Theme 3 - Lesson 3

By Ryan Lopez,2014-05-07 11:02
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Theme 3 - Lesson 3

Theme III Interdependence

    Indiana in Motion: You Can Get There from Here


This lesson explores Indiana's physical connections to the world through transportation systems,


    road, rail, air, and water.


As a result of this lesson, students will be able to:

    1. Identify Indiana's highway, waterway, and rail routes and trace their national and international


2. Locate key air and port facilities and explain their relationships to other modes of transportation;

    3. Use a map to identify Indiana communities and explain how they are connected to the world

    by transportation and communication systems;

    4. Research the systems which are used to transport products, people, and ideas from Indiana to

    the world;

    5. Hypothesize about ways that Indiana's transportation infrastructure brings Indiana closer to other

    parts of the world and other parts of the world closer to Indiana;

    6. Identify examples of public goods in their own community.


    Infrastructure. Systems which support development, including transportation, communication,

    education, utilities, etc.

Mode of transportation. Type of transportation technology, such as rail, aviation, highway, or


    Intermodal transportation. Movement of persons or goods involving more than one type of transportation.

    Hub. A transfer point between two or more modes of transportation.

    Export markets. Markets for Indiana goods in other countries. Public good. A good that the market is either unable or unwilling to provide. Public goods are

    usually provided by the government. National defense and roads are two examples.


One or two class



Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3


     Handouts 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5

     Overhead projector

     Transparencies of Handouts 1-4

     Outline maps: Indiana, the United States, the World (pages 37-38) Indiana road maps

     U.S. atlas

     Marker pens in blue, red, and other colors

     Gold stars or other stickers

     Handout 6: Did You Know? Card: Ports of Indiana


    1. Ask students if they have ever heard the expression "You can't get there from here." Do they think

    that this saying is true, as far as their own community or the state of Indiana is concerned? Provide

    each student with a copy of Handout 1: Indiana Roadways (scale for map is 2.5" = 100 miles; 1.5" _ 100 km; 63mm = 100 miles; 39.5mm = 100 km). On an Indiana road map, have students

    identify interstate highways passing through Indiana and trace them in red marker pen. Other

    major routes should be traced in blue ink. Have students use the map to locate Indiana cities and

    their own community.

    2. Discuss the terms infrastructure and mode of transportation. Ask students to describe the types of infrastructure and mode of transportation that they have highlighted on their maps so far. How do

    they think that these systems support different types of development in their community?

    3. Have students use Handouts 2, 3, and 4 (scale for maps is 2.5" = 100 miles; 1.5" = 100 km;

    63mm = 100 miles; 39.5mm = 100 km) to identify additional modes of transportation, including

    rail, air, and maritime, and indicate these modes on their maps with different colors. Explain that

    these are examples of public goods provided by government because they are too expensive or not

    worth the risk for people to provide on their own.

    4. Layer transparencies of Handouts 1-4 on top of one another to demonstrate the complexity of

    Indiana's intermodal transportation system. Have students identify major bubs (see Handout 5),

    where transfers from one mode of transportation to another can take place, and use stars to designate these places on their maps. How do these places relate to natural geographic features in

    Indiana? Which hubs and modes of transportation serve the students' own community? How do

    these modes of transportation connect Indiana to other states and other parts of the world?

    5. Using an atlas and an outline map of the United States, have students trace four modes of

    transportation from Indiana to U.S. cities that have major ports or other international transportation

    facilities (e.g., Chicago, St. Louis, New York, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Dallas, Houston,

    Atlanta). Discuss with


Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3

    students the factors to be considered in choosing modes of transportation for different types of

    goods. (Some factors might be cost, speed, volume to be transported, security, and location of


    6. Hold a roundtable discussion on the importance of Indiana's physical connections to the world.

    Ask students to consider the implications of being in closer contact with the rest of the world.

    What kinds of changes can increased international contacts bring to Indiana? What changes might

    be taken to other countries?


    Ask students to consider the expression "You can't get there from here" once again. Does this seem to

    hold true for Indiana? Have students suggest new ideas for an expression or motto that describes

    Indiana's transportation system and its international connections. Student maps and mottos can be

    displayed on a bulletin board or around the room.


    Have students develop an export plan for a local or nearby product. On a world map, have them trace

    the paths and describe the modes of transportation they would use to move that product to Indiana's

    major export destinations, including Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, Mexico, and Germany. As

    an alternative, have students imagine that they plan to travel to each of these countries on business and

    develop travel plans using different modes of transportation.


    1. Have students write to local businesses to ask where the products they produce are exported (see

    Theme III, Lesson 2) or where the products they sell come from and the modes of transportation


2. Interview a local business person to learn how a local product is transported to other states or


    3. Research Indiana's ports (see: Did You Know?: Ports of Indiana). If possible, plan a field trip to

    one of the ports to learn about the economic activities it supports. 4. Another way to think about Indiana's connections to the world is through the Internet. Go to

    the Cyberspace Atlas at and see how Cyber-geographers

    visualize our virtual ties to the rest of the world.


