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Coaching

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Coaching

仁者,赋能,达人

1

北京仁能达教育科技有限公司(www.tihuedu.com) | 北京市海淀区上地十 街辉煌国际2-1609

     仁者,赋能,达人

    Index

    COACHING ................................................................................................................................. 3 Origins ................................................................................................................................ 3 Applications ........................................................................................................................ 4

    Life coaching .................................................................................................................................. 5

    Business coaching .......................................................................................................................... 6

    Personal coaching .......................................................................................................................... 7

    Health coaching ............................................................................................................................. 8

    Sports coaching.............................................................................................................................. 9

    Dating coaching ............................................................................................................................. 9

    Conflict coaching............................................................................................................................ 9

    Transformational coaching ........................................................................................................... 10

    ADHD coaching ............................................................................................................................ 10

    Victimisation coaching ................................................................................................................. 10

    Career coaching ........................................................................................................................... 11 Coaching ethics and standards .......................................................................................... 11 CAREER COACHING................................................................................................................ 11 A COACHING APPROACH ............................................................................................................. 26 北京仁能达教育科技有限公司 ............................................................................................ 62

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    北京仁能达教育科技有限公司(www.tihuedu.com) | 北京市海淀区上地十 街辉煌国际2-1609

     仁者,赋能,达人

    Coaching

    Coaching refers to the activity of a coach in developing the abilities of coachees or clients. Coaching tends to focus on the achievement by coachees of a goal or specific skill. Methodologies for coaching are positioned away from the directive or the facilitative, and rest on accompanying clients within a dialogue that will allow emerging patterns and solutions to surface. Coaching lies out of the scale between mentoring and training on one end, and psychotherapy and counseling at the other.

    There are many applications of coaching ranging from sport, to business, to niches such as divorce or motivational speaking. Sessions may be one-on-one either or in a group setting, in-person or over the telephone, or by mail, or via IRC. It may include supervised practice such as in shadow coaching, and often in team or organizational coaching. Team coaching also applies to structured systems in organizations much like in sports.

    Today, coaching is a recognized discipline used by many professionals engaged in human development focused on achieving results. However, as a distinct profession, it is relatively new (since 1990) and self-regulating (except for international professional associations). No independent supervisory board evaluates most practicing coaches and most are privately owned businesses. Some associations accredit various coaching schools as well as individual coaches, except the IAC and ECI which only certify individuals. According to coach credentialing expert, Dr. Rey Carr, in North America the term accreditation only applies to organizations, and certification applies to individuals; whereas in European countries "accreditation" can mean either organizations or individuals.

    Origins

    The first use of the term coaching to mean an instructor or trainer arose around 1830 in Oxford University slang for a tutor who "carries" a student through an exam.[1] The first use of the term in relation to sports came in 1831 [1].

    3 Historically the evolution of coaching has been influenced by and enhanced through by many other fields of study including those of personal development, adult education, psychology (sports, clinical, developmental, organizational, social and industrial) and

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     仁者,赋能,达人

    other organizational or leadership theories and practices. Since the mid 1990's, coaching has developed into a more independent discipline and professional associations such as the International Coach Federation have helped develop a set of training standards[dubious discuss] (Davidson & Gasiorowski, 2006).

    Applications

    Instructing, coaching and mentoring differ. Instructors disseminate knowledge[citation needed]. Coaches help clients build skills. Mentors shape mentee attitudes[citation needed]. Alternately, instructors train to immediate tasks, coaches accompany achievements, and mentors provide whole-life shaping[citation needed].

    There are many definitions of coaching, mentoring and various styles of line management and training. The position is complicated by the perceived overlapping between many of these activities. A more succinct definition positions coaching as follows[citation needed]:

    Managing is making sure people do what they know how to do.

    Training is teaching people to do what they don‘t know how to do.

    Mentoring is showing people how the people who are really good at doing something do it.

    Coaching is none of these it is helping to identify the skills and capabilities that are within the person, and enabling them to use them to the best of their ability and by that

    increasing the independence within the individual, and reducing reliance‖.[2]

    Coaching rests on the professional use of a specific range of linguistic skills such as targeted restatements and the limited and judicious use of powerful questions with the aim to help clients shift their perspectives on an issue or ambition, and thereby discover different solutions and options, in order to achieve their goals. These linguistic skills are indifferently used when coaching clients in any field. In this sense, coaching is a form of meta-profession that can apply to accompanying clients in any human endeavor, ranging from their concerns in sports and personal, professional, social, family, political, spiritual

    4 dimensions, etc.

