Wushu and Qigong
What’s WUSHU called in the West?
• Wushu, Chinese martial arts, known in the West as Kungfu, is a traditional folk sport
characterized by various bare hand and armed combat techniques.
The History of Wushu
• In primitive society, hard living conditions compelled the ancient people to use their
stone and wooden tools as weapons to hunt and to defend themselves.Their fighting
skills with bare hands and in using weapons formed the basis of primitive wushu.
thth• During the Shang(c.16-11 B.C) and Zhou(c.11-221B.C) dynasties, with the
development of productive forces, especially that of the techniques in bronze casting,
the variety of weapons increases and their quality improved.
• In the Han Dynasty(206B.C-220A.D), wushu became quite popular.
• During the Tang Dynasty, both military men and scholars were required to practice
wushu.The boxing style of Shaolin Temple became very popular.
Ming and Qing Dynasties
• The Ming Dynasty saw the all-round development of Chinese martial arts. Qi Jiguang
wrote two better-known books: New Martial Arts and Military Training Record.
• In order to keep its ruling position, the government of the Qing Dynasty once
restricted wushu practice, but that could not prevent wushu from spreading among the people.
Types of Wushu
• Bare-handed boxing
• The wielding of weapons
• Collective performances
Famous Boxing Styles
• Changquan, taijiquan, xingyiquan, nanquan, shaolinquan, tanglangquan, zuiquan…
• Long weapons: spears, broadsword;
• Short weapons: short swords, daggers, hooks
• Flexible weapons: nine-section cudgels, three-section cudgels
th• Qigong is believed to have started in the 17 century BC in the age of Lao Zi, the
founder of Daoism.
• Hua Tuo, a famous physician, created China’s first structured self-strengthening
exercise, the Five-Animal Play, incorporating movements that imitated the tiger, deer,
bear, ape and bird. Qigong has come to a long way since then.
Functions of Qigong • 1. Invigorate and strengthen constitution
• 2. Harmonize relationship between man and his environment
• 3. A way to keep fit in both mind and body
Types of Qigong • The quiescent qigong, by means of concentration of the mind to have the qi move
along the jingluo
• The dynamic qigong, by means of body movements to achieve a calmness of the mind
• The dynamic-quiescent qigong
Seven Emotions and Six Weather Factors • Joy, anger, grief, anxiety, sadness, fear and terror
• Wind, cold, summer heat, wetness, dryness and fire
• Chenjiagou, a village in Wenxian County温县, Henan Province , is famous not only
for its wushu masters but also for being the birthplace of taijiquan.
Majors Schools of Taiji • Chen school, Yang school,Wu school, Wu school, Sun school
Characteristics of Taijiquan • A. firmness in gentleness
• B. the combination of fastness and slowness
• C. continuity of movement
• Born into a wushu master’s family in Tianjin, Huo Yuanjia became famous after he
defeated some wushu masters and foreign boxers. He set up a martial arts school and
the Chin Woo Athletic Association in 1910.