Road Map of CSIO

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Annexue-II : SWOT Analysis of CSIO viii to ix stand-alone instruments and integrated systems for analysis and quantification of quality in respect of

     Road Map of CSIO

    Road Map of CSIO


    C o n t e n t s

     Page Nos.

1. Preamble 1

2. Why Road Map of CSIO 1

3. Broad Philosophy behind Road Map of CSIO 2

4. Approach Adopted 2

     4.1 Restructuring CSIO‟s Activities 3

     4.2 Constitution of Expert Teams 6

     4.3 Presentation of CSIO‟s Road Map to the Research

     Council, CSIO 6

5. Road Map of CSIO (2005-10) 7

     5.1 Broad Focus 7

     5.2 Key Research Areas and R&D Programmes 7

     5.2.1 Intelligent Instrumentation for Agro-based Industry 7

     5.2.2 Instrumentation for Geo-seismic and 8

     Disaster Mitigation

     5.2.3 Condition Monitoring Instrumentation 8

     5.2.4 Instrumentation for Railway Safety 8

     5.2.5 Instrumentation for Energy Management 8

     5.2.6 Medical Instrumentation 9

     5.2.7 Cockpit Instrumentation for Strategic and 10

    Defence Applications (Optics related)

     5.2.8 Photonics 10

    5.2.9 Analytical Instrumentation & MEMs design 10

     5.2.10 Material Science, Biomolecular Electronics & 11



     Road Map of CSIO

     5.3 CSIO‟s Focus 11

     5.3.1 Networking of reinforcing partnerships: large 11

     intra-organisational impact making project in

     association with Indian research community

     5.3.2 Leveraging “Knowledge Market Space” in the 12

     R&D Domain and Positioning for Exploiting

     New and Emerging Opportunities

     5.3.3 Building Centres of Excellence 12

     5.3.4 World Class Research 12

     5.3.5 Accountability 13

     5.3.6 Activity Portfolio Review 13

     5.4 Strengthening CSIO Industry Relations 13

     5.5 Building Synergy with Academic Institutions 14

     5.6 Networking and Consortia Approach to R&D 14

     5.7 Marketing and Business Development 14

    5.8 Redefining Manpower Profile and Proposed HRD Plan 15

    for Rejuvenating CSIO

6. Projections for the years 2005-10 17

7. Conclusions 18


     Annexure I : CSIO at A Glance i to vii

    Annexue-II : SWOT Analysis of CSIO viii to ix

     Annexure-III : CSIO‟s Broad Strategy for Road Map x to xii

     Annexure IV : Expert Teams for CSIO‟s Road Map xiii to xiv

     Annexure V : Proposed New S&T Manpower Profile xv

     of CSIO

     Annexure VI : Expertise likely to be generated xvi


     Road Map of CSIO




    (2005 10)

    December 2005

Central Scientific Instruments Organisation


     Road Map of CSIO

    Sector 30, Chandigarh - 160 030


    In the present scenario, knowledge has become major driving force towards economic growth, social development and an important pathway towards competitiveness. India is in the process of transition from a resource and labour based economy to a knowledge based one as is evident from the overall conditions in which economic and social activities are shaping up.

    Technology is a key parameter towards achieving this transition and instrumentation is one important branch which is highly inter-disciplinary in nature with amalgam of various faculties. The subject is rapidly growing with the development of new sensors, devices & systems for applications in almost every sector. Although placed in the tertiary level of the economy, its impact is all pervading permeating almost every area.

    Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIO), a constituent unit of CSIR, is dedicated to research and development of scientific instruments of diverse nature. Over a period of time, CSIO has acquired state-of-art expertise in designing instruments for different applications, namely, strategic & defence, health, societal, geoseismic etc. Keeping pace with emerging trends, CSIO has also ventured into newer areas like MEMs based sensors, biomolecular electronics, nanotechnology etc.

    To fulfil the need of providing front-end research in strategic areas, CSIO is also gearing up to act as technology gatekeeper. The strategic positioning of the Laboratory activities are being more focussed to cater to the needs of different sectors and sub-sectors of the country.


    As research is being viewed as business and technology is changing fast, the focus is towards timely deliverance of state-of-art solutions. Notwithstanding, CSIO‟s significant achievements and impact made, inbuilt expertise and capabilities can certainly touch newer heights if properly directed and executed. To do so, CSIO‟s activities need to be further consolidated and focused for


     Road Map of CSIO

    creating an ambience of nurturing all round excellence. As an organisational

    initiative, Road Map of its activities was therefore, considered as an

    important forward step.

Further, it was also felt that

    ? Research should lead to business development through stronger scientific &

    industrial alliances

    ? There is a dire need for strategic positioning of CSIO in the S&T perspective of

    the Country

    ? The lab should undertake front-end research to be globally competitive

The Road Map of the Institute would, therefore, not only maintain Institute‟s relevance

    but shall also consolidate its expertise and sharpen its focus towards emerging S&T

    challenges to remain proactive in promoting science and technology particularly for

    societal and strategic applications.

Annexure I provides a peep into CSIO‟s track record while its SWOT analysis is

    presented in Annexure-II.


    In generating the Road Map, recommendations made by the Performance

    Appraisal Board and Kelkar Committee constituted by CSIR provided the

    genesis and underlying philosophy. In consonance with above, CSIO’s broad

    strategy is given in Annexure-III :


    ? Thread-bare analysis of CSIO‟s human resource, available infrastructure,

    expertise generated and track-record projected the need of a new organisational

    structure in order to:

    - consolidate pockets of expertise that had been lying dispersed across the


    - check certain areas from becoming sub-critical from the point of view of

    aging and depleting manpower


     Road Map of CSIO

- take a relook at some R&D areas so as to give place to newer activities

    - develop human resource to the pedestal to reach higher echelons of

    research leading to development of contemporary technologies.

