COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS
EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS
DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Senator William X. Wall Experiment Station
MITT ROMNEY ELLEN ROY HERZFELDER Governor Secretary KERRY HEALEY ROBERT W. GOLLEDGE, Jr. Lieutenant Governor Commissioner
February 18, 2004
Dear Laboratory Director:
The Drinking Water Program (DWP) of the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP
or “Department”) is in the process of adopting emergency regulations that will require monitoring of public
drinking water systems for perchlorate in order to collect occurrence data to determine whether a
perchlorate maximum contaminant level (MCL) is needed. The accompanying letter from the DWP
describes this emergency monitoring program in more detail.
Laboratories wishing to be approved by DEP to participate in this monitoring program must meet the
following perchlorate analytical requirements:
1. The laboratory must be approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
for monitoring perchlorate under the UCMR (40 CFR 141.35) and have maintained
Massachusetts or resident state certification for drinking water analysis using an ion
chromatography method. The list of laboratories approved by EPA for UCMR perchlorate
monitoring can be found at:
Note that EPA approval of UCMR perchlorate laboratories was extended until January 28, 2005
(see enclosed letter).
2. The laboratory must perform the analysis using EPA Method 314.0, Revision 1.0, November
1999, Determination of Perchlorate in Drinking Water Using Ion Chromatography, as modified to
achieve the performance requirement of a minimum reporting level (MRL) for perchlorate of 1.0
3. The laboratory must demonstrate to the DEP that it can achieve the stringent performance
requirements of this regulation by:
a) Submitting to the Department's Laboratory Certification Office (LCO) at the Senator
William X. Wall Experiment Station (WES) its Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for
the analysis of perchlorate for this monitoring program using EPA Method 314.0 (note:
the SOP must clearly describe all instrumental and sample processing procedures used
to achieve a perchlorate MRL of 1.0 ?g/L).
This information is available in alternate format. Call Debra Doherty, ADA Coordinator at 617-292-5565. TDD Service - 1-800-298-2207. Lawrence Experiment Station: 1887 - 1989 ? National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark 37 Shattuck Street ? Lawrence, MA 01843-1398 ? FAX (978) 688-0352 ? Telephone (978) 975-1138 ‘DEP on the World Wide Web: http://www.mass.gov/dep’
Approval of Perchlorate Laboratories (Continued) Page-2
b) Submitting to the LCO its Initial Demonstration of Capability (IDC) for EPA Method 314.0
as described in Section 9.2 of the method except that: 1) the initial demonstration of
accuracy and precision must be determined using seven laboratory fortified blanks (LFBs)
at a perchlorate concentration of 5.0 ?g/L or lower; 2) the method detection limit (MDL)
must be determined using seven LFBs at a perchlorate concentration of 1.0 ?g/L; 3) the
matrix conductivity threshold (MCT) must be determined at a perchlorate concentration of
5.0 ?g/L or lower; and 4) a perchlorate MRL of 1.0 ?g/L must be verified by recovering
70-130% of 1.0 ?g/L perchlorate spiked in a mixed common anion solution displaying a
conductivity within ? 10% of the MCT.
c) Demonstrating to the LCO that it can achieve a perchlorate MRL of 1.0 ?g/L with a
perchlorate MDL approximately 1/3 of the MRL.
d) Passing a proficiency test (PT) for the analysis of low-level perchlorate in potable water in
a study currently being planned by the LCO (note: this study will be conducted soon after
the LCO completes the initial approval of laboratories for perchlorate analysis).
4. The laboratory must run a 0.5-?g/L perchlorate MDL-check standard daily and obtain perchlorate
recoveries of 70-130% to verify that the instrument can distinguish the difference between this
standard and the instrument noise (note: this standard is not part of the initial calibration); this requirement is also included in the EPA-Region 1 guidance on low-level perchlorate analysis.
The lowest initial calibration standard must be at a perchlorate concentration of 1.0 ?g/L or lower.
