Period 2 Reading and writing
Target language 目标语言
1. Words & phrases生词和短语
noise, stay, shout, throw, shoulder, catch, greet, wedding, light, around, pour, mobile, body 2. Key sentences重点句子
For example, you usually shake hands with people when you meet them for the first time. You must say Mr. and Mrs. when you speak to older people, but you can use first names with your friends.
You can only drink tea at a tea party, not coffee or juice.
In buses or trains, the other passengers are very quiet, and you mustn’t talk too loudly.
In some trains you can’t even use your mobile phone.
Then the woman mustn’t arrive at the church on time but a few minutes late.
The girl who catches them will be next to get married.
Ability goals 能力目标
Enable students to read and write a passage about traditional life in China. Teaching important/difficult points 教学重难点
How to use must, mustn’t, can and can’t.
A projector or some pictures and some small pieces of paper, a tape recorder Teaching procedures and ways教学过程与方式
Step I Revision and lead-in
In this procedure, ask students to talk about the pictures in activity 1. T: As we know, the custom and traditional life is different in different countries. Now please look at the pictures in activity 1 on page 98. What can you see? What are the people doing? Ask the students to say the words and write them down.
S: In picture 1, there are four people standing around the table. They are having a meal. S: In picture 2, there is a man and a woman. They are holding a wedding. Then ask them to work in pairs and talk about the topics given in activity 2. T: Look at activity 2. There are some actions. What must we do? What mustn’t we do? Can you
give some advice? Let’s have a discussion in fours again before reading the passage. Sample:
S: When you greet people, you should first say hello to them and then shake hands with them. But don’t kiss when you are in England.
S: When we have a tea party in China, we can talk freely and eat anything we like. And we can have a tea party anytime anywhere.
S: But in England, you can’t have tea after 4:30, and can’t drink coffee or juice.
S: Making noise is impolite in China when having a meal. But in Japan, you’d better make some
noise to show that you like the food.
S: Chinese never have weddings in churches. They have it at home.
Ask some students to have a report in front of the class.
Step II Listening and reading
In this procedure, ask students to listen and read the passage. Make sure they can match the
meaning of the passage.
T: We have just discussed some customs. Let’s come to activity 3 to see if your report is fit for the true fact. Please listen to the tape with your books closed. After listening, answer a question: Which ones can you see in the pictures?
Play the tape and check the answers.
Then ask students to read the passage and activities 4 and 6. Check the answers with the class. Speaking
Ask students to read the passage carefully again and talk about the differences of traditional life in England and China.
T: After reading, we learned that there are some differences of traditional life in England and China. What are the differences? Now work in pairs and have a talk.
S1: What are the differences when people are on the bus in China and England? S2: When people are on the bus, people in China often chat, but in England, you mustn’t talk too
Ask some pairs to work in front of the class.
Step III Writing
In this procedure, ask students to write a passage about what you must, mustn’t/can’t do in China.
First ask them to write notes using the table in activity 7.
You must offer your guests tea.
You mustn’t talk too loudly at table.
You must take a gift with both of your hands.
You mustn’t call the names the elders.
Then ask students to write the passage down.
Advice for visitors: traditional life in China
The Chinese will nod or bow slightly as an initial greeting. Handshakes are also popular; wait, however, for your Chinese counterpart to initiate the gesture.
If you visit a school, theater, or other workplace, it is likely that you will be greeted with applause as a sign of welcome. In turn, you should respond by applauding back.
The Chinese do not use their hands when speaking, and will only become annoyed with a speaker who does.
To summon attention, turn your palm down, waving your fingers toward yourself.
Use your whole hand rather than your index finger to point.
The Chinese, especially those who are older and in positions of authority, dislike being touched by strangers.
Acknowledge the most senior person in a group first.
Smiling is not as noticeable in China, since there is a heavy emphasis on repressing emotion.
Members of the same sex may hold hands in public.
Public displays of affection, such as kissing, between the sexes are frowned upon.
Do not put your hands in your mouth, as it is considered vulgar. When in public, avoid biting your nails, removing food from your teeth, and similar practices.
Blowing your nose with a handkerchief is also acceptable.
Step IV Homework
Ask students to
1. read the passage repeatedly.
2. finish activities 9—11 on pages 158-159 in the workbook.