TOEFLSection One: Listening Comprehension
1. (A) She has had the man's calculator since
Thursday. Mondays. (B) The man's calculator is broken. (C) The man should wait for the number' (C) The man may use her calculator. 42 bus. (D) She'll return the man's calculator on (D) She has never taken the bus to the art Thursday. museum.
2. (A) Buy a different kind of medicine. 8. (A) The man should buy a jacket instead (B) See a doctor. of a suit. (C) Take a second pill. (B) The green jacket doesn't fit as well as (D) Avoid taking any medication. the blue one.
(C) The style of clothing is more 3. (A) He'll go running after his study group important than the color. meeting. (D) The man looks better in blue. (B) He doesn't agree with the woman
about the weather. 9. (A) The woman will get to her class on (C) He doesn't like to go running. time. (D) He'll go with the woman this (B) The woman should go to a different afternoon. counter.
(C) He doesn't like sandwiches very 4. (A) Another friend commented on his much. haircut too. (D) He's having trouble deciding what to (B) The woman has mistaken him for eat. another person.
(C) He decided to try a new barbershop. 10. (A) Her sister's train is late. (D) A different person cut his hair this (B) Her sister will visit in three months. time. (C) She'll have to leave without her
sister. 5. (A) The man shouldn't be surprised at how (D) She's eager to see her sister. busy he is.
(B) The man should leave more time for 11. (A) She's pleased they were invited. his studies. (B) Susan gave them the wrong (C) The man should try to find a different directions. job. (C) They'll probably be late for dinner. (D) The bookstore will be hiring more (D) Susan's house is probably nearby. people.
12. (A) Buy some orange juice for the woman.
(B) Borrow some money from the 6. (A) The woman should get more sleep. woman. (B) The woman may be sicker than she (C) Drive the woman to the store.
realizes. (D) Pay back money the woman lent (C) He isn't sick. him. (D) He doesn't think the woman is sick.
13. (A) She hasn't worn the dress in a long time. 7. (A) The art museum isn't open today. (B) She doesn't like the dress very much. (B) The number 42 bus doesn't run on (C) She intends to give the dress to her
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sister. roommate to vote for her. (D) She doesn't remember where her 20. (A) She isn't sure that the author's ideas sister bought the dress. would work. (B) The author isn't an expert in 14. (A) She never cleans the apartment. economics. (B) She's doing a report with her (C) She has a better theory about the roommate. economy. (C) She's too busy to clean the (D) The author spends too much time apartment. arguing about details. (D) She doesn't like sharing an
apartment. 21. (A) She doesn't agree with the man.
(B) The man doesn't need an official 15. (A) He'll try to finish the novel tonight. grade report. (B) He liked the novel very much. (C) Official copies of grades used to be (C) He doesn't remember where he put cheaper. the novel. (D) The man should go to a different (D) He's looking forward to the next office. literature assignment.
22. (A) Take her bicycle to the repair shop. 16. (A) He doesn't like to wake up early in (B) Leave her bicycle outside. the morning. (C) Go to work when it stops raining. (B) The woman seems unusually sad. (D) Check to make sure the garage is (C) There's no special reason for his dry. good mood.
(D) He wasn't in a good mood when he 23. (A) Others should hear about the man's woke up. accomplishment.
(B) The man should avoid talking about 17. (A) Get a ride to the station with the his accomplishment. woman. (C) The man's parents helped him gel (B) Take the woman to the station. the scholarship. (C) Borrow the woman's car to go to the (D) The man's parents already told her station. about his scholarship. (D) Drive his car instead of taking the
train. 24. (A) The course is too difficult,
(B) The professor changed his mind. 18. (A) Review the assignment by himself. (C) The final exam was cancelled. (B) Wait a few minutes before trying to (D) The woman misunderstood the phone John again. professor. (C) Ask one of John's housemates about
the assignment. 25. (A) The coffee used to taste better. (D) Go over to John's house. (B) He's surprised that the woman drinks
19. (A) He won't vote for the woman. (C) He'd rather drink something other (B) He may also run for class president. than coffee. (C) The woman already asked him for (D) The coffee tastes the same as before.
