By Catherine Allen,2014-08-25 05:13
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Exercises12345on(2) ...

Unit 2 Emails

    The First Contact Hour (90mins)

    Section I Talking Face to Face

    Requirements: Get familiar to the given expressions and sentences

    Talk with your partner your own experience of going online

    1.Warm-up questions:

    1) Do you often chat online?

    2) Do you use abbreviations while chatting online?

    2.Email Information on the Internet

     Abbreviations are sometimes very useful in communicating online. For example:

    YDKM (You dont know me.)

    STYS (Speak to you soon.)

    TYVM (Thank you very much.)

    WYRN (What is your real name?)

    WDYS (What did you say?)

    3.Useful Expressions and Sentences

    (1) be often online

    go online a lot

    surf the Internet a lot

    visit the Internet

    browse the Internet

    get access to the Internet

    (2) chat online/ on internet

    communicate online

    (3) You really go online a lot, dont you?

    Are you often online?

    Have you ever tried the Internet?

    (4) Im absolutely keen on it.

    I just love it/ love about it.

    I really love browsing it.

    Its so exciting/ relaxing.

    Its the most exciting thing Ive ever done.

    enter/ get access to a different world

    leave your own real world behind

    receive a lot of news and information

    learn whats happening both home and abroad

    make/ know many friends

    get in touch with many different kinds of people

    do shopping online

    Section II Being All Ears

    Requirements: Understand the oral dialogues and the passage

    Complete the following items

    Get acquainted with Internet shopping and e-commerce

Dialogue is between Lin Da and John about the following items:

    1) College BBS ----an open forum

    ----freely express their opinions and ideas

     2) pros and cons ---- a good way to exchange information

    ---- personal attacks and meaningless quarrels

    3) solution ---- provide real names

    ---- carry out stricter watch over it


    Do Exercises 1.2.3.on P.21-22

    Do Exercises1. P.22-25

The Second Contact Hour (90mins)

    Section III Maintaining a Sharp Eye

    Requirements: Have a correct understanding of the passage

     Develop reading skills and strategies

     Have a good master of active words and expressions

    Passage One: Online Growth Continued

    1.Warm-up questions:

    1) Do you usually log onto the Internet?

    2) What do you usually do on the Internet?

    3) How do you get access to the Internet?

    2. Introductory Remarks:

    Now Internet has a great and growing influence on our daily life. With a computer, people can easily get connected with the internet, and enjoy the world of Internet, such as sharing news

    and information, conducting business and communicating with people across the world. And with

    most innovations and new technology, there will be an even faster developed Internet growth.

    3. The Topic Sentence and Specific Details for Each Paragraph (1) Introduction

    Para 1

    About the World Wide Web: its features and functions

    Features: powerful and new:

    Functions: 1) share news and information

     2) conduct / do/ carry out business

     3) communicate with people across the world

    (2) Body

    Para 2-3

    Some statistics firmly show how powerful and how rapidly developing the World Wide Web is.

    1) about 128 million Americans get access to the Internet every day (Para 2)

    2) 35 million members now vs 2 million in 1995 (Para 3)

    3) 583 million in the first quarter of 2006 vs 443,000 in early 1997 (Para 3)

    Para 4-8

    Internet, as a new medium, is influencing every side of our daily life.

     Merging with the real life; influencing every side of life (Para 4)

     Advantages: 1) communicate cheaply and frequently (Para 5)

     2) conduct freely and conveniently (Para 6)


     1) increasing concern about privacy and protection of identities online (Para 7)

     2) digital divide (Para 8)

     Para 9-13

    There are some reasons for rapid online growth.

    1) a user-friendly package of access, content and selling (Para1112)

    2) greatly improved access to the Internet (Para 13)

    (3) Conclusion

    Para 14: This new and powerful technology is becoming available to nearly every family. 4. Information Related to This passage

     There are several ways for Internet connection. One common way is dial-up connection. For dial-up connection, you need a computer, a modem and a telephone line.

