Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each
conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and
the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During
the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is
the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single
line through the center.
Example: You will hear:
You will read:
A) 2 hours.
B) 3 hours.
C) 4 hours.
D) 5 hours.
From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start
at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5
hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it
with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
1. A) Get some change form Jane.
B) Use the woman’s phone.
C) Go look for a pay phone.
D) Pay for the phone call.
2. A) At a bookstore.
B) In a workshop.
C) At an art gallery.
D) In a department store.
3. A) She’s bought the man a pair of glasses today.
B) She will help the man to catch up.
C) She is worried about the man’s health.
D) She has bought the man an up-to-date map.
4. A) He is going to give a talk on fishing.
B) He thinks fishing is a good way to kill time.
C) He has the same hobby as Susan’s father.
D) He is eager to meet Susan’s parents.
5. A) He finds the presentation hard to follow.
B) He considers the presentation very dull.
C) He thinks Professor White has chosen an interesting topic.
D) He speaks highly of the presentation.
6. A) High quality paper.
B) A typewriter.
C) A bookshelf.
D) Some stocks.
7. A) They go to the seaside.
B) They set off early.
C) They go sightseeing.
D) They wait for a fine day.
8. A) He was late for school on the first day.
B) He had a funny face.
C) He was the first person she met at school.
D) He liked to show off in class.
9. A) Her car can stand any crash.
B) Her car is not as good as his.
C) Her car is maintained as well as his.
D) Her car is kept in good condition.
10. A) She is too busy to go.
B) She doesn’t want to wait long.
C) She’s willing to go swimming.
D) She enjoys the wonderful weather.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage,
you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Question 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) He was once a friend of the ruler.
B) He was a tax collector.
C) He was a government official.
D) He was once a school teacher in India.
12. A) To declare new ways of collecting tax.
B) To entertain those who had made great contributions to the government.
C) To collect money from the persons invited.
D) To reward outstanding tax collectors.
13. A) They tried to collect more money than the ruler asked for.
B) They were given some silver and gold coins by the ruler.
C) They were excused from paying income tax.
D) They enjoyed being invited to dinner at the ruler’s palace.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard. 14. A) They liked traveling.
B) They wanted to find a better place to live in.
C) They were driven out of their homes.
D) The reasons are unknown.
15. A) They try to put up with Gypsies.
B) They are envious of Gypsies.
C) They are unfriendly to Gypsies.
D) They admire the musical talent of the Gypsies.
16. A) Special schools have been set up for them.
B) Permanent homes have been built for them.
C) They are now taught in their own language.
D) They are now allowed to attend local schools.
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard. 17. A) The causes are obvious.
B) The causes are very complicated.
C) The causes are familiar.
D) The causes are not well understood.
18. A) Regular driver training.
B) Improved highway design.
C) Stricter traffic regulations.
D) Better public transportation.
19. A) Highway crime.
B) Poor traffic control.
C) Confusing road signs.
D) Drivers’ errors.
20. A) Designing better cars.
B) Building more highways.
C) Increasing people’s awareness of traffic problems.
D) Enhancing drivers’ sense of responsibility.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Direction: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four
choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and
mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line
through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Dogs are social animals and without proper training, they will behave like wild
animals. They will soil your house, destroy your belongings, bark excessively, fight other
dogs and even bite you. Nearly all behavior problems are perfectly normal dog activities
that occur at the wrong time or place or are directed at the wrong thing. The key to
preventing or treating behavior problems is learning to teach the dog to redirect its normal
behavior to outlets that are acceptable in the domestic setting.
One of the best things you can do for your dog and yourself is to obedience train it.
Obedience training doesn’t solve all behavior problems, but it is the foundation for solving just about any problem. Training pens up a line of communication between you
and your dog. Effective communication is necessary to instruct your dog about what you
want it to do.
Training is also an easy way to establish the social rank order. When your dog obeys
a simple request of “come here, sit,” it is showing obedience and respect for you. It is not
necessary to establish yourself as top dog or leader of the pack（群）by using extreme
measure. You can teach your dog its subordinate（从属的）role by teaching it to show
submission to you. Most dogs love performing tricks for you to pleasantly accept that you
are in charge.