5. The laboratory must meet and fully document all the quality control requirements for each
analysis batch of field samples as specified in Sections 8.1-8.3, 9.3, 9.4, and 10.2-10.4, and in
Tables 6 and 7 of the method except that:
a) The instrument performance check solution (IPC) consisting of a mixed common anion
solution displaying a conductivity within ? 10% of the MCT must be spiked at a
perchlorate concentration of 5.0 ?g/L or lower; IPC acceptance criteria are as specified in
the method (e.g., perchlorate recovery must be 80-120%).
b) The initial calibration check standard (ICCS) must be at a perchlorate concentration of
1.0 ?g/L; perchlorate recovery for the ICCS must be 75-125% as specified in the method.
c) The LFBs must be spiked at a perchlorate concentration of 1.0 ?g/L and analyzed at the
frequency of one per batch of 20 or fewer field samples; perchlorate recovery for the LFB
must be 85-115% as specified in the method.
d) The conductivity of each field sample must be measured, documented, and reported
along with the perchlorate concentration (note: the conductivity meter calibration must be
verified or established, and documented with each analysis batch as specified in Section
10.4 of the method).
e) The laboratory fortified sample matrix (LFM) must be performed on the field sample
having the highest conductivity within the analysis batch. The LFM must be spiked at a
perchlorate concentration of 1.0 ?g/L and analyzed at the frequency of one per batch of
20 or fewer field samples (perchlorate recovery for the LFM must be 70-130%). If the
1.0-?g/L perchlorate spike is less than the measured native perchlorate level of the
unfortified sample matrix, the laboratory must repeat the LFM spiked with perchlorate at a
concentration approximately equal to its native perchlorate concentration.
f) All field samples with measured native perchlorate concentrations between 0.8 μg/L and
2.0 μg/L must be retested with and without a perchlorate spike approximately equal to the
native perchlorate concentration. The perchlorate concentration in the initial test and
retest of the field sample as well as the perchlorate spike concentration and recovery
must be documented and reported.
Approval of Perchlorate Laboratories (Continued) Page-3
g) Perchlorate concentrations measured in field samples between the MDL and the MRL
(1.0 μg/L) must be reported as estimated (J) values (i.e., perchlorate is positively present,
but tentatively quantified); this requirement is also included in the EPA-Region 1
guidance on low-level perchlorate analysis.
h) Perchlorate concentrations measured in field samples must be qualified as estimated (J)
in the report if any of the quality control requirements specified above for the analysis
batch are not met [note: the quality control requirement(s) not met must also be reported].
NOTE: Laboratories planning to seek Department approval for this perchlorate monitoring program must indicate their intention by FAX (978-688-0352) or by e-mail to John Bardzik at
email@example.com by February 25, 2004. Please include the name and address of your
laboratory, the name and telephone number of the contact person, and the target date for your
submission of the required documentation to the LCO. The LCO will acknowledge receipt of all
If your laboratory was not approved for perchlorate analysis under the UCMR but is certified by
Massachusetts or your resident state for drinking water analysis using an ion chromatography
method, can meet the other perchlorate analytical requirements specified above, and is interested
in being approved for perchlorate analysis, please notify John Bardzik as described above. The
LCO will be assessing the overall laboratory capacity for perchlorate analysis that could be made
available to support this emergency monitoring program.
Send the required documentation for DEP-LCO approval of your laboratory for perchlorate monitoring to:
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
Senator William X. Wall Experiment Station
37 Shattuck Street
Lawrence, Massachusetts 01843
If you have any questions regarding this program, please contact John Bardzik at 978-682-5237, ext. 331.
Oscar C. Pancorbo, Ph.D.
Division and Station Director
Division of Environmental Analysis
Senator William X. Wall Experiment Station
cc: Arleen O'Donnell, Deputy Commissioner, BPP, DEP, Boston
David Y. Terry, Director, Drinking Water Program, BRP, DEP, Boston
Julia Smith, Drinking Water Program, BRP, DEP, Boston
Damon Guterman, Drinking Water Program, BRP, DEP, Boston
DWP Regional Chiefs and Regional Contacts
Carol Rowan West, Office of Research & Standards, DEP, Boston
Ann Marie Allen, Director, Laboratory Certification Office, WES, DEP, Lawrence
John Bardzik, Laboratory Certification Office, WES, DEP, Lawrence
Suzanne Condon, MA DPH, Boston
Kevin Reilly, U.S. EPA-Region 1, Boston
Arthur E. Clark, Quality Assurance Unit, U.S. EPA-Region 1, North Chelmsford, MA
DEP Laboratory Advisory Committee
W:\dea-qap\External Report & Data Reviews\Perchlorate MA PWS\Approval of Perchlorate Labs - Letter to Certified Labs.doc