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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

By Linda Young,2014-05-13 03:51
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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

    A. The Privacy Regulation

    The HIPAA Privacy Regulations, with a compliance date of April 14, 2003, mandates that all

    Protected Health Information (PHI) be secured from use for reasons other than medical Payments,

    Treatments or health care Operations (PTO). Employee Benefits Division (EBD) is considered a

    health plan and therefore is subject to the Privacy Regulation and bound to secure and protect all

    enrollee’s health information. Protecting this information includes limiting uses and disclosures in all

    forms to those individuals not directly involved in services for PTO.

    B. The Security Regulation

    The HIPAA Security Regulations, with a compliance date of April 14, 2005, mandates that all

    electronically transferred PHI be secured. For this reason, EBD has chosen to use ARBenefits

    Secure Communications (an encrypted email system for business associates and carriers for

    questions regarding PHI ) and FTP WebDav (secure web site) for the transfer of PHI to and from our

    health carriers and vendors.

    C. How HIPAA Affects EBD

    Compliance EBD is considered a health plan administrator under HIPAA Privacy Regulations and is therefore

    subject to the privacy and security sections of these regulations.

The Privacy/Security Regulations have specific tasks and accomplishments which must be in place in

    order for a Covered Entity to be considered compliant. EBD has complied with these requirements as

    detailed in the following list:

    1. Appointment of a Privacy/Security Officer:

    The Privacy/Security Officer oversees all ongoing activities related to the development,

    implementation, maintenance of, and adherence to EBD’s policies and procedures covering the

    privacy and security of and access to patient health information in compliance with federal and

    state laws.

    2. Notice of Privacy Practices (NPP) to all plan participants:

    The NPP is available on the EBD web-site and must be provided to all new enrollees in the plan.

    EBD accomplishes this by distributing the NPP via the Summary Plan Description (SPD) and

    Guide to Enrollment.

    3. Policies regarding disclosures of PHI and how it will be handled:

    EBD has policies and procedures in place addressing the use and disclosure of PHI. These

    policies and procedures are accessible and available upon request to all enrollees, and

    Insurance Representatives.

    4. Training for relevant employees:

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    EBD is responsible for providing oversight, training, auditing, investigating and reporting of

    HIPAA-related policy, procedures, issues and violations for all members, business affiliates and

    business partners of the State of Arkansas State and Public School Employees Life and Health

    Insurance plan.

    D. Uses and Disclosures of PHI

    1. Authorization for uses and disclosures outside of PTO:

    Plan enrollee information can only be used and disclosed by EBD for purposes related to

    payment of claims, medical treatment and health care operations. Communication between

    health carriers, prescription benefits manager, providers and EBD is allowed for the above

    stated reasons without the enrollee's consent. Written authorization is required from the

    enrollee in order for EBD staff to disclose an enrollee’s health information with anyone outside

    PTO. This includes insurance representatives, payroll personnel, family members, legal

    counsel and friends. Authorization forms are available at EBD and are specific to the situation

    being addressed, applicable to the person listed as authorized to discuss the enrollee’s

    information and valid only until the expiration date on the form.

    2. Identification of employees who may receive PHI:

    EBD has identified specific employees within EBD, who are able to use and disclose member’s

    medical information. A listing of these individuals has been provided to each of our carriers and

    is updated quarterly.

    3. Restriction of access to information:

    EBD has restricted access to certain levels of information. Access to information is based on a

    minimum necessary for job function.

    4. Employee Non-compliance:

    EBD has discipline procures in place for staff who do not follow privacy or security procedures.

    A suspected breech of confidentiality or possible unlawful disclosure should be reported to the

    EBD Privacy/Security Officer for investigation.

    E. How HIPAA Affects Insurance Representatives

    1. Health Insurance Representatives are required to verify their identity any time that they

    contact EBD for security purposes. Representatives must answer two (2) out of four (4)

    questions correctly in order to verify their identity. Questions that must be answered are,

    Name, Social Security Number, Group ID, and Pin # (or your login ID).

    2. Discussion and/or communication of an enrollee’s PHI between EBD staff and Insurance

    Representatives will no longer be allowed without a member’s specific written authorization

    allowing the named Health Insurance Representative (HIR) access to the enrollee’s PHI.

    3. If an Insurance Representative receives authorization to provide an enrollee’s health

    information, the representative becomes responsible to secure and protect that enrollee's

    health information from all others not involved in the member’s health care. You must not

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    discuss a member's Protected Health Information (PHI) with any other individual than the

    member without a member's specific written authorization.

    4. All health information must be separate from all employment documents and must not be

    accessible to any unauthorized person. Directors, Superintendents, Principals, and other

    supervisors do not have a right to an employee’s health information. Should this occur, the

    Insurance Representative may be liable for the violation. You are responsible for securing

    and protecting any PHI to which you are given access.

    5. Business Affiliates will complete all Business Associate Agreements and Confidentiality

    statements as requested by EBD in a timely manner. Any personnel changes that require

    new forms to be signed must be reported to EBD within five working days.

    6. Business Affiliates will be subject to reasonable audit to ensure compliance with HIPAA

    regulations.

    7. Business Affiliates must report any suspected violations or breaches to EBD Security for

    investigation within one (1) business day.

    Note: Please encourage the employees to call the insurance carriers or EBD directly to resolve claim

    problems. If these attempts are unsuccessful then they may contact the Insurance Representative for

    assistance. Please remember to obtain signed authorization (and forward a copy to EBD).

    F. Penalties for Non-Compliance or Violations

    The Privacy Regulation is monitored and enforced by the Federal Department of Health and Human

    Services (HHS). Penalties for non-compliance are as follows:

Civil Penalties

     $100 to $50,000 for each violation where the entity did not know (even with reasonable

    diligence) that they were in violation of the statute, with a $25,000 to $1.5 million cap per

    year for violating the same requirement,

    ? $1,000 to $50,000 for each violation where the entity had reasonable cause, but did not

    show willful neglect in violating the law, with a $100,000 to $1.5 million cap per year for

    violating the same requirement,

    ? $10,000 to $50,000 for each violation where the entity showed willful neglect of the law, but

    corrected the violation within 30 days of discovery, with a $250,000 to $1.5 million cap per

    year for violating the same requirement,

    ? $50,000 for each violation where the entity showed willful neglect of the law, but failed to

    correct the violation within 30 days of discovery, with a $1.5 million cap per year for violating

    the same requirement, However, there is no maximum penalty for this circumstance.

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Criminal Penalties

    ? up to one (1) year in jail for knowingly disclosing individually identifiable health information

    ? up to five (5) years for offenses committed under false pretenses

    ? up to ten (10) years for offenses committed for personal gain or with malicious intent

Attorney General Prosecution

    ? State attorneys general now have the authority to bring civil actions on behalf of state

    residents injured by a breach, either to enjoin further violations or to obtain damages on

    behalf of residents

    ? Total damages imposed on a person or organization for all violations of an identical

    requirement in a calendar year may not exceed $25,000

    ? The court may award the costs of the lawsuit and reasonable attorney's fees to the state

    ? State Attorney Generals may not sue over a specific violation while an HHS action

    regarding that same violation is pending

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