     ISP is the abbreviation of Internet Service Provider. It provides services for Internet users to get

    connected with the Internet. Before getting connected with the Internet, an Internet user must apply for an account and a password from an ISP. He or she should also get its dial-up number, the addresses of its domain name and of the mail sever. Then you can use the browser to enjoy the world of Internet. You can also send or receive emails with the help of the ISP. 5. Language Points:

     (1) share v. divide and distribute; have or use with 分配,分享,共有

    e.g.---to share sth. among/ between/ with sb

     ---to share a room with sb.

     ---to share ones fortune among ones children

     ---They shared profits / the work between them.

    . ---Ill share the cost with you.

     ---The four students share one bedroom in the dorm.

    share: n. part of division which sb. receives from; 份~份额~ 股份~,复(股票

    e.g. ---Ill bear/ have/ take my share of the expenses.

     ---He must bear/ shoulder his share of responsibility.

    ---do ones share of work

    ---hold 100 shares in the railway

    ---issue shares

    ---sell ones share at a good price

    (2) conduct: v. handle, undertake, transact, guide

    e.g. ---We are conducting a survey / an investigation to find out what our customers think of

    their local bus service.

     ---The experiences were conducted by scientists in New York.

     ---The way you choose to conduct your private life is your own business.

     ---The children conducted themselves well at the party.

     --- to conduct business

    ---to conduct the experiments

    ---to conduct a class

    ---to conduct sb. to a table

(3) The number of items listed for sale on e-Bay, an auction site, increased greatly from..

    to ……

     S + post- modifier + V

    The number of items +listed for + increased greatly

    e.g. Computers imported from abroad are usually expensive.

     --Those houses pulled down were built 30 years ago. (4) merge: v ( of business companies) cause to become one

    e.g. ---They decided to merge the two companies into one.

     --- The countrys two biggest banks are planning to merge in order to fight off competition

    from abroad.

     ---The small banks merged/ were merged into one large organization..

     ---We are pleased to announce that Guangzhou Trading Co., Ltd. has merged with China

    Trading Company under the new name of Asian Trading Company. (5) constant: adj. going on all the time, firm, unchanging

    e.g. ---constant speed.

     ---constant temperature,

    ---constant headache,

    ---constant friends

    ---constant complaints

    ---constant trouble

    ---be constant in friendship/ love

    ---be constant to ones purpose

    ---be constant to tradition

    (6) allow: v permit; give or let sb. have sth.

    allow sb. to do sth

    e.g. ---allow me to introduce to you Prof. Zhang

     ---You must not allow such things to happen again.

     ---The teacher allowed him to depart.

    allow sb. sth.

    e.g. ---Allow me a few minutes in which to pack up my things.

     ---His father allowed him 800 yuan a month

     ---Only half- hour intervals were allowed for meals. (7) speed up: v. increase the rate of motion

    e.g.--- speed up our production rates

    ---speed up growth process

     ---The economy shows signs of speeding up.

     ---This drug has the effect of speeding up your heart rate.

     --- I asked them to speed the delivery up.

    (8) The Internets ability to provide a constant flow of news and information has

     sped up an already fast pace for most Americans. (Para 6)

     cf. --- The Internet is able to provide a constant flow of news and information for

     most Americans, which has sped up their already fast pace of life.

    The companys ability to bring together access, content and selling in a fairly

    user-friendly package has certainly sped up growth. (Para 12)

    cf. --- The company is able to bring together access, content and selling in a fairly

    user-friendly package , which has certainly sped up growth.

    More examples:

     , but invitation to restaurants for lunch, dinner, coffee, a drink, etc. sometimes present


     cf. --- If we invite our friends to restaurants for lunch, dinner, coffee, a drink, etc.

     well have some problems we have to handle.

     There is a growing awareness of the importance of life-long education.

     cf.--- People are now increasingly aware of the importance of life-long education.

    The departure of the teacher brought the heated discussion to an end.

    cf. ---After the teacher had left, the heated discussion then ended.

9(These benefits, however, have not come without a price.

     double negative structure not without

     e.g. Thank you very much for your help --- I couldnt have done it without you.

     -- We cant live without water.

     -- He cant speak German without making mistakes.

    10(concern: n . anxiety; sth in which one is interested or which is important to one

     e.g.--- He showed / expressed the greatest concern over the situation.

     ---He felt no concern about his class.