    - ensure accountability for timely deliverance for new business development

4.1 Restructuring CSIO’s Activities:

Keeping the above in mind, the activities of CSIO were structured into a 7 x 6

    matrix with seven „verticals‟ called Decision Units (DUs) and six „horizontals‟

    called „Think Tanks‟. The DUs were organized keeping in view their broad

    expertise, proximity of their past and present activities and expertise generated.

    The DUs shall comprise R&D Projects, Project Leaders/Principal Investigators

    and Project Teams under them known as Decision Packages (DPs) following the

    ZBB concept in functioning.

    The six „horizontals‟ called „Think Tanks‟ form web of CSIO‟s multidisciplinary

    expertise including state-of-art infrastructure which would be constantly upgraded

    to support different verticals.

    The seven Decision Units with their expertise are as under:

DU 1 : Intelligent Instrumentation for Seismic, Agro-based, Energy

    Management and Condition Monitoring

     Expertise : Electronics, IT, Geo-Science, Agri-Science

DU 2 : Medical Instrumentation, Linear Accelerator, Medical Imaging and

    Prosthetic Devices for Disabled

     Expertise: Electromechanical design, IT

DU 3 : Optics based Strategic Instrumentation

     Expertise: Optical design, fabrication & testing, Aspherics

DU 4 : Photonics

     Expertise : FBG/LPG based sensor design, Phase mask development

DU 5 : Analytical Instrumentation

     Expertise : Applied Physics, Applied Chemistry and MEMs


     Road Map of CSIO

    DU 6 : Material Science, Biomolecular Electronics and Nano-Technology

     Expertise: Nano-technology, Nano-materials, Bio-sensors

    DU 7 : Human Resource Development

    a) Indo Swiss Training Centre - Instrument technology,

    mechatronics die & mould design

    b) Manpower Development Skill development at all levels in

     niche areas

    The 6 ‘horizontals’ supporting the verticals shall be :

    H1 Mechanical Engg. Central Mechanical Workshops, ISTC


    H2 Optical Engg Optical Design, Fabrication, Assembly &

     Testing, Thin Films, Aspherics, FBG/LPG,

     Holographic based phase mask development

    H3 Electronics Hardware module design, µP/µC development

     tools, virtual instrumentation

    H4 Computer and IT High Level Languages, Algorithm development,

    Soft-computing techniques

    H5 Analytical & Support New material development, Chemistry,

    Services N Plant 2

    H6 A. Hard Services Civil & electrical maintenance, air conditioning,


    B. Soft Services Planning & Technical Information, Business

     development , Library & documentation

    C. MIS CSIO - database, MIS reports, networking

    The Organizational Structure incorporating the above is appended herewith


     Road Map of CSIO

    Outcome to outside world




    (Think Tank)


    4.2 Constitution of Expert Teams

? Owing to diversity in the R&D activities of CSIO, area wise Expert

    Teams were constituted under the Chairmanship of relevant RC

    members to discuss, brainstorm and finalise the Road Maps of the

    respective DUs.

    ? In order to facilitate meaningful discussions, in-depth brainstorming

    sessions involving all group IV and III scientists/ Technical Officers were

    held, concept papers of each area were prepared; these were discussed

    threadbare in each DU and then circulated well in advance among the

    members of the Expert Teams. The DU-wise concept papers covered :

    - Institute‟s track record in the area in terms of technologies developed,

    papers published, patents filed and R&D projects undertaken during

    the last 3-5 years.

    - Core strengths of the DU as demonstrated from the R&D projects

    and other supporting activities undertaken

    - Proposed Road Map as envisaged by the DU

    - Likely alliances

    - Funding mechanism envisaged

    The area-wise Expert Teams deliberated each DU‟s Road Map at length

    and outlines of DU-wise Roadmaps were prepared. This facilitated

    consolidation and preparation of the overall Roadmap of CSIO

    (Constitution of Expert Teams is given in Annexure IV)

    4.3 Presentation of CSIO’s Road Map to the Research Council,


Subsequently, CSIO‟s draft Road Map was presented to the Research

    thrdCouncil (RC) of CSIO in its 30 meeting held on 2-3 August,2005. After

    detailed deliberations, the RC made a few suggestions which have since

    been incorporated.

    Accordingly, the Road Map of CSIO is presented as under :

    5. ROAD MAP OF CSIO 2005-10

    5.1 Broad Focus

    ? Development of instruments and instrumentation systems based on

    users‟ demand with financial commitment, strategic use and societal

    applications shall receive top priority.

    ? Thrust shall be on medium cost medium volume instruments for which

    there is either no or inadequate production base, demand is substantial,

    is currently being met through imports and technology absorption is well

    within the reach of the industry. Development of a few high cost- low

    volume instruments, which are in tune with need based national

    programmes with priorities shall also be taken up.

? Realising that cost of modern instrumentation is determined more by IPR

    considerations rather than by the production cost, developmental efforts

    shall be on “looking beyond India”.

? Since the resources are limited, there is need to focus on selected areas

    of strength.

    5.2 Key Research Areas and R&D Programmes

     5.2.1 Intelligent Instrumentation for Agro-based Industry


    ? Instrumentation for crop health, soil & water analysis and


    ? Instrumentation for environmentally controlled cultivation

    ? Electronic Gadgets for Scaring Birds and Repelling the Rodents



     Intelligent Instrumentation for

    ? Storage of agri-produce under controlled atmospheres

    ? Unit operation control for quality manufacture

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