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Lecture 7 Painting

By Wesley Bailey,2014-02-10 06:31
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Lecture 7 Painting

    Lecture 7 Traditional Chinese Painting

    Traditional Chinese Painting dates back to the Neolithic period about six thousand

    years ago. The colored pottery with painted animals, fish, deer, and fogs can illustrate

    this.

    In terms of mode of expression, traditional Chinese painting falls into two categories:

    The xieyi (literally “painting the feeling”) school, marked by exaggeration of form

    and liberal use of ink;

    The gongbi( “meticulous brushwork”) school, characterized by strict and detailed

    representation of the subject.

    (1) It has an aesthetic theory that emphasizes the sentiments.

    (2) Different from Western painting, a Chinese painting is not restricted by the focal

    point in its perspective.焦点透视The adoption of shifting perspective enables the

    artist to express freely what he wants.

    (3)Chinese calligraphy and Chinese painting are closely related because lines are used

    in both.

    The use of lines and strokes is one of the elements that give Chinese painting its

    unique qualities.

    (4) Traditional Chinese Painting is a combination in the same picture of the arts of

    poetry, calligraphy, painting, and seal engraving.

    Mountains, rivers, plants, animals, birds, flowers, etc., can all be chosen for their

    traditional association as much as for their inherent beauty.

    pine---uprightness and immortality

    three friends of winter---pine, bamboo and prunes Peony---standing for riches and honors

    Lotus----coming out of the mire without being smeared, for purity

    Chrysanthemum---for elegance, righteousness and longevity; Prunes, for bravery, and also messenger of spring

    New Year Pictures•New Year Pictures have a long history and can be traced

    back to the Eastern Han Dynasty.

    •Originally, people painted menshen(door gods) on their doors with ink and colors to

    protect their families from devils.

    During the Tang Dynasty, pictures of door gods were gradually replaced by those of

    people from real life.

    •In the Song Dynasty, woodblock printed New Year Pictures were traded among the

    ordinary people.•New Year Pictures were gradually popularized and developed into an

    independent art form.

    •In the seventeenth century, during the period of great prosperity of the Qing

    Dynasty(1644-1911), New Year Pictures flourished along with other handicrafts.1.1.

    

    •The themes cover a wide range, from plump babies to the Old

    2. 2.

    God of Longevity, from landscapes to birds and flowers, from the ploughing cattle in

    spring to rich harvest in autumn. 3.3.

    •Human figures often show artistic exaggeration, but the message in all pictures is

    The colors most favored are red, green, purple, yellow and black---which are not only bright but

    contrast well with one another---intended to give fresh, vivid, pleasant and inspiring

    impression.The use of symbolism is another characteristic of New Year Pictures.

    •crane/peach----long life

    •Plum/peony----good fortune and happiness

    •Pomegranate/red plum---a large number of children •Facial makeups in operas •The burnt picture烫画

    •The cotton picture

    •Interior painting in snuff bottles鼻烟壶内画

    Picture mounting装裱

    •Ink paste for seals印泥

    •Water color block printing木版水印

    •The iron picture

    •The cork picture软木画 •Straw patchwork麦秸画

    Art and Literature 中国文学艺术家联合会 China Federation of Literary and Art Circle 纯文学 pure literature

    知青文学 educated youths literature 伤痕文学 trauma literature

    暴露文学 literature of exposure

    纪实小说 faction

    言情小说 romantic fiction

    武侠小说 swordsman (martial arts) novel

    广告文学 advertising literature

    痞子文学 ruffians literature

    美女作家 beauty writer

表演艺术 performance art

    写实主义 stylistic realism

    印象主义 impressionism

    超现实主义 surrealism

    立体主义 cubism

    本土主义 regionalism

    抽象画 abstract painting

    人体写生 body sketch

    写真集 photo album

    人体彩绘 body painting

    临摹 copy painting 透视 perspective

    素描 sketch 花鸟画 painting of flowers and birds

    山水画 landscape 人物画 portrait

    水墨画 painting of ink and wash

    个人画展 one-man show of painting

    丹青妙笔 the superb touch of a great painter; the touch of a master

    绘画大师 painting master

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