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Lecture 11 Wushu and Qigong

By Kathy Hicks,2014-02-10 06:29
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Lecture 11 Wushu and Qigong

    Wushu and Qigong

    What’s WUSHU called in the West?

Wushu, Chinese martial arts, known in the West as Kungfu, is a traditional folk sport

    characterized by various bare hand and armed combat techniques.

    The History of Wushu

     In primitive society, hard living conditions compelled the ancient people to use their

    stone and wooden tools as weapons to hunt and to defend themselves.Their fighting

    skills with bare hands and in using weapons formed the basis of primitive wushu.

    thth During the Shang(c.16-11 B.C) and Zhou(c.11-221B.C) dynasties, with the

    development of productive forces, especially that of the techniques in bronze casting,

    the variety of weapons increases and their quality improved.

     In the Han Dynasty(206B.C-220A.D), wushu became quite popular.

    Tang Dynasty

     During the Tang Dynasty, both military men and scholars were required to practice

    wushu.The boxing style of Shaolin Temple became very popular.

    Shaolin Temple

    Ming and Qing Dynasties

     The Ming Dynasty saw the all-round development of Chinese martial arts. Qi Jiguang

    wrote two better-known books: New Martial Arts and Military Training Record.

     In order to keep its ruling position, the government of the Qing Dynasty once

    restricted wushu practice, but that could not prevent wushu from spreading among the people.

    Types of Wushu

     Bare-handed boxing

The wielding of weapons

Combat

Collective performances

    Famous Boxing Styles

     Changquan, taijiquan, xingyiquan, nanquan, shaolinquan, tanglangquan, zuiquan…

    Weapons

     Long weapons: spears, broadsword;

     Short weapons: short swords, daggers, hooks

     Flexible weapons: nine-section cudgels, three-section cudgels

    Qi Gong

    th Qigong is believed to have started in the 17 century BC in the age of Lao Zi, the

    founder of Daoism.

     Hua Tuo, a famous physician, created China’s first structured self-strengthening

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exercise, the Five-Animal Play, incorporating movements that imitated the tiger, deer,

    bear, ape and bird. Qigong has come to a long way since then.

    Functions of Qigong 1. Invigorate and strengthen constitution

     2. Harmonize relationship between man and his environment

     3. A way to keep fit in both mind and body

    Types of Qigong The quiescent qigong, by means of concentration of the mind to have the qi move

    along the jingluo

     The dynamic qigong, by means of body movements to achieve a calmness of the mind

     The dynamic-quiescent qigong

    Seven Emotions and Six Weather Factors Joy, anger, grief, anxiety, sadness, fear and terror

     Wind, cold, summer heat, wetness, dryness and fire

     Chenjiagou, a village in Wenxian County温县, Henan Province , is famous not only

    for its wushu masters but also for being the birthplace of taijiquan.

    Majors Schools of Taiji Chen school, Yang school,Wu school, Wu school, Sun school

    Characteristics of Taijiquan A. firmness in gentleness

     B. the combination of fastness and slowness

     C. continuity of movement

Born into a wushu master’s family in Tianjin, Huo Yuanjia became famous after he

    defeated some wushu masters and foreign boxers. He set up a martial arts school and

    the Chin Woo Athletic Association in 1910.

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