(D) The woman should ask his 26. (A) Come back later in the day.
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(B) Join the staff meeting. .
(C) Wait for the pool to open. 29, (A) The other job wouldn't have paid for
her tuition. (D) Wait for the competition to begin.
(B) The woman should have taken the
other job offer. 27. (A) He'd like to go to the theater Friday
(C) The woman should get an advanced night.
degree. (B) He already has a ticket for the
(D) Paid tuition is only a small benefit. Friday night performance.
(C) He doesn't think he can exchange his
30. (A) The man should have signed her up ticket.
for the class. (D) He rarely goes to the movies.
(B) The man needs to pay more
attention in class. 28. (A) She took a history class last year.
(C) She warned the man not to take an (B) She doesn't trust the man's opinion.
early morning class. (C) She probably won't take any history
(D) She thought the chemistry class was classes.
difficult. (D) She didn't like her sociology
else's books. 31. (A) To return some business books.
(B) The man changed his major from art (B) To apply for a new library card.
to business. (C) To check out some books from the
(C) The man recently moved off campus. library
(D) There are two students named (D) To find out where the art books are
Robert Smith. located.
35. (A) See if he is related to any of the 32. (A) The library assistant thinks he has an
students. overdue book. (B) Apply for a job as a library assistant. (B) The books he needs have been (C) Use his middle name. checked out by someone else. (D) Use a different library. (C) The library assistant is unable to locate the books that he needs. 36. (A) Its similarities to previous (D) A library notice was sent to him at architecture. his previous address. (B) Its impressive and distinctive features. 33. (A) To explain why he had difficulty finding (C) Methods used in its construction.
the library. (D) How it was preserved for later (B) To explain why he couldn't have generations.
borrowed library books in June.
(C) To explain why he doesn't yet have a 37. (A) Public market days.
library card, (B) Races and sporting events. (D) To explain why he needs assistance (C) Processions of priests.
in locating a book. (D) Speeches by politicians.
34. (A) The man has mistakenly received someone 38. (A) It was removed by an invading army.
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(B) It broke off when part of the hall 39. (A) Its lighting. collapsed. (B) Its sound quality. (C) It was cut away to let banners pass (C) Its air circulation. through the entrance. (D) Its stability in an earthquake.(D) It was later used in building another
40. (A) The relationship between physics (D) The volunteers use lights for signals.
(B) Ancient Greek beliefs about matter 46. (A) Write a report about their activities.
and motion. (B) Attend make-up classes with Dr.
Webster. (C) The effects of Aristotle's philosophy
(C) Help find turtle eggs before they on current theories of physics.
hatch. (D) Aristotle's use of fire in scientific
experiments. (D) Spend two hours working for the
41. (A) Earth.
(B) Water. 47. (A) How people in rural areas preserved (C) Air. food. (D) Fire. (B) The construction of icehouses.
(C) An important industry in the
42. (A) Pulling and pushing motions. nineteenth century. (B) Throwing motions. (D) How improvements in transportation (C) Planetary motions. affected industry. (D) Natural downward or upward
motions. 48. (A) Modem technology for the kitchen.
(B) Improved transportation systems.
43. (A) It's pushed away from Earth by fire. (C) Industrial use of streams and rivers. (B) It's trying to return to its natural (D) Increased temperatures in many
resting place. areas. (C) It's attracted to other planets.
(D) Its main substance is water. 49. (A) Only wealthy families had them.
(B) They were important to the ice
44. (A) To solicit volunteers for Turtle industry.
