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The Religious Calendar of Antic Rome - Dario Sabbatucci, La

By Sandra Bell,2014-08-12 09:50
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The Religious Calendar of Antic Rome - Dario Sabbatucci, La ...

    th Camelia-Ionela Strungari, student IVyear,

    Romanian and Latin Language and Literature, Faculty of Letters, “Babeş-Bolyai” University

Adviser: Bogdan Neagotă, lecturer, Faculty of Letters, “Babeş-Bolyai” University

Dario Sabbatucci, La religione di Roma antica dal calendario festivo all’ordine

    cosmico, Edizioni Seam, Formello (RM), 1999, 463p.

    The book of Dario Sabbatucci, disciple of Rafaele Pettazzoni and professor of Ancient Religions at the Department of Historical-Religious Studies from “La

    Sapienza” University (Rome), is an approach on Roman Religion from the Republican period through its festive calendar. The material is divised in a chronological perspective, after a monthly norm, with a short presentation of each feast or ceremonial:

    1. January (Calendae, Ianua, Vediovis şi Esculap, Compitalia, Agonalia, Carmentalia,

    Iuturna, Iuppiter Stator, Feriae Sementivae)

    2. February (Februa, Iuno Sospita, Faunus, Parentalia, Lupercalia, Fornacalia,

    Quirinalia, Feralia, Caristia, Terminalia, Regifugium, Equirria) 3. March (Mars, Calendae, the ceremonials of the Saliae, Equirria-Mamuralia, Anna

    Perenna, Argeii, Liberalia-Agonalia, Quinquatrus, Minerva, Tubilustrium,

    Q.R.C.F.)

    4. April (Calendae, Nonae and Iduo, Fordicidia, Cerialia, Parilia, Vinalia, Robigalia,

    Ludi Megalenses, Ludi Ceriales, Ludi Florales)

    5. May (Calendae, Lemuria, Argeii, Mercur, Agonalia Tubilustrium and Comitia

    calata, Fortuna Publica and Primigenia, Ambarvalia)

    6. June (Calendae, Bellona, Dius Fidius, Ludi Piscatori, Mens, Vestalia, Matralia,

    Quinquatrus minusculae, Summanus, Fors Fortuna)

    7. July (Calendae, Poplifugia, Nonae caprotinae, Ludi Apollinares, Iduo, Dies

    Alliensis, Lucaria, Neptunalia, Furrinalia, Concordia)

    8. August (Calendae, the Crucifixion of the dogs, Salus, Sol indiges, Hercules, Diana,

    Portunalia, Vinalia, Consualia, Volcanalia, Mundus apertus, Opiconsivia,

    Volturnalia)

    9. September (Calendae, Ludi Magni/Romani, Iuppiter Optimus Maximus, Equorum

    probatio)

    10. Octomber (Calendae, Iuppiter Fulgur et Iuno Quiris, Meditrinalia, Fontinalia,

    October equus, Armilustrium)

    11. November (cf. September)

    12. December (Gaia and Tiberinus, Agonalia, Iduo, Consualia, Saturnalia, Opalia,

    Divalia, Larentalia)

    A special attention is accorded to the structure of the Archaical calendar (assigned to Numa Pompilius) and of the Republican Roman calendar, before (the problem of the interpolations) and after the reform of Julius Cesar (the system proposed by Sosigenes from Alexandria). The analyses is very clear and rigorously presented, transforming the book also in a synthetical introduction to the living Roman Religion from a certain historical period, based exclusively on literary ancient sources. Much more, the thematics is common not only to a historical-religious approach, but also to a historic anthropological perspective, and can be amplified in this direction. In this context, we think that the methodological perspective followed in this book can be also useful for a comparative anthropological approach of the popular ceremonials and feasts in Antiquity and in the European Middle Ages or Modernity.

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