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04 Date=2-22-2001 Title=the making of a nation #129 - cowboy songs Byline=harold braverman announcer: The making of a nation -- a program in special english. (theme) Here is kay gallant with our program. Narrator: last week, we talked about the growth of the (1)cattle industry. This industry started in texa..

    04

    Date=2-22-2001

    Title=the making of a nation #129 - cowboy songs

    Byline=harold braverman

     announcer:

     The making of a nation -- a program in special english.

     (theme)

     Here is kay gallant with our program.

     Narrator:

     last week, we talked about the growth of the (1)cattle industry. This industry

    started in texas during the eighteen-seventies. With its growth came a new kind of worker

    -- the man who watched and took care of the cattle. These men who watched the cows

    and rode with them as they moved across the wild lands were often young. Just boys.

    And so they were called "cowboys."

     People all over the world have seen all sorts of films about the (2)cowboy. And he

    is often shown in television shows. But the real life of the cowboy is not often shown. His

    work has been hard, and his life (3)lonely and full of danger.

     The cowboy has told his own story in many songs and ballads. Hundreds of these

    have come from cowboys whose names are not known. They just sang these songs as

    they rode on the (4)saddles of their horses across the cattle lands. Or, as they sat at their

    campfires at night.

     They sang about the things that were close to them. Horses and Cows and

    danger and death. Often, they sang about the long ride to the cattle markets where the

    cows were sold for beef, as in this song called, "git along little dogie."

     (5)dogie is another name for a young cow, (6)especially one which (7)wanders

    away from the herd. The song tells how the young cowboy keeps (8)driving the dogies

    forward. He feels sorry for them, because they will soon be sold for meat. But that's their

    hard luck, not his. And he keeps (9)pushing them on while he sings . ((tape cut 1: "git along little dogie"))

     One of the most famous of cowboy (10)ballads is this one, called "the chisholm

    trail."

     ((tape cut 2: "the chisholm trail")) Day and night, the horse was at the cowboy's side. A cowboy was as proud of his horse as he was of his skill in riding him.

    There is this feeling in the song "i ride an old paint." a paint, or pinto, is a horse of three or

    more different colors.

     ((tape cut 3: "i ride an old paint"))

     The cattle herds were driven a very long way to the cattle markets and had to be

    kept and watched on the open trail for many weeks. And the trail took the cowboys over

    rough country in all kinds of weather. The wild prairie lands were not (11)friendly to men

    or animals. It was a lonely land. And the howling of wolves and winds at night made it

    more so.

     Across this (12)strange land, no man in the early days of the west knew just where death was waiting for him. A listener hears the (13)mournful feeling cowboys had

    for the prairie in this song called, "the dying cowboy." He does not want to be buried

    out in these wild lands -- in the lone prairie -- as the song says. Still, the dying cowboy

    does not get his wish. There is no choice. He can be buried only in the lone prairie in a

    narrow (14)grave six by three...six feet deep and three feet wide.

     ((tape cut 4: "the dying cowboy"))

     (theme)

     Announcer:

     You have been listening to the special english program, the making of a nation.

    Your narrator was kay gallant.

(1) cattle[???????]n., 家养牲畜

    (2) cowboy[???????]n.<>牛仔, 牧童, 美国西部牧人 (3) lonely[ ??????? ]adj.孤独的, 寂寞的, 偏僻的, 人迹罕至的 (4) saddle[ ????? ]n., 鞍状物v.承受

    (5) dogie[ ?????? ]n.迷途小牛, 失去母牛的小牛

    (6) especially[ ????????? ]adv.特别, 尤其

    (7) wander[ ?????? ]vi.漫步, 徘徊, 迷路, 迷失方向, 离题 (8) drive[?????]n.驾车, 驱动器, 快车道, 推进力, 驱使, 动力, 干劲, (9) push[ ??? ]n., 推动, 奋发, 干劲, 进取心, 攻击vt., 推动, (10) ballad[ ?????? ]n.民歌, 歌谣, 叙事歌, 流行歌曲, 情歌 (11) friendly[ ???????? ]adj.友好的, 友谊的

    (12) strange[ ?????????]adj.陌生的, 生疏的, 前所未知的, 奇怪的, (13) mournful[ ?????????]adj.悲哀的

    (14) grave[ ????? ]n.墓穴, 坟墓adj.严重的, (颜色)黯淡的,

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