Watch. (C) They were built mostly on the east (B) To give an assignment to a biology coast.
class. (D) They are no longer in common use. (C) To warn students not to hurt green
turtles. 50. (A) To keep train engines cool. (D) To describe the nesting and hatching (B) To preserve perishable food.
activities of the green turtle. (C) To store ice while it was being
45. (A) The lights attract predators. (D) To lift blocks of ice from frozen (B) They need to save electricity. lakes and ponds. (C) The baby turtles are attracted to
Section Two: Structure and Written Expression
1. The role of the ear is................. acoustic (A) make up that now disturbances into neural signals suitable for (B) make up now that transmission to the brain. (C) that make up now (A) to code (D) that now make up (B) so that coded (C) coded 7. ------- need for new schools following the (D) it coding Second World War that provided the
sustained thrust for the architectural 2. The imagist movement in poetry arose program in Columbus, Indiana. during the second decade of the twentieth (A) Since the century.............. against romanticism, (B) To be the (A) when a revolt (C) The (B) as a revolt (D) It was the (C) a revolt was
(D) that a revolt 8. The soybean contains vitamins, essential
minerals, .............. high percentage of 3. Virtually ..............species have biological protein. clocks that regulate their metabolism over a (A) a 24-hour period. (B) and a (A) all there are (C) since a (B) all (D) of which a (C) all are
(D) they all 9. Hail is formed when a drop of rain is
carried by an updraft to an altitude where 4. According to United States criminal law, .......... to freeze it. insanity may relieve a person from the (A) is the air cold enough usual legal consequences ................... (B) the air cold enough (A) what his or her acts have (C) the cold enough air (B) of his or her acts are (D) the air is cold enough (C) of his or her acts
(D) what of his or her acts 10. Geometrically, the hyperbolic functions
are related to the hyperbola, .................. the 5. In addition to ------------ a place where trigonometric functions are related to the business deals are made, a stock exchange circle. collects statistics, publishes price quotations, (A) just as and sets rules and standards for trading. (B) same (A) being (C) similar to (B) it is (D) and similar (C) that which
(D) where is 11. .......... , Kilauea is one of the world's most
active volcanoes, having erupted dozens of 6. The first inhabitants of the territories times since 1952.
.......... Canada came across the Bering (A) The big island of Hawaii's location Strait and along the edge of the Arctic ice. (B) Locates the big island of Hawaii
(C) Located on the big island of Hawaii (C) As early as
(D) On the big island of Hawaii's (D) When early
14. The settings of Eudora Welty's stories 12. Not until the eighteenth century --------------- may be rather limited, but ...................... about the complex chemistry of metallurgy human nature is quite broad. (A) when scientists began to appreciate (A) exposes (B) did scientists begin to appreciate (B) exposes that (C) scientists who were beginning to (C) she exposes appreciate (D) what she exposes (D) the appreciation of scientists began
15. Lichens grow extremely well in very plants can 13. ............. 1810, water-powered textile
cold parts of the world survive. manufacturing arrived in New Hampshire with
(A) where few other the founding of a company in Manchester that
(B) few others manufactured cotton and wool.
(C) where do few others (A) Early
(D) there are few others (B) In the early
16．The pear tree has simple, oval leaves that are smoother and shinier than them of the
A B C D
17．In the orbit of a planet around the Sun, the point closest to the Sun is called it the
A B C D
18．In the early 1900’s, Roy Harris created and promoted a distinctly American style of
A B C classical music and greatly influenced a number of composer in the United States.
19．The eighteenth century witnessed the emergence of North American ports,
particular Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, as major commercial centers within the
B C D
20．Guitarlike instruments have exist since ancient times, but the first written mention
A B C
of the guitar itself is from the fourteenth century.
21．The law of biogenesis is the principle what all living organisms are derived from a
A B C
parent or parents.
22．Onyx is a mineral that can be recognized its regular and straight parallel bands of
A B C
white, black, or brown.
23．There are as many as 200 million insects for every human beings, and in fact their
total number exceeds that of all other animals taken together.