     ---His illness causes us considerable concern.

     concern: v. have relation to; affect

    e.g. ---Don‘t trouble about things that dont concern you.

     ---He is said to have been concerned in the crime.

    be concerned about/ for sb. /sth: worry; trouble; bother.

     e.g.--- I am much concerned for his safety.

     ---Please dont be concerned about me.

    As / So far as . be concerned: as for; in respect of

    e.g. ---As far as I am concerned you can go whenever you want.

    : ---As far as your career is concerned, you should choose to work in a big company.

    ---As far as the color is concerned, I prefer this suit.

    (11) concerning: prep. about

    e.g. ---a book concerning environment

     --- a talk concerning Internet Communication

    (12) access: n. way to a place通路, 途径,接近

    e.g. ---The only access to the farmhouse is across the field.

     ---Allow them access to books

     ---Such articles will find ready/ easy access to the columns of this paper.

     ---The heavy snow cut off the access to the mountain village.

    have / get / gain access to sth.: having right, opportunity or means of reaching, using or


    e.g. ---have access to information

    ---gain access to the building

    ---have no/less access to education

    ---As college students, they must have access to plenty of good books.

    ---You can easily get access to him.

    ---Buses provide easy access to places of interest.

    (13) respective: adj. belonging to, each of those in question

    e.g. ---The party ended and we all went off to our respective rooms.

     ---According to the respective needs of different people

    respectively: ad. separately

     e.g.--- She and he paid $10 and $ 5 respectively.

     ---Discuss the two questions respectively

(14) Another factor is that links to the Internet are steadily improving, with broadband

    links such as …… providing speeds unimaginable in the past

    with + O + OC ( V-ing. V-ed, to do, adj., prep., ad. etc.)

    with + broadband links + providing speeds ( V-ing)

    e.g. ---The day was bright, with a fresh wind blowing.

     ---He was sitting there with his arms folded.

     --- They are highly mechanized farms, with machinery to do all the work.

     ---He likes to work with the door open.

     ---Stand with his hands in his pockets

     ---Work with only a shirt on

    post modifier:unimaginable in the past

    e.g. --- to get someone reliable to help in the work

     --- There is something unusual in her voice.

     ---Can you think of something easier?

    ---This is a mistake typical of beginners.

    ---People liable to make such mistakes must take a remedial course on English grammar.

    6. Translation

    1) In just 5 years, the World Wide Web has become a powerful new medium for


    2) The online world is increasingly merging with


    7. Word Building

     v. n. adj. ad.

    addict addiction

    communicate communication communicative

     commerce commercial

    debate debate

    increase increase increasing increasingly

    predict prediction

    grow growth growing growingly

    innovate innovation

    organize organization

     original originally

     privacy private

    protect protection

     technology technological


    Do Exercises on P.26-28

    The Third Contact Hour (90mins)

    Passage Two: Pros and Cons of Chatroom

    1. Information Related to the Text

    This passage describes the advantages and disadvantages of chatting online. 2. Explanation of difficult sentences

    1) The Internet chartroom is a new and popular forum in which to meet new friends from around

    the world.

     which here refers to forum and for people is omitted between which and to. 可译为


    2) The ability to remain anonymous leads to a kind of cheating as lying about personal identity is

    perfectly acceptable and considered normal in chartrooms lead to here means result in (导致)~

     as refers to because or since (由于)

    3. Important Words

    1( Chatroom n. a virtual space in which Internet users can communicate online. eg: There are both advantages and disadvantages with chatting online. 2( pro n. an advantage

    eg: One of the big pros of living in Madrid is the exciting night life. 3) con n. a disadvantage

    eg: One of the cons of buying a bigger car is that it will cost more to run. 4. Specific Details for Each Paragraph

    Para 1. Writers experience and conclusion

    Para 2. Definition of chatroom and its advantage

    Para The disadvantages of chatroom

Section IV Writing

    Requirement: Learn to write emails after the samples

    Some expressions and sample sentences

    1. The user(s) account is disabled.

    2. Please reply to Postmaster @ if you feel this message to be in error.

     3. This Message was undeliverable due to the following reasons:

     4. Please let me know if you have problems opening the file.

     5.I am writing to ask you to make a homepage for our company.

