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000104

By Virginia Jones,2014-11-11 18:41
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000104

    20001CET-4

    Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

    Section A

    Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and

    the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During

    the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is

    the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single

    line through the center.

Example: You will hear:

     You will read: A) At the office.

    B) In the waiting room.

    C) At the airport.

    D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start

    at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5

    hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it

    with a single line through the center.

    Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

    1. A) The woman is a close friend of the man.

     B) The woman has been working too hard.

     C) The woman is seeing a doctor.

     D) The woman is tired of her work.

    2. A) This apple pie tastes very good.

     B) His mother likes the pie very much.

     C) This pie can’t match his mother’s.

     D) His mother can’t make apple pies.

    3. A) Take a walk.

     B) Give a performance.

     C) Listen to the music.

     D) Dance to the music.

    4. A) Read an article on political science.

     B) Present a different theory to the class.

     C) Read more than one article.

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     D) Choose a better article to read.

    5. A) The woman would understand if she did Mary’s job.

     B) The woman should do the typing for Mary.

     C) The woman should work as hard as Mary.

     D) The woman isn’t a skillful typist. 6. A) He wants to make an appointment with Mr. Smith.

     B) He wants to make sure that Mr. Smith will see him.

     C) He wants to change the time of the appointment.

     D) He wants the woman to meet him at three o’clock.

    7. A) He gets nervous very easily.

     B) He is an inexperienced speaker.

     C) He is an awful speaker.

     D) He hasn’t prepared his speech well. 8. A) She didn’t like the books the man bought.

     B) There wasn’t a large selection at the bookstore.

     C) The man bought a lot of books.

     D) She wanted to see what the man bought.

    9. A) Buy a ticket for the tem o’clock flight.

     B) Ask the man to change the ticket for her.

     C) Go to the airport immediately.

     D) Switch to a different flight.

    10. A) Dr. Lemon is waiting for a patient.

     B) Dr. Lemon is busy at the moment.

     C) Dr. Lemon has lost his patience.

     D) Dr. Lemon has gone out to visit a patient.

Section B

    Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage,

    you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only

    once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices

    marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a

    single line through the center.

Passage one

    Question 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

    11. A) A car outside the supermarket.

     B) A car at the bottom of the hill.

     C) Paul’s car.

     D) The sports car.

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12. A) Inside the car.

     B) At the foot of the hill.

     C) In the garage.

     D) In the supermarket.

    13. A) The driver of the sports car.

     B) The two girls inside the car.

     C) The man standing nearby.

     D) The salesman from London.

    14. A) Nobody.

     B) The two girls.

     C) The bus driver.

     D) Paul.

Passage Two

    Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard. 15. A) His friend gave him the wrong key.

     B) He didn’t know where the back door was.

     C) He couldn’t find the key to his mailbox.

     D) It was too dark to put the key in the lock.

    16. A) It was getting dark.

     B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend.

     C) The birds might have flown away.

     D) His friend would arrive any time.

    17. A) He looked silly with only one leg inside the window.

     B) he knew the policeman wouldn’t believe him.

     C) The torch light made him look very foolish.

     D) He realized that he had made a mistake.

Passage Three

    Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard. 18. A) The threat of poisonous desert animals and plants.

     B) The exhaustion of energy resources.

     C) The destruction of oil wells.

     D) The spread of the black powder from the fires.

    19. A) The underground oil resources have not been affected.

     B) Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.

     C) The oil lakes soon dried up and stopped evaporating.

     D) The underground water resources have not been polluted. 20. A) To resto5e the normal production of the oil wells.

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     B) To estimate the losses caused by the fires.

     C) To remove the oil left in the desert.

     D) To use the oil left in the oil lakes.

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

    Direction: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some

    questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four

    choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and

    mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line

    through the center.

Passage One

    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

     Unless we spend money to spot and prevent asteroids (小行星) now, one might crash

    into Earth and destroy life as we know it, say some scientists.

     Asteroids are bigger versions of the meteoroids (流星) that race across the night sky.