24．Native to South America and cultivated there for thousands of years, the peanut
is said to have introduced to North America by early explorers.
25．Originally canoes were made by the hollowing out of logs and used were for combat
A B C
as well as transport.
26．Among the symptoms of measles, which takes about twelve days to incubate, are a high
A B C
fever, swelling of glands in the neck, a cough, and sensitive to light.
27．Ice crystals in a glacier tends to melt and recrystallize within a brief moment of travel
A B C D
on a downhill glide.
28．Photograph was revolutionized in 1851 by the introduction of the collodion process
A B C
for making glass negatives.
29．The piano is a stringed musical instrument in which the strings are strike by
A B C
felt-covered hammers controlled by a keyboard.
30．The sounds used in human languages to create meaning consist of small variation in
air pressure can be sensed by the ear.
31．The mountains, especially the Rocky Mountains, formerly constituted a seriously
barrier to east-west trade in British Columbia.
32．Telescope are frequently used in astronomy to collect light from a celestial object,
bring the light into focus, and producing a magnified image.
33．Diamond is the hardest known substance, so diamond can be cut only by another
A B C D
34．There are about 350 species and subspecies of birds in danger of become extinct,
with a large number of them, 117 in all, found on oceanic islands.
35．The nineteenth-century romantic movement in art was partially a reaction to what
A B C
was perceived as overemphasis on reasonable and order in neoclassicism.
36．Like triglycerides, cholesterol is a type of fat that is both consumed in the diet but
A B C D
manufactured by the body.
37．Both the United States silver dollar and half-dollar, first minted in 1794, had a figure
A B C
of Liberty on one side and a eagle on the reverse side.
38．For an advertisement to be effective, its production and placement must to be based
A B C
on a knowledge of human nature and a skilled use of the media.
39．While photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert
A B C
water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.
40．The Democratic Party, the most oldest existing political party in the United States,
A B has played a vital role in the nation’s history.
Section Three: Reading Comprehension
One area of paleoanthropological study involves the eating and dietary habits of hominids, erect
bipedal primates—including early humans. It is clear that at some stage of history, humans began
to carry their food to central places, called home bases, where it
Line was shared and consumed with the young and other adults. The use of home bases is a
(5) fundamental component of human social behavior; the common meal served at a common hearth is a
powerful symbol, a mark of social unity. Home base behavior does not occur among nonhuman
primates and is rare among mammals. It is unclear when humans began to use home bases, what kind
of communications and social relations were involved, and what the ecological and food-choice
contexts of the shift were. Work on early tools,
(10) surveys of paleoanthropological sites, development and testing of broad ecological
theories, and advances in comparative primatology are contributing to knowledge about this central
chapter in human prehistory.
One innovative approach to these issues involves studying damage and wear on stone tools.
Researchers make tools that replicate excavated specimens as closely as possible
(15) and then try to use them as the originals might have been used, in woodcutting, hunting, or cultivation.
Depending on how the tool is used, characteristic chippage patterns and microscopically
distinguishable polishes develop near the edges. The first application of this method of analysis to stone
tools that are 1.5 million to 2 million years old indicates that, from the start, an important function of
early stone tools was to extract highly
(20) nutritious food—meat and marrow-from large animal carcasses. Fossil bones with cut marks caused by
stone tools have been discovered lying in the same 2-million-year-old layers that yielded the oldest
such tools and the oldest hominid specimens (including humans) with larger than ape-sized brains.
This discovery increases scientists' certainty about when human ancestors began to eat more meat than
(25) primates. But several questions remain unanswered: how frequently meat eating occurred; what the
social implications of meat eating were; and whether the increased use of meat coincides with the
beginnings of the use of home bases.
EXCEPT to 1. The passage mainly discusses which of
(A) build home bases the following aspects of hominid
(B) obtain food behavior?
