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000104

By Virginia Jones,2014-11-11 18:41
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000104

    20001CET-4

    Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

    Section A

    Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and

    the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During

    the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is

    the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single

    line through the center.

Example: You will hear:

     You will read: A) At the office.

    B) In the waiting room.

    C) At the airport.

    D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start

    at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5

    hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it

    with a single line through the center.

    Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

    1. A) The woman is a close friend of the man.

     B) The woman has been working too hard.

     C) The woman is seeing a doctor.

     D) The woman is tired of her work.

    2. A) This apple pie tastes very good.

     B) His mother likes the pie very much.

     C) This pie can’t match his mother’s.

     D) His mother can’t make apple pies.

    3. A) Take a walk.

     B) Give a performance.

     C) Listen to the music.

     D) Dance to the music.

    4. A) Read an article on political science.

     B) Present a different theory to the class.

     C) Read more than one article.

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     D) Choose a better article to read.

    5. A) The woman would understand if she did Mary’s job.

     B) The woman should do the typing for Mary.

     C) The woman should work as hard as Mary.

     D) The woman isn’t a skillful typist. 6. A) He wants to make an appointment with Mr. Smith.

     B) He wants to make sure that Mr. Smith will see him.

     C) He wants to change the time of the appointment.

     D) He wants the woman to meet him at three o’clock.

    7. A) He gets nervous very easily.

     B) He is an inexperienced speaker.

     C) He is an awful speaker.

     D) He hasn’t prepared his speech well. 8. A) She didn’t like the books the man bought.

     B) There wasn’t a large selection at the bookstore.

     C) The man bought a lot of books.

     D) She wanted to see what the man bought.

    9. A) Buy a ticket for the tem o’clock flight.

     B) Ask the man to change the ticket for her.

     C) Go to the airport immediately.

     D) Switch to a different flight.

    10. A) Dr. Lemon is waiting for a patient.

     B) Dr. Lemon is busy at the moment.

     C) Dr. Lemon has lost his patience.

     D) Dr. Lemon has gone out to visit a patient.

Section B

    Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage,

    you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only

    once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices

    marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a

    single line through the center.

Passage one

    Question 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

    11. A) A car outside the supermarket.

     B) A car at the bottom of the hill.

     C) Paul’s car.

     D) The sports car.

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12. A) Inside the car.

     B) At the foot of the hill.

     C) In the garage.

     D) In the supermarket.

    13. A) The driver of the sports car.

     B) The two girls inside the car.

     C) The man standing nearby.

     D) The salesman from London.

    14. A) Nobody.

     B) The two girls.

     C) The bus driver.

     D) Paul.

Passage Two

    Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard. 15. A) His friend gave him the wrong key.

     B) He didn’t know where the back door was.

     C) He couldn’t find the key to his mailbox.

     D) It was too dark to put the key in the lock.

    16. A) It was getting dark.

     B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend.

     C) The birds might have flown away.

     D) His friend would arrive any time.

    17. A) He looked silly with only one leg inside the window.

     B) he knew the policeman wouldn’t believe him.

     C) The torch light made him look very foolish.

     D) He realized that he had made a mistake.

Passage Three

    Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard. 18. A) The threat of poisonous desert animals and plants.

     B) The exhaustion of energy resources.

     C) The destruction of oil wells.

     D) The spread of the black powder from the fires.

    19. A) The underground oil resources have not been affected.

     B) Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.

     C) The oil lakes soon dried up and stopped evaporating.

     D) The underground water resources have not been polluted. 20. A) To resto5e the normal production of the oil wells.

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     B) To estimate the losses caused by the fires.

     C) To remove the oil left in the desert.

     D) To use the oil left in the oil lakes.

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

    Direction: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some

    questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four

    choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and

    mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line

    through the center.

Passage One

    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

     Unless we spend money to spot and prevent asteroids (小行星) now, one might crash

    into Earth and destroy life as we know it, say some scientists.

     Asteroids are bigger versions of the meteoroids (流星) that race across the night sky.

