Preparation of Papers in Two-Column Format for

Your Short Paper

Author(s) Name(s)

Author Affiliation(s)

Abstract: These instructions give you basic guidelines for preparing camera-ready papers for conference proceedings.

Keywords: words1, words2, words3

I. INTRODUCTION ；主要阐述目的等？

The cockpit is a working place where pilot obtains the flight information, executes judgment and decision-making, controls the related systems, and completes all kinds of flight missions. A cockpit with a good man-machine interface system can not only provide accurate and reliable information to the pilot, comfortable and convenient means of manipulation, but also can significantly reduce disoperation and pilot workload. So the pilot can complete various flight missions safely and efficiently.

Therefore, the cockpit ergonomics evaluation is an extremely important issue during the cockpit development. The scientific ergonomic evaluation technology is a powerful guarantee for a cockpit with a good man-machine interface system. At previous period, during the development of aircraft cockpits, some judge standards were proposed in order to ensure design quality without allowing for ergonomics evaluation. There is not any appropriate and operational evaluation method to direct the

cockpit ergonomics evaluation. This leaded to several problems conflicting with ergonomics in the cockpits design.

II. METHOD AND ANALYSIS ；阐述观察方法、过程、结果、照片等？

The document [1] indicated that, from the beginning of the 1960s, the United States began to explore a suitable standard method for comprehensive evaluation of cockpit ergonomics. But the comprehensive evaluation method has not been reported in the publicly literature. Most of research at home and abroad is to analyze or evaluate a particular aspect of cockpit ergonomics [1-

3]. Based on the actual situation in cockpit ergonomics, a comprehensive evaluation method blending the modified Delphi method, method, and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was proposed. The basic principle of this method is to use the G1Delphi method to build the evaluation index system firstly, then use the method to determine the weight factors of all indexes, G1finally apply fuzzy theory to realize the quantification of evaluation indexes and apply fuzzy operator to be as the mathematical

model of comprehensive evaluation. As to the specific methods of building the evaluation indexes and determining the weight factors of indexes, please see the literature [4] and [5] respectively. In the following content, the quantification methods of

evaluation indexes and the mathematical model of comprehensive evaluation of cockpit ergonomics are given. 1. Quantification methods of evaluation indexes

One of the notable features of comprehensive evaluation is that there is a unified standard among indexes. It is not easy to analyze and compare the various indexes if applying the values of indexes to evaluation process directly. Therefore, the values of

indexes should be transformed to within [0,1] firstly before conducting comprehensive evaluation. That is to say, the values of

indexes should be quantified. The key issue of quantification is to construct the membership functions of all kinds of indexes based on fuzzy theory. The quantification methods of the evaluation indexes of cockpit ergonomics were given in the following [7-10].

Linguistic variables set of evaluation indexes adopts five levels, namely -- excellent, good, general, poor, and very poor. See

figure 1.

verygeneralgoodexcellentpoorpoor

00.10.60.70.80.20.90.30.50.41.0

Fig. 1 Five levels of linguistic variables set of qualitative indexes

2. Mathematical model of comprehensive evaluation

In fact, the mathematical model of fuzzy evaluation is to use fuzzy math method to simulate the thinking of human brain. Because different people have different principle when they evaluate an object, different fuzzy mathematical model should be selected according to different principle when an object was evaluated. There are three main fuzzy mathematical models [10], i.e.:

(a) weighted average operator that is suitable for taking all the indexes of an evaluation object into consideration; (b) M(,)？;

M(，,！)Zadeh maximum-minimum operator that is suitable for only taking the important indexes of an evaluation object into

M(？,！)consideration; (c) Zadeh maximum bounded product operator that is suitable for laying emphasis on taking the

important indexes of an evaluation object into consideration. Here we selected the weighted average operator as the M(,)？;

mathematical model of comprehensive evaluation of cockpit ergonomics. Because it needs to take all the indexes into consideration when cockpit ergonomics is evaluated. Thus the mathematical model of comprehensive evaluation of cockpit ergonomics can be represented as follows. n

？ in；1,2,,Bw；？？，iii；1

BWhere is the weight factor of index , is the grade of membership of ？is the result of comprehensive wuu？iiiievaluation.

The following is the form of table.

TABLE I TYPE SIZES FOR CAMERA-READY PAPERS Type Appearance size Regular Bold Italic (pts.) a6 Table captions, table superscripts a8 Section titles, references, tables, atable names, first letters in table acaptions, figure captions, footnotes, text subscripts, and superscripts

9 Abstract Authors’ affiliations, main text, 10 Subheading equations, first letters in section atitles

11 Authors’ names

24 Paper title

III. CONCLUSIONS；基于你观察结果的结论？

The quantification methods of evaluation indexes and the mathematical model of the comprehensive evaluation of cockpit ergonomics were proposed in this paper. Applying the proposed methods, the geometry ergonomics of a cockpit was taken as an example to be evaluated. The results of the application example indicated the proposed methods are reasonable and correct.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT ；致谢？如果有的话？

The preferred spelling of the word “acknowledgment” in America is without an “e” after the “g.” Try to avoid the stilted

expression, “One of us (R. B. G.) thanks …” Instead, try “R.B.G. thanks …”

REFERENCES ；参考文献？如果有的话？

[1] Peter. C. Author, “Paper’s name”, Proceeding of ICMLC2002 Conference, Beijing, pp. 111-116, November 2002. [2] John. B. Author, and A. Friend, “Journal paper’s name”, Journal;s name, Vol 39, No. 1, pp. 222-226, Feb. 2001. [3] Xizhao Wang, His book’ name, Publisher, Location, Year. [4] G. Eason, B. Noble, and I.N. Sneddon, “On certain integrals of Lipschitz-Hankel type involving products of Bessel functions,” Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, vol. A247, pp. 529-551, April 1955. [5] J. Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rd ed., vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon, 1892, pp.68-73. [6] I.S. Jacobs and C.P. Bean, “Fine particles, thin films and exchange anisotropy,” in Magnetism, vol. III, G.T. Rado and H. Suhl, Eds. New York: Academic, 1963, pp. 271-350. [7] Y. Yorozu, M. Hirano, K. Oka, and Y. Tagawa, “Electron spectroscopy studies on magneto-optical media and plastic substrate interface,” IEEE Transl. J. Magn. Japan, vol. 2, pp. 740-741, August 1987 [Digests 9th Annual Conf. Magnetics Japan, p. 301, 1982].