After learning this unit, students are supposed to be able to ---grasp the key words, expressions and structures in this unit. --- listening task--- Spot dictation
---reading skills—types of reading comprehension questions ---writing skills--- general statement supported by examples ---Speaking task--- say sth. about Stress
?. Time Allocations
The 1st and 2nd periods—for listening
The 3rd and 4th periods—for speaking
The 5th and 6th periods—for reading
The 7th and 8th periods—for exercises and quiz
?. Teaching Steps
---- Lead-in Activities
----Key Words and Their Collocations ----Language Points
---- Difficult Points
----Listening & Speaking
A. Key Words and Expressions
Spin title react excess attribute
Delegate emphasis argument
Stir recommend independent
Stimulate priority viewpoint
troublesome flee temper be out of control blow one’s top ,blow apart ,cut down ,keep sth. in mind
B. Key Sentence Patterns
So says Dr.Robert S.Eliot , author of a new book titled From
Stress to Strength :How to Lighten Your Load and Save Your
The hotter people get, physiologically, with mental stress, the
more likely they are to blow apart with some heart problem. ?.Difficult Points
a) If you often feel angry and overwhelmed, like the stress in
your life is spinning out of control, then you may be
hurting your heart. (L1)
b) “What happens is that the hotter people get,
physiologically, with mental stress, the more likely they
are to blow apart with some heart problem.”(L36)
2. Writing techniques of this text:
3. Reading skills
---finding out word meanings
1. Listening--- home listening
2. Intensive Reading--- do exercises on p.182—189 and read
section B & C
4. On-line discussion---How do you deal with stress when you
are under pressure?
Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life
?. Lead-in Activities
Questions for answer
1) According to Dr.Robert S.Eliot, what should you do if you don’t want to break
2) For those who are called “hot reactors”, what may be the result of being tense?
3) According to Eliot, what did researchers find through years of work? 4) What main factors, according to Eliot, cause harmful levels of stress? 5) What kinds of people does the author mention to illustrate “the root of their stress
6) What new factors does Eliot recommend in order to calm yourselves down? 7) What does the example of Ben Franklin show?
8) From Eliot’s viewpoint, how do we face all the problems and difficulties in our
?. Background Information
1. Dr. Robert S. Eliot
The author of the book: From Stress to Strength: How to Lighten Your Load and
Save Your Life.
2. The University of Nebraska
The university (1869) has four campuses. Its main campus is located in Lincoln,
where colleges of arts and sciences, agriculture, education, architecture,
engineering, and technology, business administration, home economics,
journalism, and law warehoused. Item Omaha campus has courses leading to
bachelor’s and master’s degrees. The University of Nebraska’s medical center has
colleges of medicine, nursing, dentistry, and pharmacy.
3. Benjamin (Ben) Franklin
?. Key Words and Their Collocations 1. excess:通常指用于超过平常或允许范围而额外的?附加的这层含
义?只能作定语。如?My cases were too heavy, and the airline charged
me $20 for excess luggage.
2. excessive表示在数量或程度上太多了?可作 定语或表语。
She takes an excessive interest in clothes.
be out of control
become no longer manageable
The children are out of control.
The situation was out of our control.
Politicians always raise his blood pressure.
blow one's top
lose one's temper
My father will blow his top when he sees what happened to the car.
When he told her how much it cost, she blew her top.
stir in one's own juice
suffer from unpleasant feelings
break by an explosion
His car had been blown apart.
on one's trail
on one's way
reduce the amount or quantity of sth.
The factory cannot afford to employ any more workers, so it will have to cut down
In these times of rising prices, we must all cut down on our spending. 在这个物价上涨的时期?我们都必须紧缩开支。
keep sth. in mind
You must keep your parents' needs in mind when you make your decisions. 当你作决定时?不要忘了你父母的需要。
We must keep in mind that the younger people might not like the idea. 我们必须考虑到?年轻人可能不喜欢这个想法。
?. Text Study
A. Text Structure Analysis The whole passage falls into 3 parts:
Part 1 (Para. 1—3): It shows the argument that the pressure in life will
Part 2 (Para. 4—11): The author explains the cause that pressure damage
health through examples. Part 3 (Para .12—20): The author indicates how to lighten pressure.
B. Language Points
1) Typical Patterns
So says Dr. Robert S. Eliot,… (Para. 3)
It's an inverted sentence. The normal order is: Dr. Robert S. Eliot … says so.
