    to, and recover from domestic incidents, regardless of cause, size, or complexity. To provide for

    interoperability and compatibility among Federal, State, local, and tribal capabilities, the NIMS

    includes a core set of concepts, principles, and terminology.

     H. National Resource Coordination Center (NRCC). The NRCC is a multiagency center that provides overall Federal response coordination for Incidents of National Significance

    and emergency management program implementation. DHS/EPR/FEMA maintains the NRCC

    as a functional component of the HSOC in support of incident management operations.

     I. NRP Principal Planner. Individual assigned responsibility by the head of

    bureaus/offices for interagency coordination, planning, preparedness and response activities for

    NRP Emergency Support Functions (ESF), Incident Annexes or Support Annexes which are

    delegated to the bureau/office in accordance with this chapter.

     J. Regional Resource Coordination Center (RRCC). The RRCC is a standing facility operated by FEMA that is activated to coordinate regional response efforts, establish Federal

    priorities, and implement local Federal program support until a Joint Federal Office (JFO) is

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    established in the field and/or the Principal Federal Official (PFO), Federal Coordinating Officer

    (FCO), or Federal Resource Coordinator (FRC) can assume their NRP coordination

    responsibilities. The RRCC establishes communications with the affected State emergency

    management agency and the NRCC, coordinates deployment of the Emergency Response Team

    Advance Element (ERT-A) to field locations, assesses damage information, develops situation

    reports, and issues initial mission assignments.

     K. Support Annexes. These provide guidance and describe the functional processes and administrative requirements necessary to ensure efficient and effective implementation of NRP

    incident management objectives.

    5.4 Authorities and References.

     A. Homeland Security Act of 2002, Public Law 107-296 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.),

    November 25, 2002.

     B. National Response Plan (NRP), 5 December, 2004.

     C. National Incident Management System (NIMS), March 1, 2004.

     D. Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, (Pub. L. 106-390),

    October 30, 2000.

     E. Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 (HSPD-5), Management of Domestic

    Incidents, February 28, 2003.

     F. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

    (CERCLA), 42 U.S.C. ?? 9601-9675 (2002), the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean

    Water Act), 33 U.S.C. ?? 1251-1387 (2002), and the National Oil and Hazardous Substances

    Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP), 40 CFR Part 300 (2003).

5.5 Policy.

     A. The Department, as a whole and through its constituent bureaus and offices, is

    committed to meet responsibilities specified in the NRP.

     B. As required by Homeland Security Presidential Directive #5, the Department of the Interior will:

     (1) Provide cooperation, resources, and support to the Secretary of Homeland

    Security in implementing the NRP, as appropriate and consistent with DOI authorities and


     (2) Designate representatives to staff the Homeland Security Operations Center

    (HSOC), National Response Coordination Center (NRCC), and Interagency Incident

    Management Group (IIMG);

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     (3) Carry out responsibilities assigned in the Emergency Support Function (ESF)

    Annexes to the NRP, developing supplemental plans and procedures as required; and

     (4) Establish connectivity with and report incidents to the National Joint Terrorism

    Task Force (NJTTF), the HSOC, and the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC).

     C. Responsibility for interagency coordination, prevention, preparedness, response, and

    recovery associated with NRP Emergency Support Functions (ESF), Incident Annexes, and

    Support Annexes may be delegated to individual bureaus or offices. Bureaus and offices

    assigned such responsibilities shall provide resources as necessary to plan and coordinate these

    activities and shall designate a NRP Principal Planner to serve as focal point for managing these

    responsibilities (see paragraph 5.6).

     D. Bureaus and offices shall participate in interagency and Departmental training and

    exercise activities to ensure readiness to execute NRP responsibilities.

     E. Bureaus and offices shall provide liaison to incident command and coordination

    entities in instances when DOI lands or other interests are impacted during Incidents of National


     F. When Incidents of National Significance impact multiple bureaus or offices at the

    Federal regional level, the Interior Regional Emergency Coordinating Committee (I-RECC) may

    be activated to facilitate Departmental Coordination.

     G. Bureaus and offices shall focus support of the NRP towards missions where DOI can

    provide the best contribution by applying specialized resources and capabilities.

     H. Commitment of Departmental resources must be consistent with extant authorities.

    To the maximum extent possible, the Department will seek reimbursement for response activities

    undertaken in support of the NRP.

5.6 Responsibilities.

     A. Assistant Secretary - Policy, Management and Budget is responsible for overall

    leadership and coordination of the Department’s support to the NRP.

     B. Assistant Secretaries provide leadership and oversight to ensure bureaus and offices under their jurisdiction effectively provide support for NRP missions, and manage and execute

    delegated responsibilities.

     C. Deputy Assistant Secretary - Law Enforcement and Security, provides direct

    oversight of NRP activities and assures Departmental representation on the IIMG.

     D. Director, Office of Law Enforcement and Security (OLES) provides direction for

    DOI support under the NRP; assures Departmental connectivity, coordination, and representation

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    as required at the HSOC, NJTTF and NCTC; and is assigned responsibility for management of

    Departmental responsibilities related to ESF#13 (Public Safety and Security), the Terrorism

    Incident Law Enforcement and Investigation Incident Annex.