(C) make weapons (A) Changes in eating and dietary
(D) shape wood practices (B) The creation of stone hunting
6. The word "innovative" in line 13 is closest (C) Social interactions at home bases in meaning to (D) Methods of extracting nutritious food (A) good from carcasses (B) new
(C) simple 2. According to the passage, bringing a meal (D) costly to a location to be shared by many
individuals is 7. The word "them" in line 15 refers to (A) an activity typical of nonhuman (A) issues primates (B) researchers (B) a common practice among animals (C) tools that eat meat (D) specimens (C) an indication of social unity . (D) a behavior that encourages better 8. The author mentions "characteristic dietary habits chippage patterns" in line 16 as an example of 3. The word "consumed" in line 4 is closest (A) decorations cut into wooden objects in meaning to (B) differences among tools made of (A) prepared various substances (B) stored (C) impressions left on prehistoric animal (C) distributed bones (D) eaten (D) indications of wear on stone tools 4. According to paragraph 2, researchers 9. The word "extract" in line 19 is closest in make copies of old stone tools in order to meaning to (A) protect the old tools from being worn (A) identify out (B) remove (B) display examples of the old tools in (C) destroy
museums (D) compare (C) test theories about how old tools were
10. The word "whether" in line 26 is closest used
in meaning to (D) learn how to improve the design of
(A) if modern tools
(C) why 5. In paragraph 2, the author mentions all of (D) when the following as examples of ways in
which early stone tools were used
In seventeenth-century colonial North America, all day-to-day cooking was done in the
fireplace. Generally large, fireplaces were planned for cooking as well as for warmth. Those in
the Northeast were usually four or five feet high, and in the South, they were
Line often high enough for a person to walk into. A heavy timber called the mantel tree was (5) used as a lintel to support the stonework above the fireplace opening. This timber might be scorched
occasionally, but it was far enough in front of the rising column of heat to be safe from catching
Two ledges were built across from each other on the inside of the chimney. On these rested the
ends of a "lug pole" from which pots were suspended when cooking. Wood
(10) from a freshly cut tree was used for the lug pole, so it would resist heat, but it had to be replaced
frequently because it dried out and charred, and was thus weakened. Sometimes the pole broke
and the dinner fell into the fire. When iron became easier to obtain, it was used instead of wood for
lug poles, and later fireplaces had pivoting metal rods to hang pots from. (15) Beside the fireplace and built as part of it was the oven. It was made like a small,
secondary fireplace with a flue leading into the main chimney to draw out smoke. Sometimes the
door of the oven faced the room, but most ovens were built with the opening facing into the
fireplace. On baking days (usually once or twice a week) a roaring fire of "oven wood," consisting
of brown maple sticks, was maintained in the oven until its
(20) walls were extremely hot. The embers were later removed, bread dough was put into the oven, and
the oven was sealed shut until the bread was fully baked.
Not ai! baking was done in a big oven, however. Also used was an iron "bake kettle," which
looked like a stewpot on legs and which had an iron lid. This is said to have worked well when it
was placed in the fireplace, surrounded by glowing wood embers, with more (25) embers piled on its lid.
11. Which of the following aspects of
13. The word "scorched" in line 6 is closest domestic life in colonial North America
in meaning to does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) burned (A) Methods of baking bread
(B) cut (B) Fireplace cooking
(C) enlarged (C) The use of iron kettles in a typical
(D) The types of wood used in preparing
meals 14. The word "it" in line 6 refers to
(A) the stonework
12. The author mentions the fireplaces built (B) the fireplace opening
(C) the mantel tree in the South to illustrate
(D) the rising column of heat (A) how the materials used were similar
to the materials used in northeastern
15. According to the passage, how was food fireplaces
usually cooked in a pot in the (B) that they served diverse functions
seventeenth century? (C) that they were usually larger than
(A) By placing the pot directly into the northeastern fireplaces
fire (D) how they were safer than
(B) By putting the pot in the oven northeastern fireplaces