     6. I can be reached sever days a week at Howie@

     7. Thank you for using Hotmail!

Grammar Noun Clauses ( 名词性从句)




     主语从句是在复合句中充当主语的从句,常用it做形式主语,真正的主语从句放在后面. 主语从句有三种类型:

    1. that引导的主语从句.

    That he hasn‘t phoned is odd.

    It‘s certain that prices will go up.

    2. 由连接代词(副词)引导的主语从句.

    Why he left wasn‘t important.

    It was uncertain whether he would come or not. 3. 由关系代词型whatwhatever引导的从句.

    What I want is a canvas traveling bag. Whatever she did was right.


    1. It 作形式主语和it引导强调句的比较

     It 作形式主语代替主语从句,主要是为了平衡句子结构,主语从句的连接词没有变化。而it引导的强调句则是对句子某一部分进行强调,无论强调的是什么成分,都可用连词that被强调部分指人是也可用who/whom。例如;

    It is a pity that you didn‘t go to see the film.

    It doesn‘t interest me whether you succeed or not. It is in the morning that the murder took place.

    It is John that broke the window. 2. it 作形式主语的结构及其翻译

    (1) It is ;名词;从句

    It is a fact that 事实是

    It is an honor that 非常荣幸

    It is common knowledge that 是常识

    (2) it is ;形容词;从句

    It is natural that… 很自然

    It is strange that… 奇怪的是

    (3) it is ;不及物动词;从句

    It seems that… 似乎

    It happened that… 碰巧

    (4) it ;过去分词;从句

    It is reported that… 据报道

    It has been proved that… 已证实

    3. 主语从句不可位于句首的五种情况

    (1) if 引导的主语从句不可居于复合句句首。

    (2) It is said , (reported) 结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如;

    It is said that President Jingo will visit our school next week. (right)

    That President Jiang will visit our school next week is said. (wrong)

    (3) It happens…, It occurs… 结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如;

    It occurred to him that he failed in the examination. (right)

    That he failed in the examination occurred to him. (wrong)

(4) It doesn‘t matter how/whether 结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如;

    It doesn‘t matter whether he is wrong or not. (right) Whether he is wrong or not doesn‘t matter. (wrong)

    (5) 含主语从句的复合句是疑问句时,主语从句不可提前。例如;

    Is it likely that it will rain in the evening? (right) Is that will rain in the evening likely? (wrong) 4. What that 在引导主语从句时的区别

     What 引导主语从句时在句时在从句中充当句子成分,如主语、宾语、表语,而that 则不


    1) What you said yesterday is right.

    2) That she is still alive is a consolation. 5:主语从句与定语从句的区别。


    That she is still alive is a consolation. The village where he was born is small. ( Where 在从句中做状语)

    二:宾语从句 ,与Unit one 宾语从句部分联系讲授(



    词;表语从句。可以接表语从句的联系动词有be, look, remain, seem等。引导表语从句的that常可省略。另外,常用的还有the reason is that… It is because 等结构。例如;

    This is why we can‘t get the support of the people.

    The reason he is late for school is that he missed the early bus.



    1. 同位语从句的功能


    1(The news that she is still alive makes every happy. 2) The order that all the soldiers should stay still is given by the general.

    2. 同位语在句子中的位置


    He got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off.

    3. 同位语从句与定语从句的区别

    (1) 定语从句中的that既代替先行词,同时可以在从句中作某个成分,主语或宾语(,而同


    (2) 定语从句是形容词性的,其功能是修饰先行词,对先行词加以限定,描述定的性质或特


    1) The news that he told me is that Tom would come back next year.,他告诉我的消息是汤姆明


    2)The news that Tom would come back is told by him.,汤姆将回来的消息是他讲的。(,同位


    A brief summary of the basic usage of Noun clause

     Noun clauses refer to the clauses which are used as nouns in complex sentences. They include

    subject clauses, object clauses, predicative clauses and appositive clauses. They are usually

    introduced by the following conjunctions:

    a) that

    b) if, whether

    c) who, whom, whose, what, when, where, why, how, how many, how much, how far, how

    soon, how long, how often, how old, etc.


    1.Write an email based on the following information given in Chinese.








    2.Do Exercises 4.5.6 on P.33-34.

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