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By Alexander Gardner,2014-04-05 11:23
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2005 1 8 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four ..

    200518

    Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

    Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each

    conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation

    and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause.

    During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and

    decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer

    Sheet with a single line through the center.

Example: You will hear:

     You will read:

     A) At the office.

     B) In the waiting room.

     C) At the airport.

     D) In a restaurant.

    From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they

    will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon.

    Therefore, A) “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the

    Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.

    Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

    1. A) The man enjoys traveling by car.

     B) The man lives far from the subway.

     C) The man is good at driving.

     D) The man used to own a car.

    2. A) Tony should continue taking the course.

     B) She approves of Tony’s decision.

     C) Tony can choose another science course.

     D) She can’t meet Tony so early in the morning. 3. A) She has to study for the exam.

     B) She is particularly interested in plays.

     C) She’s eager to watch the new play.

     D) She can lend her notes to the man.

    4. A) They will be replaced by on-line education sooner or later.

     B) They will attract fewer kids as on-line education expands.

     C) They will continue to exist along with on-line education.

     D) They will limit their teaching to certain subjects only.

    5. A) Most students would like to work for a newspaper.

     B) Most students find a job by reading advertisements.

     C) Most students find it hard to get a job after they graduate.

     D) Most students don’t want jobs advertised in the newspapers.

6. A) Move the washing machine to the basement.

     B) Turn the basement into a workshop.

     C) Repair the washing machine.

     D) Finish his assignment.

    7. A) Some students at the back cannot hear the professor.

     B) The professor has changed his reading assignment.

     C) Some of the students are not on the professor’s list.

     D) The professor has brought extra copies of his assignment.

    8. A) She doesn’t want to talk about the contest.

     B) She’s modest about her success in the contest.

     C) She’s spent two years studying English in Canada.

     D) She’s very proud of her success in the speech contest.

    9. A) Talking about sports. C) Reading newspapers.

     B) Writing up local news. D) Putting up advertisements.

    10. A) They shouldn’t change their plan.

     B) They’d better change their mind.

     C) The tennis game won’t last long.

     D) Weather forecasts are not reliable.

Section B Compound Dictation

    Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for

    the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is

    read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from SI to

    S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10

    you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact

    words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words.

    Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you

    have written.

     There are a lot of good cameras available at the moment most of these are made in Japan

    but there are also good (S1) _____________ models from Germany and the USA. We have

    (S2)_____________ a range of different models to see which is the best (S3)_____________ for

    money. After a number of different tests and interviews with people who are (S4) ____________

    with the different cameras being assessed, our researchers (S5) _____________ the Olympic BY

    model as the best auto-focus camera available at the moment. It costs $200 although you may well

    want to spend more (S6) _____________as much as another $200 on buying (S7)

    _____________ lenses and other equipment. It is a good Japanese camera, easy to use. (S8)____

    _______________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    whereas the American versions are considerably more expensive.

     The Olympic BY model weighs only 320 grams which is quite a bit less than other cameras

    of a similar type. Indeed one of the other models we looked at weighed almost twice as much.

    (S9)___________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________. All the people we interviewed expressed almost total

satisfaction with it. (S10)_________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________________.

    Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

    Direction: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or

    unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B) C)

    and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on

    the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

    Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

     Scratchy throats, stuffy noses and body aches all spell misery, but being able to tell if the

    cause is a cold or flu(流感)may make a difference in how long the misery lasts.

     The American Lung AssociationALAhas issued new guidelines on combating colds and

    the flu, and one of the keys is being able to quickly tell the two apart. That’s because the

    prescription drugs available for the flu need to be taken soon after the illness sets in. As for colds,

    the sooner a person starts taking over-the-counter remedy, the sooner relief will come.

     The common cold and the flu are both caused by viruses. More than 200 viruses can cause

    cold symptoms, while the flu is caused by three viruses flu A, B and C. There is no cure for

    either illness, but the flu can be prevented by the flu vaccine(疫苗), which is, for most people, the

    best way to fight the flu, according to the ALA.

     But if the flu does strike, quick action can help. Although the flu and common cold have

    many similarities, there are some obvious signs to look for.

     Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, runny nose and scratchy throat typically develop

    gradually, and adults and teens often do not get a fever. On the other hand, fever is one of the

    characteristic features of the flu for all ages. And in general, flu symptoms including fever and

    chills, sore throat and body aches come on suddenly and are more severe than cold symptoms.

     The ALA notes that it may be particularly difficult to tell when infants and preschool age

    children have the flu. It advises parents to call the doctor if their small children have flu-like

    symptoms.

     Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with over-the-counter medications as well.

    However, children and teens with a cold or flu should not take aspirin for pain relief because of

    the risk of Reye syndrome

    综合症),a rare but serious condition of the liver and central nervous

    system.

     There is, of course, no vaccine for the common cold. But frequent hand washing and avoiding

    close contact with people who have colds can reduce the likelihood of catching one.

    11. According to the author, knowing the cause of the misery will help _______.

     A) shorten the duration of the illness

     B) the patient buy medicine over the counter

     C) the patient obtain cheaper prescription drugs

     D) prevent people from catching colds and the flu

12. We learn from the passage that _______.

     A) one doesn’t need to take any medicine if he has a cold or the flu

     B) aspirin should not be included in over-the-counter medicines for the flu

     C) delayed treatment of the flu will harm the liver and central nervous system

     D) over-the-counter drugs can be taken to ease the misery caused by a cold or the flu 13. According to the passage, to combat the flu effectively, _______.

     A) one should identify the virus which causes it

     B) one should consult a doctor as soon as possible

     C) one should take medicine upon catching the disease

     D) one should remain alert when the disease is spreading

    14. Which of the following symptoms will distinguish the flu from a cold?

     A) A stuffy nose. C) A sore throat.

     B) A high temperature. D) A dry cough.

    15. If children have flu-like symptoms, their parents _______.

     A) are advised not to give them aspirin

     B) should watch out for signs of Reye syndrome

     C) are encouraged to take them to hospital for vaccination

     D) should prevent them from mixing with people running a fever

Passage Two

    Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

     In a time of low academic achievement by children in the United States, many Americans are turning to Japan, a country of high academic achievement and economic success, for possible answers. However, the answers provided by Japanese preschools are not the ones Americans expected to find. In most Japanese preschools, surprisingly little emphasis is put on academic instruction. In one investigation, 300 Japanese and 210 American preschool teachers, child development specialists, and parents were asked about various aspects of early childhood education. Only 2 percent of the Japanese respondents(答问卷者)listed “to give children a good

    start academically” as one of their top three reasons for a society to have preschools. In contrast,

    over half the American respondents chose this as one of their top three choices. To prepare children for successful careers in first grade and beyond, Japanese schools do not teach reading, writing, and mathematics, but rather skills such as persistence, concentration, and the ability to function as a member of a group. The vast majority of young Japanese children are taught to read at home by their parents.

     In the recent comparison of Japanese and American preschool education, 91 percent of Japanese respondents chose providing children with a group experience as one of their top three reasons for a society to have preschools. Sixty-two percent of the more individually oriented(强调

    个性发展的)Americans listed group experience as one of their top three choices. An emphasis on

    the importance of the group seen in Japanese early childhood education continues into elementary school education.

     Like in America, there is diversity in Japanese early childhood education. Some Japanese kindergartens have specific aims, such as early musical training or potential development. In large cities, some kindergartens are attached to universities that have elementary and secondary schools. Some Japanese parents believe that if their young children attend a university-based program, it

will increase the children’s chances of eventually being admitted to top-rated schools and

    universities. Several more progressive programs have introduced free play as a way out for the

    heavy intellectualizing in some Japanese kindergartens.

    16. We learn from the first paragraph that many Americans believe _______.

     A) Japanese parents are more involved in preschool education than American parents

     B) Japan’s economic success is a result of its scientific achievements

     C) Japanese preschool education emphasizes academic instruction

     D) Japan’s higher education is superior to theirs 17. Most Americans surveyed believe that preschools should also attach importance to _______.

     A) problem solving C) parental guidance

     B) group experience D) individually-oriented development

    18. In Japan’s preschool education, the focus is on _______.

     A) preparing children academically

     B) developing children’s artistic interests

     C) tapping children’s potential

     D) shaping children’s character

    19. Free play has been introduced in some Japanese kindergartens in order to _______.

     A) broaden children’s horizon C) lighten children’s study load

     B) cultivate children’s creativity D) enrich children’s knowledge

    20. Why do some Japanese parents send their children to university-based kindergartens?

     A) They can do better in their future studies.

     B) They can accumulate more group experience there.

     C) They can be individually oriented when they grow up.

     D) They can have better chances of getting a first-rate education.

Passage Three

    Questi0ns 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

     Lead deposits, which accumulated in soil and snow during the 1960’s and 70’s, were

    primarily the result of leaded gasoline emissions originating in the United States. In the twenty

    years that the Clean Air Act has mandated unleaded gas use in the United States, the lead

    accumulation worldwide has decreased significantly.