Checklist for Evaluating the Incorporation of DRR
into the CCA/UNDAF Process
This checklist may be reviewed by the subgroup of the CCA and UNDAF, which is dealing with
disaster risk reduction concerns. It provides an in-depth set of questions to assess whether the
CCA-UNDAF process is rigorously integrating DRR. It is not necessary for this checklist to be
assessed at the level of RC or at the level of UNCT as a whole.
Definition of disaster risk reduction: The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimise vulnerabilities and disaster risks
throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness)
the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development.
? Has the CCA preparation or support to the Country Analytical Work involved the
building of risk scenarios in the respective areas by the UNCT?
? Has each of the Theme Groups developed the process supported the development
of indicators of disaster risk and vulnerability?
? Have risk assessments, vulnerability mapping, and analysing trends of disaster
impacts, hazards and vulnerability been conducted and included in the analysis
(were experts consulted where necessary)?
? Has the process supported the recording, analysing, summarizing and
CCA – challenges dissemination of statistical information on disaster occurrence?
? Have all the UN Agencies (resident and non-resident) been consulted, and their
mandates been considered in this process?
? Has the UNCT participated in formulation of national policies that address DRR
especially as they impact on their own mandates?
? Has the UNCT encouraged the involvement of disaster management experts,
technicians and specialist within the policy-planning process? ? Has the UNCT supported the adoption of participatory frameworks for policy
planning at community level?
? Can they attest to the participation of key vulnerable stakeholders especially
women and disadvantaged groups in policy formulation? ? Has the UNCT promoted the involvement of the private sector and civil society
organisations and associations (including NGOs and CBOs)? ? Has the UNCT provided support for national policies that reinforce
decentralisation, particularly in the area of disaster management? ? Has the UNCT provided support to government for addressing, within the policy
formulation process, the development and strengthening of coordination
mechanisms between national and local level institutions? ? Has the UNCT been able to increase awareness at the policy level (local, national,
regional and international) of the importance of tackling employment and social Policy
challenges while facing crisis issues, by mainstreaming and prompting? ? Social equity and alleviation of poverty, considering that poor people are generally
also the most exposed to disaster risk and the most affected by crisis; ? Social dialogue process that involves different relevant stakeholders, representing
the public as well as the private sector and including the informal sector and the
most disadvantaged groups;
? Socio-economic (re) integration and vulnerability reduction of disadvantaged
socio-economic actors (women, disabled persons, youth, children, poor people,
unemployed, underemployed, among others);
? Facilitating access to social safety nets, health, knowledge, education and
vocational training for vulnerable groups;
? Has the Team provided support for the incorporation of these policies in sectoral
plans especially as they inform and reflect their mandate? ? Has the Team framed monitoring systems to verify and evaluate the performance
and the process of policy application?
? Has support for the development, enactment or modification of legislation to
support disaster risk management been offered by the UNCT within the context of
fulfillment of their own mandates?
? Can they attest that the establishment of the national disaster reduction strategy has
a sound legislative basis, that is, it is fully integrated into and consistent with other
national laws and regulations?
? Does the legislative framework aim at concretely guaranteeing citizen’s rights
(including for the most vulnerable) to security and protection from hazards?
? Does the legislative framework take into account and properly address local
specificities and differences (in terms of: development situation, technology,
informality of economic systems; particular exposure of certain areas to disaster
risk; variations in vulnerability etc.)?
? Does the legislative framework ensure the establishment of inspection mechanisms
for guaranteeing the correct application of the law? ? Does the national legislative framework clearly state institutional roles and
responsibilities in terms of law application and inspection, through the
coordination of national and local level institutions? ? Does the legal framework provide incentives (e.g. for enterprises, corporate social
responsibility) encouraging the adoption of social responsible behaviours in terms
Legal and Regulatory Systems of risk reduction?
? Has the UNCT supported widespread consultation (also involving experts) about
proposed legal reforms as well as the broader ownership of change? ? Have linkages and collaboration between legislators and implementing authorities
been strengthened as a result of the input of the UNCT? ? Are there clear definitions of roles and responsibilities of organisations and
institutions in enforcement of legislation?
? Are there mechanisms in place for ensuring inspection and respect of the laws?
? Are there mechanisms in place for compliance with laws and regulations?
? Has the UNCT provided support for promoting regional and international co-
operation to assess and monitor regional and trans-boundary hazards? ? Has the UNCT promoted capacity building programmes for the utilisation of the
existing disaster-related rapid impact and needs assessment guidelines? Do they
consolidate the involved UN agencies’ concerns and mandates? ? Is the UNCT involved in assessing the institutional capacity (national and local
level) to formulate and implement national policies?
? Has the UNCT provided support for strengthening institutional and human
resource capacity for implementing programmes and plans that mainstream DRR
into national frameworks, with a view to addressing the local level? ? Has the UNCT assessed national capacity to evaluate risk within the context of
previously defined risk scenarios?