     E. Departmental Emergency Coordinator is responsible for assuring Departmental responsibilities under the NRP are effectively planned and executed; preparing guidance and

    procedures for implementing policy contained within this chapter; representing the Department

    at DHS/FEMA on matters related to NRP planning, preparedness, and response activities not

    otherwise delegated; planning, preparedness, and response activities related to Emergency

    Support Function #5 (Emergency Management) and the Catastrophic Incident Annex; and

    assuring coordination of Department-wide response activities during Incidents of National


     F. Heads of Bureaus and Offices are responsible for supporting NRP mission

    requirements assigned to the Department, consistent with Departmental priorities. The following

    Directors and Heads of Office are delegated responsibility for interagency coordination, planning, preparedness and response activities associated with NRP Emergency Support Functions (ESF),

    Incident Annexes and Support Annexes, and shall designate NRP Principal Planners to execute

    these responsibilities:

     (1) Office of Wildland Fire Coordination (OWFC). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP which involve application of wildland fire resources, specifically:

    ESF#1 (Transportation), ESF#4 (Firefighting), ESF#6 (Mass Care, Housing and Human

    Services), ESF#7 (Resource Support and Logistics Management), and the Logistics Management

    and Private Sector Coordination Support Annex.

     (2) Office of Financial Management (PFM). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP Financial Management Support Annex, providing procedures and

    guidance to bureaus and offices regarding mission financial management and reimbursement,

    and coordinating financial information related to operational activities.

     (3) Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP ESF#2 (Communications).

     (4) Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance (OEPC). Manages the Departmental responsibilities under the National Response Plan for that portion of ESF #11

    (Agriculture and Natural Resources) covering Protection of Natural and Cultural Resources and

    Historic Properties (NCH Resources). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the National

    Response Plan for ESF #10 (Oil and Hazardous Materials response), and the Oil and Hazardous

    Materials Incident Annex.

     (5) Office of Communications (OCO). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP ESF#15 (External Affairs) and the Public Affairs Support Annex.

     (6) Office of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP Worker Safety and Health Support Annex.

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     (7) Office of Insular Affairs (OIA). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP International Coordination Support Annex and ensures that the interests of Insular

    Areas are adequately represented in NRP planning, preparedness, and response.

     (8) Bureau of Reclamation (BOR). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP ESF#3 (Public Works and Engineering).

     (9) U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP under the part of ESF #11 (Agriculture and Natural Resources) covering Animal

    and Plant Disease and Pest Response, ESF#14 (Long Term Community Recovery and

    Mitigation), the Science and Technology Support Annex, the Biological Incident Annex, Cyber

    Incident Annex, and the Food and Agriculture Incident Annex.

     (10) Minerals Management Service (MMS). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP ESF#12 (Energy).

     (11) Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Manages Departmental responsibilities under the NRP Tribal Relations Support Annex, and ensures that the interest of tribes and Native

    Alaskans are adequately represented in NRP planning, preparedness and response.

5.7 NRP Principal Planners. Bureaus and offices delegated responsibilities for Emergency

    Support Functions (ESF), Incident Annexes, and/or Support Annexes shall designate an NRP

    Principal Planner to manage planning, preparedness, and response activities related to the

    assigned ESF or annex. NRP Principal Planners shall:

     A. Serve as the DOI point of contact for other departments and agencies for activities

    related to the assigned ESF, Incident, or Support annex.

     B. Manage Departmental responsibilities under the assigned annex. This includes:

     (1) Coordination with other bureaus and offices as needed to support the annex, to

    ensure a unified DOI approach to and participation in prevention, preparedness, response, and

    recovery activities under the annex.

     (2) Establishing procedures and providing guidance to assure readiness to respond

    to ESF or other annex activation and mission assignments on a 24/7 basis.

     (3) Ensuring coordination with Bureau or Office Emergency Coordinators for

    National Response Plan annex-related activities..

     C. Keep the Departmental Emergency Coordinator apprised of all NRP activities.

     D. Coordinate mission assignments in a manner which will optimize reimbursement for

    resources deployed to support NRP activities.

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     E. During response activities, assure compliance with reporting requirements in 900

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     F. OLES shall provide coordination for all ESF, Incident, and Support Annexes which

    are not specifically assigned to a bureau or office.

     G. Tables 5.1, 5.2, and 5.3 summarize bureau and office assignments under the NRP:

Table 5.1

    Principal DOI EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTIONS (ESF) Planner ESF-1 OWFC Transportation

    ESF 2 OCIO Communications

    ESF-3 BOR Public Works and Engineering

    ESF-4 OWFC Firefighting

    ESF-5 OLES Emergency Management

    ESF-6 OWFC Mass Care, Housing and Human Services

    ESF-7 OWFC Resource Support

    ESF-8 OLES Public Health and Medical Services

    DOI not assigned as ESF-9 NRP Primary or Urban Search and Rescue

    Support Agency ESF-10: OEPC Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

    Agriculture and Natural Resources ESF-11 USGS (Animal and Plant Disease and Pest Response)

    Agriculture and Natural Resources ESF-11 OEPC (Natural & Cultural Resources and Historic Properties)

    ESF-12 MMS Energy

    ESF-13 OLES Public Safety and Security

    Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation ESF-14 USGS

    ESF-15 OCO External Affairs

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    Table 5.2

    SUPPORT ANNEXES Principal DOI Planner Financial Management PFM International Coordination OIA Logistics Management OWFC Private Sector Coordination OWFC Public Affairs OCO Science & Technology USGS Tribal Relations BIA Volunteer and Donations DOI not assigned as NRP Coordinating or

    Cooperating Agency Management Support

    Worker Safety and Health OHS

Table 5.3

    INCIDENT ANNEXES Principal DOI Planner Biological Incident USGS Catastrophic Incident OLES Cyber Incident OCIO Food and Agriculture Incident USGS Nuclear/Radiological Incident OLES Oil & Hazardous Materials Incident OEPC Terrorism Incident Law OLES Enforcement and Investigation

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