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     仁者,赋能,达人

    Life coaching

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    Life coaching is a future-focused practice with the aim of helping clients determine and achieve personal goals. Life coaches select from among several methods to help clients set and reach goals. Coaches are not therapists nor consultants; psychological intervention and business analysis are outside the scope of their tasking, Life coaching has its roots in executive coaching, which itself drew on techniques developed in management consulting and leadership training.[citation needed] Life coaching also draws inspiration from disciplines including sociology, psychology, positive adult development, career counseling, mentoring and other types of counseling. Contemporary life coaching can also be traced to the teachings of Benjamin Karter, a college football coach turned motivational speaker of the late 1970s and early 1980s.[3] The coach may apply mentoring, values assessment, behavior modification, behavior modeling, goal-setting and other techniques in helping their clients.[citation needed]

    Multiple coach-training schools and programs are available, allowing for many options (and sometimes causing confusion) when an individual decides to gain "certification" or a "credential" as they apply to the coaching industry. Multiple certificates and credential designations are available within the industry.[4]

    Government bodies have not found it necessary to provide a regulatory standard for coaching, nor does any state body govern the education or training standard for the coaching industry; the title of "coach" can be used by any service provider. Some[weasel words] assert that life coaching is akin to psychotherapy without restrictions, oversight or regulation. The State legislature of Colorado, after holding a hearing on such concerns, disagreed,[5] asserting that coaching is unlike therapy because it does not focus on

    5 examining nor diagnosing the past. Instead coaching focuses on effecting change in a client's current and future behavior. Additionally, life coaching does not delve into diagnosing mental illness or dysfunction.

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     仁者,赋能,达人

    Business coaching

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    Please help improve this article by clarifying or removing superfluous information. (February 2010)

    In organizations today, coaching refers to a method of personal development or human resource development (HRD). This field of coaching is becoming a distinct area of practice for individuals and in organizations. Although the role of coach has changed over time, some examples of research papers on business coaching show that between the late 1930s and the late 1960s, some forms of internal coaching in organizations were already informally present; i.e. managers (or supervisors) also acted as coaches to their staff (cf. Zeus & Skiffington, 2002; Grant, 2003a; 2006). Gorby (1937) specified how older employees were trained to coach new employees regarding methods of waste reduction. A casual business practice of coaching is the act of providing positive support and positive feedback while offering occasional advice to an individual or group in order to help them recognize ways in which they can improve the effectiveness of their business. Coaching is an excellent way to attain a certain work behavior that will improve leadership, employee accountability, teamwork, sales, communication, goal setting, strategic planning and more. It can be provided in a number of ways, including one-on-one, group coaching sessions and large scale organizational work. Not to be confused with seminars. Many corporations are instilling the practice of 360 degree consulting before providing coaching, which permits employees to utilize their own life or professional experiences in a positive way to create team participation attitudes even with superiors. Professional Business Coaches are too often called in when a business is perceived to be performing badly when many healthier businesses recognize the benefits of business coaching even when the organization is successful. Business coaches often specialize in different practice areas such as executive coaching, corporate coaching and leadership coaching.

    6 At least three organizations, the International Coach Federation (ICF), the International Coaching Council (ICC) and the Worldwide Association of Business Coaches (WABC) provide a membership-based association for professionals involved in

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     仁者,赋能,达人

    business coaching. The ICF, ICC and WABC also provide accrediting systems for business coach training programs. The ICF currently has over 15 000 members worldwide, ICC currently has over 1,500 members from over 50 countries. The ICC, ICF and WABC have created international accreditation programs for business coach training providers and international certification programs for business coaches that are designed exclusively for business coach trainers and coaches, built around business coaching competencies and conferred by a business coach association.

    Business coaching is not the same as mentoring. Mentoring involves a

    developmental relationship between a more experienced "mentor" and a less experienced partner, and typically involves sharing of advice. A business coach can act as a mentor given that he or she has adequate expertise and experience. However, mentoring is not a form of business coaching. A good business coach need not have specific business expertise and experience in the same field as the person receiving the coaching in order to provide quality business coaching services. Business coaching needs to be more structured and formal than mentoring.[citation needed]

    Business coaches often help businesses grow by creating and following a structured, strategic plan to achieve agreed upon goals. Multiple organizations train professionals to offer business coaching to business owners who may not be able to afford large coaching firm prices.[6]

    Coaching is not a practice restricted to external experts or providers. Many organizations expect their senior leaders and middle managers to coach their team members toward higher levels of performance, increased job satisfaction, personal growth, and career development. Those that do back up their expectations with training in coaching skills, access to feedback tools, and/or specific coaching behaviors described in their leadership competency models. Few link coaching activities to compensation, however, resulting in less coaching by managers.[7]

    Personal coaching

    Personal coaching is a relationship which is designed and defined in a relationship agreement between a client and a coach. It is based on the client's expressed interests,

    7 goals and objectives.

    A professional coach may use inquiry, reflection, requests and discussion to help clients identify personal and/or business and/or relationship goals, develop strategies,

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     仁者,赋能,达人

    relationships and action plans intended to achieve those goals. A coach provides a place for clients to be held accountable to themselves by monitoring the clients' progress towards implementation of their action plans. Together they evolve and modify the plan to best suit the client's needs and environmental relationships. Coaches often act as human mirrors for clients by sharing outside and unbiased perspectives. Coaches may teach specific insights and skills to empower the client toward their goals.[citation needed]

    Clients are responsible for their own achievements and success.[citation needed] The client takes action, and the coach may assist, but never leads or does more than the client. Therefore, a coach cannot and does not promise that a client will take any specific action or attain specific goals.[citation needed] Professional coaching is not counseling, therapy or consulting.[8] These different skill sets and approaches to change may be adjunct skills and professions.

