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Ancient sites of Three Kingdoms

By Florence Thomas,2014-07-17 21:04
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Title Unit13: Ancient sites of Three Kingdoms Purpose and Requirement The students should be able to: 1.know the famous scenic spots of Three Kingdoms 2. know the history concerning to the spots 3. learn some new words about the scene Importance 1. Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield 2. .Language points 3. Three famous spots Difficulty Role..

    Title Unit13: Ancient sites of Three Kingdoms Purpose The students should be able to:

    and 1.know the famous scenic spots of Three Kingdoms Requirement 2. know the history concerning to the spots

    3. learn some new words about the scene

     1. Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield

    Importance 2. .Language points

    3. Three famous spots

    Difficulty Role play---Introduce the scenery in their own words Teaching

    Aids Tape,video, pictures, music,

    chalk ,blackboard,brush,multi-media.…..

Teaching

    Time Class

    No.

    Teaching Procedure

    Step 1:Warm-up

    1. Revision: Check the exercises on P136, and correct the mistakes. 2. Give Ss some pictures of the people in Three Kingdoms and let Ss

    tell some well-known stories concerning Yichang of Three

    Kingdoms .Then lead to the three famous place --- Xiaoting Ancient

    Battlefield, Changban Po Ancient Battlefield, The General Guan’s

    Cemetery.

    (General Zhao Zilong rescued his master alone. General Zhang Fei

    bellowed with rage to break the bridge and made the water flow

    backward. General Guan Yu lost the city after the heavy defeat and ran

    to Mai Town . Seven hundred miles of the barracks were burned in the

    Yiling Battle)

Step 2: Reading the summary account

    SBP139

    According to the history stories,let the Ss a short time to read the

    summary account .Then simply explain the history in the summary.

    1. Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield:

    The most famous battle was Yiling Battle between Wu and Shu

    in the Three Kingdoms Period.

    2. Changban Po Ancient Battlefield

    Here:General Zhao Zilong fought against the enemy , General Zhao Zilong dashed into the enemy alone, and after the hard fight

    against the enemy, he finally rescued Mrs Gan and her son Liu Chan.

    3. The General Guan’s Cemetery, the Yuquan Temple in Danyang

    and Huima Po in Yuan’an are the places about General Guan Yu. Guan Yu lost the city of Jinzhou for his recklessness and went to Mai Town in

    the year of 24 of Jian’an. King Sun Quan of Wu caught and killed him

    at Huima Po of Yuan’an, and then King Sun Quan sent his head to King

    Caocao and buried his body in Dangyang.

     Step 3: Reading Passage 1 Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield

    SBPage 139

    1. Pre-reading: Give Ss some pictures of Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield

    and Zhangfei, tell Ss a story about them. Then teaching the new

    words.

    (It’s said that in 208 AD, General Zhang Fei was the governor of

    Yidu County. One day, he saw a perfect place for strategic place.

    Then, he ordered the craftsmen to build a pavilion here.But when he saw some figures of strange animals which looked like both of the

    tigers and dogs were engraved on the principal railings, he was very

    angry and asked the craftsmen what they were. The craftsmen

    answered it was “Xiao”, the tiger posing like being hunting for food.

    So Zhang Fei ordered the people to engrave two characters of “Xiao

    Ting” on the pavilion)

    2. Reading: Give Ss some time to read the passage 1, then finish the

    exercises on Page 140.

    Keys:

    I.1. From the city of Yichang, about 15 kilometers to the east along the

    Yangtze River is the Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield of the Three

    Kingdoms Period. It is the first pass and the east gate of the Three

    Gorges.

    2. It was from a story of the Three Kingdoms Period. 3. It looked like both of the tigers and dogs 4.Xiaoting Battle in the Three Kingdoms Period, Jiangguan Battle of

    the Sui Dynasty and Suoqiao Battle of West-Jin Period. 5. The 1500- meter long ancient path. It looks like a great dragon lying

    on the cliff and forms the most unique scenery. II.1.F 2.F 3.T 4.F 5.T

    III.1.A 2.C 3.B 4.D 5.D

    3. After reading: Check the exercises and correct them,then explain the

    language points and difficult sentences.

    Notes;

    a) Be related to = be connected to

    b) They showed resourcefulness in an emergency 急中生智

    c) Located in a very important location, it was a place where the

    military must fight for, as well as the place where tens of battles

    took place.

    亭古战场位置重要,乃历代兵家必争之地,曾在此地发生

    的战事有几十次之多。

     d) Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield is the starting point of Three

    Gorges and also the famous history relic. 亭古战场是长江三峡之旅的起点,也是著名的历史遗址

Step 4 Practice and consolidation

    Let Ss read the pasage again, then discuss the history of Three

    Kingdoms and the historic relics.

    (Xiaoting Ancient Battlefield was contended by armies in the

    past dynasties. More than 10 battles broke out there .The most famous

    battle was Yiling Battle between Wu and Shu in the Three Kingdoms Period. In Changban Po Ancient Battlefield, General Zhao Zilong

    fought against the enemy in the Three Kingdoms Period. It was here

    that General Zhao Zilong dashed into the enemy alone, and after the

    hard fight against the enemy, he finally rescued Mrs Gan and her son

    Liu Chan. The General Guan’s Cemetery, the Yuquan Temple in

    Danyang and Huima Po in Yuan’an are the places about General Guan

    Yu.)

    Homework

    Read the passage 2 and 3fluently, then finish the exercises on Page 144and 148.

Summary or feeling after class

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