I. Short Conversation
11; M: I've missed you over the years, and I wish that we would have spent more time together. W: Sweetheart, I know you've seen me as much as you could. You're a grown man and have responsibilities that kept you away. I know.
Q: Why did the man spend so much time away from the woman?
12;M: I didn't expect you to be back at work so soon! You were just at the hospital yesterday! W: Yeah. I wasn't so sure about coming back. But the doctor told me it wouldn't be a problem. He said it'd do me good to be out among people again.
Q: Why did the doctor say it'd be good for the woman to return to work?
13;W: Those pants look lovely on you. Do you like them?
M: Well, I don't know. They fit fine at the waists but don't you think they're a little baggy in my hips? Q: What does the man mean?
14;M: Do you know what you'd do if you got sick. I mean, you don't have insurance! W: I guess I'd go to my parents for help. Or maybe I could take out a loan from the bank. There are options to insurance, you know.
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
15;W: I heard that you're taking piano lessons now. Why did you decide on that?
M: I ran into a teacher last week who pointed out my long fingers and said I could become a wonderful player. Since starting, I've learned I could become famous.
Q: Why did the man decide to learn the piano?
16;M: I've been thinking about retiring soon. Maybe then I can do the traveling I want. W: That's a great idea. But before you do, let's save up money for one more year. OK? I'd like to go with you, and we need money to spend.
Q: What is the most probable relationship between the two speakers?
17;W: I can't believe it! There's a man from the government here telling us to paint our home! He says it's too ugly! What nerve!
M: That's unbelievable. What right does he have to tell us what our home should look like?
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
18;M: I haven't gotten a night's sleep since our son was born. Any ideas for what we can do? W: I keep suggesting that we ask my mother to live with us and help out, but you never listen to me. Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
II. Long Conversation
M: Hey, what's that you're holding under your arm?
W: This? It's a box.
M: Yeah, I can see that! But what's inside?
W: It's a flower vase. I intend to wrap it and give it to Mom.
M: Oh, that's right, Mothers' Day is coming, isn't it?
W: Tomorrow. But you might have trouble finding something nice at the store now for her. I think all the best items have been bought.
M: Maybe I can take her and the family out for dinner tomorrow night. Are you free? W: Well, I do have something scheduled. But I think I can make time.
M: What do you think…4:30, OK?
W: 4:30? Don't you think that's kinda early? I couldn't imagine eating before 6. And Dad, you know he never eats before 8. I think a late dinner would be nice.
M: OK, then. Let's say 8:30.
W: I think Mom will enjoy that. I hear Dad is writing a song for her. Maybe he can sing it at the restaurant.
M: Oh, no! Dad's going to sing? I don't think I can take it!
Questions 19 to 23 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What will the woman do?
20. Why will the man have trouble?
21. When will they eat dinner on Mothers' Day?
22. What can be inferred from the conversation?
23. What is the relationship between the speakers?
W: I didn't see you participating in class today. You know, when people aren't doing the tasks I assign, I feel they aren't respecting me.
M: I'm sorry. I really didn't mean any disrespect. I just had problems with the assignment you gave. W: The goal-setting assignment?
M: Yeah. That's the one. I don't see why setting goals is important.
W: Setting goals not important? Goals can help you do, be, and experience everything you want in life. Instead of just letting life happen to you, goals allow you to make your life happen. M: I suppose.
W: It's true. Successful and happy people have a vision of how their life should be and they set lots of goals, both short-term and long-range. They do this to help them reach their vision. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It's like having a map to show you where you want to go. M: But goals are so difficult to set.
W: Nah. Goals aren't difficult to set—and they aren't difficult to reach. It's up to you to find out what your goals, ideals and visions really are. You are the one who must decide what to go after and in what direction to aim your life. And this is rather simple.
Questions 24 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
24. What are the speakers talking about?
25. What is the relationship between the two speakers?
26. What did the man do to make the woman feel disrespected?
27. How does goal setting assist successful people?
28. How does the woman feel about goals?
III. Understanding Passages
Do you want to grow as a person? Learning to play the piano may be just the thing for you! You probably have concerns, however. Maybe you think learning the piano is too expensive. A committed teacher who offers computer labs, newsletters, and competition support costs around $20 for a half hour. A teacher who offers none of those benefits charges around $15. Books are another expense, around $50 to get started. And, of course, there's the piano you must rent, starting at $150 a month. These costs shouldn't stop you. There is a solution that can make learning the piano much cheaper.
Rather than hire a regular instructor, buy books, and rent a piano. You can learn to play at a shop that sells pianos. Most shops offer lessons at low prices to people who want to learn. By taking this route in learning, you can eliminate the costs of books and rental. All you will need to do is to pay the shop a small fee, maybe only $10 an hour, for a salesman to teach you.
In the future, as you learn more, you might want to invest more in your piano studies. But by learning at a shop for less money, you can get the basics.
Questions 29 to 33 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. What is this passage about?
30. What is a concern when learning the piano?
31. How much do beginning books cost?
32. What must be paid for when taking lessons at a shop?
33. What might a person want to do after learning in a shop?
"My mother loves me more than anyone else does," one woman said. Along with hundreds of other people, this woman was asked questions about her family members and love. The answers were collected, calculated, and put into a recent study.
Among other things, the study showed that most people think their mothers love them more than other people do. When asked the question, "Who in your family loves you the most?" 70% of the people said their mothers, 20% said their brothers or sisters, and only 7% said their fathers. Three percent said someone else, such as a grandparent or uncle. None of the people asked had a spouse or child.
The study also showed that people love their mothers best. Almost 80% of people answering questions said that their mothers are most dear to them. But why? Many people said that mothers are the most generous. As one person said, "My mother would do anything for me. If I asked her to give me money, she would. She would even die for me, if necessary. I don't think anyone else would do such a thing."
Questions 34 to 38 based on the passage you have just heard.
34. What is this passage about?
35. What percentage of people think their fathers love them more than others do? 36. What did all of the people in the survey have in common?
37. Who do people love best according to the study?
38. Why do people love their mothers best according to the study?
Are you drinking enough water? If you're not, you could end up with excess body fat, poor muscle tone, muscle soreness, and other problems.
Next to air, water is the element most necessary for survival. A normal adult is 60 to 70 percent water. We can go without food for almost two months, but without water only a few days. Yet most people have no idea how much water they should drink. In fact, many do not get enough water.
Without water, we'd be poisoned to death by our own waste products. If we don't get enough water, wastes are not removed as effectively and may build up. Water also is vital for chemical reactions in digesting food. It carries fuel and oxygen to the cells through the blood and helps to cool the body.
We even need water to breathe: our lungs must be wet to take in oxygen and get rid of waste. It is possible to lose a lot of liquid each day just breathing.
How much is enough? Drink 1/2 ounce per pound of body weight if you're not active. That's ten eight-ounce glasses if you weigh 160 pounds. And drink 2/3 ounce per pound if you're athletic. That comes to 13 to 14 glasses a day, at the same weight.
Questions 39 to 43 based on the passage you have just heard.
39. What is this passage about?
40. What would cause a person to die from poisoning?
41. What does water help in transferring throughout the body?
42. How does water help us breathe?
43. How many glasses of water should an athletic person drink if he weighs 160 pounds?