"So" refers to what is talked about in Para. 2. The reasons for the inverted order of
the sentence are that the subject of the sentence (that is: Dr. Robert S. Eliot, author of a new book titled From Stress to Strength: How to Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life) is very long and, what is more, the subject bears the new information of
the whole sentence. To keep the sentence in balance, and to achieve the end-weight
(that is: leave the complex structure towards the end of the sentence) and end-focus (that is: leave the new information towards the end of the sentence), the
word “so” is put at the very beginning and the verb comes before the subject.
Another simple example:
So goes the story. 故事如此云云。
2) Difficult Points
If you don’t want to break your own heart, you need to learn to take charge of your life where you can — and recognize there are many things beyond
your control. (Para. 2)
Meaning: If you don’t like to harm your heart, you should learn to take control of your own life where you can, and at the same time, you have to realize that you’re unable to take control over everything
…To learn to take charge of your life…(Para. 2)
take charge of: take control of (a situation, organization, or a group of people)
Please take charge of my dog while I’m away. 我不在家时请帮忙照管我的狗。
He will take charge (of it) during my time away. 我外出时由他负责。
She took charge of the family business when her father died. 她在父亲去世后负责
It creates many short circuits, and that causes crazy heart rhythms. (Para. 5)
Meaning: Damaged heart muscles cause the heart a lot of problems, which result in irregular heartbeat.
Short circuit: a faulty electrical connection that makes the current flow along the wrong path and so usually puts the power supply out of operation. Here the
expression is used in its figurative sense to mean a problem that may cause the heart to function irregularly.
The heart beats like a bag of worms instead of a pump. (Para. 5]
Meaning: The heart works badly rather than beating like a pump.
Like a bag of worms: (functioning) irregularly and without much power
1) n. [C] a machine or device for forcing water, gas or air into, out of or through sth.
water pump 抽水机
The doctor removed the contents of her stomach with a stomach pump. 医生用胃
2) vt. cause air, gas, water, etc. to move in a specified direction by using a pump
The heart pumps the blood round the body. 心脏使血液在身体内循环。
We took turns pumping out the boat. 我们轮流用泵把船里的水抽干。
C) After-text Discussion
1.How do you deal with stress when you are under pressure? 2.What attritude do you keep towards some parts of your life, which are beyond your control?
?. Writing Techniques
The cause-and-effect structure is not new to us. We came across this structure before. What is new in our reading passage or worth our attention is that we find a sort of chain of causes or effects. This is to say the first cause leads to the first effect and the first effect becomes the second cause leading to the second effect and the second effect becomes the third cause leading to still another effect.
Please look at part of Paragraph 5 and the following chart.
Part of Paragraph 5:
We’ve done years of work in showing that excess alarm or stress chemicals can literally burst heart muscle fibers. When that happens it happens very quickly, within five minutes. It creates many short circuits, and that causes crazy heart rhythms. The heart beats like a bag of worms instead of a pump. And when that happens, we can’t live.
The first cause: excess alarm or stress
The first effect:(That) can literally burst heart muscle fibers.
This is also the second cause in the chain.
The second effect: It creates many short circuits, and that causes crazy
heart rhythms. The heart beats like a bag of worms instead of a pump.
This is also the third cause in the chain.
The third effect: We can't live.
It looks a bit complicated but it represents our logical thinking and the way we present our thoughts or arguments.
?. Reading Skill
Finding Out Word Meanings: As we learned in Unit 2, we can often figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word from clues provided by context. The context clues that might be helpful for us to recognize the meaning of a new word include:
1. Some sentences give the definition for a difficult word with the help of punctuation such
as commas, dashes or parentheses.
2. Context sometimes gives examples to illustrate a difficult word rather than define it. We
can use the examples to figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word. 3. Synonyms are words or phrases that are similar in meaning. A synonym is one type of 4. Antonyms are words or phrases the have opposite meanings to other words or phrases.
Antonym coues can help you understand new words.
5. Sentences before or after a sentence that has a difficult word sometimes explain the
meaning of the word.
6. Sometimes we can use our own experiences, or our knowledge about a certain topic, to
find out the meaning of an unfamiliar word.
7. Word part clues. We can often figure out an unfamiliar word because we know the refix
or suffix attached to the root word, or the two words that make up a compound word. ?.Summary
Stress can kill you. Being tense can damage your heart so it is wise to take charge of your life and realize you cannot control everything. But you can control stress, which is caused by fear, uncertainty, doubt and lack of control. Anger may be the root of this stress, especially for hard-working professional women and people with no goals in life. To relax and take control, try the NICE factors: new, interesting, challenging experiences. And follow Ben Franklin’s example by writing down the major goals you
want to achieve in your life. For the problems over which you have no control, you have to learn to go with the flow.