     Official website of Indiana's public port system, including Burus Harbor International Port,

    Southwind Maritime Center, and Clark Maritime Center:


Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3



    Source: Intermodal Management System, Indiana Department of Transportation, 1997.


Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3


    Source: Intermodal Management System, Indiana Department of Transportation, 197.


Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3



    Source: lntermodal Management System, Indiana Department of Transportation, 1997.


Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3


    Source: lntermodal Management System, Indiana Department of Transportation, 1997.


Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3



    Source: Intermodal Management System: Indiana Department of Transportation, 1997


    Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3




Indiana's waterways and ports play critical roles in moving goods to domestic and world

    markets. No oceans lap our boundaries, but Indiana is blessed with ample waterborne trade. The

    Ohio River flows along our southern boundary, and Lake Michigan washes our state's

    northwestern shore. Hoosier farmers and manufacturers are able to use the state's waterways to

    ship agricultural commodities and manufactured goods south on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans on the Gulf of Mexico and east via the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway to

    Europe and the world. Today, Indiana's International Port and the two public ports on the Ohio

    River are thriving centers of maritime commerce. More than $2 billion in private investment has helped create 5,700 family-wage jobs in Indiana. Indiana's public ports are a tribute to the

    vision of an earlier generation of Indiana government and business executives.

Three major ports, moving many different types of materials, are operated by the state of


     The International Port at Burns Harbor, Portage: grain and all types of steel; The Southwind Maritime Center, Mount Vernon: coal, grain, logs, and soybeans; The Clark Maritime Center, Jeffersonville: steel rods, steel coils, scrap, steel, paper,

    hardboard, corn soybeans, wheat, oats, salt fertilizer, sand, aggregate, machinery, concrete,

    logs, pig iron, gypsum, and glass.

    Other ports are operated by specific industries, including LTV Steel, Inland Steel, USX Corporation, and Mulzer Stone.

A port serves but one purpose, the transfer of freight from one mode of transportation to

    another. In order to be cost effective, that transfer must be fast and efficient. In Indiana,

    products usually reach our ports by rail or highway for transfer to ships. Water routes offer an

    extremely efficient way to move a large volume of material. This is particularly cost effective

    for bulk commodities that do not require speed of shipment. The ports of Indiana do not

    necessarily send the commodities directly to a foreign port. Often the materials are sent to ports

    along the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway, or along the Ohio, or the Mississippi River for

    further manufacturing. Eventually, the finished product is shipped to other ports all over the world.

     For further information on Indiana ports:


Theme III Interdependence Lesson 3





Indiana exports reached an all-time high of $13.47 billion in 1999. Those exports came from

    companies located all over the state of Indiana. These firms manufacture a variety of products: bath

    rugs, blood analyzers, cold-rolled steel, and Ping-Pong tables. Their size varies from 10 employees to

    over 7,000. Foreign investment is also important to the state. There are close to 200 Japanese-owned companies in Indiana employing nearly 35,000 Hoosiers.



    The chances are very good that there is a company in your community that exports, imports, or is

    foreign owned. There are a variety of ways to locate these companies.

     First, begin by asking your students where their parents work and whether their parents'

    companies currently export or import. The parents do not need to be in management positions.

    They could be involved in purchasing, engineering, or packaging. The business section of your local paper might carry stories about area companies that export.

    Your paper's business editor or business reporter might be able to tell you who is active in

    international trade in your community.

     Your community's chamber of commerce or local economic development organization is also a

    source of information. These organizations are very familiar with local businesses and may be able

    to refer you to a company involved in international commerce.

     World Trade Clubs (WTCs) are regional organizations of local businesses involved with

    international trade. There are currently five World Trade Clubs in Indiana. See page 141 in the

    Resources section for a complete list.

     The Indiana Department of Commerce (IDOC), International Trade Division is the

    export- promotion arm of the Indiana State Government. IDOC trade specialists work with small

    and medium-sized companies to enhance their export abilities. IDOC has foreign offices in Europe,

    Asia, Africa and Latin America. The International Trade Division is a good source of export

    statistics for Indiana. Contact: IDOC, One North Capitol, Suite 700, Indianapolis, IN 46204; tel:


     The U.S. Department of Commerce International Trade Administration (USDOC-ITA) offers a variety of services through the U.S. Foreign and Commercial Service at U.S. embassies worldwide,

    Indianapolis Export Assistance Center works with companies in Indiana interested in exporting to

    global markets.

     Contact: USDOC-ITA, Pinewood One, Suite 106, 11405 N. Pennsylvania St., Carmel, IN 46032;

     tel: 317.582.2300;

     There are a couple of useful Indiana-focused trade directories. One of these is the Indiana

    International Trade Directory, compiled by the Indiana Department of Commerce (IDOC) and

    published by Indiana Business Magazine. Updated annually, this directory lists companies, by

    product line, that are active in international trade. It is a very useful tool if you want to identify

    Indiana companies


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