    Most orbit the sun far from Earth and don’t threaten us. But there are also thousands of

    asteroids whose orbits put them on a collision course with Earth.

     Buy $50 million worth of new telescopes right now. Then spend $10 million a year

    for the next 25 year5s to locate most of the space rocks. By the time we spot a fatal one,

    the scientists say, we’ll have a way to change its course.

     Some scientists favor pushing asteroids off course with nuclear weapons. But the cost

    wouldn’t be cheap.

     Is it worth it? Two things experts consider when judging any risk re: 1) How likely

    the event is; and 2) How bad the consequences if the event occurs. Experts think an

    asteroid big enough to destroy lots of life might strike Earth once every 500,000 years.

    Sounds pretty rare—but if one did fall, it would be the end of the world. “If we don’t take

    care of these big asteroids, they’ll take care of us,” says one scientist. “It’s that simple.”

     The cure, though, might be worse than the disease. Do we really want fleets of

    nuclear weapons sitting around on Earth? “The world has less to fear from doomsday (

    灭性的)rocks than from a great nuclear fleet set against them,” said a New York Times

    article.

21. What does the passage say about asteroids and meteoroids?

     A) They are heavenly bodies different in composition.

     B) They are heavenly bodies similar in nature.

     C) There are more asteroids than meteoroids.

     D) Asteroids are more mysterious than meteoroids.

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22. What do scientists say about the collision of an asteroid with Earth?

     A) It is very unlikely but the danger exists.

     B) Such a collision might occur once every 25 years.

     C) Collisions of smaller asteroids with Earth occur more often than expected.

     D) It’s still too early to say whether such a collision might occur.

    23. What do people think of the suggestion of using nuclear weapons to alter the courses

    of asteroids?

     A) It sounds practical but it may not solve the problem.

     B) It may create more problems than it might solve.

     C) It is a waste of money because a collision of asteroids with Earth is very unlikely.

     D) Further research should be done before it is proved applicable.

    24. We can conclude from the passage that ______________.

     A) while pushing asteroids off course nuclear weapons would destroy the world

     B) asteroids racing across the night sky are likely to hit Earth in the near future

    C) the worry about asteroids can be left to future generations since it is unlikely to

    happen in our lifetime

     D) workable solutions still have to be found to prevent a collision of asteroids with

    Earth

    25. Which of the following best describes the author’s tone in this passage?

     A) Optimistic.

     B) Critical.

     C) Objective.

     D) Arbitrary.

Passage Two

    Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

     Believe it or not, optical illusion (错觉)can cut highway crashes.

     Japan is a case in point. It has reduced automobile crashes on some roads by nearly

    75 percent using a simple optical illusion. Bent stripes, called chevrons (人字形), painted

    on the roads make drivers think that they are driving faster than they really are, and thus

    drivers slow down.

     Now the American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety in

    Washington D.C. is planning to repeat Japan’s success. Starting next year, the foundation

    will paint chevrons and other patterns of stripes on selected roads around the country to

    test how well the patterns reduce highway crashes.

     Excessive speed plays a major role in as much as one fifth of all fatal traffic

    accidents, according to the foundation. To help reduce those accidents, the foundation will

    conduct its tests in areas where speed-related hazards are the greatestcurves, exit slopes,

    traffic circles, and bridges.

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     Some studies suggest that straight, horizontal bars painted across roads can initially cut the average speed of drivers in half. However, traffic often returns to full speed within months as drivers become used to seeing the painted bars.

     Chevrons, scientists say, not only give drivers the impression that they are driving faster than they really are but also make a lane appear to be narrower. The result is a longer lasting reduction in highway sped and the number of traffic accidents.

