DOC

WHY SHOULD TOBACCO SMOKE BE MOVED 20 FEET FROM DOORWAYS OR ENTRYWAYS

By Benjamin Martinez,2014-05-07 09:42
23 views 0
WHY SHOULD TOBACCO SMOKE BE MOVED 20 FEET FROM DOORWAYS OR ENTRYWAYS

As businesses and communities around California develop restrictions on exposure to

    outdoor Second Hand Smoke (SHS), it is important to know there is scientific justification for policies banning smoking in outdoor areas. James Repace, well-

    known researcher and scientific consultant on all types of environmental tobacco smoke,

    asserts, “Not doing so may expose non-smokers to levels of environmental

    tobacco smoke as high or higher than received in indoor spaces where smoking

    is unrestricted." ("Banning Outdoor Smoking is Scientifically Justifiable." Tobacco

    Control Digest, March 2000).

To answer the question of "how many feet should smoking be moved from a doorway",

    Mr. Repace and other environmental tobacco smoke experts at the University of

    California at Berkeley and the University of California at San Francisco came to a

    consensus that 20 feet from a doorway would be adequate to provide protection from

    the carcinogenic particulate in second hand smoke. Several cities and counties in

    California have established entryway restrictions ranging from 20 to 50 feet.

     SECOND HAND SMOKE: A PROVEN KILLER

    ? The Environmental Protection Agency categorizes SHS as a known human

    carcinogen, placing it in the most dangerous category, reserved for substances

    including radon, benzene, and asbestos.

    ? Secondhand Smoke (SHS) causes as many as 53,000 deaths each year in the 12United States, approximately 4,700 of which occur in California.

    ? The cost to California taxpayers from illnesses caused by tobacco use is

    $6,000,000,000.00 (6 billion) annually.

     SECOND HAND SMOKE IS AN OUTDOOR HAZARD

    ? Many nonsmokers exposed to outdoor tobacco smoke suffer immediate

    symptoms including breathing difficulties, eye irritation, headache, nausea, and

    asthma attacks.

    ? Individual cigarettes are sources of air pollution. Smoking in groups tends to

    saturate a local area with tobacco smoke and exposes those who come into 3contact with it with high levels of airborne carcinogens.

    ? Failure to ban smoking in outdoor venues may expose nonsmokers to levels of

    secondhand smoke as high or higher than received in indoor spaces where 4smoking is unrestricted.

     SMOKE-FREE POLICIES REDUCE SMOKING

    In addition to protecting public health, other positive results of smoke-free policies

    include encouraging smokers to become nonsmokers; reducing the number of

    cigarettes smoked by employees who continue to smoke; and helping former smokers 5remain smoke-free.

     RIGHTS AND CHOICES

    ? U.S. and California Courts have repeatedly declared that there is no legal "right to

    smoke" -- smoking is not a protected activity under the U.S. Constitution.

    ? Business owners and landlords in private industry, as well as

    governmental agencies, have a legal right to establish reasonable safety

    policies for their property, including no-smoking policies. To abide by such

    a policy, a person who is smoking may refrain from smoking, step to an

    unpopulated area to smoke or choose to become a nonsmoker. On the other

    hand, a nonsmoker, a smoker who is trying to quit smoking, or parents with

    children cannot avoid smoke-filled air at entrances of public and private buildings

    where they do business.

     A SELECTION OF CALIFORNIA COMMUNITIES AND BUSINESSES WITH

    SUCCESSFUL SMOKE-FREE ENTRYWAY POLICIES

    ? San Mateo County Kaiser Permanente Medical Centers

     Marin County University of CA, Davis, Medical Center

     Madera County All California public school district offices

     City of Davis and school campuses are tobacco-free

     MODEL ENTRYWAY POLICY

    "Smoking shall be prohibited within twenty (20) feet of all entrance(s), exit(s), open

    windows, ventilation intake systems and covered entryways of any building owned or

    leased by [City, County, Name]. All [City, County, Name] buildings will post "No

    Smoking Within 20 Feet" signs outside of all entrance(s), exit(s), and ventilation intake

    systems.”

     MODEL ENFORCEMENT

    The experiences of communities, businesses and agencies throughout California who

    have enacted outdoor smoking restrictions have shown that compliance is gained from

    the presence of clear signage. In other words, these policies are, by and large, self-

    enforcing where clear signage is visible.

     1 Glantz, Stanton A. and William Pamley. U.C. San Francisco (1991). 2 California Environmental Protection Agency. Health Effects of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Washington (1997). 3 Repace, James. "Banning Outdoor Smoking is Scientifically Justifiable." Tobacco Control (March 2000). 4 Repace, James. "Banning Outdoor Smoking is Scientifically Justifiable." Tobacco Control (March 2000). 5 Moskowitz, Joel M.; Zihua Lin and Ester S. Hudes. "The Impact of Workplace Smoking Ordinances in California on Smoking

    Cessation." American Journal of Public Health 90 (2000): 757-761.

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com