Training should be fun and rewarding for you and your dog. It can enrich your
relationship and make living together more enjoyable. A well-trained dog is more
confident and can more safely be allowed a greater amount of freedom than an untrained
21. Behavior problems of dogs are believe to _______.
A) be just part of their nature
B) worsen in modern society
C) occur when they go wild
D) present a threat to the community
22. The primary purpose of obedience training is to _______.
A) teach the dog to perform clever tricks
B) make the dog aware of its owner’s authority
C) provide the dog with outlets for its wild behavior
D) enable the dog to regain its normal behavior
23. Effective communication between a dog and its owner is _______.
A) essential to solving the dog’s behavior problems
B) the foundation for dogs to perform tasks
C) a good way to teach the dog new tricks
D)an extreme measure in obedience training
24. Why do pet dogs love performing tricks for their masters?
A) To avoid being punished.
B) To show their affection for their masters.
C) To win leadership of the dog pack.
D) To show their willingness to obey.
25. When a dog has received effective obedience training, its owner _______.
A) can give the dog more rewards
B) will enjoy a better family life
C) can give the dog more freedom
D) will have more confidence in himself
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality, but
when it comes to my college education I am an idealist and a fool. In high school I
wanted to be an electrical engineer and, of course, any sensible student with my aims
would have chosen a college with a large engineering department, famous reputation and
lots of good labs and research equipment. But that’s not what I did.
I chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts（文科）university that doesn’t even
offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously, this was not a practical choice; I came
here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad education that would provide me with
flexibility and a value system to guide me in my career. I wanted to open my eyes and
expand my vision by interacting with people who weren’t studying science or engineering.
My parents, teachers and other adults praised me for such a sensible choice. They told me
I was wise and mature beyond my 18 years, and I believed them.
I headed off to college sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who
went to big engineering “factories” where they didn’t care if you have values or were
flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer: technical genius and sensitive humanist
（人文学者）all in one.
Now I’m not so sure. Somewhere along the way my noble ideals crashed into reality,
as all noble ideals eventually do. After three years of struggling to balance math, physics
and engineering courses with liberal-arts courses, I have learned there are reasons why
few engineering students try to reconcile（协调）engineering with liberal-arts courses in
The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is that
engineering and the liberal arts simply don’t’ mix as easily as I assumed in high school.
Individually they shape a person in very different ways; together they threaten to confuse.
The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult.
26. The author chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts university because he
A) wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality
B) intended to be a combination of engineer and humanist
C) wanted to coordinate engineering with liberal-arts courses in college
D) intended to be a sensible student with noble ideals.
27. According to the author, by interacting with people who study liberal arts,
engineering students can _______.
A) balance engineering and the liberal arts
B) receive guidance in their careers
C) become noble idealists
D) broaden their horizons
28. In the eyes of the author, a successful engineering student is expected _______
A) to have an excellent academic record
B) to be wise and mature
C) to be imaginative with a value system to guide him
D) to be a technical genius with a wide vision
29. The author’s experience shows that he was _______.
30. The word “they” in “…together they threaten to confuse.” (Line 3, Para.5) refers to
A) engineering and the liberal arts.
B) reality and noble ideals
C) flexibility and a value system
D) practicality and rationality
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Priscilla Ouchida’s “energy-efficient” house turned out to be a horrible dream. When
she and her engineer husband married a few years ago, they built a $100,000,
three-bedroom home in California. Tightly sealed to prevent air leaks, the house was
equipped with small double-paned（双层玻璃的）windows and several other energy-saving features. Problems began as soon as the couple moved in, however.
Priscilla’s eyes burned. Her throat was constantly dry. She suffered from headaches and
could hardly sleep. It was as though she had suddenly developed a strange illness.
Experts finally traced the cause of her illness. The level of formaldehyde（甲醛）gas in
her kitchen was twice the maximum allowed by federal standards for chemical workers.
The source of the gas? Her new kitchen cabinets and wall-to-wall carpeting.
The Ouchidas are victims of indoor air pollution, which is not given sufficient
attention partly because of the nation’s drive to save energy. The problem itself isn’t new.
“The indoor environment was dirty long before energy conservation came along,” says
Moschandreas, a pollution scientist at Geomet Technologies in Maryland. “Energy
conservation has tended to accentuate the situation in some cases.”
The problem appears to be more troublesome in newly constructed homes rather than
old ones. Back in the days when energy was cheap, home builders didn’t worry much about unsealed cracks. Because of such leaks, the air in an average home was replaced by
fresh outdoor air about once an hour. As a result, the pollutants generated in most
households seldom build up to dangerous levels.
31. It can be learned from the passage that the Ouchidas’ house _______.
A) is well worth the money spent on its construction
B) is almost faultless from the point of energy conservation
C) failed to meet energy conservation standards
D) was designed and constructed in a scientific way
32. What made the Ouchidas’ new house a horrible dream?
A) Lack of fresh air.