26. The passage mainly discusses __________.

     A) a new way of highway speed control

     B) a new pattern for painting highways

     C) a new approach to training drivers

     D) a new type of optical illusion

    27. On roads painted with chevrons, drivers tend to feel that __________.

     A) they should avoid speed-related hazards

     B) they are driving in the wrong lane

     C) they should slow down their speed

     D) they are approaching the speed limit

    28. The advantage of chevrons over straight, horizontal bars is that the former ___________.

     A) can keep drivers awake

     B) can cut road accidents in half

     C) will have a longer effect on drivers

     D) will look more attractive

    29. The American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety plans to

    __________.

     A) try out the Japanese method in certain areas

     B) change the road signs across the country

     C) replace straight, horizontal bars with chevrons

     D) repeat the Japanese road patterns

    30. What does the author say about straight, horizontal bars painted across roads?

     A) They are falling out of use in the United States

     B) They tend to be ignored by drivers in a short period of time.

     C) They are applicable only on broad roads.

     D) They cannot be applied successfully to traffic circles.

Passage Three

    Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

     Amtrak (美国铁路客运公司) was experiencing a downswing in ridership(客运量)

    along the lines comprising its rail system. Of major concern to Amtrak and its advertising

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agency DDB Needham, were the long-distance western routes where ridership had been

    declining significantly.] At one time, trains were the only practical way to cross the vast

    areas of the west. Trains were fast, very luxurious, and quite convenient compared to

    other forms of transportation existing at the time. However, times change and the

    automobile became America’s standard of convenience. Also, air travel had easily

    established itself as the fastest method of traveling great distances. Therefore, the task for

    DDB Needham was to encourage consumers to consider other aspects of train travel in

    order to change their attitudes and increase the likelihood that trains would be considered

    for travel in the west.

     Two portions of the total market were targeted: 1) anxious fliersthose concerned

    with safety, relaxation, and cleanliness and 2) travel-loversthose viewing themselves as

    relaxed, casual, and interested in the travel experience as part of their vacation. The

    agency then developed a campaign that focused on travel experiences such as freedom,

    escape, relaxation, and enjoyment of the great western outdoors. It stressed experiences

    gained by using the trains and portrayed western train trips as wonderful adventures.

     Advertisements showed pictures of the beautiful scenery that could be enjoyed along

    some of the more famous western routes and emphasized the romantic names of some of

    these trains (Empire Builder, etc.). These ads were strategically placed among

    family-oriented TV shows and programs involving nature and America in order to most

    effectively reach target audiences. Results were impressive. The Empire Builder, which

    was focused on in one ad, enjoyed a 15 percent increase in profits on its Chicago to

    Seattle route.

31. What’s the author’s purpose in writing this passage?

    A) To show the inability of trains to compete with planes with respect to speed and

    convenience.

     B) To stress the influence of the automobile on America’s standard of convenience.

     C) To emphasize the function of travel agencies in market promotion.

    D) To illustrate the important role of persuasive communication in changing

    consumer attitudes.

    32. It can be inferred from the passage that the drop in Amtrak ridership was due to the

    fact that ________.

     A) trains were not suitable for short distance passenger transportation

     B) trains were not the fastest and most convenient form of transportation

     C) trains were not as fast and convenient as they used to be

     D) trains could not compete with planes in terms of luxury and convenience

    33. To encourage consumers to travel by train, DDB Needham emphasized __________.

     A) the freedom and convenience provided on trains

     B) the practical aspects of train travel

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     C) the adventurous aspects of train trips

     D) the safety and cleanliness of train trips

    34. The train ads were placed among family-oriented TV programs involving nature and

    America because ____________.

     A) they could focus on meaningful travel experiences

     B) they could increase the effectiveness of the TV programs

     C) their profits could be increased by some 15 percent

     D) most travel-lovers and nervous fliers were believed to be among the audiences

    35. According to the passage, the Empire Builder enjoyed an increase in ridership and

    profits because ___________.

     A) the attractiveness of its name and route was effectively advertised

     B) it provided an exciting travel exper5ience

     C) its passengers could enjoy the great western outdoors

     D) it was widely advertised in newspapers and magazines in Chicago and SEattle

Passage Four

    Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

     Why does cram go bad faster than butter? Some researchers think they have the

    answer, and it comes down to the structure of the food, not its chemical compositiona

    finding that could help rid some processed foods of chemical preservatives.