? Has the UNCT offered support for building capacity as regards decisions on
acceptable levels of risk and more so in so far as it fulfils their mandate? ? Has the UNCT provided support for strengthening local capacities to implement
disaster management and risk reduction interventions (provision of training Capacity-building
packages and knowledge tools for strengthening prevention, preparedness and
? Has the UNCT promoted capacity building initiatives at the community level, by
involving the civil society, vulnerable populations and the public and private
sectors (including business development services, if any), in order to: ? Sensitise socio-economic actors (including vulnerable groups and those working in
the informal sector) about the possible implications of their socio-economic
behaviours on risk construction;
? Empower them to protect themselves and their properties from disaster risk and
impact, and guide them towards risk-sensitive behaviours.
? Has the Country Team mapped available resources, in terms of knowledge and
knowledge providers, in order to fully exploit what exists and not to duplicate
efforts regional and national level)?
? Have they assisted in the development and strengthening of regional networks to
support South-to-South and North-to-South cooperation and knowledge and
? Have they facilitated the setting up of efficient communication system and
networks connecting relevant actors of the private and public sector, for knowledge
management and sharing?
? Has the UNCT supported the dissemination of elementary information on disaster
risks and protection options?
? Has the Team assisted in strengthening networks among disaster experts and
disaster specialised research centres?
? Have they according to their mandate promoted and facilitated dialogue and co-
operation among scientific communities with a view to sharing knowledge? ? Has the UNCT supported for taking stock of lessons learnt and best practice and for
? Has the Team supported the implementation of local risk assessment and disaster
preparedness programmes in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions of
? Has the UNCT supported the development of training and learning programmes
and modules on DRR?
? Has the UNCT promoted public awareness initiatives, especially at the community
? Have they ensured that information and warnings reach communities and,
particularly, vulnerable groups?
Knowledge and information sharing ? Have they promoted the engagement of the media in order to stimulate a culture of
disaster resilience and strong community involvement in DRR? ? Have they provided support for research on the development of technologies to
? Has the UNCT provided infrastructural support for institutions involved in
scientific, technological and technical applications needed for research, analysis
and mapping of hazards?
? Has the UNCT supported the stocktaking and dissemination of relevant lessons
learnt and best practices related to disaster management (at the global, ? Has the UNCT promoted the analysis of the possible implications on disaster risk
management due to the ‘cultural conflict’ between science-based knowledge and
traditional knowledge systems developed by communities, including adaptive
? Has community-based knowledge legacy been recuperated, re-evaluated and
considered as critical knowledge, thanks to UNCT input?
? Has the UNCT as per their mandate, supported the development of early warning
systems that are people centred?
? Has the UNCT promoted the incorporation of indigenous and community-based
early warning knowledge into local early warning systems? ? Has the Team promoted the establishment of institutional capacities to ensure that
early warning systems are well integrated into governmental policy? ? Have they provided support in the preparation and review of disaster preparedness
and contingency plans?
? Has the UNCT committed to supporting the establishment of emergency funds for
? Has the Team, through its wide international network supported the acquisition of
appropriate equipment to detect disasters? Early Warning Systems
? Has the UNCT assisted in establishing communication with regional institutions
and organisations that possess early warning capacity? ? Has the UNCT contributed to facilitate the timely and widespread access to
? Has the UNCT encouraged the sustainable use and management of ecosystems,
including better land-use?
? Has the UNCT supported the implementation of integrated environmental and
natural resource management plans?
? Have thy participated in promoting mechanisms for improving food security? ? Have they supported national partners in promoting diversified income options for
populations in high-risk areas to reduce their vulnerability to hazards? ? Has the UNCT partnered with national and regional partners in the development of
financial risk-sharing mechanisms?
? How effective has the UNCT been in promoting the establishment of public-
private partnerships to better engage the private sector in disaster risk reduction
? Has the UNCT supported the incorporation of disaster risk assessment into the
urban planning and management of disaster prone human settlements, particular in
highly populated areas and quickly urbanizing settlements? ? Supporting the incorporation of disaster risk assessment into rural development
planning and management; Other efforts to reduce underlying risk
? Has the UNCT supported initiatives such as the revision or development of new
building codes, standards, rehabilitation and reconstruction practices? ? Has the UNCT examined and raised an awareness of the role that insurance
companies need to play in DRR?
? Has the UNCT acted as an advocate in providing incentives for the allocation of
resources for the implementation of disaster risk reduction policies, programmes,
laws and regulations in all relevant sectors of national and local administrative
? Has the Team helped national partners in identification of clear criteria for
measuring the use and effectiveness of such resources? ? Has the UNCT assisted in sensitising the national administrators to the value of
improving understanding of the costs and benefits of risk reduction alternatives
and how to assess them?
? Has the Team advocated for the prioritisation of disaster risk reduction in IFIs’
development policies, in particular, ensuring that hazard risk is taken fully into
account in preparing country and regional assistance programmes and poverty
? Has the UNCT supported developing and piloting alternative and creative financial Financial Resources
strategies and instruments for managing and financing disaster risk, risk transfer
and risk retention?
? How effective is the UNCT in identifying and overcoming political and
institutional disincentives to investing in disaster risk reduction? ? Has the UNCT assisted in redressing the bias towards short-term expenditure for
emergency relief assistance following a disaster, in favour of, longer-term
investment in development initiatives to reduce disaster vulnerability and risk?