B) Poor quality of building materials.
C) Gas leakage in the kitchen.
D) The newly painted walls
33. The word “accentuate” (Line 4, Para.3) most probably means “_______”.
34. Why were cracks in old houses not a big concern?
A) Because indoor cleanliness was not emphasized.
B) Because energy used to be inexpensive.
C) Because environmental protection was given top priority.
D) Because they were technically unavoidable.
35. This passage is most probably taken from an article entitled “_______”.
A) Energy Conservation
B) Houses Building Crisis
C) Air Pollution Indoors
D) Traps in Building Construction
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
In 1993. New York State ordered stores to charge a deposit on beverage（饮料）
containers. Within a year. Consumers had returned millions of aluminum cans and glass
and plastic bottles. Plenty of companies were eager to accept the aluminum and glass as
raw materials for new products. But because few could figure out what to do with the
plastic, much of it wound up buried in landfills（垃圾填埋场）. The problem was not
limited to New York. Unfortunately, there were too few uses for second-hand plastic.
Today, one out of five plastic soda bottles is recycled（回收利用）in the United States.
The reason for the change is that now there are dozens of companies across the country
buying discarded plastic soda bottles and turning them into fence posts, paint brushes, etc.
Shrinking landfill space, and rising costs for burying and burning rubbish are forcing
local governments to look more closely at recycling. In many areas, the East Coast
especially, recycling is already the least expensive waste-management option. For every
ton of waste recycled, a city avoids paying for its disposal, which, in parts of New York,
amounts to saving of more than $100 per ton. Recycling also stimulates the local
economy by creating jobs and trims the pollution control and energy costs of industries
that make recycled products by giving them a more refined raw material.
36. What regulation was issued by New York State concerning beverage containers?
A) Beverage companies should be responsible for collecting and reusing discarded
plastic soda bottles.
B) Throwaways should be collected by the state for recycling.
C) A fee should be charged on used containers for recycling.
D) Consumers had to pay for beverage containers and could get their money back on
37. The returned plastic bottles in New York used to _______.
A) end up somewhere underground
B) be turned into raw materials
C) have a second-life value
D) be separated from other rubbish
38. The key problem in dealing with returned plastic beverage containers is _______.
A) to sell them at a profitable price
B) how to turn them into useful things
C) how to reduce their recycling costs
D) to lower the prices for used materials
39. Recycling ahs become the first choice for the disposal of rubbish because _______.
A) local governments find it easy to manage
B) recycling ahs great appeal for the jobless
C) recycling causes little pollution
D) other methods are more expensive
40. It can be concluded from the passage that _______
A) rubbish is a potential remedy for the shortage of raw materials
B) local governments in the U.S. can expect big profits from recycling
C) recycling is to be recommended both economically and environmentally
D) landfills will still be widely used for waste disposal
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are
four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes
the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a
single line through the center.
41 It is important that the hotel receptionist _______ that guests are registered correctly.
A) has made sure B) made sure
C) must make sure D) make sure
42 I suggested he should _______ himself to his new conditions.
A) adapt B) adopt
C) regulate D) suit
43 I’ll never forget _______ you for the first time.
A) to meet B) meeting
C) to have met D) having to be meeting
44 Cancellation of the flight _______ many passengers to spend the night at the airport.
A) resulted B) obliged
C) demanded D) recommended
45 That young man still denies _______ the fire behind the store.
A) start B) to start
C) having started D) to have started
46 _______ in a recent science competition, the three students were awarded
scholarships totaling $21,000.
A) Judged the best B) Judging the best
C) To be judged the best D) Having judged the best
47 Without proper lessons, you could _______ a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.
A) keep up B) pick up
C) draw up D) catch up
48 Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body’s need for it
from natural sources without turning _______ the salt bottle.
A) up B) to
C) on D) over
49 He always did well at school _______ having to do part-time jobs every now and then.
A) in spite of B) regardless of
C) on account of D) to case of
50 _______ receiving financial support from family, community or the government is
allowed, it is never admired.
A) As B) Once
C) Although D) Lest
51 All the key words in the article are printed in _______ type so as to attract readers’
A) dark B) dense
C) black D) bold
52 The basic features of the communication process are identified in one question: Who
says _______ through what channel to whom?
A) how B) when
C) what D) such
53 I didn’t _______ to take a taxi but I had to as I was late.
A) assume B) suppose
C) mean D) hope
54 The hours _______ the children spend in their one-way relationship with television
people undoubtedly affect their relationships with real-life people.
A) in which B) on which
C) when D) that
55 I’d rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than _______ a room with