    Health coaching

    In the world of health and wellness, a health coach is an emerging new role. Health coaching is becoming recognized as a new way to help individuals "manage" their illnesses and conditions, especially those of a chronic nature. In both sports and health, a "coach" is a person who observes, gives objective feedback, teaches, helps to develop a plan of action and holds another responsible for their actions and commitments. The coach will use special techniques, personal experience, expertise and encouragement to assist the coachee in bringing his/her behavioral changes about.

    Health coaching is becoming recognized as a new way to help individuals "manage" their illnesses and conditions, especially those of a chronic nature. Health coaching is a method of guiding another to "discover" and address their own ambivalence to health behavior change. Health coaching gives health care providers a framework by which they can assist someone to identify issues, beliefs, and concerns that may hinder or support his/her lifestyle change or responsibility for health that lies ahead for the individual. Like traditional coaching, health coaches utilize goal setting, identification of obstacles, and use of personal support systems. The relationship between the coach and coachee is an accountability partnership focused on the overall health outcome goals as defined by healthcare practitioners and the patient/coachee. There are several definitions of health 8

    coaching that are offered in the literature.

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     仁者,赋能,达人

    Sports coaching

    In sports, a coach is an individual involved in the direction, instruction and training of the operations of a sports team or of individual sportspeople.

    In sports, a coach or manager is an individual involved in the direction, instruction and training of the operations of a sports team or of individual sportspeople. This type of coach gets involved in all the aspects of the sport, including physical and mental player development. Sports coaches train, develop and mentor their athletes to become better at the physical components of the game. The coach is assumed to know more about the sport, and have more previous experience and knowledge. The coach‘s job is to transfer as much of this knowledge and experience to the players to develop the most skilled athletes.[9] Combining these aspects of the sport, the coach is accountable for the overall performance and results of the team or player.

    A coach, particularly in a major operation, is traditionally aided in his efforts by one or more assistant coaches known as the assistant coaching staff and team. The staff may include coordinators, strength and fitness specialists, and trainers.

    Dating coaching

    Dating coaches are coaches whose job is to direct and train people to improve their success in dating and relationships.A dating coach directs and trains his/her clients on various aspects of meeting and attracting long-term partners and meeting more compatible prospects. The focus of most programs is on confident and congruent communication. Dating coaches may focus on topics important to the art of dating: interpersonal skills, flirting, psychology, sociology, compatibility, fashion and recreational activities. Neil Strauss in The Game: Penetrating the Secret Society of Pickup Artists also focuses on neuro-linguistic programming (NLP), theories of persuasion, history and evolutionary biology, body language, humor and street smarts. Dating coaches typically charge rates similar to that of other professional counselors (e.g. $75125/hour).[10]

    Seminars involving multiple audience members typically charge less than one-on-one meetings, however.

    Conflict coaching

    9

    Conflict coaching may be used in an organizational context, for matrimonial and other relationship matters and is one of many conflict management tools for helping people

    北京仁能达教育科技有限公司(www.tihuedu.com) | 北京市海淀区上地十 街辉煌国际2-1609

     仁者,赋能,达人

    improve their conflict management skills and abilities. Like many other techniques of this nature, it is premised on the view that conflict provides an opportunity to improve relationships, to create mutually satisfactory solutions and attain other positive outcomes when differences arise between and among people.

    Transformational coaching

    A transformational life coach incorporates many modalities available in meeting the needs of the client, from business best practices or better household financial management to personal growth and spiritual matters. This help may increase awareness and success in transforming one's life. The new millennium has brought massive economic shifts for many people, creating a need for redefining their lives. People in transition often want to address deeper convictions about what they want out of life; they want more self-awareness and self-improvement. A transformational coach aims to bring together and highlight all the possibilities that will help mold and shape the visioneering process for clients as they create a plan and execute the daily, weekly, monthly and yearly details.

    ADHD coaching

    ADHD coaching is a specialized type of life coaching that uses specific techniques geared toward working with the unique brain wiring of individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Professional coaching is not a substitute for traditional, multimodal treatment for ADHD such as medication, diet, exercise, and other therapy.[citation needed] Coaches work with clients to help them better manage time, organize, set goals and complete projects. In addition to helping clients understand the impact ADHD has had on their lives, coaches can help clients develop "work-arounds" strategies to deal with specific challenges, and determine and use individual strengths. Coaches also help clients get a better grasp of what reasonable expectations are for them as individuals, since people with ADHD "brain wiring" often seem to need external mirrors for accurate self-awareness about their potential despite their impairment.[citation needed] Victimisation coaching

    Victimisation Coaching is a type of life coaching that educates people who consider

    10 themselves as victims of crime or those who fear victimisation. Coaches work with groups of people to assist them on how to identify and approach potentially hazardous situations.

    北京仁能达教育科技有限公司(www.tihuedu.com) | 北京市海淀区上地十 街辉煌国际2-1609

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