General Weaving Vocabulary Backstrap Loom Primitive stick loom

By Debra Harper,2014-03-26 19:47
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Inkle Loom: Small portable loom consisting of a framework with numerous pegs around which the warp is wound; used mainly for belts and bands of warp-face

General Weaving Vocabulary

    Backstrap Loom: Primitive stick loom with strap around weaver’s body to hold warp

    in tension.

    Balanced Weave: Weave structure in which warp and weft are similar in size and


    Batten: Flat stick with one sharpened edge that holds sheds open on

    primitive looms and is used to beat weft.

Beaming: Winding the warp onto the warp beam.

    Bobbin: The small spool used in a boat shuttle; or the larger wooden spool

    onto which the yarn is wound on a flyer-type spinning wheel.

    Carding: The process of combing out fibers with hands cards or carding

    machine in preparation for spinning.

    Card Weaving: A unique process of weaving in which individual warp threads are

    threaded through holes in a set of cards, which are turned to form

    the different sheds. (Also called tablet weaving)

    Comb: A weaving tool used to push or beat weft threads into place.

Cone: The conical-shaped spool on which yarn is wound.

    Creel: A rack on which spools or cones can be set for unwinding.

    Dressing the Loom: Preparing the loom with the warp, so that it is ready for weaving.

Dye: A substance used to color yarn or cloth.

    Embroidery: Decoration added with needle and thread to the woven cloth.

    Fell: Top line of the weaving, where the warp threads cross in the most

    recent change of shed.

    Filler: A thick weft or rag used to fill in; primarily used at the beginning

    of a weaving where the warp ends have been tied in groups to the

    cloth beam rod.

Fleece: The shorn coat of a wool or hair bearing animal.

    Fork: The hand beater shaped like a fork and usually made of wood, used

    to pack in the weft in tapestry or rug weaving, or when weaving on

    a primitive stick loom.

    Frame Loom: Any hand loom that consists of a four-sided frame on which the

    warp thread are wound and held in tension.

    Ground Loom: The horizontal loom that holds the warp in tension with stakes

    driven into the ground.

    Hand Spindle: Any spindle for spinning that is rotated by hand rather than by

    wheel or other power.

Harness: The part of the loom which controls the heddle.

    Heading: First few rows of weaving before the actual fabric is started; serves

    to equalize the spacing of the warp threads where they are tied to

    the cloth beam roc, and at the same time keep wefts from


    Heddle: The string, wire, flat steel (or other material) that encircles a warp

    thread, so that it can be pulled up separately from other warp


    Ikat: A weaving technique using tie-dyed warp and/or weft yarns; the

    resulting design when woven gives a blurred effect because of the

    slight displacement of each thread during the warping and/or

    weaving procedure.

    Inkle Loom: Small portable loom consisting of a framework with numerous

    pegs around which the warp is wound; used mainly for belts and

    bands of warp-face structure.

Loom: A machine or frame for weaving.

    Primitive Loom: A hand loom made of sticks or bars and usually requiring the hand

    manipulation of heddles.

    Reed: The comblike device on a loom through which warp threads are

    threaded to keep them properly spaced during the weaving, and

    which acts as a comb for beating in the weft.

Selvedge: The woven edge of a fabric.

    Shed: The space, made by raising certain warp threads and lowering

    others, through which the weft passes.

    Shuttle: Any contrivance on which yarn is packaged in order to facilitate its

    passage through a shed.

    Spinning: The final operation in the production of natural yarn which consists

    of the drawing, twisting, and winding of the newly spun yarn onto

    a device such as a bobbin.

    Stick Loom: A primitive loom on which the warp is simply wound around two

    sticks, and the sheds are formed by a shed stick and heddle stick.

    Tapestry: A weft-face weave structure in which the pattern is formed by

    different-colored wefts woven back and forth just in their color


    Treadle Loom: A loom that uses treadles to operate the heddle shafts.

    Treadles: The pivoted levers at the base of the loom, which operate the

    heddle shafts.

    Twining: The twisting of warp or weft threads in the process of weaving.

    Warp: The group of parallel threads that are held in tension during the

    weaving process.

    Warp-face: Describing any flat-weave structure in which the warp threads

    form the surface of the fabric and the weft is more or less invisible.

Weave: A method of interlacing threads to make a fabric.

    Weft: The independent thread woven across the warp threads in such a

    way as to join them together to make a fabric.

    Weft-face: Describing any flat-weave structure in which the weft threads form

    the surface of the fabric and the warp is more or less invisible.

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