    Most orbit the sun far from Earth and don’t threaten us. But there are also thousands of

    asteroids whose orbits put them on a collision course with Earth.

     Buy $50 million worth of new telescopes right now. Then spend $10 million a year

    for the next 25 year5s to locate most of the space rocks. By the time we spot a fatal one,

    the scientists say, we’ll have a way to change its course.

     Some scientists favor pushing asteroids off course with nuclear weapons. But the cost

    wouldn’t be cheap.

     Is it worth it? Two things experts consider when judging any risk re: 1) How likely

    the event is; and 2) How bad the consequences if the event occurs. Experts think an

    asteroid big enough to destroy lots of life might strike Earth once every 500,000 years.

    Sounds pretty rare—but if one did fall, it would be the end of the world. “If we don’t take

    care of these big asteroids, they’ll take care of us,” says one scientist. “It’s that simple.”

     The cure, though, might be worse than the disease. Do we really want fleets of

    nuclear weapons sitting around on Earth? “The world has less to fear from doomsday (

    灭性的)rocks than from a great nuclear fleet set against them,” said a New York Times

    article.

21. What does the passage say about asteroids and meteoroids?

     A) They are heavenly bodies different in composition.

     B) They are heavenly bodies similar in nature.

     C) There are more asteroids than meteoroids.

     D) Asteroids are more mysterious than meteoroids.

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22. What do scientists say about the collision of an asteroid with Earth?

     A) It is very unlikely but the danger exists.

     B) Such a collision might occur once every 25 years.

     C) Collisions of smaller asteroids with Earth occur more often than expected.

     D) It’s still too early to say whether such a collision might occur.

    23. What do people think of the suggestion of using nuclear weapons to alter the courses

    of asteroids?

     A) It sounds practical but it may not solve the problem.

     B) It may create more problems than it might solve.

     C) It is a waste of money because a collision of asteroids with Earth is very unlikely.

     D) Further research should be done before it is proved applicable.

    24. We can conclude from the passage that ______________.

     A) while pushing asteroids off course nuclear weapons would destroy the world

     B) asteroids racing across the night sky are likely to hit Earth in the near future

    C) the worry about asteroids can be left to future generations since it is unlikely to

    happen in our lifetime

     D) workable solutions still have to be found to prevent a collision of asteroids with

    Earth

    25. Which of the following best describes the author’s tone in this passage?

     A) Optimistic.

     B) Critical.

     C) Objective.

     D) Arbitrary.

Passage Two

    Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

     Believe it or not, optical illusion (错觉)can cut highway crashes.

     Japan is a case in point. It has reduced automobile crashes on some roads by nearly

    75 percent using a simple optical illusion. Bent stripes, called chevrons (人字形), painted

    on the roads make drivers think that they are driving faster than they really are, and thus

    drivers slow down.

     Now the American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety in

    Washington D.C. is planning to repeat Japan’s success. Starting next year, the foundation

    will paint chevrons and other patterns of stripes on selected roads around the country to

    test how well the patterns reduce highway crashes.

     Excessive speed plays a major role in as much as one fifth of all fatal traffic

    accidents, according to the foundation. To help reduce those accidents, the foundation will

    conduct its tests in areas where speed-related hazards are the greatestcurves, exit slopes,

    traffic circles, and bridges.

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     Some studies suggest that straight, horizontal bars painted across roads can initially cut the average speed of drivers in half. However, traffic often returns to full speed within months as drivers become used to seeing the painted bars.

     Chevrons, scientists say, not only give drivers the impression that they are driving faster than they really are but also make a lane appear to be narrower. The result is a longer lasting reduction in highway sped and the number of traffic accidents.

26. The passage mainly discusses __________.

     A) a new way of highway speed control

     B) a new pattern for painting highways

     C) a new approach to training drivers

     D) a new type of optical illusion

    27. On roads painted with chevrons, drivers tend to feel that __________.

     A) they should avoid speed-related hazards

     B) they are driving in the wrong lane

     C) they should slow down their speed

     D) they are approaching the speed limit

    28. The advantage of chevrons over straight, horizontal bars is that the former ___________.