     Cream and butter contain pretty much the same substances, so why cream should sour

    much faster has been a mystery. Both are emulsionstiny globules (小球体) of one

    liquid evenly distributed throughout another. The difference lies in what’s in the globules

    and what’s in the surrounding liquid, says Brocklehurst, who led the investigation.

     In cream, fatty globules drift about in a sea of water. In butter, globules of a watery

    solution are locked away in a sea of fat. The bacteria which make the food go bad prefer

    to live in the watery regions of the mixture. “This means that in cream, the bacteria are

    free to grow throughout the mixture,” he says.

     When the situation is reversed, the bacteria are locked away in compartments (隔仓

    ) buried deep in the sea of fat. Trapped in this way, individual colonies cannot spread

    and rapidly run out of nutrients (养料). They also slowly poison themselves with their waste products. “In butter, you get a self-limiting system which stops the bacteria growing,” says Brocklehurst.

     The researchers are already working with food companies keen to see if their

    products can be made resistant to bacterial attack through alterations to the food’s

    structure. Brocklehurst believes it will be possible to make the emulsions used in salad

    cream, for instance, more like that in butter. The key will be to do this while keeping the

    salad cream liquid and not turning it into a solid lump.

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36. The significance of Brocklehurst’s research is that ____________.

     A) it suggested a way to keep some foods fresh without preservatives

     B) it discovered tiny globules in both cream and butter

     C) it revealed the secret of how bacteria multiply in cream and butter

     D) it found that cream and butter share the same chemical composition

    37. According to the researchers, cream sours fast than butter because bacteria

    _________.

     A) are more evenly distributed in cream

     B) multiply more easily in cream than in butter

     C) live on less fat in cream than in butter

     D) produce less waste in cream than in butter

    38. According to Brocklehurst, we can keep cream fresh by ___________.

     A) removing its fat

     B) killing the bacteria

     C) reducing its water content

     D) altering its structure

    39. The word “colonies” (Line 2, Para. 4) refers to __________.

     A) tiny globules

     B) watery regions

     C) bacteria communities

     D) little compartments

    40. Commercial application of the research finding will be possible if salad cream can be

    made resistant to bacterial attack _____________.

     A) by varying its chemical composition

     B) by turning it into a solid lump

     C) while keeping its structure unchanged

     D) while retaining its liquid form

Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)

    Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are

    four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes

    the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a

    single line through the center.

41 She ought to stop work; she has a headache because she _____________ too long.

     A) has been reading B) had read

     C) is reading D) read

    42 Niagara Falls is a great tourist ___________, drawing millions of visitors every year.

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     A) attention B) attraction

     C) appointment D) arrangement

    43 I dont mind ___________ the decision as long as it is not too late.

     A) you to delay making B) your delaying making

     C) your delaying to make D) you delay to make

    44 The hopes, goals, fears and desires ______________ widely between men and

    women, between the rich and the poor.

     A) alter B) shift

     C) transfer D) vary

    45 Corn originated in the New World and thus was not known in Europe until Columbus

    found it ______________ in Cuba.

     A) being cultivated B) been cultivated

     C) having cultivated D) cultivating

    46 The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the audience ___________ on

    benches, chairs or boxes.

     A) having seated B) seating

     C) seated D) having been seated

    47 This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ___________ comfortably.

     A) is worn B) wears

     C) wearing D) are worn

    48 Some diseases are ______________ by certain water animals.

     A) transplanted B) transformed

     C) transported D) transmitted

    49 Wouldnt you rather your child _________________ to bed early?

     A) go B) went

     C) would go D) goes

    50 Although Anne is happy with her success she wonders _____________ will happen

    to her private life.

     A) that B) what

     C) it D) this

    51 The words of his old teacher left a ______ impression on his mind. He is still

    influenced by them.

     A) staying not B) not to stay

     C) that he would not stay D) that he not stay

    52 Mikes uncle insists ______________ in this hotel.

     A) whatever B) whomever

     C) whichever D) whoever

    53 We agreed to accept ______________ they thought was the best tourist guide.

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