Five Easy Steps to Create a Marketing Plan

By Frederick Ferguson,2014-01-20 22:49
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Five Easy Steps to Create a Marketing Plan

Five Easy Steps to Create a Marketing Plan

    by Joanna L. Krotz

Put yourself in the shoes of your customers. Do you know why they buy your products or services? Is your

    pricing appropriate? Do you simply knock off 20 to 30 percent whenever clients turn scarce or inventory

    creeps up? Have you set any marketing targets or sales goals for the next 12 months or so?

    You don’t need elaborate charts or high-priced consultants to develop effective marketing. But you do

    need a plan. A marketing plan gives you a roadmap that can drive action and point the way. A marketing

    plan can help you:

    ? Identify which customers are your best prospects.

    ? Evaluate company data against your industry or market.

    ? Track results so you learn what works.

    Without a plan, you may be moving fast, but you may not be moving in the right direction. Here are five

    steps to creating a strategic and practical marketing plan.

Step 1: Position your product

    Many business owners blur the lines among promotion, advertising, and public relations. Those are the

    channels of a message or campaign, not marketing itself. The four Ps of marketing are:

    ? Product: Having the right product or service for your market.

    ? Price: Selling your product or service for an amount that makes your target customer feel it’s a

    good deal

    ? Promotion: Creating appropriate perceptions across multiple channels, including, print direct

    mail, flyers, brochures, and postcards, TV or radio spots, newspaper or magazine ads, online and


    ? Place: Distributing your product to locations where your target customers can readily find it.

    If you can put the right product or service at the right price in front of the right customer, you're cooking.

    Keep in mind that a high volume of sales isn’t the key. Profit is. The goal of marketing is to generate the

    interest or recognition that will lead to the sales that will boost profits. That’s the reason to create a

    strategy. You want to craft persuasive messages for the customers you target. You also want messages

    that promise only what you actually deliver.

    None of this requires break-the-bank production. For example, Publisher 2003 makes it easy to create

    consistent marketing collateral using one of the 45 Master Design Sets that carry the same consistent look

    across various media, or downloading a template from Office Online Template Gallery. A flexible Wizard

    model enables you to make quick modifications along the way to tailor the brand identity to your business,

    or use Publisher’s full range of design and layout tools to create a more custom look.

Step 2. Tap your brain trust

    To define appropriate marketing for your company, set up some brainstorming meetings with advisors you

    trust, such as family, friends, staff, or other professionals. Meetings can be brown-bag lunches or formal

    offsite meetings. Just stay away from ringing phones and don’t expect to get everything done in one

    meeting. At these sessions, explore answers to these questions:

    ? Who are you selling to?

    ? What do those customers need?

    ? What distinguishes your product or service from the competition?

    ? Which marketing tactics will make your products noticeable?

    ? When and how often should marketing efforts be used?

    ? Where do you want your company to be in a year? You might consider taping these sessions and distilling the best ideas and suggestions. Start putting notes

    on paper. Describe the state and size of your marketplace, how sales and distribution will work, your

    target customer (age, income, locations, and purchase patterns) and how your products rate against


Step 3: Listen to customers

    Next, you need to know how customers react to your quality and price, service and delivery, image and

    brandeverything, in short, that influences their purchasing decision. To discover what customers think, just ask them. Survey some of your current customers as well as

    customers you want to reach. Make personal calls or send them surveys via e-mail or postcards. Include

    an incentive to boost participation, such as a discount or a free sample..

    Business owners are often surprised by what customers say. For instance, one firm learned from a survey

    that its receptionist was surly on the phone to customers. How would you know that if you didn’t ask


    Based on what you learn, prepare a SWOT analysis that deconstructs your business in fresh ways:

    ? Strengths: What makes your business thrive?

    ? Weaknesses: What are your vulnerabilities?

    ? Opportunities: What market conditions or segments can lead to growth?

    ? Threats: How are competitors snapping at your heels?

Step 4: Draft the plan

    Now that you have an overview of customers and market conditions, you can flesh out your plan. This

    plan needn’t be a formal document, but should at least consist of a written outline to share with staff or

    outside consultants and to refer to later. The plan should cover:

    ? A summary of your market position and goals.

    ? A definition of what you expect to accomplish in a specific time period (e.g: ―We will sell 150

    widgets by the fourth quarter.‖)

    ? A list of target markets, including segmentation and niche areas

    ? An appropriate strategy for each segment or market.

    ? Expenses and resources, and how they will be allocated.

    ? Marketing channels. This is where you choose the types of marketing materials and distribution

    vehicles that you will use to attract target customers, including flyers, postcards, email marketing,

    newsletters, Web site and more.

    ? Competitive strategies. How will you respond to your competitors, for example, if a competitor

    lowers his price?

Step 5: Track results

    Include benchmarks in your plan. Use these benchmarks to take stock of whether your marketing efforts

    are paying off or if you should rethink your approach. Calculate the category and cost of marketing

    communications and compare with set specific sales forecasts.

    For direct mail efforts, check how the campaign is going by creating a spreadsheet in Excel 2003 that

    includes specifics of each order as well as a way to identify customers (like a customer identification

    number). Also make sure to include plans for implementation or a marketing calendar. Plans are great,

    but if you don’t also designate responsibility, set deadlines and hold people accountable, marketing efforts

    can’t succeed. Finally, don’t rest on your laurels. Markets change all the time and you must be ready. Make sure to

    review the plan every year to see if you must revisit any goals.

For more marketing and management advice, visit Joanna’s Web site at Muse2Muse


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